40th G7 summit

Last updated
40th G7 summit
Host countryBelgium [1] European Union
DateJune 4–5, 2014
Cities Brussels [1]
Participants
  • Canada
  • France
  • Germany
  • Italy
  • Japan
  • United Kingdom
  • United States
  • European Union
Follows 39th G8 summit
Precedes 41st G7 summit
Website www.european-council.europa.eu/g7brussels

The 40th G8 summit was due to be held in Russia in 2014. The meeting was planned for June 4–5, 2014 at the Black Sea resort of Sochi. [2] However, the other seven countries decided on March 24 that a summit would be held without Russia, in Brussels, Belgium. [3] It was held in Brussels on June 4–5. [4] [5]

Russia transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and Northern Asia

Russia, or the Russian Federation, is a transcontinental country in Eastern Europe and North Asia. At 17,125,200 square kilometres (6,612,100 sq mi), Russia is by a considerable margin the largest country in the world by area, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area, and the ninth most populous, with about 146.79 million people as of 2019, including Crimea. About 77% of the population live in the western, European part of the country. Russia's capital, Moscow, is one of the largest cities in the world and the second largest city in Europe; other major cities include Saint Petersburg, Novosibirsk, Yekaterinburg and Nizhny Novgorod. Extending across the entirety of Northern Asia and much of Eastern Europe, Russia spans eleven time zones and incorporates a wide range of environments and landforms. From northwest to southeast, Russia shares land borders with Norway, Finland, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, Belarus, Ukraine, Georgia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, China, Mongolia and North Korea. It shares maritime borders with Japan by the Sea of Okhotsk and the U.S. state of Alaska across the Bering Strait. However, Russia recognises two more countries that border it, Abkhazia and South Ossetia, both of which are internationally recognized as parts of Georgia.

Sochi City in Krasnodar Krai, Russia

Sochi is a city in Krasnodar Krai, Russia, located on the Black Sea coast near the border between Georgia/Abkhazia and Russia. The Greater Sochi area, which includes territories and localities subordinated to Sochi proper, has a total area of 3,526 square kilometers (1,361 sq mi) and sprawls for 145 kilometers (90 mi) along the shores of the Black Sea near the Caucasus Mountains. The area of the city proper is 176.77 square kilometers (68.25 sq mi). According to the 2010 Census, the city had a permanent population of 343,334, up from 328,809 recorded in the 2002 Census, making it Russia's largest resort city. Being part of the Caucasian Riviera, it is one of the very few places in Russia with a subtropical climate, with warm to hot summers and mild winters.

Brussels Capital region of Belgium

Brussels, officially the Brussels-Capital Region, is a region of Belgium comprising 19 municipalities, including the City of Brussels, which is the capital of Belgium. The Brussels-Capital Region is located in the central portion of the country and is a part of both the French Community of Belgium and the Flemish Community, but is separate from the Flemish Region and the Walloon Region. Brussels is the most densely populated and the richest region in Belgium in terms of GDP per capita. It covers 161 km2 (62 sq mi), a relatively small area compared to the two other regions, and has a population of 1.2 million. The metropolitan area of Brussels counts over 2.1 million people, which makes it the largest in Belgium. It is also part of a large conurbation extending towards Ghent, Antwerp, Leuven and Walloon Brabant, home to over 5 million people.

Contents

Following 2014 Crimean crisis and accompanying Russian intervention in Crimea, there was talk of suspending or expelling Russia from the G8. [6] [7] On March 24, British prime minister David Cameron announced that the meeting would not take place in Russia due to the Crimean crisis. [8] [9]

Crimea Peninsula in the Black Sea

Crimea is a peninsula on the northern coast of the Black Sea in Eastern Europe that is almost completely surrounded by both the Black Sea and the smaller Sea of Azov to the northeast. It is located south of the Ukrainian region of Kherson, to which it is connected by the Isthmus of Perekop, and west of the Russian region of Kuban, from which it is separated by the Strait of Kerch though linked by the Crimean Bridge. The Arabat Spit is located to the northeast, a narrow strip of land that separates a system of lagoons named Sivash from the Sea of Azov. Across the Black Sea to its west is Romania and to its south Turkey.

