2013 Kumbh Mela stampede

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2013 Kumbh Mela stampede
Date10 February 2013 (2013-02-10)
Location Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India
Deaths42
Non-fatal injuries45

On 10 February 2013, during the Hindu festival Kumbh Mela, a stampede broke out at the train station in Allahabad, Uttar Pradesh, India, killing 42 people and injuring at least 45. [1]

Stampede act of mass impulse among herd animals or a crowd of people

A stampede is uncontrolled concerted running as an act of mass impulse among herd animals or a crowd of people in which the group collectively begins running, often in an attempt to escape a perceived threat.

Allahabad Metropolis in Uttar Pradesh, India

Allahabad, officially known as Prayagraj, and also known as Illahabad and Prayag, is a city in the Indian state of Uttar Pradesh. It is the administrative headquarters of Allahabad district—the most populous district in the state and 13th most populous district in India—and the Allahabad division.

Contents

Background

The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River and the mythical Saraswati River, where devotees perform rituals, and the site of the great baths during Kumbh Mela NorthIndiaCircuit 250.jpg
The Triveni Sangam, or the intersection of Yamuna River and Ganges River and the mythical Saraswati River, where devotees perform rituals, and the site of the great baths during Kumbh Mela

Kumbh Mela is a major Hindu religious festival that is celebrated every three years in four rotating places. The 2013 event was considered a Maha Kumbh Mela, which comes around only once every 144 years. It lasted 55 days and was expected to be attended by 100 million pilgrims, making it the largest temporary gathering of people in the world at that time. A temporary city covering an area larger than Athens was set up to accommodate the crowds. [2] Sunday, 10 February was considered the most auspicious day, and 30 million people descended to Allahabad to bathe at the confluence of the Yamuna and the Ganges rivers. [2] [3]

Kumbh Mela mass Hindu pilgrimage

Kumbh Mela or Kumbha Mela is a mass Hindu pilgrimage of faith in which Hindus gather to bathe in a sacred or holy river. Traditionally, four fairs are widely recognized as the Kumbh Melas: the Prayagraj Kumbh Mela, Haridwar Kumbh Mela, the Nashik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha, and Ujjain Simhastha. These four fairs are held periodically at one of the following places by rotation: Allahabad (Prayagraj), Haridwar, Nashik district, and Ujjain. The main festival site is located on the banks of a river: the Ganges (Ganga) at Haridwar; the confluence (Sangam) of the Ganges and the Yamuna and the invisible Sarasvati at Allahabad; the Godavari at Nashik; and the Shipra at Ujjain. Bathing in these rivers is thought to cleanse a person of all their sins.

Athens Capital and largest city of Greece

Athens is the capital and largest city of Greece. Athens dominates the Attica region and is one of the world's oldest cities, with its recorded history spanning over 3,400 years and its earliest human presence starting somewhere between the 11th and 7th millennium BC.

Confluence Meeting of two or more bodies of flowing water

In geography, a confluence occurs where two or more flowing bodies of water join together to form a single channel. A confluence can occur in several configurations: at the point where a tributary joins a larger river ; or where two streams meet to become the source of a river of a new name ; or where two separated channels of a river rejoin at the downstream end.

The stampede

According to initial reports, the stampede broke out after a railing on a footbridge collapsed at the Allahabad railway station. Eyewitnesses, however, said that the stampede was triggered after the railway police charged at the crowd with wooden sticks in order to control the huge rush at the station. 42 people were killed by the crush of people, including 29 women, 12 men, and an eight-year-old girl who died after waiting almost two hours for help. [4] At least 45 people were injured in addition. [1]

Baton charge

A baton charge is a coordinated tactic for dispersing crowds of people, usually used by police or military during public order situations.

In an unrelated event earlier that day, two people were killed in another stampede. [5]

Reaction

Prime Minister Manmohan Singh expressed condolences and offered compensation to the affected people. [6] Uttar Pradesh chief minister Akhilesh Yadav constituted a committee to probe the stampede. [7] Uttar Pradesh's Panchayati Raj minister, Balram Yadav said that the inquiry would be launched and completed within a month. [8]

Manmohan Singh 13th Prime Minister of India

Manmohan Singh is an Indian economist and politician who served as the Prime Minister of India from 2004 to 2014. The first Sikh in office, Singh was also the first prime minister since Jawaharlal Nehru to be re-elected after completing a full five-year term.

