|See also:|| Other events of 2015 |
List of years in Bangladesh
2015 ( MMXV ) was a common year starting on Thursday of the Gregorian calendar , the 2015th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 15th year of the 3rd millennium , the 15th year of the 21st century , and the 6th year of the 2010s decade.
The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:
A common year is a calendar year with 365 days, as distinguished from a leap year, which has 366. More generally, a common year is one without intercalation. The Gregorian calendar,, employs both common years and leap years to keep the calendar aligned with the tropical year, which does not contain an exact number of days.
A common year starting on Thursday is any non-leap year that begins on Thursday, 1 January, and ends on Thursday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is D. The most recent year of such kind was 2015 and the next one will be 2026 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2010 and 2021 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. This common year contains the most Friday the 13ths; specifically, the months of February, March, and November. Leap years starting on Sunday share this characteristic. From February until March in this type of year is also the shortest period that occurs within a Friday the 13th.
The year 2015 was the 44th year after the independence of Bangladesh. It was also the third year of the third term of the Government of Sheikh Hasina.
Sheikh Hasina Wazed is a Bangladeshi politician serving as the 10th Prime Minister of Bangladesh, having held the office since January 2009. She is the longest serving prime minister in the history of Bangladesh.
The President of Bangladesh is the Head of State of Bangladesh.
Mohammad Abdul Hamid is the current President of Bangladesh. He was elected to his first term in April 2013, and re-elected to his current second term in 2018. Previously he served as the Speaker of the National Parliament from January 2009 to April 2013. He was the acting President after the death of Zillur Rahman in March 2013, and he was elected as president on 22 April 2013.
The Prime Minister of the People's Republic of Bangladesh is the Head of the Government of Bangladesh. The Prime Minister and the Cabinet are collectively accountable for their policies and actions to the Parliament, to their political party and ultimately to the electorate.
|Climate data for Bangladesh in 2015|
|Daily mean °C (°F)||17.4|
|Average precipitation mm (inches)||10.4|
|Source: Climatic Research Unit (CRU) of University of East Anglia (UEA)|
|Population density (per sq. km)||1,238.4|
|Population growth (annual %)||1.1%|
|Male to Female Ratio (every 100 Female)||101.9|
|Urban population (% of total)||34.3%|
|Birth rate, crude (per 1,000 people)||19.3|
|Death rate, crude (per 1,000 people)||5.3|
|Mortality rate, under 5 (per 1,000 live births)||36.3|
|Life expectancy at birth, total (years)||72.2|
|Fertility rate, total (births per woman)||2.1|
|Current US$||Current BDT||% of GDP|
|GDP||$195.1 billion||BDT15.2 trillion|
|GDP growth (annual %)||6.6%|
|GDP per capita||$1,210.2||BDT94,032|
|Agriculture, value added||$28.8 billion||BDT2.2 trillion||15.5%|
|Industry, value added||$52.3 billion||BDT4.1 trillion||28.1%|
|Services, etc., value added||$104.8 billion||BDT8.1 trillion||56.3%|
|Balance of Payment|
|Current US$||Current BDT||% of GDP|
|Current account balance||$2.6 billion||1.3%|
|Imports of goods and services||$45.6 billion||BDT3.8 trillion||24.7%|
|Exports of goods and services||$34,969.3 million||BDT2.6 trillion||17.3%|
|Foreign direct investment, net inflows||$2,831.2 million||1.5%|
|Personal remittances, received||$15,295.5 million||7.8%|
|Total reserves (includes gold) at year end||$27,493.1 million|
|Total reserves in months of imports||6.8|
Note: For the year 2015 average official exchange rate for BDT was 77.95 per US$.
The Bangladeshi taka is the currency of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. Issuance of banknotes ৳10 and larger is controlled by Bangladesh Bank, and for the ৳2 and ৳5 banknotes, which are the responsibility of the Ministry of Finance of the government of Bangladesh. The most commonly used symbol for the taka is "৳" and "Tk", used on receipts while purchasing goods and services. ৳1 is subdivided into 100 poisha.
