4th Ukrainian Front

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4th Ukrainian Front
4ty ukrainski.jpg
The Front's banner in a Moscow museum
Active1943–45
CountryFlag of the Soviet Union (1936-1955).svg  Soviet Union
Branch Red Army flag.svg Red Army
Type Army group
RoleCo-ordination and conduct of Red Army Operations in Ukraine, South-Eastern and Central Europe
Size2-4 Armies
Engagements World War II

The 4th Ukrainian Front (Russian: Четвёртый Украинский фронт) was the name of two distinct Red Army strategic army groups that fought on the Eastern Front in World War II.

Contents

The front was first formed on 20 October 1943, by renaming the Southern Front and was involved in the Lower Dnieper Strategic Offensive Operation, two battles of Kiev and the Crimean Strategic Offensive Operation. After the liberation of Crimea, the front was disbanded in May 1944.

For the second time the 4th Ukrainian Front was created on 4. August 1944, by separating the left wing of the 1st Ukrainian Front. The front took part in the Carpathian Offensive simultaneously with the Battle of the Dukla Pass and after that the front was involved in the battles in East-, North- and Central Slovakia, as well as in the Moravian-Ostrava Offensive Operation on the Polish-Moravian borders and finally in the Prague Offensive which was the final battle of World War II in Europe. [1]

The 4th Ukrainian Front actions were important for the liberation of the Czechoslovakia. The 1st Czechoslovak Army Corps also served within the front since November 1944 until May 1945. [1]

On 25 August 1945, the front was disbanded and its elements incorporated into the Carpathian Military District.

4th Ukrainian Front, April 1944 - May 1944

Order of Battle, on 1 April 1944

Operations

The front's first operations were the Lower Dnieper Strategic Offensive Operation and the Kiev Strategic Offensive and Kiev Strategic Defensive operations. In early 1944, after an amphibious landing against the German-held Crimea, begun the Crimean Strategic Offensive Operation in which 4UF, including 2nd Guards Army, 51st Army and the Separate Coastal Army destroyed the 17th Army which was holding out there. 5th Shock Army and 28th Army were also part of the Front at the time, but do not appear from U.S. military maps to have actually taken part in the battle.

4th Ukrainian Front, August 1944 - August 1945

Order of Battle, 1944 - 1945

Commanders of the Front

Sources and references

  1. 1 2 "4. ukrajinský front opět vytvořen, 5. 8. 1944". Fronta.cz. Retrieved 31 July 2018.
  2. The OOB is taken from Combat composition of the Soviet Army, Voenizdat.

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