|Manufacturer||Hitachi, Kawasaki Heavy Industries, Kinki Sharyo|
|Number built||270 vehicles|
|Number in service||192 vehicles (the rest of 76 vehicles were converted to 289 series)|
|Number scrapped||2 vehicles|
|Formation||3/5/6/9 cars per trainset|
|Operator(s)|| JR-West (2001–)|
Hokuetsu Express (2005–2015)
|Line(s) served||Tokaido Main Line, Kosei Line, Hokuriku Main Line, IR Ishikawa Railway Line, Nanao Line|
|Car body construction||Aluminium alloy, double-skin|
|Maximum speed||160 km/h (100 mph) (683-4000/5000/8000 series)|
130 km/h (80 mph) (683-0/1000/2000/3000 series)
|Traction system||Variable frequency (3-level IGBT)|
|Electric system(s)||20 kV AC 60 Hz / 1,500 V DC overhead|
|Current collection method||WPS27C scissors-type pantograph|
WPS28D single-arm pantograph (683-4000/5000 series)
|Braking system(s)||Regenerative brake, electronically controlled pneumatic brakes, snow-resistant brake|
|Safety system(s)||ATS-SW, ATS-P|
|Multiple working||681 series|
|Track gauge||1,067 mm (3 ft 6 in)|
The 683 series (683系, 683-kei) is a dual-voltage electric multiple unit (EMU) train type operated by West Japan Railway Company (JR-West) and Hokuetsu Express on limited express services in Japan since 2001.
The various formations are configured as follows.
|Numbering||KuHa 682-500||MoHa 683-1300||KuHa 683-700|
|Numbering||KuHa 682-2700||SaHa 683-2400||KuMoHa 683-3500|
|Numbering||KuHa 683-8700||MoHa 683-8000||KuHa 682-8500|
|Numbering||KuMoHa 683-3500||SaHa 683-2400||KuHa 682-2700|
The KuHa 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.
|Numbering||KuMoHa 683-3500||SaHa 683-2500||SaHa 682-2200||MoHa 683-3400||KuRo 682-2000|
The SaHa 682 and KuRo 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.
|Numbering||KuRo 683||SaHa 682||MoHa 683-1000||SaHa 683-300||SaHa 682||KuMoHa 683-1500|
|Numbering||KuMoHa 683-8700||SaHa 682-8000||SaHa 683-8000||MoHa 683-8300||SaHa 682-8000||KuRo 683-8000|
The SaHa 682 cars are each fitted with one scissors-type pantograph.
|Numbering||KuRo 683-4500||SaHa 682-4300||MoHa 683-5400||SaHa 682-4400||MoHa 683-5000||SaHa 683-4700||SaHa 683-4800||SaHa 682-4300||KuMoHa 683-5500|
The SaHa 682 cars are each fitted with one single-arm pantograph.
All of the 683 series trainsets used on Thunderbird limited express services are scheduled to undergo a programme of refurbishment from autumn 2015 until the end of fiscal 2018.The first set treated, nine-car 683-4000 series set T51, was returned to revenue service in September 2015.
From 2015, 85 former Shirasagi 683 series vehicles were converted and reformed to become DC-only 289 series EMUs, formed as three-car, four-car, and six-car sets for use on Hashidate , Kinosaki , Kounotori , and Kurioshio limited express services in the Kyoto and Osaka area.
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