2019

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Clockwise from top-left: Hong Kong protests turn to widespread riots and civil disobedience; the U.S. House of Representatives votes to adopt articles of impeachment against Donald Trump due to the Trump-Ukraine scandal and other controversies; CRISPR gene editing first used to experimentally treat a patient with a genetic disorder; a fire destroys the spire and roof of Notre-Dame de Paris; the Venezuelan presidential crisis divided the nation and the world in support for Nicolas Maduro or Juan Guaido; protesters in Tahrir Square during the Iraqi protests, caused by strong Iraqi nationalism; Chileans protest after the increase in the rates of the public transport system of Santiago; the Event Horizon Telescope captures the first image of a black hole. 2019 collage v1.png
Clockwise from top-left: Hong Kong protests turn to widespread riots and civil disobedience; the U.S. House of Representatives votes to adopt articles of impeachment against Donald Trump due to the Trump-Ukraine scandal and other controversies; CRISPR gene editing first used to experimentally treat a patient with a genetic disorder; a fire destroys the spire and roof of Notre-Dame de Paris; the Venezuelan presidential crisis divided the nation and the world in support for Nicolás Maduro or Juan Guaidó; protesters in Tahrir Square during the Iraqi protests, caused by strong Iraqi nationalism; Chileans protest after the increase in the rates of the public transport system of Santiago; the Event Horizon Telescope captures the first image of a black hole.
Millennium: 3rd millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:

2019 (MMXIX) was a common year starting on Tuesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2019th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 19th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 10th and last year of the 2010s decade.

Contents

This was the year in which the first known human case of COVID-19 was documented, preceding the pandemic which was declared by the World Health Organization the following year. [1]

Up to that point, 2019 had been described as the "best year in human history" by some newspapers and media outlets in the United States, including The New York Times and WNYC . [2] [3]

Events

January

February

March

April

May

June

July

August

September

October

November

December

Births and deaths

Nobel Prizes

Nobel medal Nobel medal.png
Nobel medal

See also

Overviews

Specific events and situations

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2018</span> Calendar year

2018 (MMXVIII) was a common year starting on Monday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2018th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 18th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 9th year of the 2010s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">2020</span> Calendar year

2020 (MMXX) was a leap year starting on Wednesday of the Gregorian calendar, the 2020th year of the Common Era (CE) and Anno Domini (AD) designations, the 20th year of the 3rd millennium and the 21st century, and the 1st year of the 2020s decade.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">One country, two systems</span> Constitutional principle of the Peoples Republic of China

"One country, two systems" is a constitutional principle of the People's Republic of China (PRC) describing the governance of the special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Jimmy Lai</span> Hong Kong businessman and activist (born 1947)

Lai Chee-ying, also known as Jimmy Lai, is a Hong Kong businessman and politician. He founded Giordano, an Asian clothing retailer, Next Digital, a Hong Kong-listed media company, and the popular newspaper Apple Daily. He is one of the main contributors to the pro-democracy camp, especially to the Democratic Party. Although he is known as a Hong Kong political figure, he has been a British national since 1996. Lai is also an art collector.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hong Kong–United States relations</span> Bilateral relations

Hong Kong–United States relations are bilateral relations between Hong Kong and the United States.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Joshua Wong</span> Hong Kong pro-democracy activist

Joshua Wong Chi-fung is a Hong Kong activist and politician. He served as secretary-general of the pro-democracy party Demosisto until it disbanded following the implementation of the Hong Kong national security law on 30 June 2020. Wong was previously convenor and founder of the Hong Kong student activist group Scholarism. Wong first rose to international prominence during the 2014 Hong Kong protests, and his pivotal role in the Umbrella Movement resulted in his inclusion in TIME magazine's Most Influential Teens of 2014 and nomination for its 2014 Person of the Year; he was further called one of the "world's greatest leaders" by Fortune magazine in 2015, and nominated for the Nobel Peace Prize in 2017.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Guo Wengui</span> Chinese businessman and conspiracy theorist

Guo Wengui, also known under the Cantonese name Ho Wan Kwok (郭浩云), Miles Guo, and Miles Kwok, is an exiled Chinese billionaire businessman who became a political activist and controls Beijing Zenith Holdings, and other assets. At the peak of his career, he was the 73rd richest person in China. Guo was accused of corruption and other misdeeds by the Chinese authorities and moved to the United States in late 2014, after learning he was going to be arrested under allegations of bribery, kidnapping, money laundering, fraud and rape. Guo says the charges are politically motivated and are a product of a campaign of political retribution carried out against him by the Chinese Communist Party government. Guo is a colleague of Steve Bannon and a member of former U.S. President Donald Trump's Mar-a-Lago resort in Florida.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pepe the Frog</span> Webcomic character and Internet meme

