A and B Loop

Last updated

A and B Loop
Portland Streetcar symbol.svg
Portland Streetcar car 023 at west end of Broadway Bridge in 2016.jpg
A streetcar operating the B Loop route crossing the Broadway Bridge in 2016
Overview
Other name(s)
  • Portland Streetcar Loop Project [1] [2]
  • Central Loop Line (2012–2015)
StatusOperational
Owner City of Portland
Locale Portland, Oregon, U.S.
Stations52
Service
Type Streetcar
System Portland Streetcar
Services2
Operator(s)
  • Portland Streetcar, Inc.
  • TriMet
Daily ridership
  • A Loop: 1,541
  • B Loop: 1,369
  • (Weekday, August 2022) [3]
History
OpenedSeptember 22, 2012;10 years ago (2012-09-22)
Technical
Line length
  • A Loop: 6.1 mi (9.8 km)
  • B Loop: 6.6 mi (10.6 km)
Character At-grade (mixed between street running and exclusive lane) and elevated [4] :17
Track gauge 4 ft 8+12 in (1,435 mm) standard gauge
Electrification Overhead line,  750 V DC
Route diagram

Contents

NS
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NW 11th & Marshall
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NW 10th & Northrup
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BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon MASKa.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
NW 9th & Lovejoy
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BSicon uKRZl+l.svg
BSicon uBHF(R)fq.svg
BSicon uhKRZWaeq.svg
BSicon uSTRq.svg
BSicon uSTR+r.svg
Broadway Bridge
over Willamette River
NS
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BSicon uABZg+r.svg
BSicon uSTR.svg
BSicon LWASSER.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
N Broadway/Weidler & Ross
NW 11th/10th & Johnson
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BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon udSTR+l.svg
BSicon udSTRq.svg
BSicon udABZgr.svg
NW 11th/10th & Glisan
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
NE Weidler & 2nd
BSicon uSTRf.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
BSicon uSTRf.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
NE Broadway & 2nd
NW 11th/10th & Couch
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRl.svg
BSicon uTBHF.svg
BSicon uSTR+r.svg
NE Broadway/Weidler & Grand
BSicon uSTRf.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
NE 7th & Halsey
SW 11th/10th & Alder
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRf.svg
NE Grand & Multnomah
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BSicon uKRZ.svg
BSicon uKRZ.svg
BSicon uLLSTR2+r.svg
BSicon uLLSTRc3.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
NE 7th & Holladay
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BSicon uLSTRq.svg
BSicon uLSTRq.svg
BSicon uKRZ.svg
BSicon uKRZ.svg
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Central Library
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BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uLSTRe.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRf.svg
NE Grand & Holladay
SW 11th & Taylor
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
NE Oregon & Grand
Art Museum
BSicon uSTRf.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTR+l.svg
BSicon uKRZ.svg
BSicon uSTRr.svg
SW 11th and Jefferson
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
BSicon uSTRf.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
NE Grand & Hoyt
SW 11th/10th & Clay
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
NE MLK & Hoyt
BSicon uedABZgl.svg
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BSicon uedABZgr.svg
BSicon uSKRZ-G4o.svg
BSicon uSKRZ-G4o.svg
BSicon uKRWl+l.svg
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BSicon uSTRf.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
SE Grand & Burnside
SW Park & Market/Mill
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
SE MLK & Burnside
BSicon POINTER2.svg
BSicon HUBa@f-R.svg
BSicon HUB-Rq.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
BSicon HUB-Rq.svg
BSicon uSTRf.svg
BSicon HUBa@f-L.svg
BSicon uLSTRa.svg
BSicon uSTRf.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
SE Grand & Stark
BSicon HUB-R.svg
BSicon uLSTR+l.svg
BSicon uKRZ.svg
BSicon uKRZ.svg
BSicon HUB-L.svg
BSicon uLABZgr.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
SE MLK & Stark
PSU
Urban Center
SW 5th
& Market
BSicon uLSTR.svg
BSicon HUB-R.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uLSTR.svg
BSicon HUB-L.svg
BSicon uSTRf.svg
BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
SE Grand & Morrison
BSicon HUB-R.svg
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BSicon uKRZ.svg
BSicon uKRZ.svg
BSicon HUB-L.svg
BSicon uLSTRr.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
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SE MLK & Morrison
SW 5th & Montgomery
BSicon uLSTRe.svg
BSicon HUB-R.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon HUB-L.svg
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BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
SE Grand & Taylor
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BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
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SE MLK & Taylor
SW 3rd & Harrison
BSicon uHST.svg
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BSicon NULg.svg
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SE Grand & Hawthorne
BSicon uSTR.svg
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SE MLK & Hawthorne
SW Harrison Street
BSicon uHST.svg
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BSicon NULg.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
SE Grand & Mill
S River Parkway & Moody
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon LWASSER.svg
BSicon NULf.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon uSTRg.svg
SE MLK & Mill
BSicon uSKRZ-G4u.svg
BSicon RP4oWq.svg
BSicon uABZgxl+l.svg
BSicon ucSTRq.svg
BSicon udSTRr.svg
S Moody & Meade
BSicon uLSTRa.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
BSicon WASSER.svg
BSicon uHST.svg
OMSI
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Tilikum Crossing
over Willamette River
NS
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The A and B Loop is a streetcar circle route of the Portland Streetcar system in Portland, Oregon, United States. Operated by Portland Streetcar, Inc. and TriMet, it consists of two services within the Central City that travel a loop between the east and west sides of the Willamette River by crossing the Broadway Bridge in the north and Tilikum Crossing in the south: the 6.1-mile (9.8 km) A Loop, which runs clockwise, and the 6.6-mile (10.6 km) B Loop, which runs counterclockwise. The services connect Portland's downtown, Pearl District, Lloyd District, Central Eastside, and South Waterfront, and serve various landmarks and institutions, including the Rose Quarter, the Oregon Convention Center, the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry (OMSI), Oregon Health & Science University (OHSU), and Portland State University (PSU). Riders can transfer to the regional MAX Light Rail system at several points along the route.

