84th Academy Awards

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84th Academy Awards
84th Academy Awards Poster.png
Official poster
DateFebruary 26, 2012
Site Hollywood and Highland Center Theatre [a]
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
Hosted by Billy Crystal [1]
Preshow hostsJess Cagle
Nina García
Tim Gunn
Robin Roberts
Louise Roe [2]
Produced by Brian Grazer
Don Mischer [3]
Directed by Don Mischer [3]
Highlights
Best Picture The Artist
Most awardsThe Artist and Hugo (5)
Most nominationsHugo (11)
TV in the United States
Network ABC
Duration3 hours, 13 minutes [4]
Ratings39.46 million
23.91% (Nielsen ratings) [5]

The 84th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2011 in the United States and took place on February 26, 2012, at the Hollywood and Highland Center Theatre [a] in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, and produced by Brian Grazer and Don Mischer, with Mischer also serving as director. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the ninth time. He first presided over the 62nd ceremony held in 1990 and had last hosted the 76th ceremony held in 2004. [6]

Contents

On June 14, 2011, Academy president Tom Sherak announced at a press conference that, in an attempt to further revitalize interest surrounding the awards, the 2012 ceremony would feature between five and ten Best Picture nominees depending on voting results, as opposed to a set number of nominees. [7] In related events, the Academy held its third annual Governors Awards ceremony at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center on November 12, 2011. [8] On February 11, 2012, in a ceremony at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Milla Jovovich. [9]

The Artist won five awards, including Best Picture, making it the first silent feature to win an Academy Award for Best Picture since Wings . [10] [11] [12] Other winners included Hugo with five awards, The Iron Lady with two awards, and Beginners , The Descendants , The Fantastic Flying Books of Mr. Morris Lessmore , The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo , The Help , Midnight in Paris , The Muppets , Rango , Saving Face , A Separation , The Shore , and Undefeated with one. The telecast garnered more than 39 million viewers in the United States.

Winners and nominees

The nominees for the 84th Academy Awards were announced on January 24, 2012, at 5:38 a.m. PST (13:38 UTC) at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Tom Sherak, president of the Academy, and the actress Jennifer Lawrence. [13] Hugo led all nominees with eleven nominations; The Artist came in second with ten. [14]

The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 26, 2012. [15] The Artist was the second silent feature to win Best Picture. The 1927 film Wings was the first such film to achieve this distinction at the inaugural awards ceremony in 1929. [16] Moreover, it was also the first black-and-white feature to win Best Picture since 1993's Schindler's List . [16] [b] Best Actor winner Jean Dujardin became the first French actor to win an Oscar. [17] With her latest win for Best Actress, Meryl Streep became the fifth performer to win at least three acting Oscars. [17] [18]

Awards

Thomas Langmann, Best Picture winner Thomas Langmann Cesar 2012.jpg
Thomas Langmann, Best Picture winner
Michel Hazanavicius, Best Director winner Michel Hazanavicius Cannes 2015.jpg
Michel Hazanavicius, Best Director winner
Jean Dujardin, Best Actor winner Jean Dujardin Cannes 2011.jpg
Jean Dujardin, Best Actor winner
Meryl Streep, Best Actress winner Meryl Streep December 2018.jpg
Meryl Streep, Best Actress winner
Christopher Plummer, Best Supporting Actor winner Christopher Plummer 2014.jpg
Christopher Plummer, Best Supporting Actor winner
Octavia Spencer, Best Supporting Actress winner "Hidden Figures" Screening at the White House (NHQ201612150008) (cropped).jpg
Octavia Spencer, Best Supporting Actress winner
Woody Allen, Best Original Screenplay winner Woody Allen (2006).jpeg
Woody Allen, Best Original Screenplay winner
Nat Faxon, Best Adapted Screenplay co-winner Nat Faxon July 14, 2014 (cropped).jpg
Nat Faxon, Best Adapted Screenplay co-winner
Jim Rash, Best Adapted Screenplay co-winner Jim Rash by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Jim Rash, Best Adapted Screenplay co-winner
Asghar Farhadi, Best Foreign Language Film winner Asghar Farhadi Cannes 2013.jpg
Asghar Farhadi, Best Foreign Language Film winner

