Abd Al-Karim Al-Iryani

Last updated

Abd Al-Karim Al-Iryani
Prime Minister of Yemen
In office
29 April 1998 31 March 2001
President Ali Abdullah Saleh
Preceded by Faraj Said Bin Ghanem
Succeeded by Abdul Qadir Bajamal
Minister of Foreign Affairs of North Yemen
In office
Prime Minister of North Yemen
In office
Preceded by Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Succeeded byAbdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Minister of Education of North Yemen
In office
Minister of Development of North Yemen
In office
Personal details
Born(1934-10-12)12 October 1934
Eryan, Ibb, North Yemen
Died8 November 2015(2015-11-08) (aged 81)
Frankfurt, Germany
Political party General People's Congress
Alma mater Yale University

Abdul Karim Ali Al-Iryani or Al-Eryani ( /ˈæbdʊlkɑːˈrmælɪrˈɑːni/ ( Loudspeaker.svg listen ); Arabic : عبد الكريم علي يحيى محمد عبد الله الإرياني; 12 October 1934 – 8 November 2015) was the Prime Minister of Yemen from 29 April 1998 to 31 March 2001. Al-Eryani, along with President Ali Abdullah Saleh, was a member of the General People's Congress (GPC).

Prime Minister of Yemen position

The Prime Minister of the Republic of Yemen is the head of government of Yemen.

Yemen Republic in Western Asia

Yemen , officially known as the Republic of Yemen, is a country at the southern end of the Arabian Peninsula in Western Asia. Yemen is the second-largest Arab sovereign state in the peninsula, occupying 527,970 square kilometres. The coastline stretches for about 2,000 kilometres. It is bordered by Saudi Arabia to the north, the Red Sea to the west, the Gulf of Aden and Guardafui Channel to the south, and the Arabian Sea and Oman to the east. Yemen's territory includes more than 200 islands.

President of Yemen position

The President of the Republic of Yemen is the head of state of Yemen. Under the Constitution of Yemen, the president is also the Supreme Commander of the Armed Forces and head of the executive branch of the Yemeni government.


Early life and educatio

Born in Eryan, a village in the central highlands of Ibb, in 1934, Al-Iryani belonged to a prominent family that had held government posts in the region for centuries; many of his ancestors and relatives were judges. [1] He studied in the United States, receiving a Bachelor of Science in Agriculture from the University of Georgia in 1962, a Master of Science in Agriculture from the same institution in 1964, and a Ph.D. in Biochemical Genetics from Yale University in 1968.

Ibb Governorate Governorate in Yemen

Ibb is a governorate of Yemen. It is located in the inland south of the country with Ta'izz Governorate to the southwest, Ad Dali' Governorate to the southeast, Dhamar Governorate to the north, and short borders with Al Bayda' Governorate to the east and Al Hudaydah Governorate to the west. It has an area of 5,344 km² and a population estimated at around 1,665,000 in 2004, making it the most densely populated governorate in Yemen outside of San'a city.

University of Georgia public university located in Athens, Georgia, United States

The University of Georgia, also referred to as UGA or simply Georgia, is a public flagship research university with its main campus in Athens, Georgia. Founded in 1785, it is one of three schools to claim the title of the oldest public university in the United States.

Yale University private research university in New Haven, Connecticut, United States

Yale University is an American private Ivy League research university in New Haven, Connecticut. Founded in 1701, it is the third-oldest institution of higher education in the United States and one of the nine Colonial Colleges chartered before the American Revolution.


Before Yemen's unification, Al-Iryani served in the government of North Yemen as Minister of Development (1974–1976), Minister of Education (1976–1978), Prime Minister (1980–1983), and Minister of Foreign Affairs (1984–1990). [2] Following unification in 1990, Al-Iryani continued to serve as Minister of Foreign Affairs for the united Republic of Yemen until 1993, when he became Minister of Development briefly before returning to the post of Minister of Foreign Affairs in 1994. Al-Iryani was appointed as Prime Minister after Faraj Said Bin Ghanem abruptly resigned on 29 April 1998. He served in this capacity until 31 March 2001, when he was succeeded by Abdul Qadir Bajamal.

North Yemen generic term designating the north-western part of the state of Yemen

North Yemen is a name given to the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen (1918–1962) and the Yemen Arab Republic (1962–1990), states that exercised sovereignty over the territory that is now the north-western part of the state of Yemen in southern Arabia.

Faraj Said Bin Ghanem was the Prime Minister of Yemen from 17 May 1997 to 29 April 1998.

Abdul Qadir Bajamal was the Prime Minister of Yemen from 31 March 2001 to 7 April 2007. He is a member of the General People's Congress party and was appointed as Prime Minister by President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Previously he served as Foreign Minister from 1998 to 2001.

