Abutilon

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Abutilon
Abutilon-3.jpg
Abutilon pictum
Scientific classification Red Pencil Icon.png
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malvales
Family: Malvaceae
Subfamily: Malvoideae
Tribe: Malveae
Genus: Abutilon
Mill. [1]
Species

about 200, see text

Synonyms [1]
  • BeloereShuttlew.
  • PseudabutilonR.E.Fr.

Abutilon /əˈbjuːtɪlɒn/ [2] is a large genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It is distributed throughout the tropics and subtropics [3] of the Americas, Africa, Asia, and Australia. [4] General common names include Indian mallow [5] and velvetleaf; [6] ornamental varieties may be known as room maple, parlor maple, or flowering maple. The genus name is an 18th-century New Latin word [7] that came from the Arabic ’abū-ṭīlūn (أبو طيلون), [8] the name given by Avicenna to this or a similar genus. [9]

Contents

The type species is Abutilon theophrasti . Several species formerly placed in Abutilon, including the cultivated species and hybrids commonly known as "flowering maples", have recently (2012, 2014) been transferred to the new genus Callianthe .

Description

Plants of this genus include herbs, shrubs, and trees. [3] They range in height from about 0.5 to 3 meters (1.5 to 10 feet). [10] The herbage is generally hairy to woolly or bristly. [11] The leaf blades are usually entire, but the occasional species has lobed leaves. They are palmately veined and have wavy or serrated edges. Flowers are solitary, paired, or borne in small inflorescences in the leaf axils or toward the branch tips. The calyx is bell-shaped with five lobes. The corolla is usually bell-shaped to wheel-shaped, with five petals joined at the bases.

The flowers of wild species are most often yellow or orange, [3] but can be red or pinkish, sometimes with a darker center. The stamens are fused into a tube lined at the mouth with anthers. Inside the tube is the branching style with head-like stigmas. The fruit is a rounded or hemispherical schizocarp with up to 20 segments, each containing a few seeds. [3] [11]

Species

There are about 200 species in the genus. [3] [11]

Species include: [5] [12]

Hybrids

Formerly placed here

Cultivation

Some abutilons are cultivated as garden plants. Several hybrids and cultivars have been developed.

Cultivars, hybrids, and species that have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit include:

Related Research Articles

<i>Callirhoe</i> (plant) genus of plants

Callirhoe is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. Its nine species are commonly known as poppy mallows and all are native to the prairies and grasslands of North America. Of the nine species, some are annuals while others are perennial plants.

<i>Sphaeralcea</i> genus of plants

Sphaeralcea is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family (Malvaceae). There are about 40-60 species, including annuals, perennials, and shrubs. Most originate in the drier regions of North America, with some known from South America. They are commonly known as globemallows, globe mallows, or falsemallows. The name of the genus is derived from the Greek words σφαῖρα (sphaira), meaning "sphere," and αλκεα (alkea), meaning "mallow."

<i>Bombax</i> genus of plants

Bombax is a genus of mainly tropical trees in the mallow family. They are native to western Africa, the Indian subcontinent, Southeast Asia, and the subtropical regions of East Asia and northern Australia. It is distinguished from the genus Ceiba, which has whiter flowers.

<i>Abutilon</i> × <i>hybridum</i> species of plant

Abutilon × hybridum is a species name used for a wide variety of different types flowering plants of uncertain origin in the genus Abutilon. Because of the uncertainty surrounding the name, they are often considered a cultivar group: Abutilon x Hybridum Group or Abutilon Hybridum Group. They are cultigens, not occurring in the wild. As with the larger genus Abutilon generally, they have been referred to by the common names Chinese lantern, and parlour maple.

<i>Theobroma</i> Genus of flowering plants in the mallow family Malvaceae

Theobroma is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae, that is sometimes classified as a member of Sterculiaceae. It contains roughly 20 species of small understory trees native to the tropical forests of Central and South America. The generic name is derived from the Greek words θεός (theos), meaning "god," and βρῶμα (broma), meaning "food". It translates to "food of the gods."

<i>Lythrum</i> genus of plants

Lythrum is a genus of 38 species of flowering plants native to the temperate world. Commonly known as loosestrife. They are among 32 genera of the family Lythraceae.

<i>Abutilon pictum</i> species of plant

Abutilon pictum, syn. Abutilon striatum,(disputed), is a species of flowering plant in the family Malvaceae. It is native to southern Brazil, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay. The plant has become naturalised in Central America, and is used in horticulture. Common names include redvein abutilon, red vein Indian mallow, redvein flowering maple, Chinese-lantern and red vein Chinese lanterns.

<i>Abutilon theophrasti</i> Species of plant

Abutilon theophrasti is an annual plant in the family Malvaceae, native to southern Asia. Its specific epithet theophrasti commemorates the ancient Greek botanist-philosopher Theophrastus. Abutilon theophrasti is the type species of the genus Abutilon.