Pepe the Frog is a webcomic character and Internet meme created by cartoonist Matt Furie. Designed as a green anthropomorphic frog with a humanoid body, Pepe originated in Furie's 2005 comic Boy's Club. The character became an Internet meme when his popularity steadily grew across websites such as Myspace, Gaia Online, and 4chan in 2008. By 2015, he had become one of the most popular memes used on 4chan and Tumblr. Different types of Pepe memes include "Sad Frog", "Smug Frog", "Angry Pepe", "Feels Frog", and "You will never..." Frog. Since 2014, "rare Pepes" have been posted on the "meme market" as if they were trading cards.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Nathan Law</span> Hong Kong politician and activist

Nathan Law Kwun-chung is a mainland-Chinese-born activist and politician from Hong Kong. As a former student leader, he has been chairman of the Representative Council of the Lingnan University Students' Union (LUSU), acting president of the LUSU, and secretary-general of the Hong Kong Federation of Students (HKFS). He was one of the student leaders during the 79-day Umbrella Movement in 2014. He is the founding and former chairman of Demosistō, a new political party derived from the 2014 protests.

China Global Television Network (CGTN) is one of three branches of state-run China Media Group and the international division of China Central Television (CCTV). Headquartered in Beijing, CGTN broadcasts news in multiple languages. CGTN is under the control of the Central Propaganda Department of the Chinese Communist Party.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act</span> U.S. law on Hong Kongs autonomy and human rights

The Hong Kong Human Rights and Democracy Act of 2019 (HKHRDA) is a United States federal law that requires the U.S. government to impose sanctions against mainland China and Hong Kong officials considered responsible for human rights abuses in Hong Kong, and requires the United States Department of State and other agencies to conduct an annual review to determine whether changes in Hong Kong's political status justify changing the unique, favorable trade relations between the U.S. and Hong Kong. The passage of the bill was supported by pro-democracy activists in Hong Kong, and in 2019 received near-unanimous support in Congress.

The following lists events that happened during 2019 in China.

Events in the year 2019 in Hong Kong.

Events pertaining to world affairs in 2019, national politics, public policy, government, world economics, and international business, that took place in various nations, regions, organizations, around the world in 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Reactions to the 2019–2020 Hong Kong protests</span>

This is a list of domestic and international reactions to the 2019–2020 Hong Kong protests.

Events pertaining to world affairs in 2020, national politics, public policy, government, world economics, and international business, that took place in various nations, regions, organizations, around the world in 2020.

Events in the year 2020 in Hong Kong.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Hong Kong national security law</span> Chinese legislation on national security in Hong Kong

The Hong Kong national security law, officially the Law of the People's Republic of China on Safeguarding National Security in the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, is a piece of national security legislation concerning Hong Kong, enacted under the National People's Congress decision on Hong Kong national security legislation. It was passed on 30 June 2020 by the Standing Committee of the National People's Congress as a means of resolving the anti-extradition bill protests instigated by a bill proposed in 2019 to enable extradition to other territories including the mainland, and came into force the same day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Responses to the 2020 Chinese involvement with Hong Kong national security law</span>

In early May 2020, the Chinese Government announced plans to draft a new national security law for Hong Kong, something required under Hong Kong Basic Law but which should explicitly be written and enacted by Hong Kong's own government. In response to apparent mainland intent to bypass Hong Kong's local legislature, the United Kingdom – which administered Hong Kong until 1997 – announced that if a security law drafted by China was approved, Britain would open a route for all Hong Kong residents born under British rule to become British citizens. Other nations and organisations have given various responses to the decision, to legislation plans, and ultimately the law itself as passed by the Chinese Standing Committee of the National People's Congress on 28 May 2020 with 2878 votes "for", 1 vote against, and 6 blank votes. At 9:30 am, 30 June 2020, the same Standing Committee unanimously voted to enact the law. The law became effective at 11 pm on the same day.

The United States government applies sanctions against certain institutions and key members of the Chinese government and its ruling Chinese Communist Party (CCP), certain companies linked to the People's Liberation Army (PLA), and other affiliates that the US government has accused of aiding in human rights abuses. The US maintained embargoes against China from the inception of the People's Republic of China in 1949 until 1972. An embargo was reimposed by the US following the 1989 Tiananmen Square protests and massacre. From 2020 onward, the US imposed sanctions and visa restrictions against several Chinese government officials and companies, in response to the Uyghur genocide, human rights abuses in Hong Kong and Tibet, military-civil fusion, support for the Russian invasion of Ukraine, and fentanyl production.

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