2015 Giro d'Italia

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2015 Giro d'Italia
2015 UCI World Tour, race 15 of 28 [1]

Giro 2015 contador.jpg

Alberto Contador, winner of the 2015 Giro, wearing the pink jersey
Race details
Dates 9 May – 31 May 2015
Stages 21
Distance 3,481.8 km (2,163 mi)
Winning time 88h 22' 25"
Jersey pink.svg WinnerFlag of Spain.svg  Alberto Contador  (ESP)(Tinkoff–Saxo)
  SecondFlag of Italy.svg  Fabio Aru  (ITA)(Astana)
  ThirdFlag of Spain.svg  Mikel Landa  (ESP)(Astana)

Jersey red.svg PointsFlag of Italy.svg  Giacomo Nizzolo  (ITA)(Trek Factory Racing)
Jersey blue.svg MountainsFlag of Italy.svg  Giovanni Visconti  (ITA)(Movistar Team)
Jersey white.svg YouthFlag of Italy.svg  Fabio Aru  (ITA)(Astana)
  Team Astana
  Team Points Astana

The 2015 Giro d'Italia (English: Tour of Italy) was a three-week Grand Tour cycling stage race that took place in May 2015. It was the 98th running of the Giro d'Italia and took place principally in Italy, although some stages visited France and Switzerland. The 3,481.8-kilometre (2,163.5 mi) race included 21 stages, beginning in San Lorenzo al Mare on 9 May and concluding in Milan on 31 May. It was the fifteenth race of the 2015 UCI World Tour. The Giro was won by Alberto Contador (Tinkoff–Saxo), with Fabio Aru (Astana) second and Aru's teammate Mikel Landa third.

In road bicycle racing, a Grand Tour is one of the three major European professional cycling stage races: Tour de France, Giro d'Italia and Vuelta a España. Collectively they are termed the Grand Tours, and all three races are similar in format being multi-week races with daily stages. They have a special status in the UCI regulations: more points for the UCI World Tour are distributed in Grand Tours than in other races, and they are the only stage races allowed to last longer than 14 days.

Giro dItalia cycling road race held in Italy

The Giro d'Italia is an annual multiple-stage bicycle race primarily held in Italy, while also occasionally passing through nearby countries. The first race was organized in 1909 to increase sales of the newspaper La Gazzetta dello Sport; however it is currently run by RCS Sport. The race has been held annually since its first edition in 1909, except when it was stopped for the two world wars. As the Giro gained prominence and popularity the race was lengthened, and the peloton expanded from primarily Italian participation to riders from all over the world. The Giro is a UCI World Tour event, which means that the teams that compete in the race are mostly UCI ProTeams, with the exception of the teams that the organizers can invite.

San Lorenzo al Mare Comune in Liguria, Italy

San Lorenzo al Mare is a comune (municipality) in the Province of Imperia in the Italian region Liguria, located about 100 kilometres southwest of Genoa and about 10 km (6 mi) west of Imperia. As of 31 December 2004, it had a population of 1,409 and an area of 1.3 square kilometres (0.5 sq mi).


Contador first took the lead after stage 5, the race's first uphill finish. His defence of the pink jersey (given to the leader in the General classification in the Giro d'Italia)) was put in doubt when he injured his left shoulder in a crash in the sixth stage. He held his lead through several stages stage but was caught up in another crash in stage 13, which caused him to lose the lead. He took the lead back the following day in the 59.4-kilometre (36.9 mi) Individual time trial, where he gained a lead of several minutes over all his rivals. Despite aggressive riding from Aru and Landa in the final week, Contador was able to defend his lead to the finish of the race. This was his third Giro d'Italia title, after the 2008 race.

General classification in the Giro dItalia

The general classification in the Giro d'Italia is the most important classification of the Giro d'Italia, which determines who is the overall winner. It is therefore considered more important than secondary classifications as the points classification or the mountains classification.

Individual time trial road bicycle race time trial for an individual

An individual time trial (ITT) is a road bicycle race in which cyclists race alone against the clock on flat or rolling terrain, or up a mountain road such as Alpe d'Huez. There are also track-based time trials where riders compete in velodromes, and team time trials (TTT). ITTs are also referred to as "the race of truth", as winning depends only on each rider's strength and endurance, and not on help provided by teammates and others riding ahead and creating a slipstream. The opening stage of stage race will often be a short individual time trial called a prologue.

