|In service||13 March 2004 – Present|
|Number built||54 vehicles (9 sets)|
|Number in service||48 vehicles (8 sets)|
|Number scrapped||6 vehicles (set U005, earthquake damage)|
|Formation||6 cars per trainset|
|Capacity||Original sets: 392 (Standard class only), New sets: 384|
|Line(s) served||Kyushu Shinkansen|
|Car body construction||Aluminium|
|Car length||25,000 mm (82 ft 0 in) (intermediate cars),|
27,350 mm (89 ft 9 in)
|Width||3,380 mm (11 ft 1 in)|
|Height||3,650 mm (12 ft 0 in)|
|Maximum speed||260 km/h (160 mph)|
|Acceleration||2.5 km/(h⋅s) (1.6 mph/s)|
|Electric system(s)||25 kV AC, 60 Hz overhead catenary|
|Current collection method||Pantograph|
|Track gauge||1,435 mm (4 ft 8+1⁄2 in) standard gauge|
The 800 series (800系) is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) on the Kyushu Shinkansen high-speed rail line. Built by Hitachi, the trains were introduced on the Tsubame services from March 2004.
The 800 series has a maximum speed of 260 km/h (160 mph) in service, although its maximum design speed is 285 km/h (177 mph). It was one of the two recipients of the 45th Laurel Prize awarded by the Japan Railfan Club in 2005.
It abandoned the 700's "duckbill" nose in favor of a sharper nose. The livery is white, with a red stripe.
Following the opening of the entire Kyushu Shinkansen route on 12 March 2011, 800 series trains were primarily used on all-stations Tsubame services operating mostly between Hakata and Kumamoto. They also operate some Sakura services within the Kyushu Shinkansen.
Cars 2 and 5 are equipped with PS207K single-arm pantographs.
|Set number||Date delivered||Withdrawn||Manufacturer|
|U001||30 August 2003||Hitachi|
|U002||16 September 2003||Hitachi|
|U003||6 October 2003||Hitachi|
|U004||11 December 2003||Hitachi|
|U005||28 December 2003||16 March 2018||Hitachi|
|U006||18 July 2005||Hitachi|
The first set, set U001, was delivered on 30 August 2003 (approximately seven months ahead of the opening of the Kyushu Shinkansen between Shin-Yatsushiro and Kagoshima-Chūō), with the last set, set U006, was delivered on 18 July 2005. Set U005 was withdrawn on 16 March 2018 due to damage sustained following the 2016 Kumamoto earthquakes 14 April foreshock.
The Kyushu Shinkansen runs a large portion in tunnels. Designers paid special attention to the interior design of the 800 series to create a more pleasant travel experience. More traditional materials and design features are used to embody Kyushu's warm and natural environment.
Persimmon tannin color is used for the walls, ancient lacquer for the doors, and Kyushu traditional rope curtain from Yatsushiroigusa for the lavatory are used. The seats are made of wood versus metal/plastic combinations from previous trains and the cushions are produced using Nishijin textiles. Window curtains are produced from prunus serrulata,and interior flooring is also made of wood.
Seating is four abreast (2 by 2), with wheelchair-accessible seating and lavatory facilities in two of the six cars.
JR Kyushu announced in December 2008 that three new 800 series sets would be delivered between summer 2009 and autumn 2010, ahead of the completion of the entire Kyushu Shinkansen route between Hakata and Kagoshima-Chūō in 2011.The first of the new batch, set U007, was delivered in June 2009, and entered service on 22 August 2009. Externally, the new sets feature minor livery changes regarding the red stripe, and internally, each car features different colour seat covers. Sets U007 and U009 include track condition monitoring equipment and are numbered in the 800–1000 series, while set U008 features overhead wire and signal monitoring equipment and is numbered in the 800–2000 series.
Cars 2 and 5 are equipped with PS207K single-arm pantographs.
|Set number||Date delivered||Manufacturer||Remarks|
|U007||8 August 2009||Hitachi||-|
|U008||19 March 2010||Hitachi||Cars numbered 8xx-2xxx|
|U009||24 November 2010||Hitachi||-|
The 0 series trains were the first generation Shinkansen trainsets built to run on Japan's new Tōkaidō Shinkansen high-speed line which opened in Japan in 1964. The last remaining trainsets were withdrawn in 2008.
The 100 series was a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type which operated between 1985 and 2012 on the Tokaido Shinkansen and Sanyo Shinkansen high-speed lines. They were introduced after the 200 series trains, but their numbering is such because in the days of Japanese National Railways (JNR), Shinkansen types running east of Tokyo were given even numbers and those west of Tokyo odd numbers, hence they were given the next odd number in line after 0, 100. The last remaining examples of the type were withdrawn from service following the last runs on 16 March 2012.
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The 400 series (400系) was a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type operated by East Japan Railway Company between 1992 and 2010 on Tsubasa services on Japan's first mini-shinkansen line, the Yamagata Shinkansen branch from the main Tohoku Shinkansen.
The 700 series is a Japanese Shinkansen high-speed train type built between 1997 and 2006, and entering service in 1999. Originally designated as "N300" during the development phase, they formed the next generation of shinkansen vehicles jointly designed by JR Central and JR-West for use on the Tokaido Shinkansen, Hakata Minami Line and the San'yō Shinkansen. Though it has since been withdrawn from service on the Tōkaidō Shinkansen, it still operates on the San'yō Shinkansen and Hakata Minami Line.
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The Kyushu Shinkansen is a Japanese high-speed railway line between the cities of Fukuoka and Kagoshima in Kyushu, running parallel to the existing Kagoshima Main Line and operated by JR Kyushu. It is an extension of the San'yō Shinkansen from Honshu. The southern 127 km (79 mi) was constructed first because the equivalent section of the former Kagoshima Main Line is single track, and thus a significant improvement in transit time was gained when this dual track section opened on 13 March 2004, despite the need for passengers to change to a Relay Tsubame narrow gauge train at Shin-Yatsushiro for the remainder of the journey to Hakata. The northern 130 km (81 mi) section opened on 12 March 2011, enabling through-services to Shin-Osaka.
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"WIN350" was the name given to the 500-900 series (500系900番代) 6-car experimental high-speed Shinkansen train developed in 1992 by the West Japan Railway Company in Japan to test technology to be incorporated in next-generation shinkansen trains expected to operate at speeds of 350 km/h (217 mph) from 1994. Initially given the designation "500X", the name "WIN350" stood for "West Japan's Innovation for operation at 350 km/h".
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