3 ft gauge railways

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Fintown station on the trackbed of the County Donegal Railways Joint Committee (CDR) in County Donegal Fintown Railway on trackbed of CDR County Donegal Railway (5950840669).jpg
Fintown station on the trackbed of the County Donegal Railways Joint Committee (CDR) in County Donegal
A bridge of the defunct National Railroad of Mexico in 1883 Puente del Atoyac (Rio Balsas) - Ferro Carril Mexicano, 1883.jpg
A bridge of the defunct National Railroad of Mexico in 1883
A railbus on the Ferrocarril Santa Ana near Machu Picchu PeruRail 291.jpg
A railbus on the Ferrocarril Santa Ana near Machu Picchu
An electric tram on the Tranvia de Soller on the Spanish island of Majorca Tram 23 leading 4-car train in Port de Soller, next to the bay.jpg
An electric tram on the Tranvía de Sóller on the Spanish island of Majorca

Three foot gauge railways have a track gauge of 3 ft (914 mm) or 1 yard. This gauge is a narrow gauge and is generally found throughout North, Central, and South America. In Ireland, many secondary and industrial lines were built to 3 ft gauge, and it is the dominant gauge on the Isle of Man, where it is known as the Manx Standard Gauge . Modern 3 ft gauge railways are most commonly found in isolated mountainous areas, on small islands, or in large-scale amusement parks and theme parks (see table below). This gauge is also popular in model railroading (particularly in G scale), and model prototypes of these railways have been made by several model train brands around the world, such as Accucraft Trains (US), Aristo-Craft Trains (US), Bachmann Industries (Hong Kong), Delton Locomotive Works (US), LGB (Germany), [1] and PIKO (Germany).

Contents

Installations

Country/territoryRailway
Australia
Belize
Brazil
Canada
Colombia
Cuba
El Salvador
France
Germany
Guatemala
Guyana
Honduras
Hong Kong
Ireland
Iraq
Isle of Man
Japan
Kuwait
Mexico
Nauru
New Caledonia
New Zealand
Peru
Philippines
Spain

The Ferrocarril de Sóller and the Tranvía de Sóller are located on Majorca in the Balearic Islands. The other railways of the Majorca rail network were also 3 ft (914 mm) gauge, but with expansion and reconstruction of the network in the early 2000s, they were converted to 1,000 mm (3 ft 3+38 in) metre gauge .

United Kingdom
United States

See also

Related Research Articles

Rail transport modelling Modeling trains hobby

Railway modelling or model railroading is a hobby in which rail transport systems are modelled at a reduced scale.

G scale

Large scale or G scale is a track gauge for model railways which is often used outdoors because of its size and durability. These garden railways use a fixed track gauge of 45 millimetres (1.75 in) to accommodate a range of rail transport modelling scales between narrow gauge (~1:13‒1:19‒1:20), metre gauge (1:22.5), Playmobil trains (~1:24), and standard gauge (~1:29–1:32).

1 gauge

1 gauge, gauge 1 or gauge one is a model railway and toy train standard that was popular in the early 20th century, particularly with European manufacturers. Its track measures 1.75 in, making it larger than 0 gauge but slightly smaller than wide gauge, which came to be the dominant U.S. standard during the 1920s.

Garden railway

A garden railroad or garden railway is a model railway system set up outdoors in a garden. While G is the most popular scale for garden railroads, 16 mm scale has a dedicated and growing following especially in the UK. Model locomotives in this scale are often live steam scale models of British narrow gauge prototypes. 16 mm scale track, the same gauge as O gauge is probably now more popular in the UK than G scale.

Live steam Steam-powered models and toys

Live steam is steam under pressure, obtained by heating water in a boiler. The steam is used to operate stationary or moving equipment.

Backyard railroad

A backyard railroad is a privately owned, outdoor railroad, most often in miniature, but large enough for one or several persons to ride on. The rail gauge can be anything from 2+12 in to 7+12 in or more. Smaller backyard or outdoor railroads that cannot be ridden are called garden railroads. Some backyard railroads use full-size rolling stock, such as the former 3 ft narrow gauge Grizzly Flats Railroad owned by Disney animator Ward Kimball.

Lahaina, Kaanapali and Pacific Railroad

The Lahaina, Kaanapali and Pacific Railroad (LKPRR) is a steam-powered, 3 ft narrow gauge heritage railroad in Lāhainā, Hawaii. The LKPRR operated the Sugar Cane Train, a 6-mile (9.7 km), 40-minute trip in open-air coaches pulled by vintage steam locomotives. The tracks connect Lahaina with Puukolii, stopping briefly at Kaanapali. A narrator points outs sites of interest during the trip, which crosses a 325-foot (99 m) curved wooden trestle whose elevation yields panoramic views of neighboring islands and the West Maui Mountains. The line is currently not operating and all equipment is stored west of Lahaina.

Redwood Valley Railway

The Redwood Valley Railway is a 15 in gauge miniature railway in Tilden Regional Park near Berkeley, California.

Ridable miniature railway Ultra-narrow-gauge railway on which people can ride

A ridable miniature railway is a large scale, usually ground-level railway that hauls passengers using locomotives that are often models of full-sized railway locomotives.