Portland city officials considered an eastside streetcar extension upon authorizing the Central City Streetcar project on the west side in 1997. After several years of planning, the Portland Streetcar Loop Project was approved and held its groundbreaking in 2009. Its first 3.3 miles (5.3 km) opened between the Broadway Bridge and OMSI on September 22, 2012, inaugurated by the Central Loop Line (CL Line) service, which ran additionally on the westside along 10th and 11th avenues. The opening of Tilikum Crossing in 2015 extended the eastside streetcar from OMSI to the South Waterfront; this completed the loop and rebranded the CL Line to A and B Loop.

History

Planning

The Broadway Bridge in 2009, prior to the installation of streetcar tracks Broadway Bridge west end.jpg
The Broadway Bridge in 2009, prior to the installation of streetcar tracks

In 1990, a citizen advisory committee convinced the Portland City Council to move forward with a plan for a streetcar (then referred to as "trolley") network in downtown Portland, in accordance with the 1988 Central City Plan. [5] [6] After years of planning, the city council authorized the Central City Streetcar project in July 1997. By that time, discussions to expand streetcar service east of the Willamette River had also begun, and $200,000 was allocated to strengthen the outer lanes of the Hawthorne Bridge, with expectations that it would carry a future line between OMSI and the Oregon Convention Center, as proposed by the Buckman Neighborhood Association. [7] The Hawthorne Bridge closed in March 1998 and reopened in April 1999 with the outer-lane decks rebuilt to accommodate notches for future rails. [8] [9] In July 2001, the Lloyd District Development Strategy proposed a separate plan that envisioned a Lloyd District transit hub, with modern streetcars complementing existing bus and MAX Light Rail service; [10] it suggested running streetcar lines on Broadway and Weidler streets through to the west side via the Broadway Bridge, [11] [12] which had carried streetcars from 1913 to 1940. [13]

In February 2003, [14] [15] Portland Streetcar officials, amid TriMet (Portland's regional transit agency) plans to construct a new Willamette River bridge as part of the Portland–Milwaukie Light Rail Project, [16] proposed an inner eastside loop route using the Broadway Bridge and TriMet's planned bridge (instead of the Hawthorne Bridge). Meanwhile, an advisory committee composed of eastside residents urged streetcar planners to extend the proposed Broadway–Weidler alignment farther east up to 21st Avenue. [14] [15] The city council adopted the Eastside Streetcar Alignment Study that June. [17] The study outlined a westside–eastside streetcar project that ran from the existing streetcar tracks in the Pearl District, across the Broadway Bridge to the Lloyd District, then south along Grand Avenue and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard to Hawthorne Boulevard. A southern crossing back to the west side depended upon whether the new TriMet bridge would be constructed, leaving that section undetermined at the time. [15] [18] In 2008, the Portland–Milwaukie project steering committee selected a locally preferred alternative that included a new river crossing between the South Waterfront and OMSI near Caruthers Street; [19] this led to a decision to build the first phase of the eastside streetcar 3.3 miles (5.3 km) up to OMSI (farther south from Hawthorne Boulevard) until the new bridge could be completed, after which the streetcar would cross the bridge back to the west side and form a complete loop. [20] [21]

