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Legal status
Legal status
  • DE: NpSG (Industrial and scientific use only)
  • UK: Class A
  • (R)-3-(N-methylpyrrolidin-2-ylmethyl)-4-hydoxyindole
CAS Number
PubChem CID
CompTox Dashboard (EPA)
Chemical and physical data
Formula C14H17N2O
Molar mass 229.303 g·mol−1
3D model (JSmol)
  • OC1=C2C(C[C@@]3([H])CCCN3C)=CNC2=CC=C1
  • InChI=1S/C14H18N2O/c1-16-7-3-4-11(16)8-10-9-15-12-5-2-6-13(17)14(10)12/h2,5-6,9,11,15,17H,3-4,7-8H2,1H3/t11-/m1/s1 X mark.svgN
 X mark.svgNYes check.svgY  (what is this?)    (verify)

4-HO-MPMI (also known as 4-Hydroxy-N-methyl-(α,N-trimethylene)-tryptamine or lucigenol) is a tryptamine derivative that is a psychedelic drug. It was developed by the team led by David Nichols from Purdue University in the late 1990s. This compound produces hallucinogen-appropriate responding in animal tests with a similar potency to the amphetamine-derived psychedelic DOI, and has two enantiomers, with only the (R)-enantiomer being active. [1]

The binding affinity for 5-HT2A receptor is 13 ± 2 nM (Ki [125I]DOI). It is reported at doses starting at 0.5 mg and 1.0-1.5 mg seem to be psychedelic doses. The duration it is reported between six and eight hours. The effects, still not too documented, are OEV/CEV, sedation and anxiety. [2] [ unreliable source? ]

See also

Related Research Articles

<i>N</i>,<i>N</i>-Dimethyltryptamine Chemical compound

N,N-Dimethyltryptamine is a substituted tryptamine that occurs in many plants and animals, including human beings, and which is both a derivative and a structural analog of tryptamine. It is used as a psychedelic drug and prepared by various cultures for ritual purposes as an entheogen.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Psychedelic drug</span> Hallucinogenic class of psychoactive drug

Psychedelics are a subclass of hallucinogenic drugs whose primary effect is to trigger non-ordinary states of consciousness. This causes specific psychological, visual, and auditory changes, and often a substantially altered state of consciousness. Psychedelic states are often compared to meditative, psychodynamic or transcendental types of alterations of mind. The "classical" psychedelics, the psychedelics with the largest scientific and cultural influence, are mescaline, LSD, psilocybin, and DMT.

<i>alpha</i>-Methyltryptamine Chemical compound

α-Methyltryptamine is a psychedelic, stimulant, and entactogen drug of the tryptamine class. It was originally developed as an antidepressant by workers at Upjohn in the 1960s, and was used briefly as an antidepressant in Russia under the trade name Indopan before being discontinued.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">5-MeO-DMT</span> Chemical compound

5-MeO-DMT (5-methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) or O-methyl-bufotenin is a psychedelic of the tryptamine class. It is found in a wide variety of plant species, and also is secreted by the glands of at least one toad species, the Colorado River toad. Like its close relatives DMT and bufotenin (5-HO-DMT), it has been used as an entheogen in South America. Slang terms include Five-methoxy, The power, and Toad venom.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">4-HO-DiPT</span> Chemical compound

4-Hydroxy-N,N-diisopropyltryptamine is a synthetic psychedelic drug. It is a higher homologue of psilocin, 4-HO-DET, and is a positional isomer of 4-HO-DPT and has a tryptamine molecular sub-structure.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Bufotenin</span> Psychedelic drug found in toads, mushrooms and plants

Bufotenin is a tryptamine derivative - more specifically, a DMT derivative - related to the neurotransmitter serotonin. It is an alkaloid found in some species of toads, mushrooms and plants.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Diethyltryptamine</span> Chemical compound

DET, also known under its chemical name N,N-diethyltryptamine and as T-9, is a psychedelic drug closely related to DMT and 4-HO-DET. However, despite its structural similarity to DMT, its activity is induced by an oral dose of around 50–100 mg, without the aid of MAO inhibitors, and the effects last for about 2–4 hours.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">5-MeO-MiPT</span> Chemical compound

5-MeO-MiPT is a psychedelic and hallucinogenic drug, used by some as an entheogen. It has structural and pharmacodynamic properties similar to the drugs 5-MeO-DiPT, DiPT, and MiPT. It is commonly used as a "substitute" for 5-MeO-DiPT because of the very similar structure and effects.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">4-HO-MiPT</span> Chemical compound

4-HO-MiPT is a synthetic substituted aromatic compound and a lesser-known psychedelic tryptamine. It is thought to be a serotonergic psychedelic, similar to magic mushrooms, LSD and mescaline. Its molecular structure and pharmacological effects somewhat resemble those of the tryptamine psilocin, which is the primary psychoactive chemical in magic mushrooms.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">4-HO-MET</span> Chemical compound

4-HO-MET, is a lesser-known psychedelic drug. It is a structural− and functional analog of psilocin as well as the 4-hydroxyl analog of methylethyltryptamine (MET). 4-HO-MET was first synthesized by Alexander Shulgin. In his book TiHKAL, the dosage is listed as 10-20 mg. 4-HO-MET produces psilocin-like distortion of color, sound, and form. Very little data exists about the pharmacological properties, metabolism, and toxicity of 4-HO-MET. There have been no reports of deaths from 4-HO-MET, even though people have reported taking doses up to 150 mg, more than an order of magnitude above the effective dose.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Pyr-T</span> Chemical compound

