|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo, Nippon Sharyo, Tokyu Car Corporation|
|Replaced|| 101 series |
|Constructed||1979 (201-900 series prototype) |
|Entered service||20 August 1979|
|Number built||1,018 vehicles|
|Number in service||132 vehicles|
|Number preserved||1 vehicle|
|Number scrapped||885 vehicles|
|Successor||E231 series, E233 series, 321 series, 323 series|
|Operator(s)|| JNR (1979–1987)|
JR East (1987–2011)
JR-West (1987–present, scheduled to end operation in 2023)
|Line(s) served||Yamatoji Line, Sakurai Line, Wakayama Line, Osaka Higashi Line|
|Car body construction||Steel|
|Car length||20 m|
|Maximum speed||100 km/h (60 mph) (service)|
110 km/h (70 mph) (design speed)
|Traction system||Thyristor chopper|
|Traction motors||MT60 (150Kw)|
|Electric system(s)||1,500 V DC overhead|
|Current collection method||PS21 diamond-shaped pantograph|
|Braking system(s)||Regenerative brake, electro-pneumatic brake|
|Safety system(s)||ATS-S, ATS-SN, ATS-SW, ATS-B, ATS-P|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The 201 series (201系, 201-kei) is a DC electric multiple unit (EMU) commuter train type introduced in 1979 by Japanese National Railways (JNR), and currently operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West), and formerly also operated by East Japan Railway Company (JR East).
It was the first JNR train to use electronic chopper control.
The 201 series stock has been used on a large number of lines.
A 4-car 201 series set (W1) was modified in 2001 by JR East to become the special Shikisai (四季彩) tourist train, entering service on the Ōme Line from 4 August 2001. This train featured panorama windows and transverse seating bays on one side of the train only. It was repainted into a new livery in June 2005. The train was withdrawn from regular service at the end of June 2009, with a number of special finale runs scheduled for July.
On the evening of October 12, 1997, A 6-car Chuo Line 201 series trainset collided witha 12-car Super Azusa E351 series train which was passing through the Otsuki Station with a 2 minute delay at a running speed of 105 km/h, while on the right side which is a damaged 201 series trainset which has been collided at a speed of 25 km/h, the Super Azusa train has been derailed which has been led to decoupling of 4 cars (Car No. 5 to 9), while the last which had been rolled over to the ground. The accident has been resulted to 78 injuries but no recorded deaths. The main cause of this accident is about the shunting or decoupling of the two 201 series trainsets which was composed of 4 cars for Ome Line & 6 cars for Chuo Line Rapid, the 4-car set remained in Otsuki, while the 6-car set has been leaving from the station for turnover, but unfortunately, there was a delayed Super Azusa train which is been coming behind to the main line, resulting in collision.
After this incident, the management of JR East has been decided to abolish the shunting work that is required the existing ATS to be turned off, and they completely repaired the damanged trainset to let them back from service.。
In Episode 3 of Rail Wars!, Sassho travels on a Unrefurbished 201 Series Set On the Keihin–Tōhoku Line (the line that the series never operated), when he coincidentally meets up with Takayama in the train when he was walking by. Takayama Made a bet with Sassho on the Tabata Station that the 201 Series (that they are on board) will be faster than the Yamanote Line E231-500 Series, Sassho accepts the bet. The Competition Began with The 201 Series & E231-500 Series Departing, After the Intense Catch up by the E231-500 Series, The Yamanote Line E231-500 Series Arrives 1st, Takayama was a bit disappointed, Sassho Claimed that a E231-500 Series was in a better condition...
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