3000 metres

Last updated
Athletics
3000 metres
Ejigu, Dibaba Birmingham meeting 2010.jpg
A women's indoor 3000 m race in Birmingham featuring Sentayehu Ejigu and Tirunesh Dibaba.
World records
Men Flag of Kenya.svg Daniel Komen 7:20.67 (1996)
Women Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg Wang Junxia 8:06.11 (1993)

The 3000 metres or 3000-metre run is a track running event, also commonly known as the 3K or 3K run, where 7.5 laps are completed around an outdoor 400 m track or 15 laps around a 200 m indoor track.

Contents

It is debated whether the 3000m should be classified as a middle-distance or long-distance event. [1] In elite-level competition, 3000 m pace is more comparable to the pace found in the longer 5000 metres event, rather than mile pace. The world record performance for 3000 m equates to a pace of 58.76 seconds per 400 m, which is closer to the 60.43 seconds for 5000 m than the 55.46 seconds for the mile. However, the 3000 m does require some anaerobic conditioning, and an elite athlete needs to develop a high tolerance to lactic acid, as does the mile runner. Thus, the 3000 m demands a balance of aerobic endurance needed for the 5000 m and lactic acid tolerance needed for the Mile.

In men's athletics, 3000 metres has been an Olympic discipline only as a team race at the 1912, 1920 and 1924 Summer Olympics. It has not been contested at any of the IAAF outdoor championships, but is occasionally hosted at annual elite track and field meetings. It is often featured in indoor track and field programmes and is the longest-distance event present at the IAAF World Indoor Championships.

In women's athletics, 3000 metres was a standard event in the Olympic Games (1984 to 1992) [2] and World Championships (1980 to 1993). [3] The event was discontinued at World Championship and Olympic level after the 1993 World Championships in AthleticsQu Yunxia being the final gold medal winner at the event. Starting with the 1995 World Championships in Athletics and the 1996 Olympic Games, it was replaced by 5000 metres, with other IAAF-organized championships following suit.

Skilled runners in this event reach speeds near vVO2max, for which the oxygen requirements of the body cannot continuously be satisfied, [4] requiring some anaerobic effort.

All-time top 25

The men's world record is 7:20.67 set by Daniel Komen of Kenya in 1996. Komen also holds the world indoor mark with 7:24.90 minutes set in 1998. The women's world record is 8:06.11 set by Wang Junxia of China in 1993. The world indoor women's record is 8:16.60 minutes, set by Ethiopian Genzebe Dibaba in 2014.

Medalists

Women's Olympic medalists

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1984 Los Angeles
details
Maricica Puică
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Wendy Smith-Sly
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
Lynn Williams
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada
1988 Seoul
details
Tetyana Samolenko
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Soviet Union
Paula Ivan
Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Romania
Yvonne Murray
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Great Britain
1992 Barcelona
details
Yelena Romanova
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
Tetyana Dorovskikh
Olympic flag.svg  Unified Team
Angela Chalmers
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Canada

Women's World Championships medalists

ChampionshipsGoldSilverBronze
1980 Sittard
details
Flag of Germany.svg  Birgit Friedmann  (FRG)Flag of Sweden.svg  Karoline Nemetz  (SWE)Flag of Norway.svg  Ingrid Kristiansen  (NOR)
1983 Helsinki
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Mary Decker  (USA)Flag of Germany.svg  Brigitte Kraus  (FRG)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tatyana Kovalenko-Kazankina  (URS)
1987 Rome
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tetyana Samolenko  (URS)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Maricica Puică  (ROU)Flag of East Germany.svg  Ulrike Bruns  (GDR)
1991 Tokyo
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tetyana Dorovskikh  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Yelena Romanova  (URS)Flag of Kenya.svg  Susan Sirma  (KEN)
1993 Stuttgart
details
Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Qu Yunxia  (CHN)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Zhang Linli  (CHN)Flag of the People's Republic of China.svg  Zhang Lirong  (CHN)

