2022 Colombian presidential election

Last updated

2022 Colombian presidential election
Flag of Colombia.svg
  2018 29 May 2022 (first round)
19 June 2022 (second round)
2026 
Opinion polls
Turnout54.98% (first round) Increase2.svg 0.76pp
58.09pp (second round) Increase2.svg 4.16pp
  Gustavo Petro Mayor of Bogota (cropped2).jpg Rodolfo Hernandez Suarez.jpg
Nominee Gustavo Petro Rodolfo Hernández
Party Humane Colombia Independent
Alliance Historic Pact LIGA
Home state Córdoba Santander
Running mate Francia Márquez Marelen Castillo
Popular vote11,281,01310,580,412
Percentage50.44%47.31%

Colombian Presidential Election First Round Results, 2022.svg
  Gustavo Petro–Francia Márquez
  Rodolfo Hernández–Marelen Castillo
  Federico Gutiérrez– Rodrigo Lara Sánchez
Colombian Presidential Election Second Round Results, 2022.svg
  Gustavo Petro–Francia Márquez
  Rodolfo Hernández–Marelen Castillo

President before election

Iván Duque
Democratic Center

Elected President

Gustavo Petro
Humane Colombia

Presidential elections were held in Colombia on 29 May 2022, with a runoff on 19 June 2022 as no candidate obtained at least 50% in the first round of voting. Iván Duque, who was elected president in 2018, was ineligible to run due to term limits. [1] Gustavo Petro, a senator and former Mayor of Bogota, defeated Rodolfo Hernández Suárez, former Mayor of Bucaramanga, in the runoff election. [2] Petro's victory made him the first left-wing candidate to be elected president of Colombia, [3] [4] and his running mate, Francia Márquez, is the first Afro-Colombian elected to the vice-presidency, [5] as well as the second female vice-president overall. [6]

Contents

The elections were held in the aftermath of the 2021 Colombian protests amid poor economic conditions during the country's COVID-19 pandemic. [6] Petro, a former AD/M-19 member who was defeated by Duque by over ten percentage points in 2018, [7] was chosen as a candidate of the Historic Pact for Colombia alliance. Petro's left-wing platform encompassed support for land reform, universal health care, continuing the Colombian peace process, and expanding social services. [5] [6]

Hernández, an independent affiliated with the League of Anti-Corruption Governors, ran a populist campaign that emphasized support for law and order policies and anti-corruption efforts. [8] [9] Hernández experienced a surge in support in the final weeks of the campaign, which allowed him to overtake conservative candidate Federico Gutiérrez for a spot in the runoff. This surge in popularity was partially credited to his substantial social media following and TikTok videos, [6] which led him to be dubbed the "king of TikTok". [8] [10] [11]

Petro won the runoff with 50.44% of the vote to Hernández's 47.31%. Petro dominated in regions on Colombia's Caribbean and Pacific coasts, [6] [12] and received over 81% of the vote in the coastal department of Chocó. [13] Due to an increased turnout among his supporters, Petro received nearly 2.7 million more votes in the second round than the first. [12] [14] The result was noted for a continuing trend of left-wing victories in Latin America, [6] which has been dubbed as a "new pink tide". [9] [15] [16]

Background

During the previous election held in 2018, a run-off took place as no candidate attained 50% of the vote. The top two candidates were senator Iván Duque of the Democratic Center party and Humane Colombia nominee Gustavo Petro, a former Mayor of Bogotá and a former AD/M-19 member. [17] The election's issues included the FARC peace agreement, corruption, unemployment, and healthcare. [18] Duque defeated Petro by over ten percentage points; [7] however, there were subsequent allegations of fraud and irregularities. [19] As the runner up, Petro became a senator per the Legislative Act No. 2 of 2015. [20] [21]

Widespread demonstrations against the policies of president Duque took place from late April to December 2021. Amid the COVID-19 pandemic in Colombia, which had dealt a blow to the economy and at a time when unemployment rates were high, Duque proposed a tax increase. [22] Furthermore, a controversial bill was proposed in Congress that would have resulted in the privatization of healthcare. [23] The majority of the protests were peaceful, with some cases of vandalism. [24] According to human-rights groups, police reacted violently to protesters in various instances, leading to deaths and alleged cases of sexual assault. [25] [26] The protests led to a withdrawal of the healthcare and tax reform bills and the resignation of finance minister Alberto Carrasquilla Barrera. [27] [28]

Electoral system

Colombian presidents are elected for four-year terms using a two-round system; if no candidate receives a majority of the vote in the first round, a runoff is held between the top two candidates. [29] The vice president is elected on the same ticket as the president. Presidents are limited to a single four-year term and Article 191 of the constitution requires candidates to be Colombian by birth and at least thirty years old. In line with the constitution, Colombian citizens by birth or by naturalization, aged eighteen or older have the right to vote. Several scenarios can cause the loss of the right to vote, as outlined in the constitution. Citizens in detention centers can vote from the establishments determined by the National Civil Registry. The civil registry inscription is not automatic, and citizens must go to the regional office of the registry to register. [30] Legislative Act No. 2 of 2015 established that the runner-up in the presidential elections is given a seat in the Senate and their vice president candidate becomes a member of the Chamber of Representatives. [21]