2008 Giro dItalia

The 2008 Giro d'Italia was the 91st running of the Giro d'Italia, one of cycling's Grand Tours. It began in Palermo on 10 May and ended in Milan on 1 June. Twenty-two teams entered the race, which was won by Spaniard Alberto Contador of the Astana cycling team. Second and third respectively were Italians Riccardo Riccò and Marzio Bruseghin.

As well as finishing second overall, Aru won the white jersey as the best young rider in the week. Giacomo Nizzolo (Trek Factory Racing) won the points competition and Giovanni Visconti (Movistar) won the mountains classification. Astana finished first in both the team ranking by time and the team ranking by points. Contador, Visconti and Nizzolo all won their classifications without winning any stage victories.

Giacomo Nizzolo Italian Racing cyclist

Giacomo Nizzolo is an Italian racing cyclist, who currently rides for UCI WorldTeam Team Dimension Data.

Trek–Segafredo may refer to:

Giovanni Visconti (cyclist) Road bicycle racer

Giovanni Visconti is an Italian professional road racing cyclist, who currently rides for UCI Professional Continental team Neri Sottoli–Selle Italia–KTM.


As the Giro d'Italia was a UCI World Tour event, all seventeen UCI WorldTeams were automatically invited and obliged to send a squad. [2] Five UCI Professional Continental teams were given wildcard places in the race by RCS Sport, the race organisers. Four of these were Italian-based teams: Androni Giocattoli–Sidermec, Bardiani–CSF, Nippo–Vini Fantini and Southeast Pro Cycling. Southeast's entry in the race was earned by their victory in the 2014 Coppa Italia, when they competed as Neri Sottoli; they were invited despite three recent doping cases in the team. [2] [3] The final wildcard place was awarded to CCC–Sprandi–Polkowice, a Polish-based team. [4] CCC-Sprandi-Polkowice's invitation immediately received attention because the team's roster included two prominent riders who has previously served bans for doping: Stefan Schumacher and Davide Rebellin. [3] The day after the announcement, Cycling Weekly reported that the team might omit the riders from its squad for the race. [5]

A UCI WorldTeam (2015–present), previously UCI ProTeam (2005–2014), is the term used by the Union Cycliste Internationale (UCI) to name a cycling team of the highest category in professional road cycling, the UCI World Tour or UCI ProTour, respectively. UCI WorldTeams must compete at all rounds of the tour.

RCS Sport

RCS Sport is a sport and media company that operates mainly in Italy in the sports sector, as part of RCS MediaGroup. It organises some of Italy's biggest road cycling events, including the Giro d'Italia, Milan–San Remo and Tirreno–Adriatico, as well as non-cycling events such as the Milan Marathon. RCS Sport was started in 1989 as an independent company from La Gazzetta dello Sport while continuing to be its “organizational arm”. It also offers consultancy and partnership for other sports organisers, helping with events like Lega Basket Serie A and The Color Run.

Several prominent teams applied for wildcard places but were unsuccessful. These were UnitedHealthcare, Colombia, Wanty–Groupe Gobert and Caja Rural–Seguros RGA. [2]

UnitedHealthcare Pro Cycling (mens team) cycling team

UnitedHealthcare Pro Cycling Team was a professional road bicycle racing team, run by Momentum Sports Group and based in the United States. The team is sponsored principally by UnitedHealth Group. It began at the end of 2009 as a reorganization of the OUCH Pro Cycling Team, with headlining cyclist Floyd Landis leaving the team. The team folded at the end of the 2018 season, with the main sponsor transferring to Rally Cycling.

Colombia are a Colombian UCI Professional Continental cycling team based in Adro (Italy) that participates in UCI Continental Circuits and UCI World Tour races.

Wanty–Groupe Gobert

Wanty–Groupe Gobert is a UCI Professional Continental men's cycling team founded in 2008. It is based in Belgium and it participates in races on the UCI Continental Circuits, and some UCI World Tour events.

