ANO 2011

Last updated
ANO 2011
Leader Andrej Babiš
Deputy Leaders Radek Vondráček
Jaroslava Pokorná-Jermanová
Richard Brabec
Chamber of Deputies Leader Alena Schillerová
Senate Leader Jaroslav Větrovský
MEP Leader Dita Charanzová
Founded11 May 2012 (2012-05-11)
HeadquartersBabická 2329/2, Prague
Think tank Institute for Politics and Society
Youth wing Young ANO [1]
Membership (2020)3,100 [2]
Ideology Populism [3]
Syncretic politics [4]
Conservative liberalism [5]
Political position Centre [6] [7] [8] [9] to
centre-right [10] [11] [12]
European affiliation Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe
European Parliament group Renew Europe
Colours  Indigo
SloganAno, bude líp
Chamber of Deputies
72 / 200
Senate
5 / 81
European Parliament
5 / 21
Regional councils
178 / 675
Governors of the regions
3 / 13
Local councils
1,692 / 61,892
Prague City Assembly
12 / 65
Website
www.anobudelip.cz

ANO 2011, often shortened to simply ANO ("Yes" in English), is a populist [13] [14] [15] political party in the Czech Republic. The party was founded by Andrej Babiš.

Contents

History

Foundation and coalition with ČSSD and KDU–ČSL (2011–2017)

The idea of founding a new political party came after leader and founder Andrej Babiš started talking about systemic corruption. ANO 2011 started as association in November 2011, and on 11 May 2012 ANO became an official political party in the Czech Republic. [16]

In the legislative election held on 25–26 October 2013, ANO gained 18.7% of the vote and 47 seats in the Chamber of Deputies, attaining second place behind the Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD). [17]

On 29 January 2014, the Cabinet of Social Democrat Prime Minister Bohuslav Sobotka was sworn in, [18] with ANO and the Populars (KDU–ČSL) participating as junior coalition partners to the ČSSD. [19]

On 24–25 May 2014, ANO came first nationally in the 2014 European election gaining 16.13% of votes and 4 seats, [20] joining the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) group in European Parliament. [21] On 10 September 2014, ANO member Věra Jourová was designated European Commissioner of Justice, Consumers and Gender Equality in the Juncker Commission. [22]

In the 2014 senate and municipal elections held on 10–11 October 2014, ANO won 4 seats in the Senate. ANO was also the largest party in 8 of the 10 biggest cities in the Czech Republic including its capital, Prague.[ citation needed ] It took mayoral offices in three largest cities in the Czech republic (Prague, Brno and Ostrava). Adriana Krnáčová was the first female mayor of Prague. [23] This success was later undermined when a large number of municipal coalitions broke up because of the party's disunity. [24]

On 21 November 2014, ANO was given full membership of the Alliance of Liberals and Democrats for Europe (ALDE) at the ALDE congress in Lisbon. [25]

In 2016, two parties split from ANO 2011 – Change for People and PRO 2016 (FOR 2016). The latter was joined by numerous local councilors and Mayors from ANO 2011. The new parties explained the split by citing a lack of democracy and discussion in ANO 2011. [26] [27] Andrej Babiš said that members of both parties left ANO 2011 because they weren't on candidate list for regional elections in 2016 but admitted that some members or organizations of ANO 2011 may have wanted to privatize their position in the party. Radka Paulová, leader of PRO 2016, defended herself that if she had really wanted a better position on Candidate list, she would have done better to have stayed in ANO 2011. Another member of PRO 2016 admitted that conflict about Candidature for Regional Councils also played a role. She said that the main criterion for Candidates to regional councils was not professionality but loyalty. [28] [29] ANO 2011 also lost one MP in July 2016 when Kristýna Zelienková left the party. [30]

ANO won 2016 regional elections and the 1st round of the 2016 senate election. The party came first in 9 regions and second in the remaining 4 regions; its victory in South Bohemia was especially surprising. [31] ANO ended up with 5 governors, [32] one of whom, the Karlovy Vary Governor Jana Vildumetzová, became Chairman of Regional Association. [33] The second round of the senate election was a disappointment to the party, as 3 candidates were elected. [34]

On 11 October 2017, MEP Pavel Telička announced his departure from the party. [35] Petr Ježek left ANO 2011 on 23 January 2018. [36]

Minority government (2017–2021)

On 20–21 October 2017, the ANO party won the 2017 legislative election with 29.6% of the vote. [37] ANO formed the short-lived first Babiš government with independent ministers on 13 December 2017, failing a vote of confidence on 16 January 2018. On 12 July 2018 the second Babiš government was formed, with the ČSSD joining as the junior coalition partner to ANO. [38] The cabinet received external support from Communist Party of Bohemia and Moravia.

In 2018 municipal elections the party again came first, but it lost mayorships of Prague and Brno to the ODS and the Czech Pirate Party.

In May 2019, ANO came first place in the 2019 European election, with 21.2% of the vote, returning 6 MEPs.