Funding and construction

Unveiling of the United Streetcar 10T3 prototype in July 2009 United Streetcar 10T3 prototype for Portland.jpg
Unveiling of the United Streetcar 10T3 prototype in July 2009

Metro, the Portland metropolitan area's regional government, approved the eastside streetcar extension with the selection of a locally preferred alternative on July 20, 2006, [22] [23] that the city council adopted in September 2007. [24] The total cost of the project, including the cost to purchase additional vehicles, amounted to $148.8 million. [4] :19 Portland allocated $27 million of city funds, [24] and $20 million from the state, $15.5 million from a local improvement district, and a combination of various other local or regional sources completed the locally sourced funding. [25] On April 30, 2009, U.S. Transportation Secretary Ray LaHood announced $75 million in federal funding for the project, the full amount that was requested. [26] It was the first streetcar project to receive funding under the Small Starts program in part due to the Obama administration's departure from the practices of the Bush administration, which had awarded the funding to projects based on speed across long routes. [27] The Small Starts allocation, secured in large part through the efforts of U.S. Representatives Earl Blumenauer and Peter DeFazio of Oregon, was the largest and final component of the financing plan and meant the project could proceed with construction. [26] [28]

In January 2007, Oregon Iron Works was awarded a $4 million contract to locally produce a streetcar prototype as provided by the Transportation Equity Act of 2005. [29] [30] On July 1, 2009, its subsidiary, United Streetcar, unveiled the first prototype in Portland; [31] it was the first U.S.-built streetcar in nearly 60 years[ dubious ]. [32] [33] That August, the city signed a $20 million contract to purchase six new vehicles from United Streetcar for the eastside extension. [34] In July 2011, the city council agreed to contractual changes that reduced the number of streetcars on order from six to five due to unanticipated costs related to production. [35] United Streetcar had relied on Czech streetcar manufacturer Škoda, which built the Portland Streetcar's first vehicles, to provide the propulsion system that eventually failed acceptance testing. Project officials subsequently opted to obtain the propulsion system from Austrian manufacturer Elin, which necessitated changes to the streetcar design to accommodate a different form factor. The changes led to higher costs and delayed the project for five months. [36]

Groundbreaking for the Portland Streetcar Loop Project took place on June 25, 2009. [37] Portland awarded the building contract to Stacy and Witbeck, [38] and construction began in August. [39] For the project route along city streets, crews laid tracks in three-to-four-block increments, [40] with each segment completed every four weeks. Excavation for the trackbed was eight feet (2.4 m) wide and 14 to 18 inches (36 to 46 cm) deep. [1] Workers closed the Broadway Bridge for renovation from July to September 2010. [41] [42] To maintain the existing weight of the bridge after adding tracks, which was necessary to allow it to continue lifting its spans, workers replaced the deck with lighter fiber-reinforced concrete. [43] [44] In the Pearl District, sections of what had been two bidirectional streets—Lovejoy and Northrup—were converted into one-way streets after rail was installed. The Lovejoy ramp on the west end of the Broadway Bridge reopened to traffic in November 2010. [45] In Southeast Portland, workers built a 425-foot (130 m) bridge that carried the streetcar from Southeast Stephens Street to the project's eastern terminus at OMSI. [46] The extension's overhead lines went live in April 2012, and testing continued through to opening day. [47]

Opening and closing the loop

A CL Line vehicle bound for OMSI on Northeast 7th Avenue in 2014 Portland Streetcar car 022 on NE 7th during Feb 2014 snowstorm.jpg
A CL Line vehicle bound for OMSI on Northeast 7th Avenue in 2014

The 28-station, [4] :173.3-mile (5.3 km) eastside extension opened on September 22, 2012. [39] [48] Portland Streetcar formed a new service called the "Central Loop Line" (CL Line) and renamed the original service on the west side the "North South Line" (NS Line). [49] The CL Line operated the eastside extension and ran additionally on the west side via 10th and 11th avenues for a total of 4.5 miles (7.2 km); [4] :19 it overlapped with the NS Line between Southwest Market Street and Northwest Northrup Street. [50] Service along the eastside segment commenced with frequencies of 18 minutes instead of 15 minutes (or 12 minutes as initially planned) [51] due to funding cuts by the city and TriMet, [52] and delivery delays from United Streetcar. [53] The delays additionally forced Portland Streetcar to deploy its entire fleet of 11 cars and operate without a spare. Local publications highlighted the resulting infrequent service and criticized the streetcar's reliability and slow speed. [51] [52] Joseph Rose, writing for The Oregonian , called the streetcar the "Stumptown Slug" after he traveled quicker from OMSI to Powell's City of Books on foot. [54] The first new streetcar finally arrived in January 2013 and entered service on June 11. [55] Fares were $1 upon opening due to TriMet's discontinuation of the Free Rail Zone, which had allowed free use of the Portland Streetcar system. [56] [57] TriMet had intended to cut service on bus route 6–ML King Jr Blvd, which ran alongside the eastside tracks, but increased service instead after interviewing riders. [51]