<i>Sterculia</i> genus of plants

Sterculia is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae: subfamily Sterculioideae. Members of the genus are colloquially known as tropical chestnuts. The scientific name is taken from Sterculius of Roman mythology, who was the god of manure; this is in reference to the unpleasant aroma of the flowers of this genus. Sterculia may be monoecious or dioecious, and flowers unisexual or bisexual.

<i>Abutilon indicum</i> Species of plant

Abutilon indicum is a small shrub in the family Malvaceae, native to tropic and subtropical regions and sometimes cultivated as an ornamental. It is found in Karnataka and Tamil Nadu. This plant is often used as a medicinal plant and is considered invasive on certain tropical islands. Its roots and leaves are used for curing fever.

Bastardia is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae.

<i>Abutilon grandifolium</i> species of plant

Abutilon grandifolium, the hairy Indian mallow, is a large shrub that is up to 3 m (9.8 ft) high with broad, 3–18 cm (1.2–7.1 in) leaf blades. Flowers are axillary, with a yellow corolla 2–3.5 cm (0.8–1.4 in) across, composed of petals 1–1.5 cm (0.4–0.6 in) long. The fruits are ovoid-globular schizocarps that are 1–1.5 cm (0.4–0.6 in) in diameter and composed of ten shortly beaked mericarps, containing 2-3 seeds each.

<i>Abutilon fruticosum</i> species of plant

Abutilon fruticosum is a widespread species of flowering plant in the mallow family known by the common names Texas Indian mallow, pelotazo, and sweet Indian mallow. It is native to Africa, southern and southwestern Asia, northern Mexico, and the south-central United States.

<i>Hermannia</i> Genus of flowering plants in the mallow family Malvaceae

Hermannia is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family, Malvaceae. It comprises at least 65 species with many more species as yet unresolved.

Krapovickasia is a genus of flowering plants in the mallow family Malvaceae, disjunctly distributed in Mexico, Brazil, Paraguay, Uruguay and Argentina. Perennial herbs, they have yellowish to peach or faded rose colored flowers.

<i>Corynabutilon vitifolium</i> Species of plant in the family Malvaceae

Corynabutilon vitifolium is a species of plant in the mallow family. Its native range is central and south-central Chile. Its cultivars 'Tennant's White' and 'Veronica Tennant' have gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

<i>Corynabutilon</i> Genus of Malvaceae plants

Corynabutilon is a genus of flowering plants in the family Malvaceae, native to southern Chile and Argentina. They are shrubs or small trees.

Abutilon × milleri, also known as Miller abutilon, is a hybrid species, the result of cross of A. megapotamicum and possibly A. pictum, in the family Malvaceae. It is an evergreen species of flowering plant. It has gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit as an ornamental.

References

  1. 1 2 "Abutilon Mill". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 2017-04-18.
  2. Sunset Western Garden Book. 1995. 606–07.
  3. 1 2 3 4 5 Abutilon. Flora of China.
  4. Esteves, G. L.; Krapovickas, A. (2002). "New Species of Abutilon (Malvaceae) from Sao Paulo State, Brazil". Kew Bulletin. 57 (2): 479. doi:10.2307/4111131. JSTOR   4111131.
  5. 1 2 Abutilon. Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS).
  6. Genus: Abutilon Mill. Archived 2014-04-29 at the Wayback Machine Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN).
  7. "abutilon". Oxford English Dictionary (3rd ed.). Oxford University Press. September 2005. (Subscription or UK public library membership required.)
  8. Porcher, Michel H. (2006). "Sorting plant names: Arabic index". Multilingual, Multiscript Plant Name Database. University of Melbourne.
    Transcribed as abū-taylūn in the Plant Index. The New Oxford American Dictionary (3rd edition) gives ūbūṭīlūn
  9. Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Abutilon"  . Encyclopædia Britannica (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press.: written aubūtīlūn in both Britannica and the OED.
  10. Hildyard, A. (2001). Endangered Wildlife and Plants of the World. Marshall Cavendish. p. 22. ISBN   978-0-7614-7194-3.
  11. 1 2 3 Abutilon. The Jepson eFlora 2013.
  12. "GRIN Species Records of Abutilon". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Archived from the original on 2015-09-24. Retrieved 2010-12-05.
  13. Britton, N. L.; C. F. Millspaugh (1920). "Malvaceae". The Bahama Flora. The authors. p.  264.
  14. "Abutilon asiaticum in Global Plants".
  15. https://plants.jstor.org/stable/10.5555/al.ap.specimen.k000659603
  16. Britton & Millspaugh, p. 266
  17. "Abutilon megapotamicum". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  18. "Abutilon × milleri". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  19. "Abutilon 'Canary Bird'". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  20. "Abutilon 'Cannington Carol'". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  21. "Abutilon 'Cannington Peter'". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  22. "Abutilon 'Kentish Belle'". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  23. "Abutilon 'Linda Vista Peach". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  24. "Abutilon 'Marion'". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  25. "Abutilon 'Nabob'". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  26. "Abutilon 'Orange Glow". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  27. "Abutilon 'Savitzii'". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  28. "Abutilon 'Souvenir de Bonn'". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.
  29. "Abutilon 'Veronica Tennant'". RHS. Retrieved 27 February 2020.