Ayyamperumal Maruthakasi Udayar
13 February 1920
|Died||29 November 1989 69)(aged|
A. Maruthakasi (13 February 1920 – 29 November 1989) was an Indian poet and film lyricist who wrote mainly in the Tamil language. He penned more than 4000lyrics in more than 250 Tamil films.
Born in Melakudikadu in Tiruchirappalli district on 13 February 1920 to parents Ayyamperumal Udayar and Milagayi Ammal,he had his primary education in the local village school. He had his higher education at Government College, Kumbakonam.
After college, he wrote lyrics for the dramas staged by Devi Nadaga Sabha and to Mandirikumari a drama written by M. Karunanidhi. He also wrote lyrics for the drama company owned by Ka. Mu. Sheriff. The songs for the dramas were composed by Thiruchi Loganathan. Later, he joined as an assistant to Rajagopala Iyer, brother of Papanasam Sivan.
In 1949, Modern Theatres was producing a Tamil film. G. Ramanathan was the composer. During the song recording rehearsals, Thiruchi Loganathan sang a song penned by Maruthakasi. Producer T. R. Sundaram appreciated the meaning of the lyrics and gave a chance to Maruthakasi in the film. Pen Enum Maayap Peyaam... Poi Maadharai Yen Manam Naadumo is the first film lyric penned by Maruthakasi and the film Mayavathi released in 1949.
Since then he has written more than 4000 lyrics for more than 250 Tamil films. He had the ability to write lyrics to an already set tune. As such, he has penned lyrics for many films dubbed from other language films.
When Modern Theatres decided to produce Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum in 1956, T. R. Sundaram decided to use the same tunes set for the Hindi film of the same name. Udumalai Narayana Kavi was called to write the lyrics. But he declined saying that he will write lyrics for fresh tunes and recommended Maruthakasi. Maruthakasi wrote 9 songs for the set tunes.
One of his greatest hits, Neelavanna Kanna Vaadaa from the film (Mangaiyar Thilakam was first assigned to Kannadasan. But film-maker L. V. Prasad was not impressed by that song. He asked Maruthakasi to write the song and it became a big hit.
During the earlier decades of Tamil films, songs were written as per old Tamil literature. Maruthakasi is a foremost lyricist who started writing lyrics that could be understood by the common man.
Many of his lyrics have taken root in the hearts of audience.
are some of his songs that still remain evergreen among Tamil film music lovers.
He married Dhanakodi Ammal in 1940. The couple have 6 sons and 3 daughters.
He encouraged young persons who were looking for a career in Tamil films.
After 1960s most of the producers sought Kannadasan as lyricist for their films. Maruthakasi did not get much opportunities. He tried to produce films but sustained losses so he returned to his village. M. G. Ramachandran called him back to Chennai and made him to write lyrics for all films produced by Devar films. Maruthakasi wrote lyrics for films produced by K. S. Gopalakrishnan.
His works have been made public by the State government of Tamil Nadu.
As a Lyricist
The following list is incomplete.
|1955||Mangaiyar Thilakam||Baakkiyavathi Naan Baakkiyavathi |
Nee Varavillaiyenil Aadharavedhu
Neela Vanna Kanna Vaada
Purindhu Kollavillai Innum
Unmai Anbu Endrum Anaindhidaadha Theebam
|1956||Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum||All songs||Susarla Dakshinamurthi|
|1956||Raja Rani||Sirippu Idhan Sirappai |
Thirai Pottu Naame
|T. R. Pappa|
|1957||Makkalai Petra Magarasi||Manapaarai Maadu Katti |
Sonna Pechcha Kekkanum
Makkalai Petra Maharasi
Seemaikku Poi Padichchavaru
Senthazham Poovai Poi
Ondru Serndha Anbu
|K. V. Mahadevan|
|1957||Neelamalai Thirudan||Konjum Mozhi Penngalukku |
Kannalam" (Onnukku Rendatchi)
|K. V. Mahadevan|
|1958||Thai Pirandhal Vazhi Pirakkum||Thai Pirantha Vazhi Pirakkum |
Nerangketta Nerathile...Nenachathu Onnu
|K. V. Mahadevan|
|1958||Uthama Puthiran||Muthe Pavalame |
Mullai Malar Mele
|1958||Petra Maganai Vitra Annai||Thendral Urangiya Podhum |
Petra Maganai Vitra Annai
Mamma Mamma Pannaadai
|1958||Pillai Kaniyamudhu||All songs (except "Seevi Mudichukiddu Singaaram" and "Kaakkaaikkum Kaakkaaikum")||K. V. Mahadevan|
|1958||Sarangadhara||All songs (except Yaedhukkithanai Modi Than)||G. Ramanathan|
|1959||Vannakili||All songs||K. V. Mahadevan|
|1960||Padikkadha Medhai||Aadi Pizhaithaalum Paadi Pizhaithaalum |
Inba Malargal Poothu
Seevi Mudichu Singarichu
Pakkathile Kanni Penn
Vindhaiyinum Periya Vindhaiyadi
|K. V. Mahadevan|
|1960||Mannathi Mannan||Aadadha Manamum Undo |
Aadum Mayile Azhagu Mayile
|1960||Paavai Vilakku||All songs||K. V. Mahadevan|
|1961||Sabaash Mapillai||All songs||K. V. Mahadevan|
|1963||Lava Kusa||All songs||K. V. Mahadevan|
|1967||Vivasaayee||Ennama Singara |
Kadavul Ennum Mudhalali
|K. V. Mahadevan|
|1975||Ninaithadhai Mudippavan||Kannai Nambathey |
Poomazhai Thoovi Vasantham (Short version)
|M. S. Viswanathan|
He died on 29 November 1989.
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