A. Maruthakasi

Last updated

A. Maruthakasi
A maruthakasi.jpg
Born
Ayyamperumal Maruthakasi Udayar

(1920-02-13)13 February 1920
Died29 November 1989(1989-11-29) (aged 69)
NationalityIndian
OccupationPoet, lyricist
SpouseDhanakoti Ammal

A. Maruthakasi (13 February 1920 – 29 November 1989) was an Indian poet and film lyricist who wrote mainly in the Tamil language. He penned more than 4000 [1] lyrics in more than 250 Tamil films. [2]

Contents

Early life

Born in Melakudikadu in Tiruchirappalli district on 13 February 1920 to parents Ayyamperumal Udayar and Milagayi Ammal, [3] he had his primary education in the local village school. He had his higher education at Government College, Kumbakonam. [2]

After college, he wrote lyrics for the dramas staged by Devi Nadaga Sabha and to Mandirikumari a drama written by M. Karunanidhi. He also wrote lyrics for the drama company owned by Ka. Mu. Sheriff. The songs for the dramas were composed by Thiruchi Loganathan. Later, he joined as an assistant to Rajagopala Iyer, brother of Papanasam Sivan. [2]

Career

In 1949, Modern Theatres was producing a Tamil film. G. Ramanathan was the composer. During the song recording rehearsals, Thiruchi Loganathan sang a song penned by Maruthakasi. Producer T. R. Sundaram appreciated the meaning of the lyrics and gave a chance to Maruthakasi in the film. Pen Enum Maayap Peyaam... Poi Maadharai Yen Manam Naadumo is the first film lyric penned by Maruthakasi and the film Mayavathi released in 1949.

Since then he has written more than 4000 lyrics for more than 250 Tamil films. He had the ability to write lyrics to an already set tune. As such, he has penned lyrics for many films dubbed from other language films. [2]

When Modern Theatres decided to produce Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum in 1956, T. R. Sundaram decided to use the same tunes set for the Hindi film of the same name. Udumalai Narayana Kavi was called to write the lyrics. But he declined saying that he will write lyrics for fresh tunes and recommended Maruthakasi. Maruthakasi wrote 9 songs for the set tunes. [1]

One of his greatest hits, Neelavanna Kanna Vaadaa from the film (Mangaiyar Thilakam was first assigned to Kannadasan. But film-maker L. V. Prasad was not impressed by that song. He asked Maruthakasi to write the song and it became a big hit. [4]

During the earlier decades of Tamil films, songs were written as per old Tamil literature. Maruthakasi is a foremost lyricist who started writing lyrics that could be understood by the common man. [2]

Many of his lyrics have taken root in the hearts of audience.

are some of his songs that still remain evergreen among Tamil film music lovers.

Personal life

He married Dhanakodi Ammal in 1940. The couple have 6 sons and 3 daughters. [2]

He encouraged young persons who were looking for a career in Tamil films.

After 1960s most of the producers sought Kannadasan as lyricist for their films. Maruthakasi did not get much opportunities. He tried to produce films but sustained losses so he returned to his village. M. G. Ramachandran called him back to Chennai and made him to write lyrics for all films produced by Devar films. Maruthakasi wrote lyrics for films produced by K. S. Gopalakrishnan. [2]

Works

His works have been made public by the State government of Tamil Nadu. [2]


As a Lyricist

The following list is incomplete.

YearFilmSongsMusic
1955 Mangaiyar Thilakam Baakkiyavathi Naan Baakkiyavathi

Nee Varavillaiyenil Aadharavedhu

Neela Vanna Kanna Vaada

Purindhu Kollavillai Innum

Unmai Anbu Endrum Anaindhidaadha Theebam

Susarla Dakshinamurthi
1956 Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum All songs Susarla Dakshinamurthi
1956 Raja Rani Sirippu Idhan Sirappai

Sollaale Veenaanadhe

Thirai Pottu Naame

T. R. Pappa
1957 Makkalai Petra Magarasi Manapaarai Maadu Katti

Sonna Pechcha Kekkanum

Vandhadhu Yaarunu

Makkalai Petra Maharasi

Seemaikku Poi Padichchavaru

Senthazham Poovai Poi

Ondru Serndha Anbu

K. V. Mahadevan
1957 Neelamalai Thirudan Konjum Mozhi Penngalukku

Sathiyame Latchiyamai

Ullam Kollai

Kannalam" (Onnukku Rendatchi)

