2013 Norwegian Sámi parliamentary election

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2013 Norwegian Sámi parliamentary election
Sami flag.svg
  2009 9 September 2013 2017  

All 39 seats in the Sámi Parliament
20 seats needed for a majority
Turnout67.8% Decrease2.svg 0.2
PartyLeader%Seats+/–
NSR Aili Keskitalo24.2%110
Labour Vibeke Larsen21.1%10-4
Árja Laila Susanne Vars11.5%4+1
NKF Toril Bakken Kåven4.3%3+2
Progress Aud Martinsen9.0%2-1
Conservative Anne-Marit Eira7.0%2+1
NSR/SfP Beaska Niillas4.7%20
Åarjel-Saemiej Gielh Ellinor Marita Jåma2.1%2+1
Kautokeino Residents List Isak Mathis O. Hætta2.7%1+1
Ávjovári Moving Sámi List Per A. Bæhr3.3%1-1
Sámi in the South Marie Therese Nordsletta Aslaksen1.2%1+1
This lists parties that won seats. See the complete results below.
President of the Sámi Parliament beforePresident of the Sámi Parliament after
Egil Olli (10309063433) (cropped).jpg Egil Olli
Labour
Aili Keskitalo
NSR
Aili Keskitalo presidentkandidat (8934868990).jpg

The 2013 Norwegian Sámi parliamentary election was held on 9 September 2013, simultaneously with the 2013 Norwegian parliamentary election. All 39 seats in the Norwegian Sámi parliament, the Sámediggi , were up for election.

Contents

The election resulted in a hung parliament, with Aili Keskitalo of the Norwegian Sámi Association taking the presidency through a minority coalition.

Background

Sámi parliament elections are held simultaneously with the Norwegian parliament elections. Voters elect a total of 39 representatives from seven total constituencies. The election was held on 9 September 2013 in communities with over 30 citizens on the electoral roll, communities with under 30 registered require their citizens to vote in advance between 1 July and 6 September 2013. Voting is eligible for those over 18 years of age, including those who turn 18 by the end of the election year. Voters are entered into the Sámi parliament electoral roll, which requires individuals to meet certain criteria and individual registration. [1]

Before the election, the governing coalition was between the Labour Party, Árja, and Åarjel-Saemiej Gielh. [1]

Presidential candidates

The Labour Party nominated Vibeke Larsen, the Norwegian Sámi Association nominated Aili Keskitalo, Arja nominated Láilá Susanne Vars, and the Progress Party nominated Aud Martinsen. [1] The Centre Party would nominate Helge Guttormsen, but wound up with no seats. [2]

Larsen was selected over Mariann Wollmann Magga to be the Labour Party's candidate for president. Wollmann Magga was on a joint ticket with Johan Vasara as vice president. For vice president, the Labour Party had four candidates contesting the party's nomination: Jørn Are Gaski, John Kappfjell, Johan Vasara, and Ronny Wilhelmsen. After three rounds, Vasara defeated Wilhelmsen 12–9. [3] Willy Ørnebakk, who had previously floated his interest in running as the Labour Party's nominee, withdrew and resigned from the party. Ørnebakk cited a certain culture within the Labour Party which had led him to feel insecurity as a potential president. [4]

Campaign

Due to their policy advocating for the abolition of the Sami Parliament, the Progress Party was excluded from any potential coalition discussions Sametinget fra luften II (11644531466).jpg
Due to their policy advocating for the abolition of the Sámi Parliament, the Progress Party was excluded from any potential coalition discussions

NRK Sápmi held debates between the various presidential candidates, a four party online meeting was held on August 21, 2013, with Vibeke Larsen (Labor Party), Laila Susanne Vars (Árja), Aili Keskitalo (NSR), and Helge Guttormsen (Sp) all participating. [5] Among topics discussed were: Sámi resource extraction and infrastructure development, cultural investment, language promotion, reindeer husbandry, potential coalition partners, and schooling. [5]

Labor and Árja's nominees stated their opposition to collaborating with the Progress Party due to the party's stance on abolishing the parliament, while simultaneously indicating their openness to collaborating with all other parties. Centre's nominee stated that the Progress Party would not be a major factor in coalition building, and indicated their interest in a red-green coalition. [5]

North Calotte People highlighted their focus on culture, industry, and closeness towards nature, as well as highlighting a need for a balance between Norwegian, Sámi, and Kven culture. For the first time, the North Calotte People list would be put forth for a southern constituency, having only previously ran in the north. [6] North Calotte People expressed their interest for the transformation of the Sámi Parliament into a joint Sámi and Kven parliament. Vibeke Larsen of the Labor Party expressed her opposition to the proposal, highlighting the cultural distinction between the Kven people and the Sámi, alternatively suggesting that the Kven should establish their own parliament. [7]

