2015

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Clockwise from top-left: civil service in remembrance of the November Paris attacks; Germanwings Flight 9525 was purposely crashed into the French Alps by suicidal co-pilot Andreas Lubitz, killing all 150 people on board; The Gorkha earthquake in Nepal kills 8,964 people; world leaders pose for a picture during the Paris Agreement, an international agreement on climate change; an airstrike in Sana'a during the Saudi Arabian-led intervention in Yemen; refugees of the Syrian civil war come ashore in Greece amidst a migrant crisis in Europe; FIFA president Sepp Blatter is forced to resign in disgrace in the wake of the FIFA corruption case; New Horizons makes a flyby and takes the first images of Pluto. 2015 Events Collage new.png
Clockwise from top-left: civil service in remembrance of the November Paris attacks; Germanwings Flight 9525 was purposely crashed into the French Alps by suicidal co-pilot Andreas Lubitz, killing all 150 people on board; The Gorkha earthquake in Nepal kills 8,964 people; world leaders pose for a picture during the Paris Agreement, an international agreement on climate change; an airstrike in Sana'a during the Saudi Arabian–led intervention in Yemen; refugees of the Syrian civil war come ashore in Greece amidst a migrant crisis in Europe; FIFA president Sepp Blatter is forced to resign in disgrace in the wake of the FIFA corruption case; New Horizons makes a flyby and takes the first images of Pluto.

Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
2015 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 2015
MMXV
Ab urbe condita 2768
Armenian calendar 1464
ԹՎ ՌՆԿԴ
Assyrian calendar 6765
Baháʼí calendar 171–172
Balinese saka calendar 1936–1937
Bengali calendar 1422
Berber calendar 2965
British Regnal year 63  Eliz. 2   64  Eliz. 2
Buddhist calendar 2559
Burmese calendar 1377
Byzantine calendar 7523–7524
Chinese calendar 甲午年 (Wood  Horse)
4712 or 4505
     to 
乙未年 (Wood  Goat)
4713 or 4506
Coptic calendar 1731–1732
Discordian calendar 3181
Ethiopian calendar 2007–2008
Hebrew calendar 5775–5776
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 2071–2072
 - Shaka Samvat 1936–1937
 - Kali Yuga 5115–5116
Holocene calendar 12015
Igbo calendar 1015–1016
Iranian calendar 1393–1394
Islamic calendar 1436–1437
Japanese calendar Heisei 27
(平成27年)
Javanese calendar 1948–1949
Juche calendar 104
Julian calendar Gregorian minus 13 days
Korean calendar 4348
Minguo calendar ROC 104
民國104年
Nanakshahi calendar 547
Thai solar calendar 2558
Tibetan calendar 阳木马年
(male Wood-Horse)
2141 or 1760 or 988
     to 
阴木羊年
(female Wood-Goat)
2142 or 1761 or 989
Unix time 1420070400 – 1451606399

2015 (MMXV) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2015th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 15th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 6th year of the 2010s decade.

Contents

2015 was designated by the United Nations as:

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Births and deaths

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal Nobel medal.png
Nobel medal

New English words

In the time travel film Back to the Future Part II , Doc Brown, Marty McFly, and Marty's girlfriend Jennifer Parker travel to October 21, 2015 to prevent Marty's son from being arrested.

The Japanese animated mecha television series Neon Genesis Evangelion (Released 1995) is set in the year 2015, in which earth is under attack from mysterious entities known as "angels".

See also

Related Research Articles

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Goodluck Jonathan</span> President of Nigeria from 2010 to 2015

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boko Haram</span> Central-West African jihadist terrorist organization

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">Boko Haram insurgency</span> Terrorism in Sub-Saharan Africa

The Boko Haram insurgency began in July 2009, when the militant Islamist and jihadist rebel group Boko Haram started an armed rebellion against the government of Nigeria. The conflict is taking place within the context of long-standing issues of religious violence between Nigeria's Muslim and Christian communities, and the insurgents' ultimate aim is to establish an Islamic state in the region.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Abubakar Shekau</span> Nigerian militant and former leader of Boko Haram

Abu Mohammed Abubakar al-Sheikawi was a Kanuri terrorist who was the leader of Boko Haram, a Nigerian Islamist militant group from 2009 to 2021. He served as deputy leader to the group's founder, Mohammed Yusuf, until Yusuf's execution in 2009.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ansaru</span> Islamist militant organization in Nigeria

The Vanguard for the Protection of Muslims in Black Africa, better known as Ansaru and less commonly called al-Qaeda in the Lands Beyond the Sahel, is an Islamic fundamentalist Jihadist militant organisation based in the northeast of Nigeria. It originated as a faction of Boko Haram but became officially independent in 2012. Despite this, Ansaru and other Boko Haram factions continued to work closely together until the former increasingly declined and stopped its insurgent activities in 2015. Since then, Ansaru is mostly dormant though its members continue to spread propaganda for their cause.

