A. K. Faezul Huq (Bengali : এ. কে. ফায়জুল হক) (March 15, 1945 – July 19, 2007) was a Bangladeshi politician, lawyer, and columnist. Huq served as a member of parliament on three occasions, and held various ministerial portfolios including Public Works, Urban Development, Jute, and Textiles since the independence of Bangladesh. He was first elected member of Pakistan National Assembly (MNA) from Banaripara Upazila-Swarupkathi-Nazirpur Upazila constituency on Awami League nomination in 1970.
Bengali, also known by its endonym Bangla, is an Indo-Aryan language primarily spoken by the Bengalis in South Asia. It is the official and most widely spoken language of Bangladesh and second most widely spoken of the 22 scheduled languages of India, behind Hindi. In 2015, 160 million speakers were reported for Bangladesh, and the 2011 Indian census counted another 100 million.
Bangladesh, officially the People's Republic of Bangladesh, is a sovereign country in South Asia. It shares land borders with India and Myanmar (Burma). The country's maritime territory in the Bay of Bengal is roughly equal to the size of its land area. Bangladesh is the world's eighth most populous country as well as its most densely-populated, to the exclusion of small island nations and city-states. Dhaka is its capital and largest city, followed by Chittagong, which has the country's largest port.
A politician is a person active in party politics, or a person holding or seeking office in government. Politicians propose, support and create laws or policies that govern the land and, by extension, its people. Broadly speaking, a "politician" can be anyone who seeks to achieve political power in any bureaucratic institution.
Born at Calcutta, Faezul was the only son of A. K. Fazlul Huq, then Prime Minister of undivided Bengal. He attended St. Gregory's High School, Dhaka Notre Dame College, and obtained his BA (Hon's) [Political Science] and MA [English] degrees from Dhaka University in 1966 and 1967 respectively. Later, Faezul completed his Law from Dhaka University, and Central Law College.
Abul Kasem Fazlul Huq was a Bengali lawyer, legislator and statesman in the 20th century. Huq was a major political figure in British India and later in Pakistan. He was one of the most reputed lawyers in the High Court of Dacca and High Court of Calcutta. Born in Bakerganj, he was an alumnus of the University of Calcutta. He worked in the regional civil service and began his political career in Eastern Bengal and Assam in 1906.
Law is a system of rules that are created and enforced through social or governmental institutions to regulate behavior. It has been defined both as "the Science of Justice" and "the Art of Justice". Law is a system that regulates and ensures that individuals or a community adhere to the will of the state. State-enforced laws can be made by a collective legislature or by a single legislator, resulting in statutes, by the executive through decrees and regulations, or established by judges through precedent, normally in common law jurisdictions. Private individuals can create legally binding contracts, including arbitration agreements that may elect to accept alternative arbitration to the normal court process. The formation of laws themselves may be influenced by a constitution, written or tacit, and the rights encoded therein. The law shapes politics, economics, history and society in various ways and serves as a mediator of relations between people.
In August 1969, Faezul Huq joined the Department of Political Science at the Notre Dame College, Dhaka as a lecturer on invitation. Huq later left the teaching profession and joined full-time politics in March 1970. He was elected as one of the youngest MNA in the then Pakistan National Assembly. Faezul was kept in confinement from July 1971 to end of September 1972, during the Bangladesh Liberation War, at Faisalabad former Lyallpur (then West Pakistan).
The Bangladesh Liberation War, also known as the Bangladesh War of Independence, or simply the Liberation War in Bangladesh, was a revolution and armed conflict sparked by the rise of the Bengali nationalist and self-determination movement in what was then East Pakistan during the 1971 Bangladesh genocide. It resulted in the independence of the People's Republic of Bangladesh. The war began after the Pakistani military junta based in West Pakistan launched Operation Searchlight against the people of East Pakistan on the night of 25 March 1971. It pursued the systematic elimination of nationalist Bengali civilians, students, intelligentsia, religious minorities and armed personnel. The junta annulled the results of the 1970 elections and arrested Prime minister-designate Sheikh Mujibur Rahman. The war ended on 16 December 1971 after West Pakistan surrendered.
Faisalabad, formerly known as Lyallpur, is the third-most-populous city in Pakistan, and the second-largest in the eastern province of Punjab. Historically one of the first planned cities within British India, it has long since developed into a cosmopolitan metropolis. Faisalabad was restructured into city district status; a devolution promulgated by the 2001 local government ordinance (LGO). The total area of Faisalabad District is 5,856 km2 (2,261 sq mi) while the area controlled by the Faisalabad Development Authority (FDA) is 1,280 km2 (490 sq mi). Faisalabad has grown to become a major industrial and distribution centre because of its central location in the region and connecting roads, rails, and air transportation. It has been referred to as the "Manchester of Pakistan". Faisalabad contributes over 20 percent of Punjab's GDP, and has an average annual GDP of $20.5 billion. Agriculture and industry remain its hallmark.