In 2020 regional elections, the party lost two governors' positions, but it joined various coalitions, which formed cordon sanitaire against the SPD and the KSČM. [39]

Babiš's Cafe

Prime Minister Andrej Babis and former Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz Andrej Babis Sebastian Kurz 2015 (16330390570).jpg
Prime Minister Andrej Babiš and former Austrian Chancellor Sebastian Kurz

Andrej Babiš started a project, Babiš's Cafe, in June 2016. It is the party's television program that consists of interviews with party leader Andrej Babiš. He is questioned by moderator Pavla Charvátová and also answers questions that are sent by viewers. [40]

Ideology and political positions

Andrej Babis, the leader of the party and Prime Minister of Czech Republic (2017-2021) Andrej Babis.jpg
Andrej Babiš, the leader of the party and Prime Minister of Czech Republic (2017–2021)

Ideologically, the party is often placed in the political centre and has similarities with the Populars (KDU–ČSL). [41] [42] ANO's political position is debated among politicians and political scientists. Right-wing politicians and pundits place ANO 2011 on the left, while political scientists place it mostly in the centre. [43] [44] [45] Babiš stated in an interview that ANO 2011 is "a right-wing party with social empathy". [46] [47] [48] It has been also characterized as a catch-all party. [49] [50]

Andrej Babiš stated in a post-election interview that he opposes the Czech Republic's adoption of the euro, and that ANO opposes further European integration and "Brussels bureaucracy". [51] Babiš stated later that he was open to adopting the euro once the Czech Republic had a balanced budget. He also pleaded for closer ties with Germany and said the Czech Republic was already ready to sign the Fiscal Compact treaty at the time of the interview. [52] In some spheres, such as tax policy, Babiš reintroduced center-left elements to the movement's politics, including the abolition of partial tax exemption for self-employed persons and restoration of the partial tax exemption for employed pensioners. He also introduced a proposal to increase school teacher wages by 2.5%, as opposed to his ministry's original proposal for a 1% increase. [53] In the area of healthcare, Babiš has criticized public health insurance companies for their enormous spending. [54]

ANO billboard before the 2016 election vandalised with the inscription "Babis steals" Billboard for Andrej Babis with handwritten text "Babis steals" at Regional elections in Czechia in 2016 in Trebic, Trebic District.jpg
ANO billboard before the 2016 election vandalised with the inscription "Babiš steals"

ANO 2011 adopted Eurosceptic stances prior to the 2017 legislative election such as opposition to the Euro, deeper European integration and immigration quotas. [55] The party took a more pro-EU stance after the campaign. [56] [57] Daniel Kaiser of Echo24 called the party's stance towards the EU "Euro-opportunism". [58]

Structure

ANO 2011 has a highly centralised organisational structure. The strongest position is that of the Chairman who acts independently when representing the party. The highest body of ANO 2011 is its National Assembly that meets at least once in every two years. Other national offices include membership of the Party Committee and the Bureau. The Bureau is led by the Chairman. Regional assemblies can elect their own Chairmen; however, they must be approved by the Bureau before they can take office. The Bureau also approves all candidates for elections. [59] [60] Because of these reasons and cosidering Babiš's businesses, it can be described as a business-firm party. [61]

Demonstration against Andrej Babis in Prague 2019 Demonstrace za svobodnou justici, Vaclavske namesti.jpg
Demonstration against Andrej Babiš in Prague 2019

The Institute for Politics and Society is a think-tank affiliated with ANO 2011. Its task is to raise new politicians for the party. Its founders also say that activity of the Institute should lead to nationwide discussion about national interests and also create space for politicians from a new generation. [62]

Young ANO is the youth wing of ANO 2011. It was established in May 2015. [63]

European representation

In the European Parliament, ANO 2011 sits in the Renew Europe group with five MEPs. [64] [65] [66] [67] [68]

In the European Committee of the Regions, ANO 2011 sits in the Renew Europe CoR group, with three full and two alternate members for the 2020–2025 mandate. [69] [70] Jaroslava Pokorna is a member of the Renew Europe CoR Bureau. [71]

Election results

Chamber of Deputies

YearLeaderVoteVote %Seats+/−PlaceNotesPosition
2013 Andrej Babiš 927,24018.65
47 / 200
New2nd ČSSD – ANO – KDU-ČSL
2017 Andrej Babiš1,500,11329.64
78 / 200
Increase2.svg 311stANO minority
ANO – ČSSD minority
2021 Andrej Babiš1,458,15127.13
72 / 200
Decrease2.svg 62ndopposition

Senate

ElectionCandidatesFirst roundSecond roundSeatsTotal SeatsNotes
Votes%Runners-upPlaceVotes%Place
2012 714,5031.65
0 / 27
7thN/AN/AN/A
0 / 27
0 / 81
2014 12,06015.6
1 / 1
2nd3,53249.12nd
0 / 1
0 / 81
By-election in Prague-10 district
2014 26180,13617.55
9 / 27
2nd71,73915.143rd
4 / 27
4 / 81
2016 27154,59417.54
14 / 27
1st92,05121.711st
3 / 27
7 / 81
2018 15,72825.21
1 / 1
2nd14,85932.882nd
0 / 1
6 / 81
By-election in Trutnov district.
2018 12,21112.98
0 / 1
4th 
6 / 81
By-election in Zlín district.
2018 22147,47713.54
10 / 27
2nd57,50013.752nd
1 / 27
7 / 81
2019 1
0 / 1
 
0 / 1
6 / 81
By-election in Prague 9 district.
2020 18115,20211.55
9 / 27
3rd39,4738.744th
1 / 27
5 / 81

European Parliament

YearMain CandidateEuropean partyVoteVote %Seats+/−Place
2014 Pavel Telička ALDE 244,50116.13
4 / 22
1st
2019 Dita Charanzová ALDE 502,343 Increase2.svg21.18 Increase2.svg
6 / 21
Increase2.svg1st

Regional elections

YearVoteVote %SeatsPlaces
2016 533,06121.05%
176 / 675
9× 1st, 4× 2nd
2020 604,44121.83%
178 / 675
10× 1st, 2× 2nd, 1x 3rd

Local elections

ElectionShare of votes in %Councillors
2014
14.59
1,600
2018
14.9
1,692

Prague municipal elections

YearLeaderVoteVote %Seats+/−PlacePosition
2014 Adriana Krnáčová 4,574,61022.1
17 / 65
1stCoalition
2018 Petr Stuchlík 3,893,96815.4
12 / 65
5thOpposition

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2014 Plzeň municipal election

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