Uttar Pradesh State in India

Uttar Pradesh is a state in northern India. With over 200 million inhabitants, it is the most populous state in India as well as the most populous country subdivision in the world. It is located in the north-central region of the Indian subcontinent. It was created on 1 April 1937 as the United Provinces of Agra and Oudh during British rule, and was renamed Uttar Pradesh in 1950. The state is divided into 18 divisions and 75 districts with the capital being Lucknow. The main ethnic group is the Hindavi people, forming the demographic plurality. On 9 November 2000, a new state, Uttarakhand, was carved out from the state's Himalayan hill region. The two major rivers of the state, the Ganga and Yamuna, join at Allahabad (Prayagraj) and then flow as the Ganga further east. Hindi is the most widely spoken language and is also the official language of the state.

Akhilesh Yadav Indian politician

Akhilesh Yadav is an Indian politician and the current President of the Samajwadi Party. He served as the Chief Minister of Uttar Pradesh from 2012 to 2017. Having assumed office on 15 March 2012 at the age of 38, he is the youngest person to have held the office. His first significant success in politics was his election as a member of the Lok Sabha for the Kannauj constituency.

On 11 February 2013, Samajwadi Party leader Azam Khan, who was in charge of the Kumbh Mela, took responsibility for the stampede and resigned. [1] [9] Praising the minister for his sincere work, Uttar Pradesh Chief Minister, rejected Khan's resignation. [10]

Samajwadi Party Political party of India

Samajwadi Party is a political party in India headquartered in New Delhi. It is a state party based in Uttar Pradesh, it describes itself as a democratic socialist party.

Azam Khan (politician) Indian politician

Azam Khan is an Indian politician, founder member of samajwadi party and a member of the Seventeenth Legislative Assembly of Uttar Pradesh of India. He was also the senior most Cabinet Minister in the Government of Uttar Pradesh and has been a member of the legislative assembly for nine terms from Rampur assembly constituency. Azam Khan is a member of the Samajwadi Party...

Other stampedes

Due to the huge number of attendees stampedes are relatively common during Kumbh Mela festivals. The 1954 Kumbh Mela stampede was the deadliest since India's independence, with an estimated 1,000 deaths. The 2003 Kumbh Mela stampede killed 39 people in the city of Nashik, and seven were killed during the 2010 Kumbh Mela in Haridwar. [11]

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1954 Kumbh Mela stampede was a stampede that occurred in 1954 at Kumbha Mela on 3 February 1954 in Allahabad in Uttar Pradesh state in India. It was the main bathing day of Mauni Amavasya, when the incident took place. During the festival 4-5 million pilgrims had taken part that year, which was also the first Kumbh Mela after the Independence.

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Allahabad Junction railway station

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Nashik-Trimbakeshwar Simhastha

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Prayag Kumbh Mela

The Prayag Kumbh Mela is a mela held every 12 years at Allahabad, India. The exact date is determined according to Hindu astrology: the Mela is held when Jupiter is in Taurus and the sun and the moon are in Capricorn. The fair involves ritual bathing at Triveni Sangam, the meeting points of three rivers: the Ganga, the Yamuna and the mythical Sarasvati. The Kumbh Mela in 2013 became the largest religious gathering in the world with almost 120 million visitors. The next one is scheduled for 2025, with an ongoing Ardh Kumbh Mela in 2019.

Prayagraj Kumbh 2019

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "Kumbh Mela chief Azam Khan resigns over stampede". BBC. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  2. 1 2 "Allahabad stampede kills 36 Kumbh Mela pilgrims". Reuters. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  3. "India's Kumbh Mela festival holds most auspicious day". BBC. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  4. "Police blamed for Kumbh Mela deaths". Bangkok Post. 2013-02-12. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  5. "Two killed in stampede at Kumbh Mela". NDTV. 2013-02-10. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  6. "Over 10 people killed in stampede at Allahabad railway station- Uttar Pradesh". IBN Live. 2013-02-10. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  7. "Stampede at Allahabad Railway station: several feared dead; PM announces help". Hindustan Times. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  8. "Allahabad tragedy Live: No idea why crowds surged, says Rail official". First Post. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  9. "Azam Khan resigns as in charge of Kumbh over Allahabad stampede". Times of India. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-02-12.
  10. "Akhilesh rejects Azam Khan's resignation as Kumbh in-charge" . Retrieved 14 February 2013.
  11. "Why We Shouldn't Be Surprised by the Kumbh Mela Stampede". Wall Street Journal. 2013-02-11. Retrieved 2013-02-12.