In order to be accepted as a candidate, applicants must either have the backing of a recognized political party in order to run as their official candidate, or to collect a minimum number of signatures in order to run as an independent candidate. The National Registry confirmed that the minimum number of signatures required was 580,620, equivalent to 3% of the total valid vote in the 2018 Colombian presidential election, and that they had to be delivered to the registry by 17 December 2021. [31] On 17 December, the National Registry confirmed that seven pre-candidates had delivered the necessary number of signatures: Alejandro Char, Rodolfo Hernández, Federico Gutiérrez, Alejandro Gaviria, Luis Pérez, Roy Barreras, and Juan Carlos Echeverry. [32] Of these seven pre-candidates, Char, Gutiérrez, and Gaviria accepted the endorsements of political parties, thereby bypassing the necessity to run as independents, while Barreras and Echeverry later decided to drop out of the presidential race; this left Hernández and Pérez as the only independent candidates in the race. [33] [34]

Candidates

Summary of candidates

The following candidates registered with the National Registrar of Civil Status and appeared on the ballot of the first round. [35]

Party/coalitionLogoPresidential nomineeMost recent political officeVice-Presidential nominee
ImageNomineeImageNominee
Fair and Free Colombia COLOMBIA JUSTA Libres.svg J Milton Rodriguez.jpg John Milton RodríguezSenator of Colombia
(2018–2022)
Portrait placeholder.svg Sandra de las Lajas Torres
Historic Pact for Colombia Pacto Historico Logo Oficial.png Gustavo Petro Mayor of Bogota (cropped2).jpg Gustavo Petro Senator of Colombia
(2018–present)
(Francia Marquez) F70A6326 (49199213312) (cropped).jpg Francia Márquez
Hope Center Coalition Logo esperanza.jpg Sergio Fajardo 2015 (cropped).jpg Sergio Fajardo Governor of Antioquia
(2012–2015)
Luis Gilberto Murillo.png Luis Gilberto Murillo
League of Anti-Corruption Governors Logo of the League of Anti-Corruption Governors.svg Rodolfo Hernandez Suarez.jpg Rodolfo Hernández Mayor of Bucaramanga
(2016–2019)
Marelene Castillo.jpg Marelen Castillo
National Salvation Movement Salvacion Nacional (Colombia).svg Portrait placeholder.svg Enrique GómezNo prior public office Portrait placeholder.svg Carlos Cuartes
Team for Colombia Logo Coalicion Equipo por Colombia.png Federico Gutierrez (cropped).jpg Federico Gutiérrez Mayor of Medellín
(2016–2019)
Rodrigo Lara Sanchez.jpg Rodrigo Lara

Withdrew

Primaries and party conventions

Historic Pact for Colombia

The Historic Pact for Colombia (Spanish: Pacto Histórico por Colombia) is a coalition of left-wing, progressive, and Indigenous politicians. Five pre-candidates representing six political parties or movements announced that they would be standing for election as the unified presidential candidate for the coalition. The candidate was chosen by public vote on 13 March 2022. [51]

The candidates were:

Primary results

PartyParty logoCandidateVotes %
Humane Colombia Logo Colombia Humana.png Gustavo Petro [lower-alpha 1] 4,495,83180.50%
Patriotic Union Logo Union Patriotica Colombia.png
Alternative Democratic Pole PDA Logo.svg Francia Márquez [lower-alpha 2] 785,21514.05%
Green Alliance Alianza Verde (Colombia).svg Camilo Romero 227,2184.06%
Indigenous and Social
Alternative Movement
LogoMais1.png Arelis Uriana54,7700.98%
Full Democratic Alliance Ada partido.png Alfredo Saade21,7240.38%
Source: [55]

Petro was announced as the winner of the public vote and was nominated to be the candidate of the Historic Pact for Colombia coalition. [56]

Hope Center Coalition

The Hope Center Coalition (Spanish: Coalición Centro Esperanza), formerly known as the Coalition of Hope (Spanish: Coalición de la Esperanza) until 28 November 2021, [57] is a coalition of centre and centre-left politicians. Five pre-candidates announced that they would be standing for election as the unified presidential candidate for the coalition. The candidate was chosen by public vote on 13 March 2022. [58]

The candidates were:

Primary results

PartyParty logoCandidateVotes %
Independent Social Alliance ASI Logo.svg Sergio Fajardo 723,47533.50%
New Liberalism Nuevo Liberalismo (Colombia).svg Juan Manuel Galán 487,01922.55%
We are Green Hope
(Dignity-ASI)
SOMOS VERDE ESPERANZA.svg Carlos Amaya451,22320.89%
Colombia Has a Future No image.svg Alejandro Gaviria 336,50415.58%
Dignity Logodignidad.png Jorge Enrique Robledo 161,2447.46%
Source: [59]

Fajardo was announced as the winner of the public vote and was nominated to be the candidate of the Hope Center Coalition. [60]

