2014 Asian Games

Last updated
XVII Asian Games
Incheon 2014 Asian Games logo.svg
Host city Incheon, South Korea
MottoDiversity Shines Here
(Korean: 평화의 숨결, 아시아의 미래, romanized: Pyeonghwaui sumgyeol, asiaui mirae,
Hanja:平和의 숨결, 아시아의 未來)
Nations participating45
Athletes participating9,501
Events439 in 36 sports (50 disciplines)
Opening ceremony19 September
Closing ceremony4 October
Officially opened by Park Geun-hye
President of South Korea
Officially closed by Ahmad Al-Fahad Al-Sabah
President of the Olympic Council of Asia
Athlete's Oath Oh Jin-hyek
Nam Hyun-hee
Judge's OathKim Hong-lae
Shu Hea-jung
Torch lighter Lee Young-ae
Main venue Incheon Asiad Main Stadium
Website Official website

The 2014 Asian Games (Korean : 2014년 아시아 경기대회/2014년 아시안 게임, romanized: Icheon sibsa-nyeon Asia gyeonggi daehoe/Icheon sibsa-nyeon Asian Geim), officially known as the 17th Asian Games (Korean : 제17회 아시아 경기대회/제17회 아시안 게임, romanized: Jesibchilhoe Asia gyeonggi daehoe/Jesibchilhoe Asian Geim), was a pan-Asian multi-sport event held in Incheon, South Korea. [1] This was the third time South Korea hosted the Asian Games since 2002. Previously, it hosted the 1986 edition of the Games and the 2002 Asian Games.

Contents

On 17 April 2007 Incheon was awarded the right to host the games, defeating Delhi, India and was the third city in South Korea after Seoul (1986) and Busan (2002). The games were held from 19 September to 4 October 2014, although several events began on 14 September 2014. Approximately 9,501 athletes participated in the event which featured 439 events in 36 sports. It was opened by the President of South Korea, Park Geun-hye at the Incheon Asiad Main Stadium.

The final medal tally was led by China, followed by the host South Korea and Japan, while Cambodia won its first-ever Asian Games gold medal. During the games, 14 world and 27 Asian records were broken. [2] Japanese swimmer Kosuke Hagino was announced as the most valuable player (MVP) of the Games. [3] Though there were several controversies, the Games were deemed generally successful with their low hosting cost and with the rising standard of competition amongst the Asian nations. [4]

Bidding process

New Delhi and Incheon submitted their formal bid by the official deadline, 30 June 2005. [5] [6] A 5-member evaluation committee of the Olympic Council of Asia, headed by then vice-president of the association Celso Dayrit inspected New Delhi from 9 to 11 November 2006 and Incheon from 12 to 14 November 2006. [7] [8] [9]

2014 Asian Games bidding results
CityNOCRound 1
Incheon Flag of South Korea (1997-2011).svg  South Korea 32
New Delhi Flag of India.svg  India 13

The vote was held on 17 April 2007 at the Marriott Hotel in Kuwait City, Kuwait, during the 26th Olympic Council of Asia (OCA) General Assembly. During the final presentation before voting, Incheon made a new offer, raising US$20 million in funds to support countries that had yet to win a medal in the Games. It also offered free flight tickets and accommodation to all participants; India, however, made no changes to its offer. [10] All 45 members voted, with voting held in secret ballot. Later that day, it was announced that Incheon won the rights. Though the vote results were not released, it was revealed that Incheon won by 32 to 13. [11] [12]

It was widely felt that Delhi's lack of enthusiasm to host the event was the primary reason for its loss. Then Union Sports Minister of India, Mani Shankar Aiyar, spoke strongly against Delhi hosting the games, arguing that the money allocated by India's government to the sporting event would be better spent on building facilities for the poor. [13] The Indian Olympic Association (IOA) president revealed that India's Sports Minister's remarks against hosting the Games was the main reason for New Delhi's loss. [14] The IOA delegation added that the evaluation committee was concerned about pollution and traffic in Delhi. [15] Delhi's offer of US$2 million to each team for games support against Incheon's offer of US$20 million to all 45 nations participating in the event could also have contributed to the defeat. [10] Unlike Delhi, Incheon emphasized the high-tech facilities that would be available to the athletes. [16]