The team presentation took place in San Remo on the evening before the first stage. [6] As each team sent nine riders to the race, the startlist contained 198 riders. [7] George Bennett (LottoNL–Jumbo) was withdrawn from the startlist on the night before the race, however, as a blood test had revealed low cortisol levels. As his team was part of the Movement for Credible Cycling (MPCC), he was not allowed to start the Giro. [8] LottoNL–Jumbo therefore began the race with eight riders and there were 197 riders in the peloton at the beginning of the race. [7] This included riders from 36 different countries, with the largest numbers coming from Italy (59), France (15), Belgium (12) and the Netherlands (12). The average age of riders in the Giro was 28.95; they ranged from the 21-year-old Rick Zabel (BMC Racing Team) to the 41-year-old Alessandro Petacchi (Southeast). [9]

Sanremo Comune in Liguria, Italy

Sanremo or San Remo is a city and comune on the Mediterranean coast of Liguria, in north-western Italy. Founded in Roman times, it has a population of 57,000, and is known as a tourist destination on the Italian Riviera. It hosts numerous cultural events, such as the Sanremo Music Festival and the Milan–San Remo cycling classic.

George Bennett (cyclist) New Zealand road cyclist

George Bennett is a New Zealand professional road racing cyclist, who currently rides for UCI WorldTeam Team Jumbo–Visma. He represented New Zealand at the 2016 Summer Olympics.

UCI WorldTeams

UCI Professional Continental teams

Pre-race favourites

Alberto Contador (Tinkoff-Saxo), photographed in the individual time trial during his victory in the 2008 Giro d'Italia, was the principal favourite for victory in 2015. Contador rosa 5.JPG
Alberto Contador (Tinkoff–Saxo), photographed in the individual time trial during his victory in the 2008 Giro d'Italia, was the principal favourite for victory in 2015.

The winner of the 2014 Giro d'Italia, Nairo Quintana (Movistar Team), chose not to defend his title in order to focus on the Tour de France. [2] The principal favourite for the race was Alberto Contador (Tinkoff–Saxo), [10] [11] [12] [13] especially as Chris Froome (Team Sky) and Vincenzo Nibali (Astana), two of the most successful active Grand Tour riders, also chose to focus on the Tour and to skip the Giro. [10] Contador, who had won the 2014 Vuelta a España, was attempting to win both the Giro and the Tour in the same season. No rider had achieved this double since Marco Pantani in 1998; Contador described his ambition to do "something that people will remember forever". [14] Contador's last attempt to win both the Giro and the Tour – in the 2011 season – ended in failure. Although he finished first in the Giro, he only managed fifth place in the Tour; both results were subsequently removed because of a ban due to a doping case from 2010. [11]

The rider considered most likely to challenge Contador for the general classification was Richie Porte (Sky). Porte had already achieved nine race victories in 2015, including the overall victories in Paris–Nice, the Volta a Catalunya and the Giro del Trentino. Porte was expected to be particularly strong in the individual time trial, as well as in the mountains. Porte had not shown consistent form in a Grand Tour in recent years, however, and there were doubts about his ability to maintain his form over a three-week race. [11] [12] [15]

Rigoberto Urán (Etixx–Quick-Step) – who had finished second in 2013 and 2014 – was also among the favourites, with the long individual time trial expected to suit him. Fabio Aru (Astana) – who had finished third in 2014 – was also expected to perform well; VeloNews described him as "perhaps the best pure climber in the race". [16] Other riders expected to challenge for the higher places included Ilnur Zakarin (Team Katusha), who had just won the Tour de Romandie, Domenico Pozzovivo (AG2R La Mondiale), Jurgen Van den Broeck (Lotto–Soudal), Damiano Caruso (BMC) and Ryder Hesjedal (Cannondale–Garmin), the winner of the 2012 Giro d'Italia. [11] [12] [13] Four former winners of the Giro started the 2015 edition: Contador, Hesjedal, Ivan Basso (Tinkoff-Saxo) and Damiano Cunego (Nippo–Vini Fantini). [13]