David Cameron Former Prime Minister of the United Kingdom

David William Donald Cameron is a British politician who served as Prime Minister of the United Kingdom from 2010 to 2016. He was the Member of Parliament (MP) for Witney from 2001 to 2016 and Leader of the Conservative Party from 2005 to 2016. He identifies as a one-nation conservative, and has been associated with both economically liberal and socially liberal policies.

The G8 is an unofficial forum which brings together the heads of major world powers: Germany, France, the United Kingdom, Italy, Japan, the United States, and Canada (all since 1976) [10] the EU Commission (since 1981) and Russia (until March 2014). [11] When the other seven countries decided to hold the 40th such meeting without Russia, the media dubbed it the 40th G7 summit. [3]

Leaders at the summit

G7 of 45 June 2014 held in Brussels where the various heads of state and government met to discuss the current political situation in the world, in particular the affairs of Ukraine.
Emergency meeting session. G7 in het Catshuis.jpg
Emergency meeting session.

The attendees included the leaders of the seven G7 member states, as well as representatives of the European Union. The President of the European Commission is a permanently welcome participant in all meetings and decision-making since 1981. [11]

European Union Economic and political union of European states

The European Union (EU) is a political and economic union of 28 member states that are located primarily in Europe. It has an area of 4,475,757 km2 (1,728,099 sq mi) and an estimated population of about 513 million. The EU has developed an internal single market through a standardised system of laws that apply in all member states in those matters, and only those matters, where members have agreed to act as one. EU policies aim to ensure the free movement of people, goods, services and capital within the internal market, enact legislation in justice and home affairs and maintain common policies on trade, agriculture, fisheries and regional development. For travel within the Schengen Area, passport controls have been abolished. A monetary union was established in 1999 and came into full force in 2002 and is composed of 19 EU member states which use the euro currency.

President of the European Commission Head of the European Commission

The President of the European Commission is the head of the European Commission, the executive branch of the European Union. The President of the Commission leads a cabinet of Commissioners, referred to as the college, collectively accountable to the European Parliament. The President is empowered to allocate portfolios amongst, reshuffle or dismiss Commissioners as necessary. The college directs the Commission's civil service, sets the policy agenda and determines the legislative proposals it produces.

The 40th G7 summit was the first summit for Italian Prime Minister Matteo Renzi.

Prime Minister of Italy head of government of the Italian Republic

The President of the Council of Ministers of the Italian Republic, commonly referred to in Italy as Presidente del Consiglio, or informally as Premier and known in English as the Prime Minister of Italy, is the head of government of the Italian Republic. The office of Prime Minister is established by Articles 92 through to 96 of the Constitution of Italy. The Prime Minister is appointed by the President of the Republic after each general election and must have the confidence of the Italian Parliament to stay in office.

Matteo Renzi Italian politician

Matteo Renzi is an Italian politician who served as the Prime Minister of Italy from February 2014 until December 2016. After the rejection of his constitutional reform in the December 2016 referendum, Renzi formally resigned on 12 December when Foreign Affairs Minister Paolo Gentiloni was appointed new head of the government by President Sergio Mattarella. Renzi served, with a brief interruption, as Secretary of the Democratic Party from 2013 to 2018, when he resigned after the 2018 electoral defeat. He was also President of the Province of Florence from 2004 to 2009 and Mayor of Florence from 2009 to 2014. Renzi, who did not hold a seat in either house of Parliament during his tenure as Prime Minister, became a member of the Senate in March 2018.

