813

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Millennium: 1st millennium
Centuries:
Decades:
Years:
813 in various calendars
Gregorian calendar 813
DCCCXIII
Ab urbe condita 1566
Armenian calendar 262
ԹՎ ՄԿԲ
Assyrian calendar 5563
Balinese saka calendar 734–735
Bengali calendar 220
Berber calendar 1763
Buddhist calendar 1357
Burmese calendar 175
Byzantine calendar 6321–6322
Chinese calendar 壬辰(Water  Dragon)
3509 or 3449
     to 
癸巳年 (Water  Snake)
3510 or 3450
Coptic calendar 529–530
Discordian calendar 1979
Ethiopian calendar 805–806
Hebrew calendar 4573–4574
Hindu calendars
 - Vikram Samvat 869–870
 - Shaka Samvat 734–735
 - Kali Yuga 3913–3914
Holocene calendar 10813
Iranian calendar 191–192
Islamic calendar 197–198
Japanese calendar Kōnin 4
(弘仁4年)
Javanese calendar 709–710
Julian calendar 813
DCCCXIII
Korean calendar 3146
Minguo calendar 1099 before ROC
民前1099年
Nanakshahi calendar −655
Seleucid era 1124/1125 AG
Thai solar calendar 1355–1356
Tibetan calendar 阳水龙年
(male Water-Dragon)
939 or 558 or −214
     to 
阴水蛇年
(female Water-Snake)
940 or 559 or −213
Battle of Versinikia near Edirne (Turkey) Versinikia.png
Battle of Versinikia near Edirne (Turkey)

Year 813 ( DCCCXIII ) was a common year starting on Saturday (link will display the full calendar) of the Julian calendar.

Roman numerals Numbers in the Roman numeral system

The numeric system represented by Roman numerals originated in ancient Rome and remained the usual way of writing numbers throughout Europe well into the Late Middle Ages. Numbers in this system are represented by combinations of letters from the Latin alphabet. Roman numerals, as used today, employ seven symbols, each with a fixed integer value, as follows:

A common year starting on Saturday is any non-leap year that begins on Saturday, 1 January, and ends on Saturday, 31 December. Its dominical letter hence is B. The most recent year of such kind was 2011 and the next one will be 2022 in the Gregorian calendar or, likewise, 2017 and 2023 in the obsolete Julian calendar, see below for more. Any common year that starts on Wednesday, Friday or Saturday has only one Friday the 13th; The only Friday the 13th in this common year occurs in May. Leap years starting on Friday share this characteristic.

The Julian calendar, proposed by Julius Caesar in 46 BC, was a reform of the Roman calendar. It took effect on 1 January 45 BC, by edict. It was the predominant calendar in the Roman world, most of Europe, and in European settlements in the Americas and elsewhere, until it was refined and gradually replaced by the Gregorian calendar, promulgated in 1582 by Pope Gregory XIII.

Contents

"813" may also refer to a pair of novels by Maurice Leblanc, starring his gentleman thief Arsène Lupin.
813 (film), a 1920 American film based upon the Leblanc novels.

Maurice Leblanc French writer

Maurice Marie Émile Leblanc was a French novelist and writer of short stories, known primarily as the creator of the fictional gentleman thief and detective Arsène Lupin, often described as a French counterpart to Arthur Conan Doyle's creation Sherlock Holmes.

Arsène Lupin fictional gentleman thief and master of disguise created by French writer Maurice Leblanc

Arsène Lupin is a fictional gentleman thief and master of disguise created in 1905 by French writer Maurice Leblanc. He was originally called Arsène Lopin, until a local politician of the same name protested. The character was first introduced in a series of short stories serialized in the magazine Je sais tout. The first story, "The Arrest of Arsène Lupin", was published on 15 July 1905.

<i>813</i> (film) 1920 film by Charles Christie

813 is a 1920 American mystery film directed by Charles Christie and Scott Sidney, written by Scott Darling from the story by Maurice Leblanc, produced by Al Christie, released by the Christie Film Company and the Robertson-Cole Pictures Corporation, and starring Wedgwood Nowell as jewel thief Arsene Lupin with a supporting cast featuring Ralph Lewis, Wallace Beery, and Laura La Plante.

Events

By place

Byzantine Empire

June 22 is the 173rd day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 192 days remaining until the end of the year.

Battle of Versinikia battle

The Battle of Versinikia was fought in 813 between the Byzantine Empire and the Bulgarian Empire, near the city of Adrianople (Edirne) in present-day Turkey.

Bulgars Turkic tribes

The Bulgars were Turkic semi-nomadic warrior tribes that flourished in the Pontic-Caspian steppe and the Volga region during the 7th century. Emerging as nomadic equestrians in the Volga-Ural region, according to some researchers their roots can be traced to Central Asia. During their westward migration across the Eurasian steppe the Bulgars absorbed other ethnic groups and cultural influences, including Hunnic and Indo-European peoples. Modern genetic research on Central Asian Turkic people and ethnic groups related to the Bulgars points to an affiliation with Western Eurasian populations. The Bulgars spoke a Turkic language, i.e. Bulgar language of Oghuric branch. They preserved the military titles, organization and customs of Eurasian steppes, as well as pagan shamanism and belief in the sky deity Tangra.

Europe

September 11 is the 254th day of the year in the Gregorian calendar. There are 111 days remaining until the end of the year.

