Abbas Milani

Last updated
Abbas Malekzadeh Milani
Milani Abbas croped.jpg
Milani in an interview with Parazit (VOA-PNN)
Born1949 (age 6970)
Nationality Iranian American
Alma mater University of California, Berkeley
University of Hawaii
Scientific career
Fields Political science and Iranian studies
Institutions University of Tehran
National University of Iran
University of California, Berkeley
Notre Dame de Namur University
Stanford University

Abbas Malekzadeh Milani (Persian : عباس ملک‌زاده میلانی; born 1949) is an Iranian-American historian and author. Milani is a visiting professor of Political Science and the director of the Iranian Studies program at Stanford University. He is also a research fellow and co-director of the Iran Democracy Project at Stanford University's Hoover Institution. Milani has found evidence that Persian modernism dates back to more than 1000 years ago. [1]

Persian language Western Iranian language

Persian, also known by its endonym Farsi, is one of the Western Iranian languages within the Indo-Iranian branch of the Indo-European language family. It is primarily spoken in Iran, Afghanistan, and Tajikistan, Uzbekistan and some other regions which historically were Persianate societies and considered part of Greater Iran. It is written right to left in the Persian alphabet, a modified variant of the Arabic script.

Historian person who studies and writes about the past

A historian is a person who studies and writes about the past, and is regarded as an authority on it. Historians are concerned with the continuous, methodical narrative and research of past events as relating to the human race; as well as the study of all history in time. If the individual is concerned with events preceding written history, the individual is a historian of prehistory. Some historians are recognized by publications or training and experience. "Historian" became a professional occupation in the late nineteenth century as research universities were emerging in Germany and elsewhere.

An author is the creator or originator of any written work such as a book or play, and is thus also a writer. More broadly defined, an author is "the person who originated or gave existence to anything" and whose authorship determines responsibility for what was created.



Milani was born in Iran to a prosperous family and was sent to California when he was sixteen, graduating from Oakland Technical High School in 1966 after only one year of studies. [2] Milani earned his B.A. in political science and economics [3] from the University of California, Berkeley in 1970 and his Ph.D. in political science from the University of Hawaii in 1974.

California State of the United States of America

California is a state in the Pacific Region of the United States. With 39.6 million residents, California is the most populous U.S. state and the third-largest by area. The state capital is Sacramento. The Greater Los Angeles Area and the San Francisco Bay Area are the nation's second and fifth most populous urban regions, with 18.7 million and 8.8 million residents respectively. Los Angeles is California's most populous city, and the country's second most populous, after New York City. California also has the nation's most populous county, Los Angeles County, and its largest county by area, San Bernardino County. The City and County of San Francisco is both the country's second-most densely populated major city after New York and the fifth-most densely populated county, behind only four of the five New York City boroughs.

Oakland Technical High School

Oakland Technical High School, known locally as Oakland Tech or simply "Tech", is a public high school in Oakland, California, United States, and is operated under the jurisdiction of the Oakland Unified School District. It is one of six comprehensive public high school campuses in Oakland. Oakland Tech's attendance jurisdiction includes several neighborhoods, including Oakland Chinatown, Rockridge, North Oakland, and Temescal.

A Bachelor of Arts is a bachelor's degree awarded for an undergraduate course or program in either the liberal arts, sciences, or both. Bachelor of Arts programs generally take three to four years depending on the country, institution, and specific specializations, majors, or minors. The word baccalaureus should not be confused with baccalaureatus, which refers to the one- to two-year postgraduate Bachelor of Arts with Honors degree in some countries.

With his girlfriend Fereshteh, Milani returned to Iran to serve as an assistant professor of political science at the National University of Iran from 1975 to 1977. [2] He lectured on Marxist themes veiled in metaphor but was jailed for two years as a political prisoner for "activities against the government". [2] He was a research fellow at the Iranian Center for Social Research from 1977 to 1978. He was also an assistant professor of law and political science at the University of Tehran and a member of the board of directors of Tehran University's Center for International Studies from 1979 to 1986, but after the Iranian Revolution he was not allowed to publish or teach. [2] With his son Hamid and his wife Fereshteh, he left Iran in 1986 during the time of the Iran-Iraq war for the United States. [2]