Team for Colombia Coalition

The Team for Colombia Coalition (Spanish: Coalición Equipo por Colombia) is a coalition of centre-right and right-wing politicians. Five pre-candidates announced that they would be standing for election as the unified presidential candidate for the coalition. The candidate was chosen by public vote on 13 March 2022. [61]

The candidates were:

Primary results

PartyParty logoCandidateVotes%
Creemos Colombia CreemosColombiaRec.png Federico Gutiérrez 2,161,68654.18%
Land of Opportunities Logo Oficial de Pais de Oportunidades.png Alejandro Char 707,00717.72%
Colombian Conservative Party Bandera del Partido Conservador Colombiano.svg David Barguil629,51015.77%
Independent Movement
of Absolute Renovation
Logo Partido MIRA.svg Aydeé Lizarazo259,7716.51%
Social Party of National Unity Logo Partido U Colombia.png Enrique Peñalosa 231,6685.80%
Source: [62]

Gutiérrez was announced as the winner of the public vote and was nominated to be the candidate of the Team for Colombia Coalition. [63]

Other candidates

Campaign

The economist, former guerrilla, and former mayor of Bogotá, Gustavo Petro, previously a candidate in the 2010 and 2018 Colombian presidential elections, maintained a lead in most opinion polls and was set during the election to become the first president of Colombia from a left-wing coalition. [69] In September 2021, Petro promised that he would retire from politics should his campaign for the presidency be unsuccessful. Petro said he would do so as he does not want to be an "eternal candidate". [70] Of his campaign, Gwynne Dyer wrote: "Petro is a known quantity, active in politics for the past thirty years. He's not really radical, but he would be Colombia's first-ever president from the left, so for some Colombians his policies would seem extreme: things like expanding social programs, ending oil and gas exploration, and investing in agriculture." [9] His political party, Humane Colombia, promoted the creation of the Historic Pact for Colombia coalition, which includes social movements, socialist, environmental, and feminist associations. [69] The ideological diversity of the coalition was seen as a source of internal tension, and Petro tried to win over more of the middle class during his campaign, which led him to moderate his economic program and his criticism of the private sector, [6] while trying to distance himself from Venezuela, which he previously supported; he maintained his position of re-establishing bilateral relations with the government of Nicolás Maduro. [71] [72] During the campaign, he was critical of the neoliberal system of the Colombian economy and its reliance on oil and gas, advocated progressive proposals on women's rights and LGBTQ issues, and supported a peace agreement between the state and the guerrillas. [69] [73] Proposals from Petro to change the nation's economic model by piling taxes on unproductive landowners, as well as abandoning oil and coal for clean energy, upset investors. Some feared his efforts to shift wealth from rich to poor could cause Colombia to become similar to present-day Venezuela. Critics claim his ideas are also similar to the early days of Hugo Chávez's government in Venezuela. [74] Petro was critical of the Maduro government's commitment to oil usage whilst on the campaign trail. In an interview with Le Monde , Petro argued that "Maduro's Venezuela and Duque's Colombia are more similar than they seem", pointing to both government’s commitment to non-renewable energy and the "authoritarian drift" of the two. Regarding Chávez, Petro praised his efforts to bolster equality but said that Chávez "made a serious mistake of linking his social program to oil revenues". [75] During the campaign, Petro and his running mate Francia Márquez faced numerous death threats from paramilitary groups. Petro cancelled rallies in the Colombian coffee region in early May 2022 after his security team uncovered an alleged plot by the La Cordillera gang. [76] [77] In response to this and other similar situations, 90 elected officials and prominent individuals from 20 countries signed an open letter expressing concern and condemnation of attempts of political violence against Márquez and Petro. The letter highlighted the assassination of over 50 social leaders, trade unionists, environmentalists, and other community representatives in 2022. Signatories of the letter included former Ecuadorian president Rafael Correa, American linguist and philosopher Noam Chomsky, and French member of the National Assembly Jean-Luc Mélenchon. [77] Petro received the support of Luis Gilberto Murillo. [78]

The conservative liberal coalition, Team for Colombia, made up of significant figures ranging from the centre, centre-right, and right-wing, was placed as second most voted in some opinion polls. The coalition was seen as having strong support among the upper socio-economic strata in the big cities. [79] In August 2021, Federico Gutiérrez, the former popular mayor of Medellín, completed the formal act to formalize his candidacy for the presidency independently, by collecting signatures without the support of any political party or having the backing of recognized politicians such as Álvaro Uribe. [80] As the withdrawn Democratic Center party nominee Óscar Iván Zuluaga endorsed Gutiérrez, his opponents attempted to link his candidacy to controversial party members, including the founder and former president Uribe and incumbent president Iván Duque, who suffered from high disapproval ratings. Gutiérrez also reportedly had lower name recognition than some of his opponents. [69] [81] In November 2021, Gutiérrez joined other former public servers in his coalition, along with Enrique Peñalosa, Juan Carlos Echeverry, Dilian Francisca Toro, David Barguil, and Alejandro Char. Gutiérrez took the second place in the polls at the end of October 2021. [82] Due to his somewhat unexpected political success, he was invited to the debate of Prisa Media where he was representing one of the three different political sectors of Colombia. He debated with Petro and Fajardo. During the debate, Gutiérrez showed himself in opposition of Petro and gained favour among those who do not see Petro as the best option for Colombia. [83] During the parliamentary elections on 13 March 2022, different consultations to elect a presidential candidate also took place. Gutiérrez and his coalition won first place with over 1.8 million votes, improving his chances to become President of Colombia in 2022. [84] Gutiérrez received backing from the Liberal Party, the Conservative Party, the Party of the U, and the Radical Change party, which would have guaranteed him a majority in Congress if he was elected. Former president and Liberal Party chief César Gaviria explained his backing in a statement: "We are in total agreement that we must dedicate ourselves to the vulnerable, poor, marginalized people of this country, to the indigenous, the Afro-descendants, to young people." Gutiérrez also agreed to include anti-poverty and social development efforts, and a boost for education and health services. [85] In May 2022, El Espectador published an article exposing the connections of Gutiérrez's campaign chief, Cesar Giraldo, to the mafia and drug traffickers. [86] [87]