Winners are listed first, highlighted in boldface, and indicated with a double dagger (Double-dagger-14-plain.png). [19]

Honorary Academy Awards

The Academy held its 3rd Annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 12, 2011, during which the following awards were presented. [8] [20]

Academy Honorary Award

  • James Earl Jones For his legacy of consistent excellence and uncommon versatility.
  • Dick Smith For his unparalleled mastery of texture, shade, form, and illusion.

Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award

Films with multiple nominations and awards

Presenters and performers

The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers. [21] [22]

Presenters

Name(s)Role
Melissa Disney
Tom Kane
Announcers for the 84th annual Academy Awards
Morgan Freeman Presenter of the opening montage
Tom Hanks Presenter of the awards for Best Cinematography and Best Art Direction
Cameron Diaz
Jennifer Lopez
Presenters of the awards for Best Costume Design and Best Makeup
Sandra Bullock Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film
Christian Bale Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress
Bradley Cooper
Tina Fey
Presenters of the awards for Best Film Editing, Best Sound Editing, and Best Sound Mixing
Kermit the Frog
Miss Piggy
Introducers of the performance by Cirque du Soleil
Robert Downey Jr.
Gwyneth Paltrow
Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Feature
Chris Rock Presenter of the award for Best Animated Feature Film
Ben Stiller
Emma Stone
Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects
Melissa Leo Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor
Tom Sherak (AMPAS President)Special presentation congratulating host Billy Crystal and producers Brian Grazer and Don Mischer
Penélope Cruz
Owen Wilson
Presenters of the award for Best Original Score
Will Ferrell
Zach Galifianakis
Presenters of the award for Best Original Song
Angelina Jolie Presenter of the awards for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Original Screenplay
Milla Jovovich Presenter of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and the Gordon E. Sawyer Award
Rose Byrne
Ellie Kemper
Melissa McCarthy
Wendi McLendon-Covey
Maya Rudolph
Kristen Wiig
Presenters of the awards for Best Live Action Short Film, Best Documentary Short Subject, and Best Animated Short Film
Michael Douglas Presenter of the award for Best Director
Meryl Streep Presenter of the segment of the Honorary Academy Awards and the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Billy Crystal Presenter of the In Memoriam tribute
Natalie Portman Presenter of the award for Best Actor
Colin Firth Presenter of the award for Best Actress
Tom Cruise Presenter of the Best Picture segment and the award for Best Picture

Performers

Name(s)RolePerformed
Peter Asher
Ann Marie Calhoun
Sheila E.
Junkie XL
Giorgio Moroder
A. R. Rahman
Esperanza Spalding
Martin Tillman
Pharrell Williams
Stephane Wrembel
Hans Zimmer [23]
Musical arrangersOrchestral
Billy Crystal PerformerOpening number
Cirque du Soleil PerformersSpecial performance in a tribute to movie memories
Esperanza Spalding
Southern California Children's Chorus
Performers"What a Wonderful World" during the annual In Memoriam tribute

Ceremony information

Billy Crystal hosted the 84th Academy Awards Billy Crystal by Gage Skidmore.jpg
Billy Crystal hosted the 84th Academy Awards

Because of the declining viewership of recent Academy Awards ceremonies, the Academy sought ideas to revamp the show while renewing interest with the nominated films. In light of the previous year's telecast, whose performance by co-hosts James Franco and Anne Hathaway yielded critically negative reviews and a 9% decline in viewership, many within the Motion Picture Academy proposed new ways to give the awards a more populist appeal. [24] [25] After a two-year experiment with ten Best Pictures nominees, AMPAS president Tom Sherak announced that the number of final nominees can now range from five to ten as opposed a fixed number. [7] The nomination voting process would be the same as before, through preferential balloting, but now only films that receive a minimum of 5% of total number-one votes are eligible for Best Picture nominations. [26] Academy then-executive director Bruce Davis explained, "A Best Picture nomination should be an indication of extraordinary merit. If there are only eight pictures that truly earn that honor in a given year, we shouldn't feel an obligation to round out the number." [27] [28] Changes in the Best Animated Feature also were announced. In response to the growing number of animated features released per year, the Academy stated in a press release that four to five films would now be nominated per year contingent on how many animated feature films were released in that year. [29]