K. V. Mahadevan
1958 Thai Pirandhal Vazhi Pirakkum Thai Pirantha Vazhi Pirakkum

Sollattuma Sollattuma

Nerangketta Nerathile...Nenachathu Onnu

Pollaathor Soozhchi

K. V. Mahadevan
1958 Uthama Puthiran Muthe Pavalame

Mullai Malar Mele

Anbe Amudhey

G. Ramanathan
1958 Petra Maganai Vitra Annai Thendral Urangiya Podhum

Kannaalan Vandhiduvaar

Petra Maganai Vitra Annai

Mamma Mamma Pannaadai

Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy
1958 Pillai Kaniyamudhu All songs (except "Seevi Mudichukiddu Singaaram" and "Kaakkaaikkum Kaakkaaikum") K. V. Mahadevan
1958 Sarangadhara All songs (except Yaedhukkithanai Modi Than) G. Ramanathan
1959 Vannakili All songs K. V. Mahadevan
1960 Padikkadha Medhai Aadi Pizhaithaalum Paadi Pizhaithaalum

Inba Malargal Poothu

Seevi Mudichu Singarichu

Pakkathile Kanni Penn

Vindhaiyinum Periya Vindhaiyadi

K. V. Mahadevan
1960 Mannathi Mannan Aadadha Manamum Undo

Aadum Mayile Azhagu Mayile

Engalin Rani

Viswanathan–Ramamoorthy
1960 Paavai Vilakku All songs K. V. Mahadevan
1961 Sabaash Mapillai All songs K. V. Mahadevan
1963 Lava Kusa All songs K. V. Mahadevan
1967 Vivasaayee Ennama Singara

Kadavul Ennum Mudhalali

Vivasayee

K. V. Mahadevan
1975 Ninaithadhai Mudippavan Kannai Nambathey

Poomazhai Thoovi Vasantham (Short version)

M. S. Viswanathan
1977 Palabishegham [6] All songs Shankar–Ganesh

Death

He died on 29 November 1989. [2]

Related Research Articles

<span class="mw-page-title-main">T. M. Soundararajan</span> Indian Carnatic musician and singer

Thoguluva Meenatchi Iyengar Soundararajan, popularly known as TMS, was an Indian Carnatic musician and a playback singer in Tamil cinema for over six and a half decades. He sang over 10,138 songs from 3,162 films, including devotional, semi-classical, Carnatic, classical and light music songs. He gave classical concerts starting in 1943.

<i>Sarvadhikari</i> (film) 1951 film by T. R. Sundaram

Sarvadhikari is a 1951 Indian Tamil-language musical film starring M. G. Ramachandran and Anjali Devi, with M. N. Nambiar as the antagonist. It established Nambiar as a major star. It was the 25th film for MGR. It ran more than 100 days in Chennai and major cities and maximum run at Trichy – 141 days. With this film actress T. P. Muthulakshmi established herself as comedian and supporting actress. The film was dubbed in Telugu under the same title.

Subburayulu Munuswami Subbaiah Naidu was an Indian composer, conductor, and orchestrator. He was one of the oldest music directors. He worked as an in-house music composer for Central Studios and Pakshiraja Studios and well associated with S. M. Sriramulu Naidu. SMS also worked with many films under Jupiter Pictures banner and a favorite of M. G. Ramachandran.

<i>Ponmudi</i> (film) 1950 film by Ellis R. Dungan

Ponmudi is a 1950 Tamil-language film directed by Ellis R. Dungan. It was based on the Tamil poet Bharathidasan's verse novel Ethirparatha Mutham.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">G. Ramanathan</span> Musical artist

Gopalan Iyer Ramanathan was an Indian music composer for Tamil movies. He is also known as Isai Methai or Sangeetha Chakravarthy and is considered to be one of the influential Tamil music composers to take Carnatic music to the masses. Notable for his association with M. K. Thyagaraja Bhagavathar. G. Ramanathan also composed for films of Salem Modern Theatres and Coimbatore Central Studios. His career lasted until his death in 1963. During the 1950s G.Ramanathan's music dominated most of the box office hits of the then leading Tamil movie stars Shivaji Ganesan and M. G. Ramachandran.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">T. G. Lingappa</span>

Thiruchirappalli Govindarajulu Lingappa was an Indian music director who worked predominantly in Kannada language films. He also worked in Tamil and Telugu movies. He was the son of G. Govindarajulu Naidu who was also a musician.

G. Govindarajulu Naidu was an acclaimed music director in 1940s and 50s in the south Indian film industry. Hailing from Tiruchirappalli, he was one among the musicians who defined the way of music in South Indian film industry. He composed music for Tamil and Telugu movies.

<i>Ambikapathy</i> (1957 film) 1957 Indian film

Ambikapathy is a 1957 Indian Tamil language film directed by P. Neelakantan, starring Sivaji Ganesan and P. Bhanumathi. The film, primarily in black-and-white, had a sequence in Gevacolor.