Later life and death

Al-Iryani was a member of the Global Leadership Foundation, a non-profit organisation set up in 2004 by FW de Klerk to support good governance and reduce conflict around the world. He has been credited with brokering the Arab Spring peace negotiations in 2012, resulting in a transition plan for President Saleh to resign. [3]

The Global Leadership Foundation (GLF) is a not-for-profit, non-governmental organisation comprising a network of former heads of state or government and other distinguished leaders who seek to assist developing countries improve governance, bolster democratic institutions and resolve conflicts. The organisation does so by providing free confidential advice to current heads of governments committed to peace, democracy and development. It was formed in 2004 by former South African President F. W. de Klerk and is active across the world. It does not publicize the countries in which it works.

Arab Spring protests and revolutions in the Arab world

The Arab Spring was a series of anti-government protests, uprisings, and armed rebellions that spread across the Middle East in late 2010. It began in response to oppressive regimes and a low standard of living, beginning with protests in Tunisia. In the news, social media has been heralded as the driving force behind the swift spread of revolution throughout the world, as new protests appear in response to success stories shared from those taking place in other countries. In many countries, the governments have also recognized the importance of social media for organizing and have shut down certain sites or blocked Internet service entirely, especially in the times preceding a major rally. Governments have also scrutinized or suppressed discussion in those forums through accusing content creators of unrelated crimes or shutting down communication on specific sites or groups, such as through Facebook.

Al-Iryani died on 8 November 2015 in Frankfurt. Mustapha Noman, a former ambassador to Spain, called him "the last statesman Yemen had, and will have, for another generation." [1]

Frankfurt Place in Hesse, Germany

Frankfurt is a metropolis and the largest city of the German federal state of Hesse, and its 746,878 (2017) inhabitants make it the fifth-largest city of Germany after Berlin, Hamburg, Munich, and Cologne. On the River Main, it forms a continuous conurbation with the neighbouring city of Offenbach am Main, and its urban area has a population of 2.3 million. The city is at the centre of the larger Rhine-Main Metropolitan Region, which has a population of 5.5 million and is Germany's second-largest metropolitan region after the Rhine-Ruhr Region. Since the enlargement of the European Union in 2013, the geographic centre of the EU is about 40 km (25 mi) to the east of Frankfurt's central business district. Like France and Franconia, the city is named after the Franks. Frankfurt is the largest city in the Rhine Franconian dialect area.

Related Research Articles

Politics of Yemen

Politics of Yemen is in an uncertain state due to a 2014–15 coup d'état. An armed group known as the Houthis or Ansar Allah seized control of the Yemeni government and announced it would dissolve parliament, as well as install a "presidential council", "transitional national council", and "supreme revolutionary council" to govern the country for an interim period. However, the deposed president, Abdrabbuh Mansur Hadi, has declared he is still in office and is working to establish a rival government in Aden.

Ali Abdullah Saleh President of North Yemen from 1978 to 1990; President of Yemen from 1990 to 2011

Ali Abdullah Saleh was a Yemeni politician who served as President of the Yemen Arab Republic from July 1978, after the assassination of President Ahmad al-Ghashmi, to 22 May 1990, when he became the first President of Yemen following Yemeni unification. He led the country until his resignation on 25 February 2012 following the Yemeni Revolution.

Ibrahim al-Hamdi President of North Yemen

Lieutenant-Colonel Ibrahim al-Hamdi was the leader of a military coup d'etat in the Yemen Arab Republic that overthrew the regime of President Abdul Rahman al-Iryani on June 13, 1974. After the revolt, he was President of the Military Command Council that governed the country. During his rule, he cemented the central government's control over the country, planned on ending tribal loyalty, and Yemen's medieval social classes by proclaiming all Yemenis as equal. He also improved relations with Saudi Arabia.

Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani was a Yemeni politician who served as Prime Minister of Yemen from 1994 to 1997, under President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Ghani was a member of the General People's Congress party.

Abdul Karim Abdullah al-Arashi President of North Yemen

Abdul Karim Abdullah Al-Arashi, was a Yemeni politician who served as the President of the Yemen Arab Republic briefly from 24 June to 18 July 1978. He was preceded by Ahmed Al-Ghashmi and succeeded by Ali Abdullah Saleh.

Hassan Muhammad Makki was the Prime Minister of the Yemen Arab Republic for four months in 1974. Makki was appointed by President Abdul Rahman al-Iryani. He was replaced shortly after the coup d'état that placed Ibrahim al-Hamdi in power as Chairman of the Military Command Council.

Abdul Rahman al-Eryani President of North Yemen

Abdul Rahman Yahya Al-Eryani was President of the Yemen Arab Republic from 5 November 1967 to 13 June 1974. Originally a leader of the Free Yemeni Movement (Al-Ahrar) opposition group during the time of the Mutawakkilite Kingdom of Yemen, al-Eryani served as Minister of Religious Endowments under North Yemen's first republican government and later became the only civilian politician to have led Northern Yemen. He was eventually overthrown by Ibrahim al-Hamdi and died in exile.

