Ağrı Province

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Ağrı Province

Ağrı ili
Agri in Turkey.svg
Location of Ağrı Province in Turkey
Country Turkey
Region Northeast Anatolia
Subregion Ağrı
Government
   Electoral district Ağrı
   Governor Osman Varol
Area
  Total11,376 km2 (4,392 sq mi)
Population
 (2018) [1]
  Total539,657
  Density47/km2 (120/sq mi)
Area code(s) 0472
Vehicle registration 04
Website http://www.agri.gov.tr

The Ağrı Province (Turkish : Ağrı ili, Kurdish : Parêzgeha Agiriyê [2] ) is a province in eastern Turkey, bordering Iran to the east, Kars to the north, Erzurum to the northwest, Muş and Bitlis to the southwest, Van to the south, and Iğdır to the northeast. It has an area of 11,376 km² and a population of 542,022 (2010 est). The province is considered part of Western Armenia by Armenians [3] and mostly was part of ancient province of Ayrarat [4] of Kingdom of Armenia. Before the Armenian genocide, modern Ağri Province was part of the six Armenian vilayets. [5] [6] The province is considered part of Turkish Kurdistan and has a Kurdish majority. [7] [8]

Contents

The provincial capital is Ağrı, situated on a 1,650 metres (5,410 ft) high plateau. Doğubayazıt was the capital of the province until 1946. [9] The current governor is Süleyman Elban. [10]

Districts

Districts of Agri Province Agri districts.png
Districts of Ağrı Province

Ağrı province is divided into eight districts (capital district in bold):

Geography

Ağrı is named after the nearby Mount Ararat, a 5,137 metres (16,854 ft) high stratovolcano, the highest mountain in Turkey and a national symbol to Armenians (see Western Armenia). It can be climbed from here and can be seen from parts of Azerbaijan, Iran, Georgia, and Armenia. The nearest town to the mountain is Doğubayazıt.

46% of the province is mountainous, 29% is plain, 18% is plateau, and 7% high meadow. As well as Ararat there are many other peaks over 3,000m, including Aladağlar and Tendürek. The plains are fertile, being covered in volcanic deposits, and are used for growing grains and grazing. Various tributaries of the Murat River (which later feeds the Euphrates) flow through the area and water these plains. The high meadows are used for grazing.

The weather here is very cold (temperatures as low as -10°C (14°F) in winter) and the mountainsides are mainly bare. There are a number of important passes and routes through the mountains.

History

The plateau of Ağrı was controlled by the Kingdom of Urartu until its transition to the Kingdom of Armenia. The area was coveted by many as a gateway between east and west. It was conquered numerous times by Assyrians, Greeks, Romans, Byzantines, Arabs, Georgians, Mongols, Persians, and finally by the Seljuq and Ottoman Turks.

The first Muslims in the area were the Abbasids in 872. The Turkish tribes began to pass through in huge numbers following the defeat of the Byzantine armies at Malazgirt in 1071, sometimes pursued by Mongols. The land was brought into the Ottoman Empire by Sultan Selim I following the Battle of Chaldiran. The region was part of the Erzurum Vilayet during the Ottoman Empire.

Inspectorates-General

In the late 1920s, in an attempt to curb the Ararat rebellion, [11] [12] the province was included into the First Inspectorate-General (Turkish : Birinci Umumi Müfettişlik) [13] comprising the provinces of Mardin, Diyarbakır, Van, Elazıĝ, Bitlis, Hakkari, Şanlıurfa and Siirt. [14]

In September 1935 the province was transferred into the third Inspectorate General (Umumi Müfettişlik, UM). [15] The third UM span over the provinces of Erzurum, Artvin, Rize, Trabzon, Kars Gümüşhane, Erzincan and Ağrı. It was governed by a Inspector General seated in the city of Erzurum. [15] [16] The Inspectorate General was dissolved in 1952 during the Government of the Democrat Party. [17]

Recent events

On August 19, 2006, the Tabriz–Ankara gas pipeline exploded in the province. Turkish authorities suspect Kurdish rebels were behind the incident. [18]

Ağrı today

The economy is mainly agricultural. People also live by breeding animals. Ağrı attracts tourists to the mountains, for climbing and trekking in summers, and skiing in winters. Places of interest include:

Demographics

DistrictTotalUrbanRural
Ağrı 149,581117,43132,150
Patnos 120,65465,53055,124
Doğubayazıt 120,32079,34940,971
Diyadin 42,34020,38721,953
Eleşkirt 33,94016,04217,898
Tutak 30,6996,74123,958
Taşlıçay 20,4906,12914,361
Hamur 18,2613,19815,063
Province536,285 314,807 221,478

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Kars Province Province of Turkey

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Trabzon Province Province of Turkey

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Elazığ Province Province of Turkey

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Kırklareli Province Province of Turkey

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Bingöl Province Province of Turkey

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Bitlis Province Province of Turkey

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Siirt Province Province of Turkey

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Doğubayazıt Place in Ağrı, Turkey

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Şırnak Province Province of Turkey

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Inspectorates-General or General Inspectorates was a regional governorship whose authorities prevailed over civilian, military and judicial institutions under their domain of the direct command of Mustafa Kemal in order to establishing authoritarian rule and to consolidate the authority in the process of Turkification of religious and ethnic minorities.

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The Fourth Inspectorate-General refers to a regional administrative subdivision in the Dersim region.

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References

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  10. "Ağrı Valiliği". www.agri.gov.tr. Retrieved 2020-03-25.
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  13. Cagaptay (2006), p.24
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  15. 1 2 "Üçüncü Umumi Müfettişliği'nin Kurulması ve III. Umumî Müfettiş Tahsin Uzer'in Bazı Önemli Faaliyetleri". Dergipark. p. 2. Retrieved 8 April 2020.
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  18. "Gas pipeline explodes in Turkish rebel region". CNN. 2006-08-19. Archived from the original on 2006-08-24. Retrieved 2008-04-04.