Men's World Indoor Championships medalists

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of Portugal.svg  João Campos  (POR)Flag of the United States.svg  Don Clary  (USA)Flag of the Czech Republic.svg  Ivan Uvizl  (TCH)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of Ireland.svg  Frank O'Mara  (IRL)Flag of Ireland.svg  Paul Donovan  (IRL)Flag of the United States.svg  Terry Brahm  (USA)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of Morocco.svg  Saïd Aouita  (MAR)Flag of Spain.svg  José Luis González  (ESP)Flag of Germany.svg  Dieter Baumann  (FRG)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of Ireland.svg  Frank O'Mara  (IRL)Flag of Morocco.svg  Hammou Boutayeb  (MAR)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Robert Denmark  (GBR)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Gennaro Di Napoli  (ITA)Flag of France.svg  Éric Dubus  (FRA)Flag of Spain.svg  Enrique Molina  (ESP)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Italy.svg  Gennaro Di Napoli  (ITA)Flag of Spain.svg  Anacleto Jiménez  (ESP)Flag of Morocco.svg  Brahim Jabbour  (MAR)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Haile Gebrselassie  (ETH)Flag of Kenya.svg  Paul Bitok  (KEN)Flag of Morocco.svg  Ismaïl Sghyr  (MAR)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Haile Gebrselassie  (ETH)Flag of Kenya.svg  Paul Bitok  (KEN)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Million Wolde  (ETH)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Morocco.svg  Hicham El Guerrouj  (MAR)Flag of Belgium (civil).svg  Mohammed Mourhit  (BEL)Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto García  (ESP)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Haile Gebrselassie  (ETH)Flag of Spain.svg  Alberto García  (ESP)Flag of Kenya.svg  Luke Kipkosgei  (KEN)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Bernard Lagat  (KEN)Flag of Portugal.svg  Rui Silva  (POR)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Markos Geneti  (ETH)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Kenenisa Bekele  (ETH)Flag of Qatar.svg  Saif Saaeed Shaheen  (QAT)Flag of Kenya.svg  Eliud Kipchoge  (KEN)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Tariku Bekele  (ETH)Flag of Kenya.svg  Paul Kipsiele Koech  (KEN)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Abreham Cherkos  (ETH)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Bernard Lagat  (USA)Flag of Spain.svg  Sergio Sánchez  (ESP)Flag of Kenya.svg  Sammy Alex Mutahi  (KEN)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of the United States.svg  Bernard Lagat  (USA)Flag of Kenya.svg  Augustine Kiprono Choge  (KEN)Flag of Kenya.svg  Edwin Soi  (KEN)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Caleb Ndiku  (KEN)Flag of the United States.svg  Bernard Lagat  (USA)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Dejen Gebremeskel  (ETH)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Yomif Kejelcha  (ETH)Flag of the United States.svg  Ryan Hill  (USA)Flag of Kenya.svg  Augustine Kiprono Choge  (KEN)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Yomif Kejelcha  (ETH)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Selemon Barega  (ETH)Flag of Kenya.svg  Bethwell Birgen  (KEN)