The businessman and former mayor of Bucaramanga, Rodolfo Hernández Suárez, backed by League of Anti-Corruption Governors, declared his candidacy in 2022 as an independent, with Marelen Castillo as his running-mate. [88] He campaigned against the corruption of the traditional political class and emphasizing his image as a successful entrepreneur who can transform Colombia. [89] He fully financed his own campaign, and promised to get rid of corruption in Colombia. [8] He proposed to declare a state of emergency for 90 days and suspend all judicial and administrative functions "in order to address corruption". Dyer commented: "He will rule by decree, in other words, and he gets to choose who is arrested. It could end up as a populist dictatorship." [9] He also promised major budget cuts, eliminating the use of presidential planes and helicopters, and donating all the money he receives as president. [90] He said he would give financial rewards to citizens who report corrupt state officials. [91] He pledged to strengthen law and order and create jobs. [8] He also praised Andrés Manuel López Obrador for his "anti-corruption efforts". [92] He was dubbed as the "king of TikTok" on several occasions because of his large following and his extensive campaign during the 2022 presidential elections on TikTok. [8] [10] [11] He did not claim to be on the right or the left; [88] NACLA described his political position as a Realpolitik centrist, [93] Reuters described him as centre-right, [94] and other analysts struggled to label him. [95] Also described as a populist, he was compared to Donald Trump and Silvio Berlusconi. [91] He supports the decriminalization of abortion under certain circumstances, as well as the legalization of marijuana for medical use. [96] He declared himself in favor of same-sex marriage, adoption of children by same-sex couples, and assisted suicide. [97] [98] His policies also included: lowering the value-added tax from 19% to 10%; a basic income for all senior citizens regardless of past contributions or lack thereof, and potentially those near or below the poverty line; progressively writing off debt for students in estrato 1 and 2 (both active students and those with the best grades); increased access to higher education in the regions; universal health care; switching from a punitive to a rehabilitative attitude towards drug addiction; granting Olympians and world record holders from the country state pensions; increasing social payments for successful sportspeople to up to COP100,000 per day; a 50% quota for women in public service and the presidential cabinet; welfare payments for those that maintain (rather than cut down) forested areas; and limiting fracking unless it meets environmental conditions. [99] Regarding the Colombian peace process, Hernández stated his willingness to add an addendum to the FARC peace deal to include the National Liberation Army. [89] He expressed support for a restoration of consular relations with Venezuela to adress the violence on the border, saying: "Consular relations are necessary for good circulation, both commercial and touristic, and also because the border is where the increase in violence that Colombia is experiencing is also most felt." [100] He received the backing of the third-placed candidate Gutiérrez for the second round, who urged voters "to keep Petro out". [101]

Debates

Media outlet and dateLocationModerator(s) P  Present  A  Absent/Non invitee
BetancourtFajardoGómezGutiérrezHernándezPérezPetroRodríguez
El Tiempo Semana

14 March 2022 [102]

Bogotá Andrés Mompotes,
Vicky Dávila
PAAPAAPA
Red+ Noticias – El Colombiano Vanguardia El Heraldo El País El Universal – Q'Hubo Radio

17 March 2022 [103]

Antioquia Luz María Sierra,
Giovanni Celis
PPAPAAAA
RCN TelevisiónNTN24La RepúblicaRCN Radio La FM

21 March 2022 [104]

Bogotá José Manuel Acevedo,
Claudia Gurisatti
PPPPAAAA
Universidad Externado

29 March 2022 [105]

Bogotá Karina Guerreroa,
Darío Fernando Patiño
PAPAAPPP
Pontifical Xavierian University La Silla Vacía

31 March 2022 [106]

Bogotá Sebastián Líppez,
Juanita León
PPAAAAAA
Canal Capital – Región Administrativa y de Planeación Especial