Participants

Core G7 members
Host state and leader are shown in bold text.
MemberRepresented byTitle
Flag of Canada (Pantone).svg Canada Stephen Harper Prime Minister
Flag of France.svg France François Hollande President
Flag of Germany.svg Germany Angela Merkel Chancellor
Flag of Italy.svg Italy Matteo Renzi Prime Minister
Flag of Japan.svg Japan Shinzō Abe Prime Minister
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom David Cameron Prime Minister
Flag of the United States.svg United States Barack Obama President
Flag of Europe.svg European Union José Manuel Barroso Commission President
Herman Van Rompuy Council President

Cancelled Sochi summit

Cancelled 40th G8 summit
Host country Russia
DateJune 4–5, 2014
Cities Sochi
Participantscancelled [1] [12]
Follows 39th G8 summit
Website en.g8russia.ru

Traditionally, the host country of the G8 summit sets the agenda. Presidential Executive Office Chief of Staff Sergei Ivanov was the chairman of the organizational committee on preparation for Russia's G8 presidency. [10] The leaders were expected to focus on responses to new global threats during the next G8 summit. [2] The infrastructure of the 2014 Winter Olympics at Sochi was planned to be used to host the G8 summit. No additional pre-summit costs were budgeted. [2]

Sergei Ivanov Russian senior official and statesman

Sergei Borisovich Ivanov is a Russian senior official and politician who is the Special Representative of the President of the Russian Federation on the Issues of Environmental Activities, Environment and Transport since 12 August 2016.

2014 Winter Olympics 22nd edition of Winter Olympics, held in Sochi (Russia) in 2014

The 2014 Winter Olympics, officially called the XXII Olympic Winter Games and commonly known as Sochi 2014, was an international winter multi-sport event that was held from 7 to 23 February 2014 in Sochi, Krasnodar Krai, Russia, with opening rounds in certain events held on the eve of the opening ceremony, 6 February 2014.

Following the Crimean events in March 2014, Italy, Japan, Germany, Canada, France, the United Kingdom and the United States as well as the President of the European Council and President of the European Commission suspended their participation in preparatory meetings for the G8. In their statement the leaders of the G7 countries stated that Russia's occupation of the Crimea was against the principles of the G7 and contravened the United Nations Charter and its 1997 basing agreement with Ukraine.

See also

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Annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation Annexation of Crimea by Russia from Ukraine in February–March 2014

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The following lists events that happened in 2014 in Russia.

The political status of Crimea has been a subject of a territorial dispute between Ukraine and Russia. Russia annexed Crimea in 2014 following a referendum, and administers it as two federal subjects of Russia, and claimed it to be 'fully integrated' in July 2015. Ukraine and the majority of international governments continue to regard Crimea as an integral part of Ukraine.

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42nd G7 summit

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43rd G7 summit

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The 44th G7 summit was held on 8–9 June 2018, in La Malbaie, Quebec, Canada. This was the sixth time since 1981 that Canada has hosted the meetings.

References

  1. 1 2 3 "Leaders plan Brussels G7 in June instead of G8 in Sochi - source". reuters.com. 2014-03-24. Retrieved 2014-03-25.
  2. 1 2 3 "Russia to hold 2014 G8 summit in Sochi: Putin" at PressTV.ir Archived 2013-06-24 at the Wayback Machine , 19 June 2013; retrieved 2013-6-19.
  3. 1 2 Leaders plan Brussels G7 in June instead of G8 in Sochi Irish Independent, 2014-03-24.
  4. "G-7 spares Russia new sanctions".
  5. "G7 leaders warn Russia of fresh sanctions over Ukraine".
  6. "Lawmakers call for suspension of Russia from G8, swift action against Putin".
  7. "Russia G8 status at risk over 'incredible act of aggression' in Crimea, says Kerry".
  8. Channel 4 News [@Channel4News] (24 March 2014). "There will be no G8 summit in Russia this year - David Cameron. #c4news" (Tweet) via Twitter.
  9. "G8 summit 'won't be held in Russia'", BBC News, 24 March 2014; retrieved 2014-3-24.
  10. 1 2 "2014 G8 Summit to Be Held in Sochi--Putin," RIA Novosti, 4 February 2013'; retrieved 2013-6-19.
  11. 1 2 Reuters: "Factbox: The Group of Eight: what is it?", July 3, 2008.
  12. Russia further isolated as G-8 leaders cancel Sochi summit Archived 2014-03-28 at the Wayback Machine

Coordinates: 43°36′00″N39°43′01″E / 43.6000°N 39.7170°E / 43.6000; 39.7170