Women's World Indoor Championships medalists

GamesGoldSilverBronze
1985 Paris [A] Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg  Debbie Scott  (CAN)Flag of Italy.svg  Agnese Possamai  (ITA)Flag of the United States.svg  PattiSue Plumer  (USA)
1987 Indianapolis
details
Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Tatyana Samolenko  (URS)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Olga Bondarenko  (URS)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Maricica Puică  (ROU)
1989 Budapest
details
Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Elly van Hulst  (NED)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Liz McColgan  (GBR)Flag of Romania (1965-1989).svg  Margareta Keszeg  (ROU)
1991 Seville
details
Flag of France.svg  Marie-Pierre Duros  (FRA)Flag of Romania.svg  Margareta Keszeg  (ROU)Flag of the Soviet Union.svg  Lyubov Kremlyova  (URS)
1993 Toronto
details
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Yvonne Murray  (GBR)Flag of Romania.svg  Margareta Keszeg  (ROU)Flag of the United States.svg  Lynn Jennings  (USA)
1995 Barcelona
details
Flag of Romania.svg  Gabriela Szabo  (ROU)Flag of the United States.svg  Lynn Jennings  (USA)Flag of the United States.svg  Joan Nesbit  (USA)
1997 Paris
details
Flag of Romania.svg  Gabriela Szabo  (ROU)Flag of Ireland.svg  Sonia O'Sullivan  (IRL)Flag of Portugal.svg  Fernanda Ribeiro  (POR)
1999 Maebashi
details
Flag of Romania.svg  Gabriela Szabo  (ROU)Flag of Morocco.svg  Zahra Ouaziz  (MAR)Flag of the United States.svg  Regina Jacobs  (USA)
2001 Lisbon
details
Flag of Russia.svg  Olga Yegorova  (RUS)Flag of Romania.svg  Gabriela Szabo  (ROU)Flag of Russia.svg  Yelena Zadorozhnaya  (RUS)
2003 Birmingham
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Berhane Adere  (ETH)Flag of Spain.svg  Marta Domínguez  (ESP)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Meseret Defar  (ETH)
2004 Budapest
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Meseret Defar  (ETH)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Berhane Adere  (ETH)Flag of the United States.svg  Shayne Culpepper  (USA)
2006 Moscow
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Meseret Defar  (ETH)Flag of Russia.svg  Liliya Shobukhova  (RUS)Flag of Poland.svg  Lidia Chojecka  (POL)
2008 Valencia
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Meseret Defar  (ETH)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Meselech Melkamu  (ETH)Flag of Morocco.svg  Mariem Alaoui Selsouli  (MAR)
2010 Doha
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Meseret Defar  (ETH)Flag of Kenya.svg  Vivian Cheruiyot  (KEN)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Sentayehu Ejigu  (ETH)
2012 Istanbul
details
Flag of Kenya.svg  Hellen Obiri  (KEN)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Meseret Defar  (ETH)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Gelete Burka  (ETH)
2014 Sopot
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Genzebe Dibaba  (ETH)Flag of Kenya.svg  Hellen Obiri  (KEN)Flag of Bahrain.svg  Maryam Yusuf Jamal  (BHR)
2016 Portland
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Genzebe Dibaba  (ETH)Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Meseret Defar  (ETH)Flag of the United States.svg  Shannon Rowbury  (USA)
2018 Birmingham
details
Flag of Ethiopia.svg  Genzebe Dibaba  (ETH)Flag of the Netherlands.svg  Sifan Hassan  (NED)Flag of the United Kingdom.svg  Laura Muir  (GBR)