Originally, the Academy selected director Brett Ratner as co-producer of the ceremony with Don Mischer in August 2011. [30] Actor and comedian Eddie Murphy was hired by Ratner to preside over hosting duties. [31] However, after commenting to radio host Howard Stern during an interview promoting the film Tower Heist that "rehearsal is for fags" and disparaging remarks about actress Olivia Munn, Ratner resigned from his co-producing duties on November 8. [32] [33] Murphy subsequently stepped down as host the following day. [34] Immediately, the Academy selected film producer Brian Grazer to replace Ratner as co-producer. [35] Actor and veteran Oscar emcee Billy Crystal was recruited by Grazer to take over hosting duties. [36]

Multiple others participated in the production of the ceremony. Musicians Hans Zimmer and Pharrell Williams composed new music exclusive to the Oscars ceremony, which was later released as an album via the iTunes Store. [23] [37] Oscar-winning production designer John Myhre designed a new stage for the ceremony. [38] Director Bennett Miller filmed several vignettes featuring actors discussing movie memories and the business of filmmaking. [39] Cirque du Soleil, who was concurrently renting the Hollywood and Highland Center for their show Iris , performed a dance number at the ceremony inspired by their aforementioned show. [40] Unlike most Oscar ceremonies, however, Grazer and Mischer announced that neither of the two songs nominated for Best Original Song would be performed live. [41]

Box office performance of nominated films

For the first time since 2008, only one of the nominees for Best Picture had grossed over $100 million before the nominations were announced (compared with three from the previous year). [42] The combined gross of the nine Best Picture nominees when the Oscars were announced was $518 million with an average gross of $57.7 million per film. [43]

None of the nine Best Picture nominees was among the top ten releases in box office during the nominations. When the nominations were announced on January 24, 2012, The Help was the highest-grossing film among the Best Picture nominees with $169.6 million in domestic box office receipts. Among the remaining eight nominees, Moneyball was the second-highest-grossing film with $75.5 million; this was followed by War Horse ($72.3 million), Midnight in Paris ($56.4 million), Hugo ($55.9 million), The Descendants ($51.3 million), The Tree of Life ($13.3 million), The Artist ($12.1 million) and Extremely Loud & Incredibly Close ($10.7 million). [44]

Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 36 nominations went to 15 films on the list. Only The Help (13th), Bridesmaids (14th), Kung Fu Panda 2 (15th), Puss in Boots (16th), Rango (22nd), The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (28th), Moneyball (43rd), and War Horse (46th) were nominated for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature or any of the directing, acting or screenwriting awards. [45] The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 (1st), Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2nd), Rise of the Planet of the Apes (11th), Rio (18th), The Muppets (34th), Real Steel (35th), and The Adventures of Tintin (47th). [45]

Critical reviews

The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets were more critical of the show. Television critic Lori Rackl of the Chicago Sun-Times criticized Crystal's performance saying that the emcee "left his A game at home Sunday. Crystal's mediocre monologue was consistent with a mediocre 84th installment of Hollywood's biggest awards ceremony. [46] Columnist Tim Goodman of The Hollywood Reporter quipped that "Somewhere, against all odds, James Franco is buying drinks for everybody." He went on to say that the previous year's critically panned telecast was eclipsed by Crystal's dull antics and that the show itself was "poorly paced as any in recent memory." [47] Alessandra Stanley of The New York Times lamented, "The whole night looked like an AARP pep rally." She also noted that, "For a town that prides itself on tinsel and titillation, the night was pretty tame." [48]