Pyr-T (N,N-tetramethylenetryptamine) is a lesser-known, possible psychedelic drug. Pyr-T was first characterized by S. Mitzal. Toxicity testing was later performed by Hunt and Brimblecombe, and although a lethal dosage was found in rats, a value is not given. In the book TiHKAL, neither the dosage nor the duration are reported.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">4-MeO-MiPT</span> Chemical compound

4-MeO-MiPT, or 4-methoxy-N-methyl-N-isopropyltryptamine, is a lesser-known psychedelic drug. It is the 4-methoxy analog of MiPT. 4-MeO-MiPT was first synthesized by Alexander Shulgin and is mentioned in his book TiHKAL. Subsequent testing by Shulgin on human test subjects showed the effective dose as 20-30 mg ; the onset time between ingestion and the first noticeable effects was 45-60 min, with sensations lasting between 2-2.5 hours. The sensation were significantly milder than those of 4-HO-MiPT, with 4-MeO-MiPT producing erotic-enhancing effects, and few of the visuals common with tryptamines. Very little data exists about the pharmacological properties, metabolism, and toxicity of 4-MeO-MiPT.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">5-MeO-pyr-T</span> Chemical compound

5-MeO-pyr-T (5-methoxy-N,N-tetramethylenetryptamine) is a lesser-known psychedelic drug. It is the 5-methoxy analog of pyr-T. 5-MeO-pyr-T was first synthesized by Hunt & Brimblecombe, who credited S. Mitzal for characterization of chemical properties. Later human tests were reported by Alexander Shulgin, in his book TiHKAL. An oral dosage of 0.5 to 2 mg, and an inhaled dosage of 2–3 mg are reported. 5-MeO-pyr-T causes varying reactions, such as amnesia, tinnitus, vomiting, and a 5-MeO-DMT-like rushing sensation. At the highest dosage reported in TiHKAL, the subject describes awakening from an apparent fugue state during which they were wandering the streets, with complete amnesia upon awakening.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">5-MeS-DMT</span> Chemical compound

5-MeS-DMT (5-methylthio-N,N-dimethyltryptamine) is a lesser-known psychedelic drug. It is the 5-methylthio analog of dimethyltryptamine (DMT). 5-MeS-DMT was first synthesized by Alexander Shulgin. In his book TiHKAL, the minimum dosage is listed as 15-30 mg. The duration listed as very short, just like DMT. 5-MeS-DMT produces similar effects to DMT, but weaker. Shulgin describes his feelings while on a low dose of this drug as "pointlessly stoned", although at a higher dose of 20 mg he says it is "quite intense" and suggests that a higher dose still might have full activity.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">5-MeO-MPMI</span> Chemical compound

5-MeO-MPMI is a tryptamine derivative that is a psychedelic drug. It was first developed by the team led by JE Macor in 1992, and subsequently investigated by the team led by David Nichols from Purdue University in the late 1990s. This compound produces psychedelic-appropriate responding in animal tests with a similar potency to the amphetamine-derived psychedelic DOI, and has two enantiomers, with only the (R)-enantiomer being active.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">5-Fluoro-DMT</span> Chemical compound

5-Fluoro-N,N-dimethyltryptamine is a tryptamine derivative related to compounds such as 5-bromo-DMT and 5-MeO-DMT. Fluorination of psychedelic tryptamines either reduces or has little effect on 5-HT2A/C receptor affinity or intrinsic activity, although 6-fluoro-DET is inactive as a psychedelic despite acting as a 5-HT2A agonist, while 4-fluoro-5-methoxy-DMT is a much stronger agonist at 5-HT1A than 5-HT2A.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">4-Fluoro-5-methoxy-DMT</span>

4-Fluoro-5-Methoxy-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (4-F-5-MeO-DMT) was first described by David E. Nichols team in 2000. It is a potent 5-HT1A agonist. Substitution with the 4-fluorine markedly increased 5-HT1A selectivity over 5-HT2A/2C receptors with potency greater than that of the 5-HT1A agonist 8-OH-DPAT.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">4-HO-McPeT</span> Chemical compound

4-HO-McPeT (4-hydroxy-N-methyl-N-cyclopentyltryptamine) is a tryptamine derivative which has serotonergic effects.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MPMI (drug)</span> Chemical compound

3-(N-methylpyrrolidin-3-ylmethyl)indole (MPMI) is a tryptamine derivative which acts as a serotonin receptor agonist. It has been studied as an analogue and trace impurity of the anti-migraine drug eletriptan but is otherwise little known.


  1. Gerasimov M, Marona-Lewicka D, Kurrasch-Orbaugh DM, Qandil AM, Nichols DE (1999). "Further studies on oxygenated tryptamines with LSD-like activity incorporating a chiral pyrrolidine moiety into the side chain". Journal of Medicinal Chemistry. 42 (20): 4257–4263. CiteSeerX . doi:10.1021/jm990325u. PMID   10514296.
  2. "Lucigenol Info - Hip Forums". Archived from the original on 2011-07-11. Retrieved 2010-08-02.