Other prominent riders to start the race included a large number of prominent sprinters, including André Greipel (Lotto-Soudal) and Michael Matthews (Orica–GreenEDGE). Greipel was expected to perform well in the few flat stages. [12] Matthews had the ability to win hillier stages; his team's strength in the team time trial was expected to put him into the pink jersey as leader of the general classification during the first week; he had also worn the jersey in the first week of the 2014 Giro. [12] [13] Tom Boonen (Etixx–Quick-Step), a former world champion, participated in the Giro for the first time in his career. [13]

Route and stages

The Dolomites around Madonna di Campiglio, where stage 15 finished Brenta group and Brenta valley from NW.jpg
The Dolomites around Madonna di Campiglio, where stage 15 finished

The first announcement of the route for the 2015 Giro came in July 2014, when RCS Sport announced that it would begin with a team time trial from San Lorenzo al Mare along the coast to San Remo. The route would use the Riviera dei Fiori cycle path and would start at the foot of the Cipressa climb made famous by its inclusion in the Milan–San Remo classic. The route used neither the climb of the Cipressa nor that of the Poggio di San Remo; it kept to the coastline and was entirely flat. The stage would end on the Lungomare Italo Calvino in San Remo. The following two stages were announced at the same time. The second stage – the first mass-start stage of the race – would suit the sprinters, while the third stage would take the riders to La Spezia, where the small climb of the Biassa would come towards the end of the stage. [17] A further route announcement was made in mid-September. Mauro Vegni, the race director, announced that the Giro would return to the climb of the Madonna di Campiglio for the first time since 1999. In the 1999 Giro, Marco Pantani won the stage that finished on the climb and was in the race lead; he failed a test for EPO use, however, and was expelled from the race. [18] The full route announcement was made in Milan on 6 October at an event attended by many riders expected to participate in the Giro. [19]

An additional stage in Liguria was included in the route. This was the new third stage, with the stage to La Spezia now stage 4. [20] The additional stage was hilly but had a long flat section towards the finish. [21] The first summit finish of the race came on the second-category climb of the Abetone at the end of stage 5. [22] There was then one flat stage, which was followed by the hilly stage 7, which was the longest stage in any Giro d'Italia since 2000 at 263 kilometres (163 mi). [23] [24] These took the riders south along the Tyrrhenian coast and into Campania and then inland towards the southern Apennines. [20] The race then entered the mountains for stages 8 and 9. Stage 8 had a summit finish on the Campitello Matese; stage 9 included mountains and hills throughout. [23] This was followed by the race's first rest day. [20]

The individual time trial took the riders through the vineyards around Valdobbiadene. Prosecco vineyards.jpg
The individual time trial took the riders through the vineyards around Valdobbiadene.

The rest day included a transfer to Civitanova Marche on the Adriatic coast. The subsequent stages took the riders along the coast and then into the Dolomites. [20] Immediately after the rest day, there were four relatively flat stages, although two of them included hills towards the end. [23] These were followed by the race's only individual time trial. This was 59.2 kilometres (36.8 mi) in length and was one of the longest time trials in the Giro in recent years. [20] It began with 30 kilometres (19 mi) of flat roads, which were followed by rolling roads towards the finish line in Valdobbiadene. [25] After the time trial came the stage to Madonna di Campiglio, which included several other difficult climbs. [26] This was followed by the second rest day. [20]

The final week of the race began with a stage that crossed the very difficult Passo di Mortirolo on the way to a finish on a third-category climb in Aprica. Cycling Weekly described this as "this year's blockbuster stage". [27] This was followed by one of the flattest stages of the race, which took the Giro out of Italy for the first time in 2015 as it crossed into Switzerland for a finish in Lugano. [28] There were then three consecutive days with high mountains. The eighteenth stage of the race started in Melide, Switzerland in Switzerland and took the riders across the difficult Monte Ologno before a difficult descent to the finish. [29] There were then two consecutive summit finishes on the Cervinia and on Sestriere. The final stage was a largely ceremonial flat stage towards a finish in Milan. [23]

The highest climb of the 2015 Giro – known as the Cima Coppi – was the Colle delle Finestre on the penultimate stage. This was 2,178 metres (7,146 ft) above sea level. In general, the climbs were lower than in previous years, following controversy in the 2014 Giro over the crossing of the Passo dello Stelvio. The race organisers also tried to make the transfers between stages shorter. [20]

