|Chemical and physical data|
|Molar mass||208.69 g·mol−1|
|3D model (JSmol)|
7-Chloro-α-methyltryptamine (7-Cl-AMT) is a tryptamine derivative with stimulant effects, invented in the 1960s. It is a weak monoamine oxidase inhibitor but its pharmacology has not otherwise been studied by modern techniques, though several closely related compounds are known to act as serotonin–dopamine releasing agents and agonists of the 5-HT2A receptor.   
α-Methyltryptamine is a psychedelic, stimulant, and entactogen drug of the tryptamine class. It was originally developed as an antidepressant by workers at Upjohn in the 1960s, and was used briefly as an antidepressant in Russia under the trade name Indopan before being discontinued.
α-Ethyltryptamine, also known as etryptamine, is a psychedelic, stimulant, and entactogenic drug of the tryptamine class. It was originally developed and marketed as an antidepressant under the brand name Monase by Upjohn in the 1960s.
5-Methoxy-alpha-ethyltryptamine (5-MeO-α-ET) is a psychoactive drug and member of the tryptamine chemical class. It produces psychedelic and stimulant effects.
5-Fluoro-α-methyltryptamine, also known as PAL-544, is a putative stimulant, entactogen, and psychedelic tryptamine derivative related to α-methyltryptamine (αMT). It has been found to act as a well-balanced serotonin-norepinephrine-dopamine releasing agent, a 5-HT2A receptor agonist, and a potent and specific MAO-A inhibitor. which suggests that 5-fluoro-αMT could be an active psychedelic in humans, although it is not known to have been tested in humans and could be dangerous due to its strong inhibition of MAO-A.
α-Methylserotonin (αMS), also known as α-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine (α-methyl-5-HT) or 5-hydroxy-α-methyltryptamine (5-HO-αMT), is a tryptamine derivative closely related to the neurotransmitter serotonin (5-HT). It acts as a non-selective serotonin receptor agonist and has been used extensively in scientific research to study the function of the serotonin system.
A serotonin–dopamine releasing agent (SDRA) is a type of drug which induces the release of serotonin and dopamine in the body and/or brain.
7,N,N-trimethyltryptamine (7-methyl-DMT, 7-TMT), is a tryptamine derivative which acts as an agonist of 5-HT2 receptors. In animal tests, both 7-TMT and its 5-methoxy derivative 5-MeO-7-TMT produced behavioural responses similar to those of psychedelic drugs such as DMT, but the larger 7-ethyl and 7-bromo derivatives of DMT did not produce psychedelic responses despite having higher 5-HT2 receptor affinity in vitro (cf. DOBU, DOAM). 7-TMT also weakly inhibits reuptake of serotonin but with little effect on dopamine or noradrenaline reuptake.
7-Methyl-α-ethyltryptamine (7-Me-αET) is a tryptamine derivative related to α-ethyltryptamine (αET). It was discovered by a team at Upjohn in the early 1960s. It has similar pharmacological effects to αET, but is both 3-4 times more potent as a serotonin releasing agent, and 10 times more potent as a monoamine oxidase inhibitor, making it potentially hazardous as this pharmacological profile is shared with drugs such as PMA and 4-MTA, which are known to be dangerous in humans when used at high doses.
Substituted tryptamines, or serotonin analogues, are organic compounds which may be thought of as being derived from tryptamine itself. The molecular structures of all tryptamines contain an indole ring, joined to an amino (NH2) group via an ethyl (−CH2–CH2−) sidechain. In substituted tryptamines, the indole ring, sidechain, and/or amino group are modified by substituting another group for one of the hydrogen (H) atoms.
O-4310 (1-isopropyl-6-fluoro-psilocin) is a tryptamine derivative developed by Organix Inc which acts as a serotonin receptor agonist. It is claimed to have an EC50 of 5nM at 5-HT2A with 89% efficacy vs 5-HT, and 100x selectivity over 5-HT2C, while being apparently inactive at the 5-HT2B antitarget.
6-Fluoro-α-methyltryptamine is a tryptamine derivative related to compounds such as alpha-methyltryptamine and 5-MeO-AMT, which has been sold as a designer drug. Animal tests showed it to be somewhat less active than AMT or 5-fluoro-AMT, but it was nevertheless allegedly manufactured and sold from the laboratory operated by Leonard Pickard and Gordon Todd Skinner, who described 6-fluoro-AMT as "a beast".
5-Chloro-α-methyltryptamine (5-Chloro-αMT), also known as PAL-542, is a tryptamine derivative related to α-methyltryptamine (αMT) and one of only a few known specific serotonin-dopamine releasing agents (SDRAs). It has been investigated in animals as a potential treatment for cocaine dependence. The EC50 values of 5-chloro-αMT in evoking the in vitro release of serotonin (5-HT), dopamine (DA), and norepinephrine (NE) in rat synaptosomes were reported as 16 nM, 54 nM, and 3434 nM, with an NE/DA ratio of 63.6 and a DA/5-HT ratio of 3.38, indicating that it is a highly specific and well-balanced SDRA. However, 5-chloro-αMT has also been found to act as a potent full agonist of the 5-HT2A receptor, with an EC50 value of 6.27 nM and an efficacy of 105%, and almost assuredly acts as a potent agonist of other serotonin receptors as well.
5-Fluoro-α-ethyltryptamine (5-F-AET) is a tryptamine derivative which acts as a serotonin–dopamine releasing agent and agonist of the 5-HT2A receptor.
5-Ethoxy-alpha-methyltryptamine (5-EtO-AMT) is a tryptamine derivative closely related to 5-MeO-AMT. It has an LD50 in mice of 56mg/kg, but its pharmacology has otherwise been little studied.
5-Chloro-N,N-dimethyltryptamine (5-chloro-DMT) is a tryptamine derivative related to compounds such as 5-bromo-DMT and 5-fluoro-DMT. It acts as a serotonin receptor agonist and has primarily sedative effects in animal studies. It has been sold as a designer drug.
5-Fluoro-MET (5F-MET, 5-fluoro-N-methyl-N-ethyltryptamine) is a psychedelic tryptamine derivative related to drugs such as 5-Fluoro-DMT and N-Methyl-N-ethyltryptamine (MET). It acts as an agonist at the 5-HT2A receptor with an EC50 of 20.6 nM and produces a head-twitch response in animal studies. Ring fluorination in this case increases efficacy at 5-HT2A, with 5F-MET having an efficacy of 87.6% vs 5-HT, vs 36.2% for the partial agonist MET. It is claimed to have antidepressant activity.
5-Fluoro-EPT (5F-EPT, 5-fluoro-N-ethyl-N-propyltryptamine) is a psychedelic tryptamine derivative related to drugs such as EPT and 5-MeO-EPT. It acts as a potent full agonist at the 5-HT2A receptor with an EC50 of 5.54 nM and an efficacy of 104% (compared to serotonin). It produces a head-twitch response in animal studies, and is claimed to have antidepressant activity.
7F-5-MeO-MET (5-MeO-7F-MET, 5-Methoxy-7-fluoro-N-methyl-N-ethyltryptamine) is a tryptamine derivative which acts as a serotonin receptor agonist selective for the 5-HT2 subtypes, with a pEC50 of 8.71 at 5-HT2A, vs 8.25 at 5-HT2B and 7.69 at 5-HT2C. In animal tests it produced the most potent head-twitch response of a range of related fluorinated tryptamine derivatives tested, though still with slightly lower potency than psilocybin.