Other media outlets received the broadcast more positively. Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly commented that despite the ceremony running over three hours and honoring films that had earned modest box office numbers, "it was a jolly good show." He also praised the cast and several sketches and segments from the show. [49] Film critic Roger Ebert lauded Crystal's performance saying "As probably the most popular Oscar emcee, he astonished the audience by topping himself." Of the show itself, Ebert added that it was "an unqualified improvement" over the previous year's ceremony. [50] Associated Press critic Frazier Moore pointed out that Crystal's performance "was nothing new or unexpected in his act", but he extolled him for stewarding "a sleek and entertaining Oscarcast." [51]

Ratings and reception

The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 39.46 million people over its length, which was a 4% increase from the previous year's ceremony. [5] [52] An estimated 76.56 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. [53] The show also earned higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 23.91% of households watching over a 37.64 share. However the program scored a sightly lower 18-49 demo rating with an 11.67 rating over a 32.68 share among viewers in that demographic, essentially flat with last year's numbers. [54] Many media outlets pointed out that the 54th Grammy Awards held two weeks earlier drew a larger audience with an average 39.92 million people watching. [55] [56]

In July 2012, the ceremony presentation received eight nominations at the 64th Primetime Emmys. [57] Two months later, the ceremony won one of those nominations for Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Variety Series or Special (Paul Sandweiss, Tommy Vicari, Pablo Munguia, Kristian Pedregon, Bob Lamasney, Brian Riordan, Thomas Pesa, Michael Parker, Josh Morton, Patrick Baltzell, Larry Reed, and John Perez). [58]

In Memoriam

The annual In Memoriam tribute, was presented by host Billy Crystal. Singer Esperanza Spalding performed the Louis Armstrong song "What a Wonderful World" alongside the Southern California Children's Chorus during the tribute. [59] [60]

See also

Notes

Related Research Articles

Academy Awards Annual awards for cinematic achievements

The Academy Awards, popularly known as the Oscars, are awards for artistic and technical merit in the film industry. They are regarded as one of the most significant and prestigious awards in the entertainment industry. Given annually by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), the awards are an international recognition of excellence in cinematic achievements, as assessed by the Academy's voting membership. The various category winners are awarded a copy of a golden statuette as a trophy, officially called the "Academy Award of Merit", although more commonly referred to by its nickname, the "Oscar". The statuette depicts a knight rendered in the Art Deco style.

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82nd Academy Awards Award ceremony for films of 2009

The 82nd Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2009 and took place on March 7, 2010, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. The ceremony was scheduled after its usual late-February date to avoid conflicting with the 2010 Winter Olympics. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, and was produced by Bill Mechanic and Adam Shankman and directed by Hamish Hamilton. Actors Alec Baldwin and Steve Martin hosted the show. Martin hosted for the third time; he first presided over the 73rd ceremony held in 2001 and last hosted the 75th ceremony held in 2003. Meanwhile, this was Baldwin's first Oscars hosting stint. This was also the first telecast to have multiple hosts since the 59th ceremony held in 1987.

83rd Academy Awards Award ceremony for films of 2010

The 83rd Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2010 in the United States and took place on February 27, 2011, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST. During the ceremony, Academy Awards were presented in 24 competitive categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, and produced by Bruce Cohen and Don Mischer, with Mischer also serving as director. Actors James Franco and Anne Hathaway co-hosted the ceremony, marking the first time for each.

85th Academy Awards Award ceremony for films of 2012

The 85th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2012 and took place on February 24, 2013, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. The ceremony was the first in the Academy's 85-year history to adopt the phrase "The Oscars" as the ceremony's official name during the broadcast and marketing. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, and produced by Craig Zadan and Neil Meron and directed by Don Mischer. Actor Seth MacFarlane hosted the show for the first time.

87th Academy Awards Award ceremony for films of 2014

The 87th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2014 and took place on February 22, 2015, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, produced by Neil Meron and Craig Zadan and directed by Hamish Hamilton. Actor Neil Patrick Harris hosted the ceremony for the first time.

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