7 April 2022 [107]

Bogotá Darío Restrepo,
Lina Pulido
PPPAAPAP
EAFIT University El Espectador
3 May 2022 [108]
Medellín Cindy Morales,
Hugo García
PPPAPPAP
Noticias Caracol
8 May 2022 [109]
Bogotá Juan Roberto VargasAPAPPAAA
Caracol RadioCanal 1W RadioNotiCentro 1 CM& – ANI
10 May 2022 [110]
Medellín Claudia Palacios,
Alejandro Santos
APAPPAAA
El Tiempo Semana CityTV
23 May 2022 [111]
Bogotá Andrés Mompotes,
Vicky Dávila
APAPAAPA
PRISACaracol RadioW RadioTropicana
26 May 2022 [112]
Bogotá Roberto PomboAPAPAAPA
Noticias Caracol El Espectador Blu Radio
27 May 2022 [113]
Bogotá Néstor Morales,
Juan Roberto Vargas,
María Alejandra Villamizar
APAPAAPA

Opinion polls

First round

Second round

Results

Candidate with the most votes in the first round by municipality:
Gustavo Petro-Francia Marquez
Rodolfo Hernandez-Marelen Castillo
Federico Gutierrez- Rodrigo Lara Sanchez Colombian Presidential Election First Round Results, 2022 (Municipalities).svg
Candidate with the most votes in the first round by municipality:
  Gustavo Petro–Francia Márquez
  Rodolfo Hernández–Marelen Castillo
  Federico Gutiérrez– Rodrigo Lara Sánchez
Candidate with the most votes in the second round by municipality:
Gustavo Petro-Francia Marquez
Rodolfo Hernandez-Marelen Castillo Colombian Presidential Election Second Round Results, 2022 (Municipalities).svg
Candidate with the most votes in the second round by municipality:
  Gustavo Petro–Francia Márquez
  Rodolfo Hernández–Marelen Castillo

Shortly after the first round, the process of judicial scrutiny commenced. The process found an increase of 0.1% votes, reportedly the lowest in Colombian history and slightly altered the final results for the initial round. [114] As none of the presidential nominees obtained at least 50% of the votes, a runoff was held on 19 June 2022, between the top two candidates, Gustavo Petro and Rodolfo Hernández Suárez. [2] Petro won the runoff, becoming the first left-wing candidate to be elected president of Colombia since the country's independence in 1810. [3] [6] [14]

CandidateRunning matePartyFirst roundSecond round
Votes%Votes%
Gustavo Petro Francia Márquez Historic Pact for Colombia (CH)8,541,61740.3411,281,01350.44
Rodolfo Hernández Marelen Castillo League of Anti-Corruption Governors (IND)5,965,33528.1710,580,41247.31
Federico Gutiérrez Rodrigo Lara Sánchez Team for Colombia (Creemos Colombia)5,069,44823.94
Sergio Fajardo Luis Gilberto Murillo Hope Center (ASI)885,2684.18
John Milton RodríguezSandra de las Lajas Fair and Free Colombia 271,3721.28
Enrique GómezCarlos Cuartas National Salvation Movement 48,6850.23
Íngrid Betancourt José Luis Esparza Oxygen Green Party 14,1610.07
Luis Pérez GutiérrezCeferino Mosquera Independent 11,5070.05
Blank votes365,7641.73501,9872.24
Total21,173,157100.0022,363,412100.00
Valid votes21,173,15798.7522,363,41298.70
Invalid votes268,4481.25295,2821.30
Total votes21,441,605100.0022,658,694100.00
Registered voters/turnout39,002,23954.9839,002,23958.10
Source: Registraduria (first round), Registraduria Prensa, Registraduria (second round) (100% counted)