<i>Mangaiyar Thilakam</i> 1955 film by L. V. Prasad

Mangaiyar Thilakam is a 1955 Indian Tamil-language drama film directed by L. V. Prasad. The film, released on 26 August 1955, was a remake of the 1953 Marathi film Vahinicha Bangadya. The film was produced by Sripadha Shankar under the banner of Vaidya films. It stars Sivaji Ganesan and Padmini, while M. N. Rajam, S. V. Subbaiah, K. A. Thangavelu and K. Sarangapani play pivotal roles. The film's soundtrack and background score were composed by S. Dakshinamurthi, while the lyrics for the songs were written by Kannadasan, Puratchidasan and Maruthakasi. P. L. Rai and N. M. Shankar handled cinematography and editing respectively. The story was adapted by Sadasiva Brahmam and dialogues were written by Valampuri Somanathan, G. Ramakrishnan and D. Nagalingam.

<i>Gomathiyin Kaadhalan</i> 1955 Indian film

Gomathiyin Kaadhalan is a 1955 Indian Tamil language film directed by P. Neelakantan and starring T. R. Ramachandran, K. Savithri and K. A. Thangavelu. The film is an adaptation of a novel of the same name written by Devan.

<i>Pennarasi</i> 1955 Indian film

Pennarasi (transl. Queen) is a 1955 Tamil-language film starring A. P. Nagarajan and P. Kannamba. It was released on 14 April 1955.

<i>Devaki</i> (1951 film) 1951 Indian film

Devaki is an Indian Tamil language film directed by R. S. Mani and released in 1951. The film stars N. N. Kannappa and V. N. Janaki.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Sirkazhi Govindarajan discography</span>

This is the discography of former Indian male playback singer Sirkazhi Govindarajan, who sang in over 900 songs in Tamil films. He mostly sang in Tamil Film Songs and Devotional Songs. He gave his voice to actors and thespians in the Tamil film industry such as M. G. Ramachandran, Gemini Ganesan, S. S. Rajendran, R. Muthuraman, K. A. Thangavelu, V. Nagayya, Prem Nazir, Kalyan Kumar, Nagesh In addition to various other known and unknown heroes and supporting actors like R. S. Manohar, S. V. Subbaiah, Kannadasan, Kuladeivam Rajagopal, Major Sundarrajan, Thengai Srinivasan, Suruli Rajan, Master Prabhakar.

<i>Nalla Thangai</i> 1955 Indian film

Nalla Thangai is a 1955 Indian Tamil-language film produced and directed by S. A. Natarajan. The film stars M. N. Nambiar, Madhuri Devi, Rajasulochana, S. A. Natarajan and T. S. Balaiah.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Ka. Mu. Sheriff</span>

Ka. Mu. Sheriff was a writer and poet who wrote mainly in the Tamil language. He was a popular Tamil film lyricist during the 1950s and 60s. His lyrics Chittukuruvi Chittukuruvi Sedhi Theriyuma?, Yerikaraiyin Maele Poravale Penn Mayile are ever-green in the minds of Tamil film song lovers. He has also written screenplay and dialogues to some films.

<i>Porter Kandan</i> 1955 Indian film

Porter Kandan is a 1955 Indian Tamil-language film directed by K. Vembu. The film stars M. K. Radha and G. Varalakshmi.

<i>Rajambal</i> (1951 film) 1951 Indian film

Rajambal is a 1951 Indian, Tamil language film directed by R. M. Krishnaswamy. The film featured R. S. Manohar and P. K. Saraswathi in the lead roles.

<i>Neengadha Ninaivu</i> 1963 Indian film

Neengadha Ninaivu is a 1963 Indian Tamil-language film, directed by W. R. Subba Rao. It is a remake of the 1951 Hindi-language film Deedar. The film stars S. S. Rajendran, Kalyan Kumar, C. R. Vijayakumari and Pushpalatha.

Vedha was an Indian composer who started working in Sinhala films during the early 1950s when they were being produced in Madras. Then he worked mainly in Tamil films. He was active in the field for about 25 years since 1952.

Chavukkadi Chandrakantha is a 1960 Indian Tamil language film directed by M. Radhakrishnan. The film stars T. S. Balaiah and Sowkar Janaki.

References

  1. 1 2 3 snapjudge (29 August 2007). "Maruthakasi – Biosketch: Movie Faces – Dinathanthi" (in Tamil). Archived from the original on 4 May 2017.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 ""திரைக்கவித் திலகம்" கவிஞர் மருதகாசி" ["Thiraikavi Thilagam" Poet Maruthakasi]. Dinamani (in Tamil). 19 September 2012. Archived from the original on 17 February 2021. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  3. Sri Kantha, Sachi (15 September 2020). "Lyricist Maruthakasi's Autobiographical Notes". Ilankai Tamil Sangam. Archived from the original on 22 October 2020. Retrieved 17 February 2021.
  4. Rangaraj, R. (27 July 2020). "Songs of son of the soil". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  5. Karthikeyan, D. (25 May 2013). "Voice from Madurai that gave populist edge to Dravidian politics". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  6. "Palabishegam Tamil Film EP Vinyl record by Shankar Ganesh". Macsendisk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2022.