A streetcar on Tilikum Crossing in 2015 Portland Streetcar on Tilikum Crossing bridge Sep 2015.jpg
A streetcar on Tilikum Crossing in 2015

The second phase of the Portland Streetcar Loop Project, referred to as "Close the Loop", [58] which was later changed to "Complete the Loop", [59] extended the streetcar tracks from OMSI across the Willamette River to the South Waterfront. [58] [60] This phase had awaited the Portland–Milwaukie project's new river crossing, [50] which finally began construction in 2011. [61] The project had a total cost of $6.7 million and included automatic train stop upgrades. [62] Construction of the streetcar components started in August 2013 with the installation of a turning loop on the intersection of Southeast Stephens Street, Grand Avenue, and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. [63] From September to October that year, crews expanded the SE Water/OMSI streetcar platform and installed the streetcar-track connection with the new bridge. Shuttle buses carried riders in sections where the streetcar tracks were temporarily closed. [64] From June 26 to August 17, 2015, CL Line service ceased operating as part of Multnomah County's closure of the Broadway Bridge to make way for repainting. [65]

On August 30, 2015, a new temporary schedule eliminated the name CL Line in favor of two separately named routes: "A Loop" and "B Loop". A Loop and B Loop took over the CL Line route and were further extended on the west side via existing tracks from Southwest 10th and Market streets in downtown Portland to Southwest Moody and Meade streets in the South Waterfront. Streetcars began crossing the new bridge, which by then was named "Tilikum Crossing", but without carrying passengers across it, during a two-week transitional "pre-revenue service" phase. [66] The CL Line was formally re-branded as the "A and B Loop" on September 12, 2015, [67] when Tilikum Crossing opened to the public and began permitting streetcars to carry passengers on the route section across the bridge. [68] [69]

Impact and later developments

Portland city and streetcar officials have credited the eastside extension with encouraging development along and near its route; they have claimed that major redevelopment projects in the Lloyd District, [70] including years-long efforts by Metro to build a convention center hotel, [71] [72] began or were announced after the extension had started construction. [70] In 2013, Hassalo on Eighth broke ground at the Lloyd 700 "superblock", where the eastside extension was deliberately routed to support redevelopment. [73] OMSI began pursuing redevelopment plans for its location in Southeast Portland in 2008. Days before the eastside extension's opening, OMSI's senior vice president stated that the streetcar's presence "will be an important element in the development of the lower eastside". [70] [74] In December 2021, OMSI submitted a formal proposal to the city for the "OMSI District", which plans to develop 10 city blocks into mixed-use buildings and includes up to 1,200 new housing units. [75] A study published for the Transportation Research Record in 2018 noted that observed stations along the CL Line increased employment around their areas by 22 percent, compared to just eight percent by Multnomah County, between 2006 and 2013. [76]

In February 2020, the Portland City Council adopted the Rose Lane Project in an effort to improve bus and streetcar travel times within the city. [77] [78] The ongoing project aims to create red-painted dedicated lanes, remove or restrict on-street parking, and implement traffic-signal priority for buses and streetcars. [79] That October, the Portland Bureau of Transportation (PBOT) launched the MLK/Grand Transit Improvements project, a complement to the Rose Lane Project that added red lanes to the streetcar alignment on Grand Avenue and Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. [80] Work started on October 7 and was completed after four weeks. [81]

In April 2022, the City of Portland filed a lawsuit in Multnomah County Circuit Court against TriMet and Stacy and Witbeck for negligence and breach of contract. The city alleged that TriMet failed to oversee the contractor, whose workers, in turn, failed to "perform the work in a professional and workmanlike manner", in the construction of an elevated section of the streetcar near OMSI after cracked walls and foundational flaws were discovered. The city is seeking $10 million from the defendants for the cost of repairs. [82] [83]

Service

As of January 2022, the A and B Loop operates from 5:30 am to 11:30 pm on weekdays, from 7:30 am to 11:30 pm on Saturdays, and from 7:30 am to 10:30 pm on Sundays. Headways in each direction range from 15 minutes between 10:00 am and 7:00 pm on weekdays and Saturdays to 20 minutes for all other times. Traveling a complete loop in either direction takes just under one hour. [84]