By department

First round

Department Petro Hernández Gutiérrez Fajardo RodríguezGómez Betancourt PérezBlank votes
Votes %Votes %Votes %Votes %Votes %Votes %Votes %Votes %Votes %
Amazonas 10,11746.00%5,73426.07%4,48720.40%7493.40%2160.98%2321.05%430.19%220.10%3911.77%
Antioquia 682,28224.03%521,39018.36%1,385,56548.80%154,4705.44%23,9700.84%7,5530.26%1,8250.06%2,9660.10%58,8752.07%
Arauca 23,04323.85%56,07958.06%12,65113.09%1,6771.73%1,1591.20%2210.22%690.07%490.05%1,6301.68%
Atlántico 479,04954.75%113,48912.97%233,61426.70%23,3822.67%9,4691.08%2,0920.23%5130.05%3340.03%12,9751.48%
Bogotá 1,769,67147.05%833,01622.15%723,53819.24%299,2667.25%47,0551.25%9,9250.26%2,4870.06%2,4040.06%73,1321.94%
Bolívar 359,59349.95%109,39515.19%204,05728.34%18,4372.56%13,5761.88%1,5200.21%4490.06%3300.03%12,5141.73%
Boyacá 194,97231.35%321,04551.62%66,92610.76%23,2073.73%5,1180.82%1,8920.30%4270.06%2600.04%8,0451.29%
Caldas 131,90828.51%147,28731.83%136,91029.59%29,6826.41%4,0700.87%1,3410.28%6130.13%4120.08%10,4162.25%
Caquetá 47,95933.83%65,39946.13%19,80713.97%2,7571.94%2,2021.55%3570.25%1700.11%560.03%3,0472.14%
Casanare 42,67421.76%125,68964.10%19,4989.94%3,0351.54%2,4151.23%3010.15%930.04%680.03%2,2821.16%
Cauca 388,20669.86%56,70310.20%73,86013.29%13,7592.47%10,1091.81%1,4400.25%5790.10%3270.05%10,6811.92%
Cesar 190,42044.00%140,12432.38%80,79118.66%6,5401.51%7,9281.83%8760.20%2640.06%2310.05%5,5701.28%
Chocó 96,63872.44%9,8057.3418,87114.14%3,7332.79%1,1850.88%5790.43%1760.13%1270.09%2,2901.71%
Consulates/Abroad 95,85031.60%42,11813.88%136,51145.01%23,3237.69%1,6890.55%7540.24%2730.09%1180.03%2,6280.86%
Córdoba 318,64551.91%95,20115.51%172,68628.13%9,8961.61%7,4291.21%1,1090.18%2450.03%2020.03%8,3561.36%
Cundinamarca 472,53834.20%615,95344.58%194,82014.10%53,5173.87%15,5881.12%3,1630.22%1,0410.07%7680.05%24,1591.74%
Guainía 4,96647.22%2,89227.50%1,77316.86%5275.01%1071.01%390.37%250.23%70.06%1791.70%
Guaviare 11,19836.59%14,53447.49%2,9539.65%5751.87%5191.69%570.18%200.06%190.06%7252.36%
Huila 162,60932.50%223,47344.67%88,15517.62%9,8981.97%7,2461.44%9450.18%2660.05%1640.03%7,4651.49%
La Guajira 113,48954.71%37,58718.12%45,77922.06%3,3791.62%2,8121.35%6750.32%2790.10%950.04%3,3941.63%
Magdalena 226,50149.45%78,36817.11%128,35528.02%9,0071.96%7,3241.59%9720.21%3000.06%1970.04%6,9981.52%
Meta 135,50027.95%253,91852.37%69,51114.33%10,2952.12%7,2771.50%9610.19%2620.05%1830.03%6,8611.41%
Nariño 433,63670.17%66,43710.75%83,14113.45%14,9252.41%5,0420.81%1,7760.28%6880.11%2990.04%11,9491.93%
Norte de Santander 107,61715.83%367,72454.11%169,06624.87%16,0882.36%10,1441.49%1,1600.17%3390.04%1940.02%7,2381.06%
Putumayo 86,54270.95%17,48314.33%11,8559.71%2,0161.65%1,4401.18%2160.17%1160.09%630.05%2,2421.83%
Quindío 84,36531.07%80,78029.75%82,16530.26%13,8195.08%2,8991.06%5990.22%2470.09%1510.05%6,4802.38%
Risaralda 164,20435.42%147,12231.37%112,66524.30%22,6244.88%5,0361.08%1,0170.21%5060.10%3740.08%9,9752.15%
San Andrés and Providencia 5,99640.31%2,66017.88%4,54430.54%5763.87%5213.50%200.13%130.08%180.12%5263.53%
Santander 244,17920.90%782,37866.96%104,9558.98%14,0631.20%11,9351.02%1,6960.14%3280.02%2710.02%8,5130.72%
Sucre 198,09554.52%40,09311.03%103,85028.58%5,9851.64%9,5462.62%8070.22%2210.06%1100.03%4,5721.25%
Tolima 191,00030.93%242,94939.34%144,98223.47%18,4662.99%7,9891.29%1,5020.24%4520.07%2740.04%9,8881.60%
Valle del Cauca 1,043,91153.34%329,89816.85%414,43921.17%78,1083.99%40,9342.09%4,6310.23%1,5420.07%1,2370.06%42,2462.15%
Vaupés 4,74167.59%1,06315.15%76310.87%2533.60%300.42%290.41%260.37%60.08%1031.46%
Vichada 5,65433.54%6,67039.57%3,22019.10%5513.26%2721.61%810.48%410.24%880.52%2781.64%
Source: Registraduria

