Abhaya Wewa

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Abhaya Wewa
අභය වැව
Abhayavapi.jpg
Sri Lanka rel-2 location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Abhaya Wewa
අභය වැව
Location Anuradhapura
Coordinates 08°21′07.9″N080°23′17.4″E / 8.352194°N 80.388167°E / 8.352194; 80.388167 Coordinates: 08°21′07.9″N080°23′17.4″E / 8.352194°N 80.388167°E / 8.352194; 80.388167
Type Reservoir
Built400 BC [1] [2]
Surface area1,235 acres (500 ha; 1.930 sq mi)
Water volume133×10^6 cu ft (3.8×10^6 m3) [2]

Abhaya Wewa (Sinhalese: අභය වැව), historically Abhayavapi (Sinhalese: අභයවාපි) or Bassawak reservoir, is a reservoir in Sri Lanka, built by King Pandukabhaya who ruled in Anuradhapura from 437 BC to 367 BC, after constructing the city. [3]

Contents

It was constructed in 380 BC. The dam of the reservoir is 10 m high. The water of the reservoir is also accumulated in the Giritale and Kantalai. [4] Currently, the reservoir is about 255 acres. The embankment of the reservoir is about 5910 feet long and 22 feet high above the sill level of the sluice. [5]

Size

area is 1,235 acres (500 ha; 1.930 sq mi); the length of the Waw Kandiya (Sinhalese: වැව් කන්ඩිය English: embankment) is 5,910 feet (1.119 mi) and height is 22 feet (6.7 m). The width of the top of the embankment is 6 feet (1.8 m) to 8 feet (2.4 m). [1] [2]

Purpose

Built inside the ancient Anuradhapura, it supplied water to the city population. [1] [2]

History

King Paduwasdeva of Sri Lanka, when married Subaddhakacanna from North India, and her seven brothers also came to Sri Lanka and established their villages. One of the brothers, Anuradha established Anuradhapura where he constructed the first reservoir. The reservoir was expanded by king Pandukabhaya. The reservoir was called Abaya Vapi at that time, in memory of one of King's uncles. The reservoir was used to feed the irrigation system. [5] [6] [7]

See also

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References

  1. 1 2 3 "King Pandukabhaya (437 BC – 367 BC)". mahavamsa.org. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
  2. 1 2 3 4 Brohier, R.L. (2000) [1965]. Seeing Ceylon (4th ed.). Sooriya Publishers, Colombo. pp. 353–362.
  3. "Anuradhapura Sri Lanka". Urlaub SriLanka. Retrieved 2012-04-03.
  4. Novák, Pavel; Moffat, AIB; Nalluri, Chandra; Narayanan, RAIB (2017). Hydraulic structures. CRC Press. ISBN   978-1-4822-6578-1.
  5. 1 2 "Basawakkulama Wewa - First Reservoir to be in the recorded history of Sri Lanka". AmazingLanka.com. 2014-10-05. Retrieved 2021-11-30.
  6. Modder, FH (1896). "ANCIENT CITIES AND TEMPLES IN THE KURUNEGALA DISTRICT". The Journal of the Ceylon Branch of the Royal Asiatic Society of Great Britain & Ireland. 14 (47): 134–154. ISSN   0304-2235.
  7. Wright, Henry-John (2006). "Protrusions on Stepped Spillways to Improve Energy Dissipation".{{cite journal}}: Cite journal requires |journal= (help)