Ridership

In August 2022, the A Loop carried an average of 1,541 riders on weekdays while the B Loop carried 1,369 riders. [3] Prior to the COVID-19 pandemic, which impacted public transit ridership globally, the route had served significantly more riders; the A and B Loop carried 3,612 and 3,064, respectively, on weekdays in September 2019. [85] During the first two weeks from opening, about 3,200 riders used the eastside extension per day on weekdays, 1,700 fewer riders than what the westside line recorded when it opened. [86] Six months later, PBOT reported the streetcar collected only 55 percent of its expected fares; PBOT had projected fare revenues of $1 million annually, which would have resulted in an 11-percent farebox recovery ratio of its $8.9 million operating expenses. [87]

Forecasts used to help justify federal funding for the Portland Streetcar Loop Project predicted 8,100 average weekday trips during the first operating year, while an alternative forecasting method predicted 3,900 average weekday trips for the same period. The FTA recorded an actual usage of 2,500 average weekday trips for the first year. Analysis attributed the lower-than-anticipated ridership to less frequent service than planned (15-minute actual headways versus the planned 12 minutes) and overstated projections for the number of commuters transferring from outside the Central City. [4] :20–22 The overall system set a ridership record in February 2017; that year saw ridership increase by 10 percent, mostly along the eastside. The streetcar set another record in April 2018, when the A and B Loop recorded 7,424 riders per day on weekdays. [88]

Route

The A and B Loop is a circle route that runs across subdistricts contained within Portland's Central City, [89] namely downtown Portland, Pearl District, Lloyd District, Central Eastside, and South Waterfront. [90] It consists of two services that for a majority of the route operate in a one-way pair: the 6.1-mile (9.8 km) A Loop, which runs clockwise, and the 6.6-mile (10.6 km) B Loop, which runs counterclockwise. [91] From Southwest Market Street, the route travels north through downtown Portland to the Pearl District via 10th and 11th avenues. It turns east on Northwest 10th and Lovejoy towards the Broadway Bridge and crosses the Willamette River. [90] After the bridge, the tracks traverse Broadway and Weidler streets. The B Loop then turns right onto Northeast Grand Avenue, while the A Loop turns right on Northeast 7th Avenue, left on Oregon street, and another left onto Martin Luther King Jr. Boulevard. The lines reconnect at a turning loop on Southeast Stephens Street and enter an overpass at Harrison Street, which carries the route to OMSI. [50] [90] [92]

From OMSI, the streetcar tracks connect with the MAX tracks just west of the OMSI/Southeast Water MAX station as they approach Tilikum Crossing to cross the river back to the west side. [93] [94] They split at the four-track South Waterfront/South Moody MAX station, where the streetcar tracks run in the middle of the station's island platforms but don’t stop at the station. [95] The route connects with the westside streetcar alignment on Southwest Moody Avenue then heads north towards RiverPlace. The tracks turn left on Southwest River Parkway, right on 4th Avenue, left on Montgomery Street, and split again on 5th Avenue. From the intersection of Southwest Montgomery and 5th, the A Loop crosses PSU's Urban Plaza diagonally for Mill Street, while the B Loop turns right onto 5th Avenue. The A Loop returns to Southwest 10th Avenue from Mill Street, while the B Loop turns left onto Market Street and proceeds until it returns to 11th Avenue. [90]

A and B Loop
A geographic map of the Portland Streetcar system:      A Loop,      B Loop,      NS Line

Stations

Oregon Convention Center station Portland Streetcar car 006 pulling into MLK & Hoyt stop, next to Oregon Convention Ctr, 2012.jpg
Oregon Convention Center station
NE 7th & Holladay station Streetcar 002 pulling into NE 7th & Holladay stop (at 7th & Hassalo) in 2016.jpg
NE 7th & Holladay station

The A and B Loop serves 52 stations, 24 of which are shared with the NS Line. [84] Each platform is equipped with a ticket vending machine, real-time display system, and line information signs, [96] and is accessible to users with limited mobility. [97] Connections to Frequent Express (FX) and MAX Light Rail can be made at several stops along the route. [98] [99]