West Pakistan was one of the two exclaves created at the formation of the modern State of Pakistan following the 1947 Partition of India.
Huq later remained inactive till 1978, when he rejoined politics and was elected MP in 1979. He was made a member of the envoy's pool in 1980, and Director of Bangladesh Krishi Bank in 1981. He was appointed a Minister of State in charge of Public Works in early 1982, and remained in office till Martial Law was declared in March 1982. Between 1982 and 1994 he worked in the area of social work and sports. In 1994, he joined politics again, and was elected in 1996 June election. He was appointed Minister of State in charge of Ministry of Jute & Textiles. He was also an active member of the Lions Club in Bangladesh for 30 years, and had served District Governor 315 in various capacities till his death.
Bangladesh Krishi Bank is a fully government owned bank in Bangladesh in 1973. The primary purpose of the bank is to provide services to farmers and agricultural industry.
A minister is a politician who heads a government department, making and implementing decisions on policies in conjunction with the other ministers. In some jurisdictions the head of government is also a minister and is designated the "prime minister", "premier", "chief minister", "Chancellor" or other title.
In his final years, Faezul Huq appeared on numerous television programs; namely, talk shows.[ citation needed ] Faezul also worked as a freelance journalist, writing for newspapers and periodicals including New Age, Holiday, Dhaka Courier, Financial Express, Prothom Alo. He was associated with a number of social and sports organizations, including Red Crescent Society, Asiatic Society of Bangladesh, Cancer Society, Gregorian Association, Bangladesh - China Friendship Society, Bangladesh Shooting Federation, Lions Club of Bangladesh, Dhaka Club, Anjuman Mufidul Islam and Brothers Union Club. St. Gregory's High School has started to award an A. K. Faezul Huq Scholarship since 2007.
The Asiatic Society of Bangladesh was established as the Asiatic Society of Pakistan in Dhaka in 1952, and renamed in 1972. Ahmed Hasan Dani, a noted historian and archaeologist of Pakistan played an important role in founding this society. He was assisted by Muhammad Shahidullah, a Bengali linguist. The society is housed in Nimtali locality of Old Dhaka.
The Dhaka Club is the oldest recreation organisation and the largest of elite clubs in Dhaka. Originally it was an all-white association and it now is the premier elite association in Bangladesh.
On July 19, 2007, A. K. Faezul Huq died of heart attack at his residence in Baridhara, Dhaka. His body was buried at Banani graveyard, Dhaka on July 20, 2007.He left behind his spouse, Rukhsana Huq, and five children: A. K. Ferzul Huq (Faisal), Fersamin Huq (Flora), Fahsina Huq (Lira), Fahmina Huq (Shyama), and barrister A. K. Fazlul Huq Jr.
Baridhara is an upscale residential area in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is located on the east of and north east of Gulshan across Gulshan-Baridhara Lake. It has special zones designated for diplomats, and many of the foreign embassies and high commissions are situated here. There are mainly three areas diplomatic zone mainly in the south-west portion, general residential area in eastern portion and an adjacent DOHS area in north-east portion.
Banani Model Town is part of Ward No. 19 in Gulshan Thana, Dhaka, Bangladesh. Dhaka Tribune described it as a "posh" neighborhood of Dhaka and part of its diplomatic area.
A barrister is a type of lawyer in common law jurisdictions. Barristers mostly specialise in courtroom advocacy and litigation. Their tasks include taking cases in superior courts and tribunals, drafting legal pleadings, researching the philosophy, hypothesis and history of law, and giving expert legal opinions. Often, barristers are also recognised as legal scholars.
The Bangladesh Awami League, often simply called the Awami League or AL, is one of the two major political parties of Bangladesh.
Tajuddin Ahmad was a Bangladeshi statesman and freedom fighter. He served as the first Prime Minister of Bangladesh and led the wartime provisional government during the Bangladesh Liberation War in 1971. Ahmad is regarded as one of the most influential and instrumental figures in the birth of Bangladesh, due to his leadership of the provisional government in 1971, in which he united the various political, military and cultural forces of Bengali nationalism.
Pabna District is a district in central Bangladesh. It is one of the most valuable district of Bangladesh. Its administrative capital is the eponymous Pabna town.
Tangail is a district (zila) in the central region of Bangladesh. It is the largest district of Dhaka division by area and second largest by population. The population of Tangail zilla is about 3.8 million and its area is 3,414.28 km². The main city of the district is Tangail. It is surrounded by Jamalpur District on the north, the Dhaka and Manikganj Districts on the south, the Mymensingh and Gazipur on the east, and the Sirajganj on the west.
Gopalganj is a district in the Dhaka division of Bangladesh. The district has about 1,172,415 civilians and its surface area is 1,490 km². The main city of the district is also called Gopalganj. It stands on the bank of the Madhumati river and located at 23000’47.67" N 89049’2141"E. It is bounded by Faridpur district on the North, Pirojpur and Bagerhat district on the South, Madaripur & Barisal district on the East and Narail district on the West.