Development and preparations

Costs

The cost of the Games was estimated at approximately US$1.62 billion, with the Korean government and Incheon government covering 19% and 78.9% respectively. Of the total budget, some US$1.39 billion was used for construction of venues and infrastructure, while approximately US$11 million covered the building and maintenance of training grounds. Around US$103 million was allocated for road and transportation projects. [17]

A report in April 2012, however, suggested the city was under financial pressure from increasing debt. [18]

The Incheon Asian Games Organising Committee (IAGOC) saved US$34 million after agreeing to reduce from 15,000 to 2,025 athletes to be provided free transportation and accommodation. [19]

Volunteers

The volunteer program of Incheon 2014 Asian Games began on 1 November 2013 with a target to recruit 13,500 volunteers. As of 16 March 2014, 25,827 applications were received and 21,237 applicants were selected for training. [20]

Torch relay

The torch relay during the opening ceremony. South Korean athletes Inbee Park move the fire to Lee Seung-yuop 2014 Asian Games opening ceremony 7.jpg
The torch relay during the opening ceremony. South Korean athletes Inbee Park move the fire to Lee Seung-yuop

The torch was revealed in October 2013, with a design motif based on the Crane, the official bird of Incheon Metropolitan City. The torch's blue internal cylinder signified the sky and the ocean of Incheon. Another four colors (green, yellow, red, violet) were intended to represent the five regions of Asia. [21]

The torch was lit at Dhyan Chand National Stadium in New Delhi, India on August 9, 2014. This marked the first time the torch had been lit outside the host country, [22] and that Weihai, a city in Shandong Province of the People's Republic of China, had hosted the relay, on August 12, 2014. [23] [24]

The domestic lighting ceremony was held at Manisan on Ganghwa Island on August 12, 2014. [25] The domestic relay begin August 13, 2014 and traveled through 70 cities for 5,700 km. to reach the opening ceremony. [26]

Marketing

Emblem

The official emblem was also revealed on the lighting ceremony, representing a wing configuration of the letter "A", for "Asia", with a shining sun at its upper left, symbolizing the Asian people holding hands in the sky. [27]

Mascot

The Spotted Seals, the Games' mascots. Named from left to right: Barame, Vichuon, and Chumuro. The mascot statues at the Incheon Asiad Park. 2014 Asian Games 6.jpg
The Spotted Seals, the Games' mascots. Named from left to right: Barame, Vichuon, and Chumuro. The mascot statues at the Incheon Asiad Park.
The image of the mascots. 2014 Asian Games mascots.jpg
The image of the mascots.

On November 4, 2010, three Spotted seal siblings were unveiled as the official mascots of the Games in Songdo Island, Incheon. The three seals, known as "Barame (바라메)", "Chumuro (추므로)" and "Vichuon (비추온)", meaning wind, dance and light in Korean, were chosen under the theme of the main venue. The prototype was taken from Baengnyeongdo. According to the organizers, the mascots were chosen to symbolise the future peace between South Korea and North Korea. [27] [28]

Medals

The medal design was approved by OCA on August 19, 2013. It features a pentagon-shaped symbol representing the five ports of Incheon — Airport, Seaport, Teleport, Leisureport, and Businessport, with the emblem of the Games inside. It symbolises the city as the hub of Northeast Asia. [29]

Motto

Unveiled on September 16, 2010, "Diversity Shines Here" was the official English motto of the Games, celebrating the significance of Asia's wonderful diversity in history, cultures, and religions. [30] The official slogan in Korean, "평화의 숨결, 아시아의 미래" (RR: Pyeonghwaui sumgyeol, asiaui mirae), literally means "Breath of Peace, Future of Asia".

Promotion

The six official posters for the Incheon Asian Games were released on March 31, 2011. The design represents the 28 Olympic sports categorized into five groups: racquet sports, ball sports, water sports, athletic sports and weight class. In various ways, the values and philosophy of the 17th Asian Games is represented in these posters. [31] [32]

Merchandising

Organisers began selling merchandise in July 2012. [17] IB Worldwide was the exclusive online merchandiser of the event's licensed products. [33]

Music

The official album was released by Universal Music on June 20, 2014, which featured "Only One", performed by JYJ as the Games' official theme song. [34] [35]

Venues

Aerial view of the Incheon Asiad Park in July 2014 2014 Asian Games 11.jpg
Aerial view of the Incheon Asiad Park in July 2014