List of stages [30] [31]
19 May San Lorenzo al Mare to Sanremo 17.6 km (11 mi)Time Trial.svg Team time trial Orica–GreenEDGE
210 May Albenga to Genoa 177 km (110 mi)Plainstage.svg Flat stageFlag of Italy.svg  Elia Viviani  (ITA)
311 May Rapallo to Sestri Levante 136 km (85 mi)Mediummountainstage.svg Medium-mountain stageFlag of Australia.svg  Michael Matthews  (AUS)
412 May Chiavari to La Spezia 150 km (93 mi)Mediummountainstage.svg Medium-mountain stageFlag of Italy.svg  Davide Formolo  (ITA)
513 May La Spezia to Abetone 152 km (94 mi)Mediummountainstage.svg Medium-mountain stageFlag of Slovenia.svg  Jan Polanc  (SLO)
614 May Montecatini Terme to Castiglione della Pescaia 183 km (114 mi)Plainstage.svg Flat stageFlag of Germany.svg  André Greipel  (GER)
715 May Grosseto to Fiuggi 264 km (164 mi)Plainstage.svg Flat stageFlag of Italy.svg  Diego Ulissi  (ITA)
816 May Fiuggi to Campitello Matese 186 km (116 mi)Mountainstage.svg Mountain stage [32] Flag of Spain.svg  Beñat Intxausti  (ESP)
917 May Benevento to San Giorgio del Sannio 224 km (139 mi)Mediummountainstage.svg Medium-mountain stageFlag of Italy.svg  Paolo Tiralongo  (ITA)
18 MayRest day (Civitanova Marche)
1019 May Civitanova Marche to Forlì 200 km (124 mi)Plainstage.svg Flat stageFlag of Italy.svg  Nicola Boem  (ITA)
1120 May Forlì to Imola (Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari)153 km (95 mi)Mediummountainstage.svg Medium-mountain stageFlag of Russia.svg  Ilnur Zakarin  (RUS)
1221 May Imola to Vicenza (Monte Berico)190 km (118 mi)Mediummountainstage.svg Medium-mountain stageFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Philippe Gilbert  (BEL)
1322 May Montecchio Maggiore to Jesolo 147 km (91 mi)Plainstage.svg Flat stageFlag of Italy.svg  Sacha Modolo  (ITA)
1423 May Treviso to Valdobbiadene 59.4 km (37 mi)Time Trial.svg Individual time trial Flag of Belarus.svg  Vasil Kiryienka  (BLR)
1524 May Marostica to Madonna di Campiglio 165 km (103 mi)Mountainstage.svg Mountain stageFlag of Spain.svg  Mikel Landa  (ESP)
25 MayRest day (Madonna di Campiglio)
1626 May Pinzolo to Aprica 174 km (108 mi)Mountainstage.svg Mountain stageFlag of Spain.svg  Mikel Landa  (ESP)
1727 May Tirano to Lugano (Switzerland)134 km (83 mi)Plainstage.svg Flat stageFlag of Italy.svg  Sacha Modolo  (ITA)
1828 May Melide (Switzerland) to Verbania 170 km (106 mi)Mediummountainstage.svg Medium-mountain stageFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Philippe Gilbert  (BEL)
1929 May Gravellona Toce to Cervinia 236 km (147 mi)Mountainstage.svg Mountain stageFlag of Italy.svg  Fabio Aru  (ITA)
2030 May Saint-Vincent to Sestriere 196 km (122 mi)Mountainstage.svg Mountain stageFlag of Italy.svg  Fabio Aru  (ITA)
2131 May Turin to Milan 185 km (115 mi)Plainstage.svg Flat stageFlag of Belgium (civil).svg  Iljo Keisse  (BEL)

Race overview

Simon Clarke was one of three Australian Orica-GreenEDGE riders to lead the Giro during the first week (photographed during stage 16). Giro d'Italia 2015, simon clarke (18125954410).jpg
Simon Clarke was one of three Australian Orica–GreenEDGE riders to lead the Giro during the first week (photographed during stage 16).

