Abel Gance (French: [gɑ̃s] ; 25 October 1889 –10 November 1981) was a French film director and producer, writer and actor. A pioneer in the theory and practice of montage, he is best known for three major silent films: J'accuse (1919), La Roue (1923), and the monumental Napoléon (1927).
|Year||English title||Original title||Notes|
|1911||"La Digue"||"La Digue"||unreleased|
|1912||Le Tragique Amour de Mona Lisa||Le Tragique Amour de Mona Lisa|
|Il y a des pieds au plafond||Il y a des pieds au plafond|
|La Pierre philosophe||La Pierre philosophe|
|"The Mask of Horror"||"Le Masque d'horreur"|
|Le Nègre blanc||Le Nègre blanc|
|1915||La Fleur des ruines||La Fleur des ruines|
|"La Folie du Docteur Tube"||"La Folie du docteur Tube"|
|The Enigma of Ten Hours||L'Énigme de dix heures|
|The Heroism of Paddy||L'Héroïsme de Paddy|
|Strass et Compagnie||Strass et Compagnie|
|"Un drame au château d'Acre"||"Un drame au château d'Acre"|
|1916||Ce que les flots racontent||Ce que les flots racontent|
|Le Fou de la falaise||Le Fou de la falaise|
|Le périscope||Le Périscope|
|Les Gaz mortels||Les Gaz mortels||AKA Le brouillard sur la ville|
|The Zone of Death||La Zone de la mort||lost film|
|Le droit à la vie||Le Droit à la vie|
|The Torture of Silence||Mater Dolorosa|
|1918||Ecce Homo||Ecce Homo||unfinished|
|The Tenth Symphony||La Dixième Symphonie|
|1923||La Roue||La Roue|
|1924||"Au Secours!"||"Au secours !"||short film|
|1928||"Marines et cristaux"||"Marines et cristaux"||short film|
|1931||End of the World||La Fin du monde|
|1932||Mater Dolorosa||Mater Dolorosa|
|1935||Jérôme Perreau, héros des barricades||Jérôme Perreau, héros des barricades|
|Lucrezia Borgia||Lucrèce Borgia|
|Napoléon Bonaparte||Napoléon Bonaparte||Reworking of the 1927 Napoléon with a soundtrack; reworked in 1971 and released as Bonaparte et la Révolution|
|1936||Story of a Poor Young Man||Le Roman d'un jeune homme pauvre|
|Beethoven's Great Love||Un grand amour de Beethoven|
|1938||The Woman Thief||Le Voleur de femmes|
|1940||Paradise Lost||Paradis perdu|
|1941||Blind Venus||Vénus aveugle|
|1943||Captain Fracasse||Le Capitaine Fracasse|
|1953||"Quatorze juillet"||"Quatorze juillet"||documentary short film|
|1955||Tower of Lust||La Tour de Nesle|
|1964||Cyrano and d'Artagnan||Cyrano et d'Artagnan|
|1966||Marie Tudor||Marie Tudor||television film|
|1967||Valmy||Valmy||television film; completed by Jean Chérasse|
|Year||English title||Original title||Notes|
|1909||"Molière"||"Molière"||actor; directed by Léonce Perret|
|1929||Napoleon at Saint Helena||Napoleon auf Sankt Helena||co-writer; directed by Lupu Pick|
|1933||The Ironmaster||Le Maître de forges||writer and supervisor; directed by Fernand Rivers|
|1934||La Dame aux camélias||La Dame aux camélias||writer and supervisor; directed by Fernand Rivers|
|1953||"Lumière"||"Lumière"||voiceover; documentary directed by Paul Paviot|
Napoléon is a 1927 silent French epic film written, produced, and directed by Abel Gance that tells the story of Napoleon's early years. On screen, the title is Napoléon vu par Abel Gance, meaning "Napoleon as seen by Abel Gance". The film is recognised as a masterwork of fluid camera motion, produced in a time when most camera shots were static. Many innovative techniques were used to make the film, including fast cutting, extensive close-ups, a wide variety of hand-held camera shots, location shooting, point of view shots, multiple-camera setups, multiple exposure, superimposition, underwater camera, kaleidoscopic images, film tinting, split screen and mosaic shots, multi-screen projection, and other visual effects. A revival of Napoléon in the mid-1950s influenced the filmmakers of the French New Wave. The film used the Keller-Dorian cinematography for its color sequences.