Abdullah Hussein al-Kurshumi was the Prime Minister of the Yemen Arab Republic from 2 September 1969 until 5 February 1970. He served under President Abdul Rahman al-Iryani.

Abdullah al-Sallal President of North Yemen

Abdullah al-Sallal was the leader of the North Yemeni Revolution of 1962. He served as the first President of the Yemen Arab Republic from 27 September 1962 to 5 November 1967.

The modern history of Yemen began with the withdrawal of the Ottoman Empire. In 1839 the British set up a protective area around the southern port of Aden and in 1918 the northern Kingdom of Yemen gained independence from the Ottoman Empire. North Yemen became a republic in 1962, but it was not until 1967 that the British Empire withdrew from what became South Yemen. In 1970, the southern government adopted a communist governmental system. The two countries were formally united as the Republic of Yemen on May 22, 1990.

Israel–Yemen relations

Israel–Yemen relations do not have diplomatic relations and relations between the two countries are very tense. People with an Israeli passport or any passport with an Israeli stamp cannot enter Yemen, and Yemen is defined as an "enemy state" by Israeli law.

Yemeni Revolution

The Yemeni Uprising (intifada), and also known as the Yemeni Revolution of Dignity followed the initial stages of the Tunisian Revolution and occurred simultaneously with the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 and other Arab Spring protests in the Middle East and North Africa. In its early phase, protests in Yemen were initially against unemployment, economic conditions and corruption, as well as against the government's proposals to modify Yemen's constitution. The protesters' demands then escalated to calls for the resignation of Yemeni President Ali Abdullah Saleh. Mass defections from the military, as well as from Saleh's government, effectively rendered much of the country outside of the government's control, and protesters vowed to defy its authority.

Ramziya Abbas al-Iryani or al-Eryani was a pioneering Yemeni novelist, writer, diplomat and feminist. She was also the niece of the former president Abdul Rahman al-Iryani.

South Yemen Civil War

The South Yemen Civil War, colloquially referred to as The Events of '86, or more simply as The Events, was a failed coup d'etat and armed conflict which took place in January 1986 in South Yemen. The civil war developed as a result of ideological and tribal tensions between two factions of the ruling Yemeni Socialist Party (YSP), centred on Abdul Fattah Ismail and Ali Nasir Muhammad for the leadership of the YSP. The conflict quickly escalated into a costly civil war that lasted eleven days and resulted in thousands of casualties. Additionally, the conflict resulted in the demise of much of the Yemeni Socialist Party's most experienced leadership cadre, contributing to the country's eventual unification with North Yemen in 1990.

National Dialogue Conference

The National Dialogue Conference (NDC) was a transitional dialogue process held at the Movenpick Hotel in Sana'a, Yemen from March 18, 2013 to January 24, 2014, as part of the Yemeni crisis reconciliation efforts.

This is a list of foreign ministers of the Yemen Arab Republic, in what is now northern Yemen.

Minister of Foreign Affairs of Yemen Minister of the government of Yemen

This is a list of foreign ministers of Yemen.

Abdulmalik Abduljalil Al-Mekhlafi is a Yemeni politician. As of 2016 he was Deputy Prime Minister and Foreign Minister.


  1. 1 2 Eva Sohlman (November 12, 2015). "Abdul Karim al-Eryani, 81, Dies; Yemeni Politician Brokered Arab Spring Peace". The New York Times . The New York Times Company . Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  2. "Abd al-Karim al-Iryani" . Retrieved February 9, 2019.
  3. Walter Kemp (June 4, 2012). "The Man in the Middle of Yemen's Transition: An Interview with Abdul Karim Al-Eryani" . Retrieved February 9, 2019.
<i>Charlie Rose</i> (talk show) American television interview show

Charlie Rose is an American television interview and talk show, with Charlie Rose as executive producer, executive editor, and host. The show was syndicated on PBS until 2017 and is owned by Charlie Rose, Inc. Rose interviewed thinkers, writers, politicians, athletes, entertainers, businesspersons, leaders, scientists, and fellow newsmakers.

Al Jazeera English international news channel

Al Jazeera English (AJE) is a Qatari pay television news channel owned and operated by Al Jazeera Media Network, headquartered in Doha, Qatar. It is the first English-language news channel to be headquartered in the Middle East. Instead of being run centrally, news management rotates between broadcasting centres in Doha and London.

Political offices
Preceded by
Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Prime Minister of North Yemen
Succeeded by
Abdul Aziz Abdul Ghani
Preceded by
Faraj Said Bin Ghanem
Prime Minister of Yemen
Succeeded by
Abdul Qadir Bajamal