Stage 1, the team time trial, was won by Orica–GreenEDGE. Simon Gerrans was the first rider to cross the line, so he became the first leader of the race. Tinkoff-Saxo were second, seven seconds slower, which made Contador the best-placed rider among the general classification favourites. He gained six seconds on Aru and twenty seconds on Porte. [33] Elia Viviani won the sprint on stage 2; he therefore took the lead in the points classification. Michael Matthews finished seventh on the stage and moved into the pink jersey. [34] Matthews extended his lead by winning stage 3 in a sprint from a reduced group. [35] There was particular concern during the stage after Domenico Pozzovivo (AG2R La Mondiale) crashed on a descent; he abandoned the race and was taken to hospital. [36] The fourth stage was won by Davide Formolo (Cannondale–Garmin) from an early breakaway. Astana raced aggressively in the second part of the stage and put significant pressure on the other general classification riders; Rigoberto Urán lost more than 40 seconds, while Tinkoff-Saxo appeared weak in support of Contador. Matthews lost around 20 minutes; Simon Clarke took over the lead of the race. Clarke was the third Australian rider for the Orica–GreenEDGE team to lead the 2015 Giro. [37]

Stage 5, with its summit finish at Abetone, was also won by a rider from a breakaway, this time Jan Polanc (Lampre–Merida), who attacked on the final climb and won by more than a minute. The general classification favourites attacked on the final climb; Contador was the first to attack and was followed by Aru and Porte. They were then joined by Mikel Landa, Aru's teammate, and gained time over all the other riders. Clarke lost over two minutes to Contador, Aru and Porte; he therefore lost the lead in the general classification and Contador became the new leader of the race, two seconds ahead of Aru and twenty ahead of Porte. [38] Contador's lead came under threat the following day. The stage was won by Greipel in a sprint finish, but there was a large crash in the final metres. This was caused by a spectator who was leaning over the crash barriers with a camera; Daniele Colli (Nippo–Vini Fantini) collided with him and caused a large number of riders to crash behind him. Contador was among the riders to crash; although he finished the stage on the same time as Greipel, he was treated for a shoulder injury by his team doctor and was unable to put on the leader's jersey on the podium. [39] Despite suffering from the injury, Contador started and finished the following day's stage. This was won in a sprint finish by Diego Ulissi (Lampre-Mérida), while Contador retained the race lead. [40]

Mikel Landa (left) leading Fabio Aru (both Astana) during stage 16 Giro d'Italia 2015, kopgroep aru landa kruiswijk (18125953940) (cropped).jpg
Mikel Landa (left) leading Fabio Aru (both Astana) during stage 16

Contador continued to be troubled by his injury during stage 8, which finished on the climb of the Campitello Matese. The stage was won by Beñat Intxausti (Movistar), who was in the day's early breakaway and attacked on the final climb. Astana again rode hard to put pressure on the other riders; eventually a group formed of Contador, Aru, Porte and Landa. Landa then attacked and finished second on the stage, 15 seconds ahead of the other three riders. He therefore moved up into fifth place overall, while Contador increased his lead over Aru by winning bonus seconds at an intermediate sprint. [41] Stage 9 was also won by a rider from a breakaway: Paolo Tiralongo (Astana) took a solo victory. Aru, Contador, Porte and Landa were again alone in a group towards the end of the stage; although they came to the finish together, Aru took a second out of the others in the sprint. This moved him to three seconds behind Contador. The following day was the first rest day of the race. [42]

After the rest day, stage 10 was once again won by a rider from a breakaway: Nicola Boem (Bardiani–CSF) sprinted to the victory from a small group. A large group – including Contador, Aru and Landa – finished together. Porte, however, suffered a mechanical problem in the final 10 kilometres (6.2 mi) and he was unable to regain contact with the main group, despite assistance from his teammates and from Michael Matthews, Porte's fellow Australian. Porte lost over 40 seconds to the other general classification favourites. [43] After the stage, it was revealed that Porte had been given assistance by another Australian Orica–GreenEDGE rider, Simon Clarke. Clarke had seen Porte waiting for assistance and had given him one of his own wheels. This was illegal under UCI rules that prohibit "non-regulation assistance to a rider from another team"; Porte was therefore given a two-minute time penalty and dropped to twelfth place, over three minutes behind Contador, with Landa moving up to third place. [44]