On30 gauge

On30gauge is the modelling of narrow gauge railways in O scale on HO gauge track in 1:48 scale ratio by American and Australian model railroaders, in 1:43.5 scale ratio by British and French model railroaders and 1:45 by Continental European model railroaders.

Tweetsie Railroad

Tweetsie Railroad is a family-oriented heritage railroad and Wild West amusement park located between Boone and Blowing Rock, North Carolina, United States. The centerpiece of the park is a 3-mile (4.8 km) ride on a train pulled by one of Tweetsie Railroad's two historic narrow-gauge steam locomotives. The park also features a variety of amusement rides, live shows, a zoo and other attractions geared towards families with children. The park also hosts a variety of special events throughout the year including their Halloween and Christmas themed events.

Little Amerricka Amusement park in Marshall, Wisconsin, United States

Little Amerricka is an amusement park located in Marshall, Wisconsin, USA. It features the 16 in gauge Whiskey River Railway, a 1/3 size railroad with over 3 miles of track that begins at the amusement park and goes through scenic trees, past the wildlife pond area, and across the Whiskey River. Passengers hear a whistle as they go through the tunnel, past the locomotive shops including roundhouse and turntable, over bridges and around a lake. Other attractions include 24 rides and an 18-hole miniature golf course.

Fort Wilderness Railroad

The Fort Wilderness Railroad (FWRR) was a 3.5-mile (5.6 km), 2 ft 6 in narrow-gauge heritage railroad located at Disney's Fort Wilderness Resort & Campground in Walt Disney World. The railroad officially opened on January 1, 1974, and provided transportation for the resort's various campsites. Due to issues with track maintenance, pedestrian safety, noise concerns, and the low fuel capacity of its steam locomotives, the FWRR closed permanently in February 1980. Railroad ties remain in place along certain sections of the railroad's former right-of-way, and its four locomotives and surviving passenger cars are now owned by private collectors.

Wild Kingdom Train Zoo

Wild Kingdom Train Zoo is a small zoo located in Lagoon Amusement Park, Farmington, Utah, United States. Visible when riding the Wild Kingdom Train, the zoo is located on the banks of a pond. In 1967 the Animaland Train opened, taking guests past the various animal exhibits. The name of the attraction was changed around 1975 to the Wild Kingdom Train. The park has advertised the zoo as the second-largest zoo in Utah.

Sonoma TrainTown Railroad

The Sonoma TrainTown Railroad is a tourist railroad and 10 acre amusement park in Sonoma, California. Its logo is based on the logo for the New York Central Railroad. Its main feature is a 15 in gauge miniature railway, which closely corresponds to a 1:4 scale model of a 4 ft 8+12 in standard gauge railroad.

Cedar Point & Lake Erie Railroad Amusement park steam train ride

The Cedar Point & Lake Erie Railroad is a 3 ft narrow-gauge heritage railroad and amusement park attraction located in the Cedar Point amusement park in Sandusky, Ohio. The railroad opened in 1963, making it one of the oldest operating rides at Cedar Point. It consists of a total of five steam locomotives, with four of them in operating condition. In 2013, the railroad celebrated its 50th anniversary in operation.

2 ft and 600 mm gauge railways Railway track gauge

Two foot and 600 mm gauge railways are narrow gauge railways with track gauges of 2 ft and 600 mm, respectively. Railways with similar, less common track gauges, such as 1 ft 11+34 in and 1 ft 11+12 in, are grouped with 2 ft and 600 mm gauge railways.

Kuwait Entertainment City

Kuwait Entertainment City is the name of an amusement park located in the western outskirts of Kuwait City, the capital of Kuwait. It first opened on 14 March 1984 and was run by the Kuwait-based Touristic Enterprises Company. Some of the park's attractions, such as its large Bolliger & Mabillard inverted roller coaster and its 3 ft narrow gauge railway, are common features in large-scale amusement parks in the United States, but are very rare in amusement parks in the Middle East. Starting on 6 June 2016, the park temporarily closed for renovations. In October 2019, it was announced that the Kuwait Entertainment City property will be taken over by Amiri Diwan and transformed into New Entertainment City Kuwait featuring 13 sections, including an indoor theme park envisioned by Ubisoft Entertainment and an indoor snowpark. By October 2020, the old park was fully demolished.

References

  1. 2006 LGB Catalog
  2. Steamlocomotive.info - Cuba
  3. Steamlocomotive.info - Al Zawra’a Dream Park
  4. "Al Zawra'a Dream Park - official website (in Arabic)". Archived from the original on 2014-02-05. Retrieved 2014-01-25.
  5. "Surviving Steam Locomotives in Aguascalientes". Archived from the original on 2020-07-31. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  6. "Parque Héroes Mexicanos - official website (in Spanish)". Archived from the original on 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2014-01-28.
  7. Llanso, Steve. "Hawaiian-Philippine 0-6-0 Steam Locomotives in [the] Philippines". SteamLocomotive.com. Sweat House Media. Retrieved 2021-03-24.