The Games had 49 competition venues and 48 training facilities. Among the competition venues, ten were in six cities of Gyeonggi Province while another two were in Chungju and Seoul. The rest of the venues were in eight districts and a county inside metropolitan Incheon. Ten venues were constructed for the Games. [36] The Games also provided over 3,300 units and 9,560 rooms for athletes and media personnel. [36]

The main stadium, known as Incheon Asiad Main Stadium, had a seating capacity of 61,074 seats, with 30,000 seats variable after the Games. [17] [37] The US$400 million stadium, originally planned for 70,000 seats, was designed by Populous, which had designed several event venues around the world, including the Olympic Stadium of the 2012 Summer Olympics. The groundbreaking ceremony was held on June 28, 2011 in Yeonhui-dong. Construction began in June 2011 and finished in July 2014. [38] [39]

2014 Asian Games 8.jpg
Flags at Asiad Park.

An athletes' village was built at Guwol, Namdong District, which had 2,220 units in 22 apartment buildings to accommodate around 14,500 athletes and officials. [40] [41]

Transport

Incheon Subway's construction period was shortened from a planned 2018 completion. [18] Due to the increasing popularity of Incheon International Airport during the Games, immigration procedures were improved for passenger convenience. [42]

The Games

Opening ceremony

Opening ceremony 2014 Asian Games opening ceremony by Tasnimnews 08.jpg
Opening ceremony

The opening ceremony began on September 19, 2014 at 18:00 local time. The performance was directed by film director Im Kwon-taek with playwright and actor Jang Jin, entertainer Kim Seong-ju and KBS emcee Yun Su-yeong as hosts of the ceremony. [43] [44] It was attended by President of South Korea Park Geun-hye who opened the games, President of International Olympic Committee Thomas Bach, Tokyo Governor Yōichi Masuzoe and also Incheon Mayor Yoo Jeong-bok. [43]

Actors Jang Dong-gun and Kim Soo-hyun led the performance, consisting of four acts: "Asia long time ago", "Asia meeting through the sea", "Asia as family and friends", and "Asia as one and future joining with today", displaying the Korean past and future with digital technology. Other performers included Chinese pianist Lang Lang, soprano Sumi Jo, [45] JYJ, Exo, and Psy, who wrapped up the ceremony with a performance of his hit song Gangnam Style. [46]

Unlike in the 2002 Asian Games opening ceremony, South Korea as host marched separately from neighbor North Korea in the parade of nations.

Sports

The 2014 Asian Games featured 28 Olympic sports that would be contested at the 2016 Summer Olympics. In addition, eight non-Olympic sports were featured: baseball, ten-pin bowling, cricket, kabaddi, karate, sepak takraw, squash and wushu. The list was finalised on December 9, 2010 at the OCA's executive board meeting in Muscat, Oman. [47] [48] This resulted in dropping six other sports: roller sport, board games (chess, go, xiangqi), cue sports, softball, dancesport and dragon boat, which had been held in previous Games being dropped from the list. [49] The list was approved on July 13, 2011 during the 30th annual general assembly in Tokyo as softball was incorporated with baseball as one sport while soft tennis came under the discipline of tennis. [50] For the first time compound archery, mixed relay triathlon, and judo team events were introduced. [51] [52]

Changes to the non-Olympic sports featured at the Asian Games were influenced by discussions with organizers, who suggested cricket's removal from the program, as they felt too few countries played it and that they lacked the infrastructure to host it. The OCA disputed the proposed removal of cricket, however, noting its popularity and viewer interest. [53]

2014 Asian Games Sports Programme

Participating National Olympic Committees

Participating countries. 2006 Asian Games countries.png
Participating countries.

All 45 members of the Olympic Council of Asia participated, including North Korea, which initially threatened to boycott the Games after disputes with South Korea over administrative issues about its delegation of athletes and officials. [54] Saudi Arabia was the sole NOC to not send female athletes to the Games. [55]

Below is a list of all the participating NOCs; the number of competitors per delegation is indicated in brackets.