Stage 11 was won by Ilnur Zakarin, who attacked from an all-day breakaway 23 kilometres (14 mi) from the finish line and rode solo to the finish. The general classification favourites all finished together. [45] Stage 12 finished with a short, steep climb. It was won by Philippe Gilbert (BMC). Contador finished second to win six bonus seconds; his lead was further extended as Aru and Landa both lost several seconds on the climb. [46] Contador lost the lead the following day, however. The stage was won in a bunch sprint by Sacha Modolo (Lampre–Merida); just over 3 kilometres (1.9 mi) before the finish line, however, there was a large crash that delayed a large number of riders. Contador was one of the riders delayed in the crash; he lost 36 seconds to Aru, who therefore took over the race lead. Porte was also caught up in the crash and lost another two minutes. [47]

Stage 14 was the individual time trial, which was won by Vasil Kiryienka (Sky). Contador finished third on the stage, nearly three minutes ahead of Aru. Contador therefore moved back into the race lead. Contador passed Landa on the road, despite starting three minutes after him; Landa lost over four minutes and fell to seventh place overall. Movistar's Andrey Amador moved up into third. [48] Stage 15 was the final stage of the second week and was the climb to Madonna di Campiglio. Landa won the stage after Astana rode hard on the final climb; he finished five seconds ahead of Contador and moved back up to fourth place. Contador finished a second ahead of Aru and extended his lead further due to bonus seconds for his third-place finish. [49] Porte, who had lost over 30 minutes during the weekend following the crash in stage 13, withdrew from the race after the stage. [50]

After the rest day, Landa won a second consecutive stage. Contador had suffered a puncture at the foot of the penultimate climb – the Mortirolo – and at one point was nearly a minute behind Landa and Aru. Contador caught Landa and Aru, however, then attacked them. Although Landa was able to follow Contador's attack, Aru was not. On the final climb to Aprica, Landa attacked and won the stage, 38 seconds ahead of Contador. Aru, meanwhile, lost nearly three minutes to Landa. Landa moved up into second place, although he was still over four minutes behind Contador, with Aru now third. [51] Sacha Modolo won his second stage the following day, in a sprint finish, with Giacomo Nizzolo (Trek Factory Racing) moving into the lead of the points classification. [52] Philippe Gilbert also won a second stage of the 2015 Giro on stage 18, escaping in a breakaway early in the day and attacking 19 kilometres (12 mi) from the finish to take a solo victory. Contador again increased his lead, however: after Aru and Landa were caught behind a crash, Contador ordered his team to attack. Cyclingnews.com suggested this was revenge for Astana's attack on stage 16. [53] Contador. then attacked alone and, after cooperation with Ryder Hesjedal, gained more than a minute on his rivals. Landa was second, over five minutes behind, with Aru a further 50 seconds back. [53]

Alberto Contador (Tinkoff-Saxo) wearing the pink jersey as leader of the general classification during stage 16 Giro d'Italia 2015, contador (18125955210).jpg
Alberto Contador (Tinkoff–Saxo) wearing the pink jersey as leader of the general classification during stage 16

Stage 19 was the first of two consecutive summit finishes. The stage was won by Aru, who attacked early in the final climb. Contador was content to let the other riders dictate the pace in the chasing group, which finished over a minute behind Aru. Landa finished in the same group; Aru therefore moved back ahead of him into second place overall. [54] Aru won again on stage 20, the final difficult stage of the Giro. Contador was isolated from his teammates early in the first of the day's two climbs. The roads towards the top of the climb – the Colle delle Finestre – were gravel. Landa attacked around this point and Contador was unable to follow. With Contador struggling, the other riders in the group attacked. Contador was a minute behind them at the summit, with Landa further ahead. [55] At the foot of the final climb, Landa was ordered by his team to wait for Aru with the hope that, by working together, the two riders could put enough time into Contador to win the Giro. [56] Aru attacked in the final kilometres of the final climb to Sestriere and won the stage. Landa was 24 seconds behind. Despite losing over two minutes, Contador retained his race lead. [55]