Shahid Beheshti University

Shahid Beheshti University is one of the most prestigious universities in Iran. Based on the latest rankings of universities in the world and based on the ranking systems of Kakarry, Simonds and QS, Shahid Beheshti University has been ranked fifth for two consecutive years 2017 and 2018 after Sharif University, Iran University of Science and Technology, Amirkabir University of Technology and Tehran University, respectively at the 701 + and 1000-800. At the present time, SBU has 19 faculties, including: Literature and Human Sciences, Theology and Religious Studies, Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Law, Physics, Chemistry, Economics and Political Sciences, Education and Psychology, Mathematical Sciences, Earth Sciences, Biological Sciences, Management and Accounting, Architecture and Urban Planning, Electrical Engineering, Computer Engineering, Renewable Energies and New Technologies Engineering, Nuclear Engineering, Mechanical and Energy Systems Engineering, and Water and Environmental Engineering. Today, there are 69 programs at Bachelor's, 208 at Master's and 136 at Ph.D. levels, and there are 9562 BA/BSc, 6859 MA/MSc and 1356 Ph.D. students studying at the university. Shahid Beheshti University (SBU) is one of the most prestigious universities in Iran. Since 1990, the university has placed more emphasis on postgraduate, in particular, Ph.D., and research programs, while still aiming to enhance the quality of its well-established undergraduate courses. Students at the university are inspired by an outstanding and rewarding academic environment not only in Iran but in the region. The university and the members of the academia are at the forefront of world research in many fields, and the teaching is informed by the very latest developments in each discipline.

Marxism economic and sociopolitical worldview based on the works of Karl Marx

Marxism is a method of socioeconomic analysis that views class relations and social conflict using a materialist interpretation of historical development and takes a dialectical view of social transformation. It originates from the works of 19th-century German philosophers Karl Marx and Friedrich Engels.

Political prisoner someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible for their imprisonment

A political prisoner is someone imprisoned because they have opposed or criticized the government responsible for their imprisonment.

According to Wikileaks documents, Abbas Milani was arrested and later pardoned on Shah's Birthday; [4] however, Abbas Milani's wife was never arrested as it is indicated in the cable from the embassy. [5]

Returning to California, Milani was appointed professor of History and Political Science as well as chair of the department at Notre Dame de Namur University in Belmont, south of San Francisco. He served as a research fellow at the Institute of International Studies at UC Berkeley. Milani became a Hoover Institution research fellow in 2001 and left Notre Dame de Namur for Stanford in 2002. [2]

History past events and their record

History is the study of the past as it is described in written documents. Events occurring before written record are considered prehistory. It is an umbrella term that relates to past events as well as the memory, discovery, collection, organization, presentation, and interpretation of information about these events. Scholars who write about history are called historians.

Notre Dame de Namur University (NDNU) is a private Catholic university in Belmont, California. It is the third oldest college in California and the first college in the state authorized to grant the baccalaureate degree to women.

Belmont, California City in California, United States

Belmont is a city in San Mateo County in the U.S. state of California. It is in the San Francisco Bay Area, on the San Francisco Peninsula halfway between San Francisco and San Jose. It was originally part of Rancho de las Pulgas, for which one of its main roads, the Alameda de las Pulgas, is named. The city was incorporated in 1926. Its population was 25,835 at the 2010 census.

He is currently the Hamid and Christina Moghadam Director of Iranian Studies at Stanford. He lives on campus with his second wife, Jean Nyland, who is chair of Notre Dame de Namur's psychology department. [2]


See also

Related Research Articles

University of Tehran university in Iran

University of Tehran is the oldest modern university located in Tehran, Iran. It is also one of the most prestigious universities in the Middle East. Based on its historical, socio-cultural, and political pedigree, as well as its research and teaching profile, UT has been nicknamed "The mother university of Iran". It has been ranked as one of the best universities in the Middle East in national and international rankings and among the top universities in the world. It is also the premier knowledge producing institute among all OIC countries. The university offers 111 bachelor's degree programs, 177 master's degree programs, and 156 Ph.D. programs. Many of the departments were absorbed into the University of Tehran from the Dar al-Funun established in 1851 and the Tehran School of Political Sciences established in 1899.

The Hoover Institution on War, Revolution, and Peace is an American public policy think tank and research institution located at Stanford University in California. It began as a library founded in 1919 by Republican and Stanford alumnus Herbert Hoover, before he became President of the United States. The library, known as the Hoover Institution Library and Archives, houses multiple archives related to Hoover, World War I, World War II, and other world history. According to the 2016 Global Go To Think Tank Index Report, Hoover is No. 18 in the "Top Think Tanks in the United States".