Arafat Rahman, nicknamed "Koko" alternative spelling "Coco" was the younger son of Former President of Bangladesh Ziaur Rahman and former Bangladeshi Prime Minister Khaleda Zia. Arafat was convicted in a money-laundering case by the Caretaker government of Bangladesh in 2007. On 17 July 2008, after taking permission from Bangladesh Supreme Court, he went to Thailand and from there to Malaysia for medical treatment. He died of a cardiac arrest on 24 January 2015, at University Malaya Medical Center, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia.
Ziaur Rahman, Hilal e Jurat, Bir Uttom was the President of Bangladesh. He was an army general turned politician who, as a major in the army declared the Independence of Bangladesh on behalf of Sheikh Mujibur Rahman on 27 March 1971. He became President of Bangladesh on 21st April 1977. He was assassinated on 30 May 1981 in Chittagong in a army coup d'état.
Khaleda Zia is a Bangladeshi politician who served as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 1991 to 1996, and again from 2001 to 2006. She was the first woman in the country's history and second in the Muslim majority countries to head a democratic government as prime minister. She was the First Lady of Bangladesh during the presidency of her husband Ziaur Rahman. She is the current chairperson and leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) which was founded by Rahman in the late 1970s.
The Padma is a major river in Bangladesh and India. It is the main distributary of the Ganges, flowing generally southeast for 120 kilometres (75 mi) to its confluence with the Meghna River near the Bay of Bengal. The city of Rajshahi is situated on the banks of the river. However, over 256 square miles of land, as large as Chicago, has been lost due to erosion of Padma since 1966.
Avijit Roy was a Bangladeshi-American online activist, writer and blogger known for creating and administrating the Mukto-Mona, an Internet community for freethinkers, rationalists, skeptics, atheists and humanists of mainly Bengali and other South Asian descent. Roy was an advocate of free expression in Bangladesh, coordinating international protests against government censorship and imprisonment of atheist bloggers. He was hacked to death by machete-wielding assailants in Dhaka, Bangladesh, on 26 February 2015; Islamic militant organization Ansarullah Bangla Team claimed responsibility for the attack.
Dhaka, formerly known as Dacca, is the capital and largest city of Bangladesh. It is one of the largest and most densely populated cities in the world, with a population of 18.89 million people in the Greater Dhaka Area. Dhaka is the economic, political and cultural center of Bangladesh. It is one of the major cities of South Asia, the largest city in Eastern South Asia and among the Bay of Bengal countries; and one of the largest cities among OIC countries. As part of the Bengal plain, the city is bounded by the Buriganga River, Turag River, Dhaleshwari River and Shitalakshya River. The city is located in an eponymous district and division.
Politics of Bangladesh takes place in a framework of a parliamentary representative democratic republic, whereby the Prime Minister of Bangladesh is the head of government, and of a multi-party system. Executive power is exercised by the government. Legislative power is vested in both the government and parliament. The Constitution of Bangladesh was written in 1972 and has undergone sixteen amendments. The Economist Intelligence Unit has rated Bangladesh as "hybrid regime" in 2016.
The Bangladesh Nationalist Party is one of the two major contemporary political parties of Bangladesh. It was founded on 1 September 1978 by former Bangladesh President Ziaur Rahman after the Presidential election of 1978, with a view to uniting the people with nationalist ideology of the country. Since then, the BNP won the second, fifth, sixth and eighth national elections and two Presidential elections in 1978 and 1981. The party also holds the record of being the largest opposition in the history of parliamentary elections of the country, with 116 seats in the seventh national election of June 1996. It does not currently have representation in parliament after its boycotting of the 2014 national election.
Hussain Muhammad Ershad is a former Bangladeshi Army Chief and politician who served as the President of Bangladesh from 1983 to 1990, a time many consider to have been a military dictatorship.
