Abakaliki

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Abakaliki
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Abakaliki
Location in Nigeria
Coordinates: 6°20′N8°06′E / 6.333°N 8.100°E / 6.333; 8.100
Country Flag of Nigeria.svg Nigeria
State Ebonyi State
Population
(2006) [1]
  Total79,280
Climate Aw

Abakaliki is the capital city of the present-day Ebonyi State in southeastern Nigeria, located 64 kilometres (40 mi) southeast of Enugu. [2] The inhabitants are primarily members of the Igbo nation. [1] It was the headquarters of the Ogoja province before the creation of the Southeastern State in 1967.

Ebonyi State State in Nigeria

Ebony State is in southeastern Nigeria. It is inhabited and populated primarily by the Igbo. Its capital and largest city is Abakaliki. Other major towns include Afikpo, Unwana, Onueke, Edda, Onicha, etc. It was one of the six states created in 1996 by the then federal military government of General Sani Abacha. The State of Ebonyi was created from parts of both Enugu State and Abia State, which in turn were initially constituents of the old Anambra and Imo States respectively. It has three senatorial zones, thirteen local government areas as well as local development centres created by the state government. It is home to six Higher institutions of learning: Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki (EBSU); Federal University Ndufu Alike Ikwo (FUNAI); Akanu Ibiam Federal Polytechnic, Unwana; Savannah Institute of Technology, Ishieke Junction, Abakaliki; Federal College of Agriculture, Ishiagu; Ebonyi State College of Education Ikwo (EBSCOEI) and College of Health Sciences, Ezzamgbo.

Nigeria Federal republic in West Africa

The Federal Republic of Nigeria, commonly referred to as Nigeria, is a federal republic in West Africa, bordering Niger in the north, Chad in the northeast, Cameroon in the east, and Benin in the west. Its coast in the south is located on the Gulf of Guinea in the Atlantic Ocean. The federation comprises 36 states and 1 Federal Capital Territory, where the capital, Abuja is located. Nigeria is officially a democratic secular country.

Enugu City in Nigeria

Enugu is the capital of Enugu State in Nigeria. It is located in southeastern Nigeria. The city had a population of 722,664 according to the 2006 Nigerian census. The name Enugu is derived from the two Igbo words Énú Ụ́gwụ́ meaning "hill top" denoting the city's hilly geography. The city was named after Enugwu Ngwo, under which coal was found.

Contents

Etymology

The name Abakaliki originally means Aba Nkaleke and is the name of a community in Izzi land (Nkaleke).

Economy

Abakaliki, as in the past, is a center of agricultural trade including such products as yams, cassava, rice, and both palm oil and palm kernels, [1] as well as kola nuts. [2] It is also known for its local lead, zinc, salt, and limestone mining or quarrying. [1] [2] They host many golf course and hotels. The huge incentives and tax holiday offered by Ebonyi state government to all major private investors have brought about a marked increase in new businesses in Abakaliki city. The government promotes both poultry and egg production. [1]

Yam (vegetable) vegetable

Yam is the common name for some plant species in the genus Dioscorea that form edible tubers. Yams are perennial herbaceous vines cultivated for the consumption of their starchy tubers in many temperate and tropical world regions. The tubers themselves are also called "yams", having numerous cultivars and related species.

Cassava Species of plant

Manihot esculenta, commonly called cassava, manioc, yuca, macaxeira, mandioca, aipim and Brazilian arrowroot, is a woody shrub native to South America of the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae. It is extensively cultivated as an annual crop in tropical and subtropical regions for its edible starchy tuberous root, a major source of carbohydrates. Though it is often called yuca in Spanish and in the United States, it is not related to yucca, a shrub in the family Asparagaceae. Cassava, when dried to a powdery extract, is called tapioca; its fried, granular form is named garri.

Rice cereal grain and seed of Oryza sativa

Rice is the seed of the grass species Oryza sativa or Oryza glaberrima. As a cereal grain, it is the most widely consumed staple food for a large part of the world's human population, especially in Asia. It is the agricultural commodity with the third-highest worldwide production, after sugarcane and maize.

History

Abakaliki was an important center for the slave trade in the 17th century. [3] The slave trade continued in the area with Aro raids into Abakaliki and surrounding areas through the 18th century. [4]

Old Abakaliki, ca.1910 Old Abakaliki.png
Old Abakaliki, ca.1910

Population

Its 2006 population was 79,280. [1]

Demographics

Abakaliki is generally populated by the Igbo people. The Igbo can be further divided into five subgroups. Abakaliki is predominantly populated by the Northeastern Igbo of the Afikpo-Abakaliki axis. [5] Abakaliki is also use to refer to people of old Abakaliki political block comprising Ohaukwu-Ishielu-Izzi-Ezza-Ikwo.

Infrastructure

Abakaliki lies at the intersection of the Enugu, Afikpo and Ogoja Roads. [1] Abakaliki also hosts a Federal hospital, which has largely contributed to the affordability of public healthcare delivery in the city and the state. There has been massive infrastructural developments ongoing in the urban centre; these include road construction, shopping malls and market places, trans-sahara fly-over bridges at presco and spera-in-deo junctions amongst others.

Ogoja Place in Cross River State, Nigeria

Ogoja is a Local Government Area in Cross River State, Nigeria. Its headquarters is Ogoja town in the northeast of the area near the A4 highway at6°39′17″N8°47′51″E.

Hospital health care institution

A hospital is a health care institution providing patient treatment with specialized medical and nursing staff and medical equipment. The best-known type of hospital is the general hospital, which typically has an emergency department to treat urgent health problems ranging from fire and accident victims to a sudden illness. A district hospital typically is the major health care facility in its region, with a large number of beds for intensive care and additional beds for patients who need long-term care. Specialized hospitals include trauma centers, rehabilitation hospitals, children's hospitals, seniors' (geriatric) hospitals, and hospitals for dealing with specific medical needs such as psychiatric treatment and certain disease categories. Specialized hospitals can help reduce health care costs compared to general hospitals. Hospitals are classified as general, specialty, or government depending on the sources of income received.

Education

Ebonyi State University main campus is located on the outskirts of the city.

Ebonyi State University, Abakaliki was founded in 1999 in Abakaliki, Nigeria.

Religion

Abakaliki people like other southeastern Nigerians are predominantly Christians. Other religious faith like Traditionalist, Islam, etc are practised by handful of the natives as well as non-natives from far north of the country. Roman Catholic, Anglican Church, Pentecostal mission, etc are the dominant Christian faiths. There On March 1, 1973, the city was made the seat of the Roman Catholic Diocese of Abakaliki.[ citation needed ]

Footnotes

  1. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Hoiberg 2010 , p. 7
  2. 1 2 3 Cohen 1998 , p. 2
  3. Oriji 2011 , pp. 107–108
  4. Oriji 2011 , p. 126
  5. Oriji 2011 , p. 10

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References

Coordinates: 6°20′N8°06′E / 6.333°N 8.100°E / 6.333; 8.100