Timeline of the Boko Haram insurgency is the chronology of the Boko Haram insurgency, an ongoing armed conflict between Nigerian Islamist group Boko Haram and the Nigerian government. Boko Haram have carried out many attacks against the military, police and civilians since 2009, mostly in Nigeria. The low-intensity conflict is centred on Borno State. It peaked in the mid 2010s, when Boko Haram extended their insurgency into Cameroon, Chad and Niger.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chibok schoolgirls kidnapping</span> Kidnapping of female students in Chibok in Borno State, Nigeria

On the night of 14–15 April 2014, 276 mostly Christian female students aged from 16 to 18 were kidnapped by the Islamic terrorist group Boko Haram from the Government Girls Secondary School at the town of Chibok in Borno State, Nigeria. Prior to the raid, the school had been closed for four weeks due to deteriorating security conditions, but the girls were in attendance in order to take final exams in physics.

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">War against the Islamic State</span> Military actions against the Islamic State

Many states began to intervene against the Islamic State, in both the Syrian Civil War and the War in Iraq (2013–2017), in response to its rapid territorial gains from its 2014 Northern Iraq offensives, universally condemned executions, human rights abuses and the fear of further spillovers of the Syrian Civil War. These efforts are called the war against the Islamic State, or the war against ISIS. In later years, there were also minor interventions by some states against IS-affiliated groups in Nigeria and Libya. All these efforts significantly degraded the Islamic State's capabilities by around 2019–2020. While moderate fighting continues in Syria, as of 2024, ISIS has been contained to a manageably small area and force capability.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Slavery in 21st-century jihadism</span> Modern slavery by quasi-state-level jihadist groups

Quasi-state-level jihadist groups, including Boko Haram and the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant, have captured and enslaved women and children, often for sexual slavery. In 2014 in particular, both groups organised mass kidnappings of large numbers of girls and younger women.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Islamic State – West Africa Province</span> Militant group and branch of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

The Islamic State's West Africa Province (ISWAP), officially Wilāyat Garb Ifrīqīyā, meaning "West African Province", is a militant group and administrative division of the Islamic State (IS), a Salafi jihadist militant group and unrecognised quasi-state. ISWAP is primarily active in the Chad Basin, and fights an extensive insurgency against the states of Nigeria, Cameroon, Chad, Niger and Turkey. It is an offshoot of Boko Haram with which it has a violent rivalry; Boko Haram leader Abubakar Shekau killed himself in battle with ISWAP in 2021. Until March 2022, ISWAP acted as an umbrella organization for all IS factions in West Africa including the Islamic State in the Greater Sahara (IS-GS), although the actual ties between ISWAP and IS-GS were limited.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2015 West African offensive</span> Coalition offensive against Boko Haram

Starting in late January 2015, a coalition of West African troops launched an offensive against the Boko Haram insurgents in Nigeria.

This article contains a timeline of events from January 2015 to December 2015 related to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant (ISIL/ISIS). This article contains information about events committed by or on behalf of the Islamic State, as well as events performed by groups who oppose them.

Abu Musab al-Barnawi, born Habib Yusuf, is a Nigerian Islamic militant who served as the leader of the Islamic State's branch in West Africa (ISWAP) between August 2016 and March 2019, and again around May 2021. He also served in various other capacities within ISWAP such as head of its shura. Before pledging allegiance to IS, al-Barnawi was the spokesperson for Boko Haram. Multiple sources reported that al-Barnawi was killed in 2021, but later research by the Crisis Group, Humangle Media, and others proved that these claims were inaccurate.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Chad Basin campaign (2018–2020)</span> Series of battles and offensives in the Chad Basin

The Chad Basin campaign of 2018–2020 was a series of battles and offensives in the southern Chad Basin, particularly northeastern Nigeria, which took place amid the ongoing Boko Haram insurgency. The Chad Basin witnessed an upsurge of insurgent activity from early November 2018, as rebels belonging to the Islamic State's West Africa Province (ISWAP) and Boko Haram launched offensives and several raids to regain military strength and seize territory in a renewed attempt to establish an Islamic state in the region. These attacks, especially those by ISWAP, met with considerable success and resulted in the displacement of hundreds of thousands of civilians. The member states of the Multinational Joint Task Force (MJTF), namely Nigeria, Niger, Chad, and Cameroon responded to the increased insurgent activity with counter-offensives. These operations repulsed the rebels in many areas but failed to fully contain the insurgency.

The origins of the Islamic State group can be traced back to three main organizations. Earliest of these was the "Jamāʻat al-Tawḥīd wa-al-Jihād" organization, founded by the Jihadist leader Abu Mus'ab al-Zarqawi in Jordan in 1999. The other two predecessor organizations emerged during the Iraqi insurgency against the U.S. occupation forces. These included the "Jaish al-Ta'ifa al-Mansurah" group founded by Abu Omar al-Baghdadi in 2004 and the "Jaysh Ahl al-Sunnah wa’l-Jama’ah" group founded by Abu Bakr al-Baghdadi and his associates in the same year.

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