A. Maruthakasi

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A. Maruthakasi
A maruthakasi.jpg
Ayyamperumal Maruthakasi Udayar

(1920-02-13)13 February 1920
Died29 November 1989(1989-11-29) (aged 69)
Occupation(s)Poet, lyricist
SpouseDhanakoti Ammal

A. Maruthakasi (13 February 1920 – 29 November 1989) was an Indian poet and film lyricist who wrote mainly in the Tamil language. He penned more than 4000 [1] lyrics in more than 250 Tamil films. [2]


Early life

Born in Melakudikadu in Tiruchirappalli district on 13 February 1920 to parents Ayyamperumal Udayar and Milagayi Ammal, [3] he had his primary education in the local village school. He had his higher education at Government College, Kumbakonam. [2]

After college, he wrote lyrics for the dramas staged by Devi Nadaga Sabha and to Mandirikumari a drama written by M. Karunanidhi. He also wrote lyrics for the drama company owned by Ka. Mu. Sheriff. The songs for the dramas were composed by Thiruchi Loganathan. Later, he joined as an assistant to Rajagopala Iyer, brother of Papanasam Sivan. [2]


In 1949, Modern Theatres was producing a Tamil film. G. Ramanathan was the composer. During the song recording rehearsals, Thiruchi Loganathan sang a song penned by Maruthakasi. Producer T. R. Sundaram appreciated the meaning of the lyrics and gave a chance to Maruthakasi in the film. Pen Enum Maayap Peyaam... Poi Maadharai Yen Manam Naadumo is the first film lyric penned by Maruthakasi and the film Mayavathi released in 1949.

Since then he has written more than 4000 lyrics for more than 250 Tamil films. He had the ability to write lyrics to an already set tune. As such, he has penned lyrics for many films dubbed from other language films. [2]

When Modern Theatres decided to produce Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum in 1956, T. R. Sundaram decided to use the same tunes set for the Hindi film of the same name. Udumalai Narayana Kavi was called to write the lyrics. But he declined saying that he will write lyrics for fresh tunes and recommended Maruthakasi. Maruthakasi wrote 9 songs for the set tunes. [1]

One of his greatest hits, Neelavanna Kanna Vaadaa from the film (Mangaiyar Thilakam was first assigned to Kannadasan. But film-maker L. V. Prasad was not impressed by that song. He asked Maruthakasi to write the song and it became a big hit. [4]

During the earlier decades of Tamil films, songs were written as per old Tamil literature. Maruthakasi is a foremost lyricist who started writing lyrics that could be understood by the common man. [2]

Many of his lyrics have taken root in the hearts of audience.

are some of his songs that still remain evergreen among Tamil film music lovers.

Personal life

He married Dhanakodi Ammal in 1940. The couple had 6 sons and 3 daughters. [2]

He encouraged young persons who were looking for a career in Tamil films.

After 1960s most of the producers sought Kannadasan as lyricist for their films. Maruthakasi did not get much opportunities. He tried to produce films but sustained losses so he returned to his village. M. G. Ramachandran called him back to Chennai and made him to write lyrics for all films produced by Devar Films. Maruthakasi wrote lyrics for films produced by K. S. Gopalakrishnan. [2]


His works have been made public by the State government of Tamil Nadu. [2]

As a Lyricist

The following list is incomplete.

1955 Mangaiyar Thilakam Baakkiyavathi Naan Baakkiyavathi

Nee Varavillaiyenil Aadharavedhu

Neela Vanna Kanna Vaada

Purindhu Kollavillai Innum

Unmai Anbu Endrum Anaindhidaadha Theebam

Susarla Dakshinamurthi
1956 Alibabavum 40 Thirudargalum All songs Susarla Dakshinamurthi
1956 Raja Rani Sirippu Idhan Sirappai

Sollaale Veenaanadhe

Thirai Pottu Naame

T. R. Pappa
1957 Makkalai Petra Magarasi Manapaarai Maadu Katti

Sonna Pechcha Kekkanum

Vandhadhu Yaarunu

Makkalai Petra Maharasi

Seemaikku Poi Padichchavaru

Senthazham Poovai Poi

Ondru Serndha Anbu

K. V. Mahadevan
1957 Neelamalai Thirudan Konjum Mozhi Penngalukku

Sathiyame Latchiyamai

Ullam Kollai

Kannalam" (Onnukku Rendatchi)

K. V. Mahadevan
1958 Thai Pirandhal Vazhi Pirakkum Thai Pirantha Vazhi Pirakkum

Sollattuma Sollattuma

Nerangketta Nerathile...Nenachathu Onnu

Pollaathor Soozhchi

K. V. Mahadevan
1958 Uthama Puthiran Muthe Pavalame

Mullai Malar Mele

Anbe Amudhey

G. Ramanathan
1958 Petra Maganai Vitra Annai Thendral Urangiya Podhum

Kannaalan Vandhiduvaar

Petra Maganai Vitra Annai

Mamma Mamma Pannaadai

1958 Pillai Kaniyamudhu All songs (except "Seevi Mudichukiddu Singaaram" and "Kaakkaaikkum Kaakkaaikum") K. V. Mahadevan
1958 Sarangadhara All songs (except Yaedhukkithanai Modi Than) G. Ramanathan
1959 Vannakili All songs K. V. Mahadevan
1960 Padikkadha Medhai Aadi Pizhaithaalum Paadi Pizhaithaalum

Inba Malargal Poothu

Seevi Mudichu Singarichu

Pakkathile Kanni Penn

Vindhaiyinum Periya Vindhaiyadi

K. V. Mahadevan
1960 Mannathi Mannan Aadadha Manamum Undo

Aadum Mayile Azhagu Mayile

Engalin Rani

1960 Paavai Vilakku All songs K. V. Mahadevan
1961 Sabaash Mapillai All songs K. V. Mahadevan
1963 Lava Kusa All songs K. V. Mahadevan
1967 Vivasaayee Ennama Singara

Kadavul Ennum Mudhalali


K. V. Mahadevan
1975 Ninaithadhai Mudippavan Kannai Nambathey

Poomazhai Thoovi Vasantham (Short version)

M. S. Viswanathan
1977 Palabishegham [6] All songs Shankar–Ganesh


He died on 29 November 1989. [2]

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  4. Rangaraj, R. (27 July 2020). "Songs of son of the soil". The Times of India . Archived from the original on 27 July 2020. Retrieved 27 July 2020.
  5. Karthikeyan, D. (25 May 2013). "Voice from Madurai that gave populist edge to Dravidian politics". The Hindu . Archived from the original on 4 May 2017. Retrieved 4 May 2017.
  6. "Palabishegam Tamil Film EP Vinyl record by Shankar Ganesh". Macsendisk. Archived from the original on 19 July 2022. Retrieved 19 July 2022.