Abel Gance was a French film director and producer, writer and actor. A pioneer in the theory and practice of montage, he is best known for three major silent films: J'accuse (1919), La Roue (1923), and Napoléon (1927).
Albert Dieudonné was a French actor, screenwriter, film director and novelist.
Philippe Hériat was a multi-talented French novelist, playwright and actor.
Polyvision was the name given by the French film critic Émile Vuillermoz to a specialized widescreen film format devised exclusively for the filming and projection of Abel Gance's 1927 film Napoleon.
The Fall of the House of Usher is a 1928 French horror film directed by Jean Epstein, one of several films based on the 1839 Gothic short story The Fall of the House of Usher by Edgar Allan Poe.
Beethoven's Great Love (French: Un grand amour de Beethoven is a 1936 French historical musical drama film directed by Abel Gance and starring Harry Baur, Annie Ducaux and Jany Holt. It portrays the career of the composer Ludwig van Beethoven. In Britain and the United States it was sometimes alternatively titled The Life and Loves of Beethoven.
J'accuse is a 1919 French silent film directed by Abel Gance. It juxtaposes a romantic drama with the background of the horrors of World War I, and it is sometimes described as a pacifist or anti-war film. Work on the film began in 1918, and some scenes were filmed on real battlefields. The film's powerful depiction of wartime suffering, and particularly its climactic sequence of the "return of the dead", made it an international success, and confirmed Gance as one of the most important directors in Europe.
End of the World is a 1931 French science fiction film directed by Abel Gance based on the novel Omega: The Last Days of the World by Camille Flammarion. The film stars Victor Francen as Martial Novalic, Colette Darfeuil as Genevieve de Murcie, Abel Gance as Jean Novalic, and Jeanne Brindau as Madame Novalic. The plot concerns a comet hurtling toward Earth on a collision course and the different reactions people have to the impending disaster. Scientist Martial Novalic who discovers the comet, seeks a solution to the problem and becomes a fugitive after skeptical authorities blame him for starting a mass panic.
J'accuse! is a 1938 French war film directed by Abel Gance and starring Victor Francen. It is a remake of the 1919 film of the same name, which was also directed by Gance.
Gaston Modot was a French actor. For more than 50 years he performed for the cinema working with a number of great French directors.
La Digue is a 1911 silent French film directed by Abel Gance. It was Gance's debut film. The film was never released.
The Zone of Death is a 1917 silent French lost film directed by Abel Gance.
Vénus aveugle is a 1941 French film melodrama, directed by Abel Gance, and one of the first films to be undertaken in France during the German occupation.
Gance is a French surname. Notable people with the surname include:
Léonce-Henri Burel was a French cinematographer whose career extended from the silent era until the early 1970s. He was the director of photography on more than 120 films, working almost exclusively in black-and-white.
Romuald Charles Eugène Gaudens Jean Sylve Joubé was a French stage and film actor whose career on the stage and in films lasted approximately thirty years.
Nelly Kaplan was an Argentine-born French writer and film director who focused on the arts, film, and filmmakers. She studied economics at the University of Buenos Aires. Passionate about cinema, she abruptly put her studies on hold to go to Paris to represent the new Argentine film archive at an international convention and later became a correspondent for different Argentine newspapers. She met Abel Gance in 1954, who gave her the opportunity to work on the film La tour de Nesle.
Captain Fracasse is a 1943 French-Italian historical adventure film directed by Abel Gance and starring Fernand Gravey, Assia Noris and Alice Tissot. It is an adaptation of the novel Captain Fracasse by Théophile Gautier. The scenario and dialogue is by Abel Gance and Claude Vermorel and the music composed by Arthur Honegger. Honegger's score for the film consists of around 50 minutes of music for chorus and large orchestra.
Cyrano and d'Artagnan is a 1964 French adventure film directed by Abel Gance, starring José Ferrer and Jean-Pierre Cassel. It is set in 1642 and tells the story of how the poet and duelist Cyrano de Bergerac teams up with the musketeer d'Artagnan in order to stop a plot against king Louis XIII. The film draws from Edmond Rostand's 1897 play Cyrano de Bergerac and Alexandre Dumas' three-volume novel d'Artagnan Romances. Ferrer repeated his role from the 1950 film Cyrano de Bergerac. Cyrano and d'Artagnan had 651,213 admissions in France.