Participating National Olympic Committees
Number of Athletes by National Olympic Committees (highest to lowest)

Calendar

In the following calendar for the 2014 Asian Games, each blue box represents an event competition, such as a qualification round, on that day. The yellow boxes represent days during which medal-awarding finals for a sport were held, which numeric representing the number of finals that were contested on that day. On the left, the calendar lists each sport with events held during the Games, and at the right how many gold medals were won in that sport. There is a key at the top of the calendar to aid the reader. [101]

All times are in Korea Standard Time (UTC+9)
 OC Opening ceremony  Event competitions 1 Gold medal events CC Closing ceremony
September/October14th
Sun
15th
Mon
16th
Tue
17th
Wed
18th
Thu
19th
Fri
20th
Sat
21st
Sun
22nd
Mon
23rd
Tue
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
Events
Ceremonies OC CCN/A
Aquatics Synchronized swimming pictogram.svg Artistic swimming 11153
Diving pictogram.svg Diving 22222
Swimming pictogram.svg Swimming 667766
Water polo pictogram.svg Water polo 11
Archery pictogram.svg Archery 448
Athletics pictogram.svg Athletics 58741111147
Badminton pictogram.svg Badminton 111227
Baseball Baseball pictogram.svg Baseball 12
Softball pictogram.svg Softball 1
Basketball pictogram.svg Basketball 112
Bowling pictogram.svg Bowling 111124212
Boxing pictogram.svg Boxing 31013
Canoeing Canoeing (slalom) pictogram.svg Slalom 416
Canoeing (flatwater) pictogram.svg Sprint 12
Cricket pictogram.svg Cricket 112
Cycling Cycling (BMX) pictogram.svg BMX 218
Cycling (mountain biking) pictogram.svg Mountain biking 2
Cycling (road) pictogram.svg Road cycling 211
Cycling (track) pictogram.svg Track cycling 221113
Equestrian pictogram.svg Equestrian 112116
Fencing pictogram.svg Fencing 22222212
Football pictogram.svg Football 112
Golf pictogram.svg Golf 44
Gymnastics Gymnastics (artistic) pictogram.svg Artistic 1125518
Gymnastics (rhythmic) pictogram.svg Rhythmic 11
Gymnastics (trampoline) pictogram.svg Trampolining 2
Handball pictogram.svg Handball 112
Field hockey pictogram.svg Field hockey 112
Judo pictogram.svg Judo 455216
Kabaddi pictogram.svg Kabaddi 22
Karate pictogram.svg Karate 55313
Modern pentathlon pictogram.svg Modern pentathlon 224
Rowing pictogram.svg Rowing 7714
Rugby sevens pictogram.svg Rugby sevens 22
Sailing pictogram.svg Sailing 1414
Sepaktakraw pictogram.svg Sepak takraw 2226
Shooting pictogram.svg Shooting 444441066244
Squash pictogram.svg Squash 224
Table tennis pictogram.svg Table tennis 2327
Taekwondo pictogram.svg Taekwondo 444416
Tennis Tennis pictogram.svg Tennis 23214
Tennis pictogram.svg Soft tennis 2122
Triathlon pictogram.svg Triathlon 213
Volleyball Volleyball (beach) pictogram.svg Beach volleyball 114
Volleyball (indoor) pictogram.svg Indoor volleyball 11
Weightlifting pictogram.svg Weightlifting 222222315
Wrestling pictogram.svg Wrestling 4444420
Wushu pictogram.svg Wushu 2222715
Daily medal events18242729383822243032294641347439
Cumulative Total18426998136174196220250282311357398432439
September/October14th
Sun
15th
Mon
16th
Tue
17th
Wed
18th
Thu
19th
Fri
20th
Sat
21st
Sun
22nd
Mon
23rd
Tue
24th
Wed
25th
Thu
26th
Fri
27th
Sat
28th
Sun
29th
Mon
30th
Tue
1st
Wed
2nd
Thu
3rd
Fri
4th
Sat
Total
events

Closing ceremony

The closing ceremony was held on October 4, 2014 at 7:00 p.m. local time. [102] The ceremony's theme was "Our Cherished Memories of Incheon". OCA President Sheikh Ahmad Al Fahad Al Sabah, Prime Minister of South Korea Jung Hong-won, and Mayor of Incheon Yoo Jeong-bok were guests at the ceremony. The events featured the performances of National Dance Company of Korea, Gugak Center Dance Troupe and Kukkiwon. Soprano Im Sun-hae then sang the national anthem , whereupon the athletes entered the stadium with volunteers and placard bearers. [103] CNBLUE performed "I'm Sorry" and "Can't Stop" before Sheikh Ahmad Al Fahad Al Sabah presented Kosuke Hagino the Samsung MVP award and declared the Incheon 2014 Asian Games closed.

