In purple provinces won by Varela, Arias in aqua and Navarro in blue.
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politics and government of
General elections were held in Panama on 4 May 2014.Due to constitutional term limits, Incumbent President Ricardo Martinelli was ineligible for a second consecutive term. Incumbent Vice President Juan Carlos Varela of the Partido Panameñista was declared the victor with 39% of the votes.
Panama, officially the Republic of Panama, is a country in Central America, bordered by Costa Rica to the west, Colombia to the southeast, the Caribbean Sea to the north, and the Pacific Ocean to the south. The capital and largest city is Panama City, whose metropolitan area is home to nearly half the country's 4 million people.
Panama is governed under the Constitution of Panama of 1972 as amended in 1978, 1983, 1993, 1994, and 2004. This is Panama's fourth constitution, previous constitutions having been adopted in 1904, 1941, and 1946. The differences among these constitutions have been matters of emphasis and have reflected the political circumstances existing at the time of their formulation.
The incumbent is the current holder of an office. This term is usually used in reference to elections, in which races can often be defined as being between an incumbent and non-incumbent(s). For example, in the 2017 Hungarian presidential election, János Áder was the incumbent, because he had been the president in the term before the term for which the election sought to determine the president. A race without an incumbent is referred to as an open seat.
Of the 71 members of the National Assembly, 26 were elected in single-member constituencies and 45 by proportional representation in multi-member constituencies. Each district with more than 40,000 inhabitants forms a constituency. Constituencies elect one MP for every 30,000 residents and an additional representative for every fraction over 10,000.
The National Assembly, formerly the Legislative Assembly(Asamblea Legislativa), is the legislative branch of the government of the Republic of Panama.
The provinces of Panama and some of the comarcas are divided into districts (distrito). The district are further divided into corregimientos of Panama
In single-member constituencies MPs are elected using the first-past-the-post system. In multi-member constituencies MPs are elected using party list proportional representation according to a double quotient; the first allocation of seats uses a simple quotient, further seats are allotted using the quotient divided by two, with any remaining seats are awarded to the parties with the greatest remainder.
A first-past-the-post electoral system is one in which voters indicate on a ballot the candidate of their choice, and the candidate who receives the most votes wins. This is sometimes described as winner takes all. First-past-the-post voting is a plurality voting method. FPTP is a common, but not universal, feature of electoral systems with single-member electoral divisions, and is practised in close to one third of countries. Notable examples include Canada, India, the United Kingdom, and the United States, as well as most of their current or former colonies and protectorates.
Proportional representation (PR) characterizes electoral systems in which divisions in an electorate are reflected proportionately in the elected body --- each citizen voter being represented proportionately as by Evaluative Proportional Representation, or by each party being represented proportionately. If n% of the electorate support a particular political party, then roughly n% of seats will be won by that party. The essence of such systems is that all votes contribute to the result - not just a plurality, or a bare majority. The most prevalent forms of proportional representation all require the use of multiple-member voting districts, as it is not possible to fill a single seat in a proportional manner. In fact, the implementations of PR that achieve the highest levels of proportionality tend to include districts with large numbers of seats.
Seven candidates contested the election:
José Domingo Arias Villalaz is a Panamanian economist and politician, and was an unsuccessful candidate in the 2014 presidential elections.
Democratic Change is a centre-right political party in Panama.
Juan Carlos Navarro is a Panamanian businessman, environmentalist, and politician and was the Mayor of Panama City, Panama until June 30, 2009.
|Poll source||Date||José Domingo Arias|
|Juan Carlos Navarro|
|Juan Carlos Varela|
|Dichter & Neira||March 2014||39%||32%||26%|
|Dichter & Neira||23 April 2014||35%||30%||32%|
|Ipsos||23 April 2014||33.9%||34.2%||29.1%|
|Juan Carlos Varela||Panameñista Party||724,762||39.09|
|José Domingo Arias||Democratic Change||581,828||31.38|
|Juan Carlos Navarro||Democratic Revolutionary Party||521,842||28.14|
|Genaro López||Broad Front for Democracy||11,127||0.60|
|Source: Election Tribunal|
|Democratic Revolutionary Party||535,747||31.49||25||–1|
|Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement||121,815||7.16||2||0|
|Broad Front for Democracy||17,224||1.01||0||New|
|Source: Election Tribunal|
Although Democratic Change won 30 seats and MOLIRENA 2, rival candidates in 10 of the circuits won by CD and 1 of those won by MOLIRENA said there were irregularities throughout the elections that favored the winning parties. As such, the Electoral Tribunal of Panama annulled the results in those circuits and new special elections were to be held every Sunday from 16 November 2014 to determine which candidate would win those 11 seats.
As of now[ when? ], the results are:
|16 November 2014||7-1||Carlos "Tito" Afú||Democratic Change (CD)|
|23 November 2014||2-4||Noriel Salerno||Democratic Change (CD)|
|30 November 2014||7-2||Mariela Vega||Democratic Change (CD)|
|14 December 2014||4-1||Miguel Fanovich||Nationalist Republican Liberal Movement (MOLIRENA)|
|14 December 2014||4-1||Florentino Ábrego||Panameñista Party|
Ricardo Alberto Martinelli Berrocal, is a Panamanian politician and businessman who was the 36th President of Panama from 2009 to 2014. In May 2017, Interpol issued a red notice for the extradition of Ricardo Martinelli, installed in Miami. Panamanian justice accuses the former president of having spied on telephone conversations of about 150 people, including journalists and leaders of the opposition. He is also suspected of embezzlement on a $45 million contract to purchase food for schools. Martinelli was arrested in Miami by U.S. Marshals on June 12, 2017 to face extradition to Panama. He was extradited to Panama on June 11, 2018 to face the wiretapping charges.
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