The 2006–2008 Bangladeshi political crisis began as a caretaker government (CTG) assumed power at the end of October 2006 following the end of term of the Bangladesh National Party administration. Under the constitution, the CTG manages the government during the interim 90-day period and parliamentary elections. Political conflict began with the appointment of a Chief Advisor, a role which devolved to the President, Dr. Iajuddin Ahmed, because of the failure by the major parties to agree on a candidate from among five considered. The interim period was marked from the beginning by violent protests initiated by the Awami League, with 40 people killed and hundreds injured in the first month. The Bangladesh National Party had its own complaints about the process and the opposition.
Islamic University of Technology (IUT) was first known as Islamic Center for Technical and Vocational Training(ICTVTR). It was the time of its birth in the year 1978. The 9th Islamic Conference of Foreign Ministers (ICFM) held in Dakar, Republic of Senegal on 24–28 April 1978. The establishment of IUT in Dhaka, Bangladesh was then approved by the then foreign ministers. All the members of the Organisation of the Islamic Conference (OIC) agreed to cooperate for the implementation of the project.
2007 (MMVII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2007th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 7th year of the 3rd millennium, the 7th year of the 21st century, and the 8th year of the 2000s decade.
2001 (MMI) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2001st year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 1st year of the 3rd millennium, the 1st year of the 21st century, and the 2nd year of the 2000s decade.
The history of Bangladesh after independence begins in 1971 with the independence of Bangladesh from Pakistan.
According to the Constitution of Bangladesh, citizens of the country have freedom of religion, including the right to establish and maintain their own religious institutions. The constitution also declares all kinds of religious discrimination illegal, although religious minorities and atheists are conspicuously under-represented by the government and society of the country. A number of Bangladeshi atheist bloggers have been attacked and killed by fundamentalist religious groups in recent years. In a 2009 Gallup survey, more than 99% of respondents from Bangladesh replied that religion is an important part of their daily life., while another Gallup survey from 2014 found that 5% of Bangladeshi identify as non-religious.
The 2015 Bangladeshi political crisis is an ongoing state of political turmoil between the two main political parties of Bangladesh, the Awami League (AL) led by prime minister Sheikh Hasina who is currently in power, and the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (BNP) in opposition, led by three time former prime minister Khaleda Zia. Following the controversial 2014 Bangladeshi general election, the BNP raised several demands for a second election under a neutral caretaker government. By 5 January 2015, the first anniversary of the election, their demands were not met and the BNP initiated countrywide protests and traffic blockades. After many violent and fatal attacks on the public by alleged BNP protesters, the AL branded the BNP as terrorists and Khaleda Zia was forcefully confined to her office. The BNP then called the international community for support, but other nations were reluctant to intervene as the BNP's reputation was damaged by the violence and the international community reiterated that the disputes should be handled peacefully.
The Zia Charitable Trust corruption case refers an ongoing corruption case in Bangladesh that relates to corruption over the misuse of funds in a charity named after former President Ziaur Rahman. Khaleda Zia, former Prime Minister of Bangladesh is one of the accused in the case.
Taiyaba Majumder was a Bangladeshi housewife and recipient of the Begum Rokeya Award. She was the mother of former Prime Minister as well opposition leader of Bangladesh and B.N.P. Chairperson Begum Khaleda Zia, Former Minister Khurshid Jahan Begum, Politician Sayeed Iskander and Shamim Iskander.
The 1990s was a decade of the Gregorian calendar that began on January 1, 1990, and ended on December 31, 1999. For Bangladesh this decade was characterized by transition to democracy, rapid urbanisation and globalization and struggle for free and fair elections. The newly earned democracy influenced the cultural activities in the decade.
Indurkani, also known as Zianagar, is an Upazila, or sub-district, of the Pirojpur District in Barisal Division, Bangladesh.
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