List of A and B Loop stations
Station [84] [100] NeighborhoodCommencedConnections and notes [90]
A LoopB Loop
SW 10th & ClaySW 11th & Clay Downtown September 22, 2012Connects to NS Line
Art MuseumSW 11th & JeffersonConnects to NS Line
Serves Portland Art Museum
Central LibrarySW 11th & TaylorConnects to NS Line, MAX (Blue, Red)
Serves Central Library
SW 10th & AlderSW 11th & AlderConnects to NS Line
NW 10th & CouchNW 11th & Couch Pearl District Connects to NS Line
Serves The Armory
NW 10th & GlisanNW 11th & GlisanConnects to NS Line
NW 10th & JohnsonNW 11th & JohnsonConnects to NS Line
NW 9th & Lovejoy
NW 11th & Marshall
NW 10th & NorthrupConnects to NS Line
N Weidler & RossN Broadway & Ross Lloyd District Serves Rose Quarter
NE Weidler & 2ndNE Broadway & 2nd
NE Weidler & GrandNE Grand & Broadway
NE 7th & Halsey
NE 7th & HolladayNE Grand & MultnomahConnects to MAX (Blue, Green, Red)
NE Oregon & GrandNE Grand & Holladay
Oregon Convention CenterNE Grand & HoytConnects to MAX (Blue, Green, Red)
Serves Oregon Convention Center
NE MLK & BurnsideSE Grand & Burnside Central Eastside
SE MLK & StarkSE Grand & Stark
SE MLK & MorrisonSE Grand & Morrison
SE MLK & TaylorSE Grand & Taylor
SE MLK & HawthorneSE Grand & Hawthorne
SE MLK & MillSE Grand & Mill
OMSIConnects to FX, MAX (Orange)
Serves OMSI, Tilikum Crossing
S Moody & Meade South Waterfront August 30, 2015Connects to NS Line, FX, MAX (Orange)
Serves OHSU Robertson Life Sciences Building, [101] Tilikum Crossing
S River Parkway & Moody Downtown Connects to NS Line
SW Harrison StreetConnects to NS Line
SW 3rd & HarrisonConnects to NS Line
PSU Urban CenterSW 5th & MontgomeryConnects to NS Line, FX, MAX (Green, Orange, Yellow)
Serves Portland State University
SW 5th & MarketConnects to NS Line
Serves Portland State University
SW Park & MillSW Park & MarketConnects to NS Line

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<span class="mw-page-title-main">MAX Light Rail</span> Light rail system serving Portland, Oregon

The Metropolitan Area Express (MAX) is a light rail system serving the Portland metropolitan area in the U.S. state of Oregon. Owned and operated by TriMet, it consists of five color-designated lines that altogether connect the six sections of Portland; the communities of Beaverton, Clackamas, Gresham, Hillsboro, Milwaukie, and Oak Grove; and Portland International Airport to Portland City Center. Service runs seven days a week with headways of between 30 minutes off-peak and three minutes during rush hours. In 2019, MAX had an average daily ridership of 120,900, or 38.8 million annually. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, which impacted public transit use globally, annual ridership plummeted, with only 14.8 million riders recorded in 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Portland Streetcar</span> Streetcar system in Portland, Oregon

The Portland Streetcar is a streetcar system in Portland, Oregon, that opened in 2001 and serves areas surrounding downtown Portland. The 3.9-mile (6.3 km) NS Line runs from Northwest Portland to the South Waterfront via Downtown and the Pearl District. The Loop Service, which opened in September 2012 as the Central Loop, runs from Downtown to the Oregon Museum of Science and Industry via the Pearl District, the Broadway Bridge across Willamette River, the Lloyd District, and the Central Eastside Industrial District and added 3.3 miles (5.3 km) of route. In September 2015 the line was renamed as the Loop Service, with the A Loop traveling clockwise, and the B Loop traveling counterclockwise. The two-route system serves some 20,000 daily riders.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Willamette Shore Trolley</span>

The Willamette Shore Trolley is a heritage railroad or heritage streetcar that operates along the west bank of the Willamette River between Portland and Lake Oswego in the U.S. state of Oregon. The right-of-way is owned by a group of local-area governments who purchased it in 1988 in order to preserve it for potential future rail transit. Streetcar excursion service began operating on a trial basis in 1987, lasting about three months, and regular operation on a long-term basis began in 1990. The Oregon Electric Railway Historical Society has been the line's operator since 1995.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Broadway Bridge (Portland, Oregon)</span> Bridge in Portland, Oregon

The Broadway Bridge is a Rall-type bascule bridge spanning the Willamette River in Portland, Oregon, United States, built in 1913. It was Portland's first bascule bridge, and it continues to hold the distinction of being the longest span of its bascule design type in the world. It was added to the National Register of Historic Places in November 2012.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Interstate 405 (Oregon)</span> Interstate highway in Portland, Oregon, U.S.