The Conservative Party's Sámi parliamentary leader Anne-Marit Eira indicated her support put forward by the youth chapter Unge Høyre to shut down the Sámi Parliament in exchange for reserved seats in the Storting. [8] However, the proposal was disputed by members within the party, like the second deputy leader Bent Høie, who stated that there was still a need for a separate representative body for Norway's Sámi people. [9]

This was the first election for Sámi in the South, which had previously ran as Sámi Settled in Southern Norway. The party targeted the Sámi diaspora, but was oriented towards urban Sámi living in Oslo. [10]

Lists

The seven electoral constituencies of the Sami parliament Valgkretser til Sametinget.svg
The seven electoral constituencies of the Sámi parliament

A total of fifteen parties submitted lists in order to run in the 2013 election. [11] Of the major parties, only two parties ran a full slate of candidates across the seven constituencies, the Labor Party and the NSR. The Conservative, Progress, and Center Parties ran lists in six constituencies. Arja ran in five constituencies. North Calotte People ran in two constituencies. [12]

Constituency:1. Østre2. Ávjovárri3. Nordre4. Gáisi5. Vesthavet6. Sørsamisk7. Sør-NorgeTotal
Arbeiderpartiet xxxxxxx7
Árja xxxxx5
Fastboendes liste x1
Fremskrittspartiet xxxxxx6
Høyre xxxxxx6
Flyttsamelista x1
Kristelig Folkeparti x1
Nordkalottfolket xx2
Norske Samers Riksforbund yxxxxxx7
Næring og natur x1
Samefolkets parti yxx3
Samer sørpå x1
Senterpartiet xxxxxx6
Venstre x1
Åarjel-Saemiej Gielh x1
Total6127654848

Results

Summary of the 2013 Norwegian Sámi parliamentary election results
Sami Parliament of Norway 2013.svg
PartyVotesSeats
# %±#±
Norwegian Sámi Association (NSR)
(Norgga Sámiid Riikkasearvi, Norske Samers Riksforbund)
2,86228.9%+3.9%13+0
Norwegian Sámi Association (NSR)2,39724.2%+3.1%11+0
NSR/SfP 4654.7%+0.8%2+0
Labour Party (Ap)
(Norgga Bargiidbellodat, Det norske Arbeiderparti)
2,09321.1%-5.7%10-4
Árja 1,14511.5%+1.5%4+1
Progress Party (FrP)
(Ovddádusbellodat, Fremskrittspartiet)
8889.0%+1.2%2-1
Conservative Party (H)
(Olgesbellodat, Høyre)
6967.0%+2.4%2+1
Centre Party (Sp)
(Guovddásbellodat, Senterpartiet)
4714.7%-0.2%0+0
North Calotte People (NKF)
(Nordkalottfolket)
4314.3%+2.4%3+2
Ávjovári Moving Sámi List (JSL)
(Johttisápmelaččaid Listu, Flyttsamelista)
3313.3%-1.0%1-1
Kautokeino Residents List (DL)
(Dáloniid Listu, Fastboendes Liste)
2642.7%+1.3%1+1
Åarjel-Saemiej Gïelh (ÅaSG)2052.1%+0.5%2+1
Sámi People's Party (SáB)
(Sámeálbnot Bellodat, Samefolkets Parti)
1841.9%–0.5%0
Nutrition and Nature
(Ealáhus Ja Luonddu, Næring Og Natur)
1321.3%0
Sámi in the South
(Sámit Lulde, Samer Sørpå)
1221.2%1+1
  Liberal Party (V)
(Gurutbellodat, Venstre)
500.5+0.00
  Christian Democratic Party (KrF)
(Kristelig Folkeparti)
450.5−0.10
Totals10,040100.039±0
Blank and invalid votes158
Registered voters/turnout15,00567.8%–0.2%
Source: [13]

Aftermath

The 2013 election resulted in a hung parliament, with neither the Labour Party nor the Norwegian Sámi Association reaching a majority coalition. It was eventually decided that Aili Keskitalo would be the next president of the Sámi Parliament with a minority government. Keskitalo would win against Laila Susanne Vars from Árja, who was supported by her party, North Calotte People, and Kautokeino Residents List. The first round was won by Keskitalo 29 votes to 10, with Vars subsequently stating that Árja would support Keskitalo in the second round. [14] Keskitalo would later be ousted in December 2016 in favor of a coalition between the Labour Party, the Conservatives, and Arja, with Vibeke Larsen as president. [1]

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References

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