Second round

Department Petro Hernández Blank votes
Votes %Votes %Votes %
Amazonas 12,88354.61%10,25043.45%4561.93%
Antioquia 942,00533.04%1,822,70063.93%86,3673.02%
Arauca 32,08230.96%69,47367.06%2,0411.97%
Atlántico 672,83267.06%314,55131.35%15,9151.58%
Bogotá 2,253,99758.59%1,480,19838.48%112,2932.91%
Bolívar 493,04160.88%301,95237.28%14,7581.82%
Boyacá 264,27040.29%378,89957.76%12,7181.93%
Caldas 187,34639.81%267,98856.95%15,1703.22%
Caquetá 72,81643.78%88,92253.46%4,5782.75%
Casanare 57,33128.01%143,79670.26%3,5341.72%
Cauca 515,07479.02%122,69318.82%13,9942.14%
Cesar 250,49953.00%215,08045.51%7,0111.48%
Chocó 127,84681.94%25,73616.49%2,4401.56%
Consulates114,61037.52%185,55760.75%5,2091.72%
Córdoba 437,01661.08%266,99937.31%11,4221.59%
Cundinamarca 624,96544.16%756,45453.45%33,6082.37%
Guainía 6,53652.51%5,71645.92%1951.56%
Guaviare 14,70844.15%17,60152.84%1,0003.00%
Huila 216,53340.65%305,79957.41%10,3181.93%
La Guajira 162,84964.56%85,10133.73%4,2841.69%
Magdalena 302,43260.22%191,50038.13%8,2621.64%
Meta 180,29336.34%307,13761.69%9,7701.96%
Nariño 592,17080.91%126,19817.24%13,4901.84%
Norte de Santander 149,41320.86%557,40677.84%9,2231.28%
Putumayo 110,11879.67%25,54918.48%2,5341.83%
Quindío 113,53741.50%151,65355.44%8,3413.04%
Risaralda 216,22746.16%238,96351.01%13,1882.81%
San Andrés and Providencia 8,54551.31%7,44944.73%6593.95%
Santander 310,24025.97%871,29172.95%12,8021.07%
Sucre 262,13564.07%140,50734.34%6,4851.58%
Tolima 251,71038.53%388,64059.49%12,8321.96%
Valle del Cauca 1,310,23663.85%695,05933.87%46,6052.27%
Vaupés 6,44774.03%2,14824.66%1131.29%
Vichada 7,63439.36%11,44759.02%3121.60%
Source: Registraduria

Abroad vote

Abroad vote, first round

  Gutiérrez (45.01%)
  Petro (31.60%)
  Hernández (13.88%)
  Fajardo (7.69%)
  Rodríguez (0.55%)
  Gómez (0.24%)
  Betancourt (0.09%)
  Pérez (0.03%)
  Blank (0.86%)

First round

Country Petro  % Hernández  % Gutiérrez  % Fajardo  %Rodríguez %Gómez %Betancourt %Pérez %
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 50.0050.00
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 63.6212.1615.886.260.630.170.070.03
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 54.5016.8215.9910.510.430.160.05
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 58.588.2817.9013.520.120.120.240.12
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan 38.099.5238.0914.28
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 55.429.1921.5111.790.260.130.260.06
Bandera de Bolivia (Estado).svg  Bolivia 30.8121.2241.024.481.020.81
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 52.7111.1625.169.320.250.210.080.04
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 36.9314.6036.3910.030.520.260.080.01
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 49.3616.6725.246.090.790.430.070.07
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 45.1611.9828.1111.520.46
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 21.2715.4554.827.210.330.300.050.02
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 74.5811.6610.621.660.200.20
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 56.984.4617.3120.390.27
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 19.6413.7954.629.390.840.460.150.07
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 30.6417.9642.445.450.940.540.410.15
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 48.486.0030.3015.15
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 22.2212.4553.539.761.01
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 62.128.5316.2610.560.40
Flag of France.svg  France 57.6710.4716.9913.040.360.180.060.01
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 59.407.2614.2117.070.360.240.10
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 32.4313.5132.4316.21
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala 15.8216.5756.628.610.640.430.21
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 21.8013.8255.857.97
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 62.249.1816.839.691.020.510.51
Flag of India.svg  India 34.784.3447.828.69
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 36.008.0034.0020.00
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 41.6011.3129.1916.780.360.36
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 25.9419.2446.235.231.670.41
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 43.2116.9727.0010.210.480.270.170.10
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 15.4720.2346.4211.902.38
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 39.569.0337.0710.281.550.620.62
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 41.665.5533.3319.44
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 6.0412.0871.816.710.671.34
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 35.5911.8622.0326.270.840.84
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 24.6520.5439.7212.32
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 35.6710.1340.6511.930.410.250.050.04
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 47.824.3417.3930.43
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 31.3218.3539.558.930.610.140.100.12
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 50.1817.0916.7212.300.360.240.12
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua 23.9120.6557.173.26
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 60.467.9715.9413.280.330.330.33
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 21.5216.2752.737.470.740.350.110.02
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 19.8117.1151.358.101.800.45
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 26.7817.1243.2910.440.940.370.120.04
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 31.8118.1830.3015.151.51
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 62.678.6117.708.131.91
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 49.1211.7224.7211.250.950.47
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 78.189.699.091.81
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 21.8511.9240.3923.170.66
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 32.184.5948.2712.64
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 47.1613.2022.6413.830.62
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 47.5916.2827.226.390.770.210.160.05
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 60.778.1417.8711.120.790.290.09
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 49.368.5928.4211.930.510.330.110.03
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 34.7815.9424.6324.63
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 30.0020.0035.0011.661.66
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 61.833.0528.245.341.52
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 14.5240.5039.624.520.12
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 40.0116.0331.2110.710.560.130.090.06
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 16.1211.9764.286.310.440.220.040.02
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 50.4715.3722.589.100.370.75
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 14.4334.3644.873.461.400.530.090.03
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 50.007.6915.3819.233.84
Source: Registraduria