Barisal District, officially known as Barishal District, is a district in south-central Bangladesh, formerly called Bakerganj district, established in 1797. Its headquarters are in the city of Barisal, which is also the headquarters of Barisal Division.
Suhrawardy Udyan formerly known as Ramna Race Course ground is a national memorial located in Dhaka, Bangladesh. It is named after Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy. Originally it served as the military club of the British soldiers stationed in Dhaka. It was then called the Ramna Race Course and later Ramna Gymkhana. After the end of colonial rule, the place – sometimes referred to as Dhaka Race Course – was used for legal horse racing on Sundays.
Notre Dame College (NDC) is a Catholic higher secondary school as well as a degree college affiliated to the National University. It is situated in Dhaka, Bangladesh. This institution is administrated by the Congregation of Holy Cross, Society of Priests. The college also offers three years of degree program, Bachelor of Arts and Bachelor of Social Sciences. In 2009 the institution celebrated its 60th anniversary.
Mirzapur Cadet College is a cadet college of Bangladesh. Like other cadet colleges it follows the national curriculum prescribed by the National Curriculum and Textbook Board (NCTB) and gives emphasis to extracurricular and co-curricular activities.
The United Front was a coalition of political parties in East Bengal which contested and won Pakistan's first provincial general election to the East Bengal Legislative Assembly. The coalition consisted of the Awami Muslim League, the Krishak Praja Party, the Ganatantri Dal and Nizam-e-Islam. The coalition was led by three major Bengali populist leaders- A K Fazlul Huq, Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy and Maulana Bhashani. The election resulted in a crushing defeat for the Muslim League. Veteran student leader of East Pakistan Khaleque Nawaz Khan defeated sitting Prime Minister of East Pakistan Mr. Nurul Amin in Nandail Constituency of Mymensingh district and created history in political arena. Nurul Amin's crushing defeat to a 27 years old young Turk of Jukto Front effectively eliminated the Muslim League from political landscape of the then East Pakistan. United Front parties securing a landslide victory and gaining 223 seats in the 309-member assembly. The Awami League emerged as the majority party, with 143 seats.
Ataur Rahman Khan was a Bangladeshi lawyer, politician and writer, and served as Chief Minister of East Pakistan from 1956–1958, and as the Prime Minister of Bangladesh from 30 March 1984 to 1 January 1985.He is noted for being the only Bangladeshi to have served as premier in both pre and post independent Bangladesh
Hamidul Huq Chowdhury (1901–1992) was a Bangladeshi and Pakistani politician. He was the founder of Pakistan Observer which changed to Bangladesh Observer after Bangladesh Liberation War. He was educated in Dhaka and Calcutta, and had a varied, distinguished and at times controversial career as a lawyer, politician and newspaper proprietor.
Abdul Karim Khandker, Bir Uttom is a former planning minister of the Government of Bangladesh. He is a retired diplomat and was the Deputy Chief of Staff of the Bangladesh Armed Forces during the Bangladesh Liberation War.
The Krishak Sramik Party was a major anti-feudal political party in the British Indian province of Bengal and later in the Dominion of Pakistan's East Bengal and East Pakistan provinces. It was founded in 1929 as the Praja Party to represent the interests of tenant farmers in Bengal's landed gentry estates. In 1936, it took the name of Krishak Praja Party and contested the 1937 election. The party formed the first government in the Bengal Legislative Assembly. After the partition of British India, it was reorganized as the Krishak Sramik Party to contest the 1954 election, as part of the United Front. The coalition won the election and formed the provincial government in the East Bengal Legislative Assembly.
Abdur Razzaq was a Bangladeshi politician and member of the Awami League Advisory Council. He was the Minister for Water Resources from 1996 to 2001 in the first Sheikh Hasina Cabinet. He was chairman of the Parliamentary Standing Committee for the Water Resources Ministry.
The Mausoleum of three leaders, located at Shahbag, Dhaka in Bangladesh, contains the graves of three pre-liberation politicians from Bengal in the 20th century: A.K. Fazlul Huq (1873–1962), Huseyn Shaheed Suhrawardy (1892–1963) and Khwaja Nazimuddin (1894–1964). All three men served as the Prime Minister of Bengal in British India.
The Prime Minister of Bengal was the head of government of Bengal Province and the Leader of the House in the Bengal Legislative Assembly in British India. The position was dissolved upon the Partition of Bengal in 1947.
Syed Azizul Huq was a Bangladeshi politician and former Member of Parliament.
Nawab Syed Hasan Ali Chowdhury was a Bengali politician, Minister and Nawab of Dhanbari. He served as a Minister for Commerce and Industry East Pakistan after being elected in 1962 East Pakistani legislative election.