The final stage of the Giro was a flat stage ending with several laps of a circuit in Milan. It was not expected to affect the general classification, with a bunch sprint the likely conclusion. There was an attack on the finishing circuit, however, by Iljo Keisse (Etixx–Quick-Step) and Luke Durbridge (Orica–GreenEDGE). Although they never had more than a minute's lead, they were able to stay away from the peloton to the finish. Keisse won the sprint between the pair for the stage victory. Contador finished in the leading group to secure the overall victory, just under two minutes ahead of Aru. [57] Contador thus won the overall 2015 Giro d'Italia without winning any stage victories. [58]

Classification leadership

Benat Intxausti (Movistar) wearing the blue jersey as leader of the mountains classification during stage 16. The classification was won by his teammate Giovanni Visconti. Giro d'Italia 2015, intxausti (17693062563).jpg
Beñat Intxausti (Movistar) wearing the blue jersey as leader of the mountains classification during stage 16. The classification was won by his teammate Giovanni Visconti.

In the 2015 Giro d'Italia, four different jerseys were awarded. The first and most important is the general classification, calculated by adding each rider's finishing times on each stage. Riders received time bonuses for finishing in the first three places on each stage (excluding the team time trial and individual time trial). The rider with the lowest cumulative time was awarded the pink jersey (the maglia rosa) and was considered the winner of the Giro d'Italia. [59] [60]

Additionally, there was a points classification. Riders won points for finishing in the top 15 on each stage. Flat stages award more points that mountainous stages, meaning that this classification tends to favour sprinters. In addition, points can be won in intermediate sprints. The winner of the points classification won the red jersey. [59] [60]

There was also a mountains classification. Points were awarded for reaching the top of a climb towards the front of the race. Each climb will be categorized as either first, second, third, or fourth-category, with more points available for the higher-categorized climbs. The Cima Coppi , the race's highest point of elevation, awards more points than the other first-category climbs. At 2,178 metres (7,146 ft), the Cima Coppi for the 2015 Giro d'Italia was the unpaved Colle delle Finestre. [59] [60] [61]

The fourth jersey represented the young rider classification. This was decided the same way as the general classification, but only riders born after 1 January 1990 were eligible. The winner of the classification was awarded a white jersey. [59]

There were also two classifications for teams. In the Trofeo Fast Team classification, the times of the best three cyclists per team on each stage were added up; the leading team was the team with the lowest total time. The Trofeo Super Team was a team points classification, with the top 20 placed riders on each stage earning points (20 for first place, 19 for second place and so on, down to a single point for 20th) for their team. [59]

Classification leadership by stage
Stage Winner General classification
Jersey pink.svg
Points classification
Jersey red.svg
Mountains classification
Jersey blue.svg
Young rider classification
Jersey white.svg
Trofeo Fast Team Trofeo Super Team
1 Orica–GreenEDGE Simon Gerrans not awardednot awarded Michael Matthews Orica–GreenEDGE Orica–GreenEDGE
2 Elia Viviani Michael Matthews Elia Viviani Bert-Jan Lindeman
3 Michael Matthews Pavel Kochetkov
4 Davide Formolo Simon Clarke Esteban Chaves Astana
5 Jan Polanc Alberto Contador Jan Polanc Fabio Aru
6 André Greipel André Greipel
7 Diego Ulissi Elia Viviani
8 Beñat Intxausti Beñat Intxausti
9 Paolo Tiralongo Simon Geschke Astana
10 Nicola Boem Nicola Boem
11 Ilnur Zakarin Beñat Intxausti
12 Philippe Gilbert
13 Sacha Modolo Fabio Aru Elia Viviani
14 Vasil Kiryienka Alberto Contador
15 Mikel Landa
16 Steven Kruijswijk
17 Sacha Modolo Giacomo Nizzolo
18 Philippe Gilbert
19 Fabio Aru Giovanni Visconti
21 Iljo Keisse
FinalAlberto ContadorGiacomo Nizzolo Giovanni Visconti Fabio Aru Astana Astana

Final standings

  Jersey pink.svg   Denotes the leader of the General classification   Jersey blue.svg   Denotes the leader of the Mountains classification
  Jersey red.svg   Denotes the leader of the Points classification   Jersey white.svg   Denotes the leader of the Young rider classification