Louis the Pious King of Aquitaine

Louis the Pious, also called the Fair, and the Debonaire, was the King of the Franks and co-Emperor with his father, Charlemagne, from 813. He was also King of Aquitaine from 781.

Aquitaine Region in France

Aquitaine, archaic Guyenne/Guienne, is a historical region of France and a former administrative region of the country. It is now part of the region Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is situated in the south-western part of Metropolitan France, along the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees mountain range on the border with Spain. It is composed of the five departments of Dordogne, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Landes and Gironde. In the Middle Ages, Aquitaine was a kingdom and a duchy, whose boundaries fluctuated considerably.

Abbasid Caliphate

Siege of Baghdad (812–813)

The siege of Baghdad was a part of a civil war between al-Amin and al-Ma'mun for the Abbasid Caliphate of Baghdad. The siege lasted from August 812 until September 813. The siege is described in great detail by Muhammad ibn Jarir al-Tabari in his famous History of the Prophets and Kings.

Al-Amin the sixth Arab Abbasid Caliph

Muhammad ibn Harun al-Rashid, better known by his regnal name of al-Amin, was the sixth Abbasid Caliph. He succeeded his father, Harun al-Rashid in 809 and ruled until he was deposed and killed in 813, during the civil war with his brother, al-Ma'mun.

Baghdad Capital of Iraq

Baghdad is the capital of Iraq. The population of Baghdad, as of 2016, is approximately 8,765,000, making it the largest city in Iraq, the second largest city in the Arab world, and the second largest city in Western Asia.

By topic

Religion

In the medieval Roman Catholic church there were several Councils of Tours, that city being an old seat of Christianity, and considered fairly centrally located in France.

Vernacular native language or native dialect (usually colloquial or informal) of a specific population

A vernacular, or vernacular language, is the language or variety of a language used in everyday life by the common people of a specific population. It is distinguished from a standard, national or literary language or a lingua franca, used to facilitate communication across a large area. It is usually native, mostly spoken rather than written and usually seen as of lower status than more standardized forms. It can be a language, dialect or sociolect.

Vulgar Latin Non-standard Latin variety spoken by the people of Ancient Rome

Vulgar Latin or Sermo Vulgaris, also Colloquial Latin, or Common Romance, was a range of non-standard sociolects of Latin spoken in the Mediterranean region during and after the classical period of the Roman Empire. Compared to Classical Latin, written documentation of Vulgar Latin appears less standardized.

Births

Deaths

Related Research Articles

The 800s decade ran from January 1, 800, to December 31, 809.

The 810s decade ran from January 1, 810, to December 31, 819.

The 820s decade ran from January 1, 820, to December 31, 829.

814 Year

Year 814 (DCCCXIV) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

811 Year

Year 811 (DCCCXI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar.

809 Year

Year 809 (DCCCIX) was a common year starting on Monday of the Julian calendar.

803 Year

Year 803 (DCCCIII) was a common year starting on Sunday of the Julian calendar.

802 Year

Year 802 (DCCCII) was a common year starting on Saturday of the Julian calendar.

812 Year

Year 812 (DCCCXII) was a leap year starting on Thursday of the Julian calendar.

766 Year

Year 766 (DCCLXVI) was a common year starting on Wednesday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 766 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

717 Year

Year 717 (DCCXVII) was a common year starting on Friday of the Julian calendar. The denomination 717 for this year has been used since the early medieval period, when the Anno Domini calendar era became the prevalent method in Europe for naming years.

Theophilos (emperor) Byzantine emperor

Theophilos was the Byzantine Emperor from 829 until his death in 842. He was the second emperor of the Amorian dynasty and the last emperor to support iconoclasm. Theophilos personally led the armies in his lifelong war against the Arabs, beginning in 831.

Krum Khan of Bulgaria

Krum was the Khan of Bulgaria from sometime between 796 and 803 until his death in 814. During his reign the Bulgarian territory doubled in size, spreading from the middle Danube to the Dnieper and from Odrin to the Tatra Mountains. His able and energetic rule brought law and order to Bulgaria and developed the rudiments of state organization.

Al-Mamun the seventh Abbasid Caliph

Abu al-Abbas al-Maʾmūn ibn Hārūn al-Rashīd was the seventh Abbasid caliph, who reigned from 813 until his death in 833. He succeeded his brother al-Amin after a civil war, and was also known for his role in the Mu'tazilism controversy, and the resumption of large-scale warfare with the Byzantine Empire.

Khuzayma ibn Khazim ibn Khuzayma al-Tamimi was a powerful grandee in the early Abbasid Caliphate. The son of the distinguished military leader Khazim ibn Khuzayma, he inherited a position of privilege and power, and served early on in high state offices. He was crucial in securing the accession of Harun al-Rashid in 786, and was an influential figure throughout his reign. During the civil war of 811–813 he sided with al-Amin, but finally defected to the camp of al-Amin's brother al-Ma'mun and played a decisive role in ending the year-long siege of Baghdad in a victory for al-Ma'mun's forces.

References

  1. John V.A. Fine, Jr. (1991). The Early Medieval Balkans: A Critical Survey from the Sixth to the Late Twelfth Century, pp. 98–99.
  2. Runciman, pp. 64–65 [ permanent dead link ].
  3. Fishbein (1992), pp. 197–202.
  4. Nadeau, Jean-Benoît and Barlow, Julie, The Story of French (Alfred A. Knopf 2006), p. 25.