Abdolkarim Soroush iranian philosopher

Abdolkarim Soroush (عبدالكريم سروش Persian pronunciation: [æbdolkæriːm soruːʃ]; born Hossein Haj Faraj Dabbagh, is an Iranian Islamic thinker, reformer, Rumi scholar, public intellectual, and a former professor of philosophy at the University of Tehran and Imam Khomeini International University He is arguably the most influential figure in the religious intellectual movement of Iran. Soroush is currently a visiting scholar at the University of Maryland in College Park, MD. He was also affiliated with other prestigious institutions, including Harvard, Princeton, Yale, Columbia, the Leiden-based International Institute as a visiting professor for the Study of Islam in the Modern World and the Wissenschaftskolleg in Berlin. He was named by TIME as one of the world’s 100 most influential people in 2005, and by Prospect magazine as one of the most influential intellectuals in the world in 2008. Soroush's ideas, founded on Relativism, prompted both supporters and critics to compare his role in reforming Islam to that of Martin Luther in reforming Christianity.

Larry Jay Diamond is an American political sociologist and leading contemporary scholar in the field of democracy studies. He is a professor of Sociology and Political Science at Stanford University and a senior fellow at the Hoover Institution, a conservative policy think tank. At Stanford he teaches courses on democratic development and supervises the democracy program at the Center on Democracy, Development, and the Rule of Law. He has published extensively in the fields of foreign policy, foreign aid, and democracy.

Abbas-Ali Amid Zanjani Iranian ayatollah

Abbas-Ali Amid Zanjani was an Iranian politician and cleric. He was the only cleric president of University of Tehran, who himself had had no academic education of any kind, that served from 2005 to 2008.

Intellectual movements in Iran involve the Iranian experience of modernity and its associated art, science, literature, poetry, and political structures that have been changing since the 19th century.

<i>Two Women</i> (1999 film) 1999 film by Tahmineh Milani

Two Women is a 1999 Iranian motion picture written and directed by Tahmineh Milani.

Dariush Ashoori Iranian thinker, author, essayist, translator, literary critique, encyclopedist, and lexicologist

Daryoush Ashouri is a prominent Iranian thinker, author, translator, researcher, and public intellectual. He lives in Paris, France.

Jamshid Behnam is an Iranian sociologist, writer, and translator. He is known for his work in the development of sociology and modernization in 20th century–Iran. He is a published author of books on Demographics, Sociology of Iran, Family Structure, and Modernity.

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi 20th-century Shah of Iran

Mohammad Reza Pahlavi, also known as Mohammad Reza Shah, was the last Shah of Iran from 16 September 1941 until his overthrow by the Islamic Revolution on 11 February 1979. Mohammad Reza Shah took the title Shahanshah on 26 October 1967. He was the second and last monarch of the House of Pahlavi. Mohammad Reza Shah Pahlavi held several other titles, including that of Aryamehr and Bozorg Arteshtaran ("Commander-in-Chief"). His dream of what he referred to as a "Great Civilisation" in Iran led to a rapid industrial and military modernisation, as well as economic and social reforms.

Nasser Sharify Iranian librarian

Nasser Sharify, PhD was born in Tehran, Iran. Since 1987, he served as a Distinguished Professor and Dean Emeritus of Pratt Institute, School of Information and Library Science in New York City.

Abdullah Entezam Iranian diplomat

Abdullah Entezam Iranian Diplomat, son of Seyed Mohamad also known as "Binesh Ali", leader of Safih Ali Shahi order of dervishes in Iran. His father was also a diplomat. Older brother of Nasrollah Entezam, also a career diplomat and Iranian minister of Health . His son was Hume Horan, US ambassador to Saudi Arabia.

The Hidden Half is a 2001 controversial drama film, written and directed by Iranian feminist Tahmineh Milani. The film stars Niki Karimi, Mohammad Nikbin and Atila Pesiani. The story is told as a manuscript of Fereshteh Samimi's life, revealing her politically active and romantic past life, to her husband.

<i>The Persian Sphinx</i> book by Abbas Milani

The Persian Sphinx: Amir Abbas Hoveyda and the Riddle of the Iranian Revolution is a political historical biography of Amir Abbas Hoveyda by Iranian-American historian and author Abbas Milani. The book covers his early life, rise in politics and 12 year tenure as the longest serving prime minister of Iran from 1965 to 1977 during the reign of Shah Mohammad Reza Pahlavi until his trial and execution in the aftermath of the Iranian revolution in 1979.

Dick Davis is a British poet, educator and translator. He is professor emeritus of Persian at Ohio State University and previously a Bita Daryabari Professor of Persian Letters at Stanford University. He has received numerous academic and literary awards which have included the Ingram Merrill and Heinemann awards for poetry.

Abbas Amanat is William Graham Sumner Professor of History at Yale University.