The OCA Flag was lowered and the flag of Indonesia, the next games' host nation, was raised as the Indonesian national anthem was played. IOC member Rita Subowo, Governor of South Sumatra Alex Noerdin, and the Governor of Jakarta Basuki Tjahaja Purnama received the Games flag for the 2018 Games. The ceremony proceeded with a segment from the next Asian Games host cities, Jakarta and Palembang. It began with "The Colours of Jakarta", featuring Ronggeng, a Javanese dance. This was followed by "The Spirit of South Sumatra", featured a Malay dance accompaniment of Rampak Nusantara drums. [104]

The K-Pop star Big Bang who performed "Hands up" and "Fantastic Baby" wrapped up the closing ceremony, while Sistar performed during the pre-ceremony concert. [103]

Medal table

China led the medal table for the ninth consecutive time. Cambodia won their first Asian Games gold medal in taekwondo. [105] A total of 37 NOCs won at least one medal, and 28 NOCs won at least one gold medal. Eight NOCs failed to win any medals at the Games.

The top ten ranked NOCs at these Games are listed below. The host nation, South Korea, is highlighted.

  *   Host nation (South Korea)

RankNationGoldSilverBronzeTotal
1Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China  (CHN)15110985345
2Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea  (KOR)*797079228
3Flag of Japan.svg  Japan  (JPN)477776200
4Flag of Kazakhstan.svg  Kazakhstan  (KAZ)28233384
5Flag of Iran.svg  Iran  (IRI)21181857
6Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand  (THA)1272847
7Flag of North Korea.svg  North Korea  (PRK)11111436
8Flag of India.svg  India  (IND)11103657
9Flag of Chinese Taipei for Olympic games.svg  Chinese Taipei  (TPE)10182351
10Flag of Qatar.svg  Qatar  (QAT)100414
11–37Remaining5997179335
Totals (37 nations)4394405751454

Broadcasting

Incheon Asian Games Host Broadcasting Management (IHB) (Korean : 인천 아시아 경기대회 주관방송, romanized: Incheon Asia gyeonggi daehoe jugwanbangsong), a joint venture between Korean Broadcasting System (KBS) and Munhwa Broadcasting Corporation (MBC), launched on 8 May 2013, served as the host broadcaster of the Games. [106] [107] [108] The International Broadcasting Centre was constructed in Songdo Convensia in Yeonsu District. [109] [110]

Concerns and controversies

Before the Games, there were several controversies arose over finances, lack of public interest, [111] transportation shortages for journalists, [112] and several administrative decisions about the opening ceremony and gala show. [113] [114] [115] Organizers were able to generate interest yet a few hundred empty seats remained in the 61,000-capacity stadium at the start of the opening ceremony. [116] Organizers also supplied additional shuttle buses for the late-night shift personnel at the request of various international media organizations. [117]

The OCA and FIBA also failed to compromise on a couple of policies, which caused one team to boycott the event and forced three teams to find replacement players. The Qatari women's basketball team withdrew from the Games when FIBA reaffirmed its ban on hijab, citing safety concerns. [118] Basketball was the only sport to enforce a hijab ban in the Games. On the other hand, OCA policy on naturalised players contradicted the eligibility rules set by FIBA. The OCA disqualified United States-born players Quincy Davis, Andray Blatche, and Aaron Haynes from the Chinese Taipei, Filipino, and South Korean teams. [119] [120]

Several controversies erupted during the Games, mostly surrounding poor officiating. The majority of poor judging allegations occurred in boxing, highlighted by the controversial semifinal loss of Indian lightweight boxer Laishram Sarita Devi against eventual silver medalist Park Jina of South Korea. [121] The judging of the match, Sarita Devi's refusal to accept the bronze medal, and her questionable behavior at the medal ceremony received widespread international attention and sparked numerous debates. [122] The high volume of controversial boxing decisions led to accusations of widespread incompetence and host favoritism against the judges. Criticisms of the new scoring system were also raised. [123] Shooting, [124] and wrestling saw initial rulings by officials being overturned upon appeals. [125]

Some 1,920 fluid samples from 1,600 athletes were tested during the Games. Six athletes tested positive for banned substances and were expelled from the Games, including two gold medalists who were stripped of their medals. [126]

See also

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Preceded by
Guangzhou
Asian Games
Incheon

XVII Asian Games (2014)
Succeeded by
Jakarta and Palembang

Coordinates: 37°58′N124°39′E / 37.967°N 124.650°E / 37.967; 124.650