Interstate 405 (I-405), also known as the Stadium Freeway No. 61, is a short north–south Interstate Highway in Portland, Oregon. It forms a loop that travels around the west side of Downtown Portland, between two junctions with I-5 on the Willamette River near the Marquam Bridge to the south and Fremont Bridge to the north.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MAX Blue Line</span> Light rail line in Portland, Oregon

The MAX Blue Line is a light rail service in Portland, Oregon, United States, operated by TriMet as part of the MAX Light Rail system. It travels east–west for approximately 33 miles (53 km)—the longest in the network—between Hillsboro, Beaverton, Portland, and Gresham and serves 48 stations from Hatfield Government Center to Cleveland Avenue. The line carried an average 55,370 riders each day on weekdays in September 2018, the busiest of the five MAX lines. It runs for 2212 hours per day from Monday to Thursday, with headways of between 30 minutes off-peak and five minutes during rush hour. Service runs later in the evening on Fridays and Saturdays and ends earlier on Sundays.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MAX Red Line</span> Light rail line in Portland, Oregon

The MAX Red Line is a light rail service in Portland, Oregon, United States, operated by TriMet as part of the MAX Light Rail system. An airport rail link, it serves 26 stations from Portland International Airport through Northeast Portland and Portland City Center to central Beaverton. The Red Line operates a 5.5-mile (8.9 km) segment of MAX from Portland International Airport station to Gateway/Northeast 99th Avenue Transit Center. From there, it interlines with the Blue Line and partially with the Green Line through to Beaverton Transit Center. Service runs for 22 hours per day with a headway of 15 minutes during most of the day. The Red Line is the second-busiest service in the MAX system with an average 10,310 passengers per weekday in September 2021.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MAX Yellow Line</span> Light rail line in Portland, Oregon

The MAX Yellow Line is a light rail service in Portland, Oregon, United States, operated by TriMet as part of the MAX Light Rail system. It connects North Portland to Portland City Center and Portland State University (PSU) with 17 stops from Expo Center station to PSU South/Southwest 6th and College station. The line travels from Portland Expo Center in the north, south to the Rose Quarter through a 5.8-mile (9.3 km) light rail segment along the median of Interstate Avenue. From the Rose Quarter, it crosses the Willamette River via the Steel Bridge and enters downtown Portland, where it operates as a northbound-only service of the Portland Transit Mall on 6th Avenue. Service runs for approximately 21 hours daily with a headway of 15 minutes during most of the day.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Convention Center station (TriMet)</span>

Convention Center station is a light rail station on the MAX Blue, Green and Red Lines in Portland, Oregon. It is the 8th stop eastbound on the current Eastside MAX, having not been built when the original line opened, in 1986. It was built to serve the Oregon Convention Center, which did not exist when the MAX line opened, and was completed and opened in the same month as the Convention Center, September 1990.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Transportation in Portland, Oregon</span> Overview of movement of goods and passengers in Portland

Like transportation in the rest of the United States, the primary mode of local transportation in Portland, Oregon is the automobile. Metro, the metropolitan area's regional government, has a regional master plan in which transit-oriented development plays a major role. This approach, part of the new urbanism, promotes mixed-use and high-density development around light rail stops and transit centers, and the investment of the metropolitan area's share of federal tax dollars into multiple modes of transportation. In the United States, this focus is atypical in an era when automobile use led many areas to neglect their core cities in favor of development along interstate highways, in suburbs, and satellite cities.

Portland is "an international pioneer in transit orientated developments."

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Downtown Portland, Oregon</span> Neighborhood in Portland, Oregon, United States

Downtown Portland is the city center of Portland, Oregon, United States. It is on the west bank of the Willamette River in the northeastern corner of the southwest section of the city and where most of the city's high-rise buildings are found.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MAX Green Line</span> Light rail line in Portland, Oregon

The MAX Green Line is a light rail service in Portland, Oregon, United States, operated by TriMet as part of the MAX Light Rail system. It is 15 miles (24.1 km) long and serves 30 stations from the PSU South stations to Clackamas Town Center Transit Center; it connects Portland State University (PSU), Portland City Center, Northeast Portland, Southeast Portland, and Clackamas. The Green Line is the only service that shares parts of its route with the four other MAX services, sharing the Portland Transit Mall with the Orange and Yellow lines and the Banfield segment of the Eastside MAX with the Blue and Red lines. Southbound from Gateway/Northeast 99th Avenue Transit Center, it operates the Interstate 205 (I-205) segment through to Clackamas Town Center. Service runs for approximately 2112 hours daily with a headway of 15 minutes during most of the day. It is the third-busiest line in the system, carrying an average of 19,160 riders per day on weekdays in September 2019.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">MAX Orange Line</span> Light rail line in Portland, Oregon