Season's bests

Notes and references

  1. Middle-distance running. Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved on 2014-06-02.
  2. Women's 3000 metres at the Olympic Games. Sport Reference. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  3. World Championships in Athletics. GBR Athletics. Retrieved on 2014-01-18.
  4. Billat, Véronique L.; J. Pierre Koralsztein (August 1996). "Significance of the Velocity at VO2max and Time to Exhaustion at this Velocity" (PDF). Sports Med. 2: 90–108. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 March 2012. Retrieved 27 March 2011.
  5. "All-time men's best 3000m". alltime-athletics.com. 17 September 2020. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  6. Nicole Jeffery (17 September 2020). "Duplantis scales 6.15m in Rome, world's highest ever outdoor vault". World Athletics. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  7. Nicole Jeffery (17 September 2020). "Duplantis scales 6.15m in Rome, world's highest ever outdoor vault". World Athletics. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  8. "3000m Results". SF . 18 August 2018. Retrieved 21 August 2018.
  9. Nicole Jeffery (17 September 2020). "Duplantis scales 6.15m in Rome, world's highest ever outdoor vault". World Athletics. Retrieved 29 September 2020.
  10. "3000m Results" (PDF). sportresult.com. 5 May 2017. Retrieved 5 May 2017.
  11. "All-time women's best 3000m". iaaf.org. 1 July 2019. Retrieved 1 July 2019.
  12. Brian Russell (1 July 2019). "Hassan takes historic 3000m victory in Stanford – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  13. Brian Russell (1 July 2019). "Hassan takes historic 3000m victory in Stanford – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  14. Brian Russell (1 July 2019). "Hassan takes historic 3000m victory in Stanford – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  15. Brian Russell (1 July 2019). "Hassan takes historic 3000m victory in Stanford – IAAF Diamond League". IAAF. Retrieved 20 July 2019.
  16. "3000m Results". IAAF. 14 June 2015. Retrieved 14 June 2015.
  17. Jon Mulkeen (25 September 2020). "Obiri and McSweyn victorious in Doha as Wanda Diamond League draws to a close". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  18. Jon Mulkeen (25 September 2020). "Obiri and McSweyn victorious in Doha as Wanda Diamond League draws to a close". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  19. Jon Mulkeen (25 September 2020). "Obiri and McSweyn victorious in Doha as Wanda Diamond League draws to a close". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  20. Jon Mulkeen (25 September 2020). "Obiri and McSweyn victorious in Doha as Wanda Diamond League draws to a close". World Athletics. Retrieved 1 October 2020.
  21. "All-time men's best 3000m indoor". IAAF. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  22. Jon Mulkeen (9 February 2021). "Tsegay breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin with 3:53.09". World Athletics. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  23. Jon Mulkeen (9 February 2021). "Tsegay breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin with 3:53.09". World Athletics. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  24. Jon Mulkeen (9 February 2021). "Tsegay breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin with 3:53.09". World Athletics. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  25. Jon Mulkeen (9 February 2021). "Tsegay breaks world indoor 1500m record in Lievin with 3:53.09". World Athletics. Retrieved 13 February 2021.
  26. "All-time women's best 3000m indoor". IAAF. 12 May 2020. Retrieved 12 May 2020.
  27. Phil Minshull (24 February 2021). "Holloway enters the record books in Madrid". World Athletics . Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  28. Taylor Dutch (28 February 2020). "Karissa Schweizer Shatters the 3,000-Meter American Record in Boston". Runner's World. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  29. "Laura Muir smashes European 3000m record in Karlsruhe". athleticsweekly.com. 4 February 2017. Retrieved 4 February 2017.
  30. Taylor Dutch (28 February 2020). "Karissa Schweizer Shatters the 3,000-Meter American Record in Boston". Runner's World. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  31. Taylor Dutch (28 February 2020). "Karissa Schweizer Shatters the 3,000-Meter American Record in Boston". Runner's World. Retrieved 1 March 2020.
  32. Phil Minshull (24 February 2021). "Holloway enters the record books in Madrid". World Athletics . Retrieved 28 February 2021.
  33. "3000m Results" (PDF). British Athletics. 18 February 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 March 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  34. "3000m Results" (PDF). British Athletics. 18 February 2017. Archived from the original (PDF) on 15 March 2017. Retrieved 18 February 2017.
  35. "3000m Results" (PDF). domtel-sport.pl. 17 February 2021. Retrieved 2 March 2021.
  36. Bob Ramsak (17 February 2019). "Indoor round-up: Ndama tallies 4672 pentathlon world lead in Miramas, world leads for Klosterhalfen and Schwanitz in Leipzig". IAAF. Retrieved 22 February 2019.

Related Research Articles

The Doha Diamond League is an annual one-day track and field meeting held at the Suheim bin Hamad Stadium in Doha, Qatar. It is part of the Diamond League – the top level international circuit for the sport. It is typically held in May as the first leg of the Diamond League series.

The 2000 metres steeplechase or 2000-meter steeplechase is a standard youth athletics event for the steeplechase in track and field. The event is part of the athletics programme for boys and girls at the IAAF World U18 Championships. It is an obstacle race over the distance of the 2000 metres, which derives its name from the horse racing steeplechase.

Meeting Hauts-de-France Pas-de-Calais

The Meeting Hauts-de-France Pas-de-Calais also called Meeting International de Liévin is an annual indoor track and field competition which takes place in February in Liévin, France. It is one of the events of the World Athletics Indoor Tour organised by World Athletics.

World Athletics Indoor Tour

The World Athletics Indoor Tour, formerly the IAAF World Indoor Tour, is an annual series of indoor track and field meetings, held since 2016. It was designed to create a Diamond League-style circuit for indoor track and field events, to raise the profile of indoor track and field, and replaced the IAAF Indoor Permit Meetings series.