Second round

Abroad vote, second round

  Hernández (60.75%)
  Petro (37.52%)
  Blank (1.72%)
Country Petro  % Hernández  %
Flag of Algeria.svg  Algeria 33.3350.00
Flag of Argentina.svg  Argentina 72.4525.75
Flag of Australia (converted).svg  Australia 65.7231.59
Flag of Austria.svg  Austria 72.6824.06
Flag of Azerbaijan.svg  Azerbaijan 42.1052.63
Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Belgium 67.2230.14
Bandera de Bolivia (Estado).svg  Bolivia 35.2863.70
Flag of Brazil.svg  Brazil 62.4735.96
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada 44.9452.70
Flag of Chile.svg  Chile 56.9541.17
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  China 50.0044.26
Flag of Costa Rica.svg  Costa Rica 25.4772.88
Flag of Cuba.svg  Cuba 81.4817.23
Flag of Denmark.svg  Denmark 73.8222.05
Flag of the Dominican Republic.svg  Dominican Republic 26.5670.96
Flag of Ecuador.svg  Ecuador 37.6560.47
Flag of Egypt.svg  Egypt 57.5042.50
Flag of El Salvador.svg  El Salvador 29.9666.44
Flag of Finland.svg  Finland 73.1424.07
Flag of France.svg  France 70.1227.30
Flag of Ghana.svg  Ghana 51.6138.70
Flag of Germany.svg  Germany 74.3823.08
Flag of Guatemala.svg  Guatemala 23.1874.58
Flag of Honduras.svg  Honduras 25.2673.15
Flag of Hungary.svg  Hungary 76.4120.51
Flag of India.svg  India 35.0035.00
Flag of Indonesia.svg  Indonesia 50.0047.82
Flag of Ireland.svg  Ireland 55.4741.50
Flag of Israel.svg  Israel 31.7764.83
Flag of Italy.svg  Italy 54.0943.47
Flag of Jamaica.svg  Jamaica 26.1372.72
Flag of Japan.svg  Japan 49.4047.92
Flag of Kenya.svg  Kenya 62.5037.50
Flag of Lebanon.svg  Lebanon 17.4781.55
Flag of Luxembourg.svg  Luxembourg 56.2537.50
Flag of Malaysia.svg  Malaysia 36.5061.90
Flag of Morocco.svg  Morocco 43.4730.43
Flag of Mexico.svg  Mexico 43.1954.07
Flag of Nicaragua.svg  Nicaragua 25.9671.15
Flag of Norway.svg  Norway 68.9128.04
Flag of New Zealand.svg  New Zealand 64.4131.88
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Netherlands 39.0858.96
Flag of Panama.svg  Panama 27.6670.92
Flag of Paraguay.svg  Paraguay 24.6573.51
Flag of Peru.svg  Peru 34.1563.98
Flag of Poland.svg  Poland 68.5029.50
Flag of Portugal.svg  Portugal 62.0936.37
Flag of the Philippines.svg  Philippines 49.1245.61
Flag of Russia.svg  Russia 84.7513.41
Flag of Singapore.svg  Singapore 34.0461.70
Flag of South Africa.svg  South Africa 33.3364.19
Flag of South Korea.svg  South Korea 64.1833.10
Flag of Spain.svg  Spain 55.9341.95
Flag of Sweden.svg  Sweden 68.6728.76
Flag of Switzerland.svg   Switzerland 59.2238.74
Flag of Thailand.svg  Thailand 50.9843.13
Flag of Trinidad and Tobago.svg  Trinidad and Tobago 36.5060.31
Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey 67.2131.96
Flag of the United Arab Emirates.svg  United Arab Emirates 17.8380.79
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  United Kingdom 47.6050.01
Flag of the United States.svg  United States 19.2079.73
Flag of Uruguay.svg  Uruguay 59.1338.11
Flag of Venezuela.svg  Venezuela 18.7780.19
Flag of Vietnam.svg  Vietnam 53.8438.46
Source: Registraduria

Aftermath

Hernández called Petro to congratulate him on his victory. He also encouraged Petro to remain committed to the "anti-corruption discourse". Hernández and Marelen Castillo also thanked Colombians that voted for them. [115] Castillo announced shortly after the election that she would accept a seat in the chamber of representatives reserved for the second-place vice presidential candidate. She also encouraged Hernández to take a senate seat, although he was still to decide. [116] On 23 June, Hernández announced that he would become a senator. [117] President Iván Duque called Petro to congratulate him; he also pledged to carry out a smooth transition. [118]

International state reactions

Other international reactions

Peruvian writer, politician, and Nobel laureate Mario Vargas Llosa declared "[Colombians] voted wrong, let's see how Petro acts." [136] Ron DeSantis, the Republican Governor of Florida, denounced Petro as a "former narco-terrorist and a Marxist" whose victory is going to be "disastrous" for Colombia. [137] In the United Kingdom, former Leader of the Labour Party, Jeremy Corbyn, praised Petro's victory as proof of the "power of community organising to build a popular policy platform to heal the divisions of the past and bring about social justice". [138]

See also

Notes

  1. Member of Humane Colombia, also endorsed by Patriotic Union
  2. Endorsed by the Alternative Democratic Pole

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