The MAX Orange Line is a light rail service in Portland, Oregon, United States, operated by TriMet as part of the MAX Light Rail system. It connects Portland City Center, Portland State University (PSU), Southeast Portland, Milwaukie, and Oak Grove. The line serves 17 stations from Union Station/Northwest 5th & Glisan to Southeast Park Avenue and runs for 2012 hours daily with a minimum headway of 15 minutes during most of the day. It averaged 3,480 daily weekday riders in September 2020.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Lloyd District, Portland, Oregon</span> Neighborhood in Portland, Oregon, United States

The Lloyd District is a primarily commercial neighborhood in the North and Northeast sections of Portland, Oregon. It is named after Ralph Lloyd (1875–1953), a California rancher, oilman, and real estate developer who moved to and started the development of the area.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Tilikum Crossing</span> Bridge over the Willamette River, Portland, OR, USA

Tilikum Crossing, Bridge of the People is a cable-stayed bridge across the Willamette River in Portland, Oregon, United States. It was designed by TriMet, the Portland metropolitan area's regional transit authority, for its MAX Orange Line light rail passenger trains. The bridge also serves city buses and the Portland Streetcar, as well as bicycles, pedestrians, and emergency vehicles. Private cars and trucks are not permitted on the bridge. It is the first major bridge in the U.S. that was designed to allow access to transit vehicles, cyclists and pedestrians but not cars.

<i>Inversion: Plus Minus</i> Pair of sculptures in Portland, Oregon

Inversion: Plus Minus is a pair of outdoor sculptures designed by artists and architects Annie Han and Daniel Mihalyo, located in southeast Portland, Oregon. The sculptures, constructed from weathered steel angle iron, are sited near the Morrison Bridge and Hawthorne Bridge along Southeast Grand Avenue and represent "ghosts" of former buildings. The installation on Belmont Street emphasizes "negative space" while the sculpture on Hawthorne Street appears as a more solid matrix of metal. According to the artists, the works are reminiscent of industrial buildings that existed on the project sites historically. Inversion was funded by the two percent for art ordinance as part of the expansion of the Eastside Portland Streetcar line and is managed by the Regional Arts & Culture Council.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">NS Line</span> Streetcar route in Portland, Oregon

The North South Line is a streetcar service of the Portland Streetcar system in Portland, Oregon, United States. Operated by Portland Streetcar, Inc. and TriMet, it travels approximately 4.1 miles (6.6 km) per direction from Northwest 23rd & Marshall to Southwest Lowell & Bond and serves 39 stations. The line connects Portland's Northwest District, Pearl District, downtown, Portland State University (PSU), and South Waterfront. It runs every day of the week between 15 and 18 hours per day and operates on headways of 15 to 20 minutes.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Southeast Bybee Boulevard station</span> MAX Orange Line station in Portland, Oregon, U.S.

Southeast Bybee Boulevard is a light rail station in Portland, Oregon, United States, served by TriMet as part of the MAX Light Rail system. It is the 14th station southbound on the Orange Line, which operates between Portland City Center, Southeast Portland, and Milwaukie. The grade-separated, island platform station adjoins Union Pacific Railroad (UP) freight tracks to the east and McLoughlin Boulevard to the west. Its entrances are located on the Bybee Bridge, which spans over the platform and connects Portland's Sellwood-Moreland and Eastmoreland neighborhoods. Nearby places of interest include Westmoreland Park, Eastmoreland Golf Course, Crystal Springs Rhododendron Garden, and Reed College.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">OMSI/Southeast Water station</span>

OMSI/Southeast Water station is a light rail station on the MAX Orange Line, located at 2210 Southeast 2nd Place on the east foot of the Tilikum Crossing bridge in Portland, Oregon. Like South Waterfront/SW Moody Station on the west side of the Willamette River, it consists of two island platforms. MAX trains stop on the outside of the platforms, while TriMet buses stop on the inner lanes. Just northwest of the platforms is a Portland Streetcar stop served by the A and B Loop lines. The station is named after the nearby Oregon Museum of Science and Industry.

<span class="mw-page-title-main">Frequent Express</span> Bus rapid transit route in Portland, Oregon, U.S.

Frequent Express (FX) is a high-capacity bus route in Portland, Oregon, United States, operated by TriMet as FX2–Division. The 15-mile (24 km) line runs east–west from 5th & Hoyt station on the Portland Transit Mall in downtown Portland to Cleveland Park and Ride in Gresham via Division Street. It connects Portland City Center, Portland State University (PSU), South Waterfront, Southeast Portland, and central Gresham, with transfers to MAX Light Rail and the Portland Streetcar at several stops along the route. FX features bus rapid transit (BRT) design elements such as dedicated lanes, transit signal priority, and 60-foot (18 m) buses with all-door boarding—the second such service in the Portland metropolitan area after The Vine in Vancouver, Washington. Fares are collected through the Hop Fastpass payment system.

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