Academia Sinica

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Academia Sinica
Academia Sinica Emblem.svg
Agency overview
Formed1928 (in Nanking)
1949 (in Taipei)
Headquarters Nangang, Taipei [1]
25°2′45″N121°36′37″E / 25.04583°N 121.61028°E / 25.04583; 121.61028 Coordinates: 25°2′45″N121°36′37″E / 25.04583°N 121.61028°E / 25.04583; 121.61028
Employees~5,800 [2] (incl. 976 principal investigators, 111 research specialists, 775 post-docs, 2,150 students) [3]
Annual budget12.5 billion NTD ($0.4 billion) (2020) [4]
Agency executives
Parent agency Office of the President
Academia Sinica
Chinese 中央 硏究院
Literal meaning"Central Research Academy"

Academia Sinica (AS, Latin : Academia Sinica, lit.  'Chinese Academy'; Chinese :中央硏究院; lit. 'Central Research Academy'), headquartered in Nangang, Taipei, is the national academy of Taiwan (Republic of China). It supports research activities in a wide variety of disciplines, ranging from mathematical and physical sciences, to life sciences, and to humanities and social sciences. As an educational institute, it provides PhD training and scholarship through its English-language Taiwan International Graduate Program in biology, agriculture, chemistry, physics, informatics, and earth and environmental sciences. [5] Academia Sinica is ranked 144th in Nature Publishing Index - 2014 Global Top 200 [6] and 18th in Reuters World's Most Innovative Research Institutions of 2019. [7] The current president since 2016 is James C. Liao, an expert in metabolic engineering, systems biology and synthetic biology. [8]



Former Academia Sinica site in Nanjing, currently the Nanjing Branch of Chinese Academy of Sciences Academia Sinica site nanjing.JPG
Former Academia Sinica site in Nanjing, currently the Nanjing Branch of Chinese Academy of Sciences

Academia Sinica was founded in 1928 in Nanking, then capital of the Republic of China, with its first meeting held in Shanghai. After the establishment of the People's Republic of China in 1949, it relocated to Taiwan. In 1954, its main campus was constructed in Jiuzhuang  [ zh ], Nangang, Taipei. The institutes at that time were Mathematics, Philology, and Botany. The second convocation was held in 1957. In the 2000s, many of the current institutes and research centers were established, partially through reorganization of old ones. Academia Sinica's first PhD program, the Taiwan International Graduate Program, was inaugurated in 2006.


As the most preeminent academic research institution in Taiwan, Academia Sinica is directly responsible to the Presidential Office, unlike other government-sponsored research institutes which are responsible to relevant Executive Yuan ministries. Thus AS enjoys autonomy in formulating its own research objectives. In addition to academic research on various subjects in the sciences and humanities, its major tasks also include providing guidelines, channels of coordination, and incentives with a view to raising academic standards in the country.


Yuan T. Lee, Nobel laureate in Chemistry, academician and former president. Yuan T. Lee 1-1.jpg
Yuan T. Lee, Nobel laureate in Chemistry, academician and former president.

The president of Academia Sinica is appointed by the President of ROC from three candidates recommended by the Council Meeting. The president of Academia Sinica must be an Academician. After the appointment, the president serves a five-year term and can serve up to two consecutive terms.

Academia Sinica's current President is James C. Liao, a biochemist, who replaced Chi-Huey Wong, a biological chemist and the Parsons Foundation Professor and Chair of the Department of Chemical and Biomolecular Engineering at the University of California, Los Angeles, as the 11th president on 21 June 2016. The list of past Presidents also includes Hu Shih, a philosopher and essayist, and a key contributor to Chinese liberalism and language reform in his advocacy for the use of vernacular Chinese, as well as an influential redology scholar and holder of the Jiaxu manuscript (Chinese:甲戌本; pinyin:Jiǎxū běn) until his death. The fifth president, Yuan T. Lee, won the Nobel Prize in Chemistry for "contributions to the dynamics of chemical elementary processes".



(Left to right) President James C. Liao, president of Taiwan Ing-wen Tsai, and vice president of Taiwan Chien-Jen Chen at the 32nd Convocation Meeting. Cai Ying Wen Zong Tong Yan Qing Zhong Yang Yan Jiu Yuan Di 32Ci Yuan Shi Hui Yi Quan Ti Yuan Shi Kang Li .jpg
(Left to right) President James C. Liao, president of Taiwan Ing-wen Tsai, and vice president of Taiwan Chien-Jen Chen at the 32nd Convocation Meeting.

The Convocation of Academia Sinica consists of 281 Academicians, including 105 domestic and 176 overseas appointed scientists. [9] Seven Academicians of Academia Sinica are Nobel laureates. [10] Academician membership is an honorary lifetime privilege without remuneration. They do not necessarily perform research or reside at the Academia Sinica campus. According to their own expertise, academicians are grouped into three divisions: Mathematics and Physical Sciences, Life Sciences, and Social Sciences and Humanities. A maximum number of ten new members is allocated to each of the three divisions during the biennial convocation. The eligibility of the academicians is not restricted to the residents of Taiwan or Republic of China citizens. More than half of the academicians are overseas scholars and scientists.

At the convocation, the academicians elect new academicians and honorary academicians, and elect members to the Council of Academia Sinica. The convocation can also recommend policies to the government on academic research. [11] The academicians also have responsibilities to carry out research at the government's request, although the government has never requested any task.


Academicians are elected annually, with nominations open in July and ending in October. Outcome of election to academicians are publicly announced in July the following year. Candidates who are not Taiwanese are elected as Foreign members of the academy. Election to the academy is regarded a national honor in Taiwan.

Academicians who reside(d) at Academia Sinica

Mathematics and physical sciences
Life sciences
Humanities and social sciences

Academicians who are Nobel Prize laureates

Academicians who reside overseas


Main entrance. AS main entrance.jpg
Main entrance.
Sih-Fen Brook. SihFenBrook AS Taiwan.jpg
Sih-Fen Brook.
Emblem at the main entrance. AS maingate emblem.jpg
Emblem at the main entrance.
Temple of Earth God. FwuTerTemple AS Taiwan.jpg
Temple of Earth God.

Academia Sinica has its main campus located in Nangang, Taipei, and runs over 40 research stations distributed across the country and throughout the world. [1]

Main campus

The main campus in Jiuzhuang  [ zh ], Nangang was constructed in 1954. In addition to the Central Office of Administration and 28 institutes and research centers, the main campus has 10 museums or memorial halls open to the public, as well as an ecological pond, a forest park, a Tudigong temple (Fude Temple 福德宮), and Sifen Creek (四分溪), which runs through the campus and to the north by the National Biotechnology Research Park.

National Biotechnology Research Park

The National Biotechnology Research Park, finished in 2017 and inaugurated in October 2018 by Taiwanese President Tsai Ing-wen, [12] is located about 500m north of the main campus and 500m south of the Nankang Software Park, with the Nangang station to the west and the Taipei Nangang Exhibition Center MRT station to the east. [13] It is home to four Academia Sinica centers for translational medicine, innovation, incubation, and bioinformatics service, as well as the Biotechnology Development Center of the Ministry of Economic Affairs, the Food and Drug Administration of the Ministry of Health and Welfare, and the National Laboratory Animal Center of the Ministry of Science and Technology. [13]

National Taiwan University main campus

Three physical sciences institutes, Mathematics, Astronomy, and Atomic and Molecular Sciences, are located in the main campus of National Taiwan University in Gongguan, Daan, Taipei. A joint office between the two institutions was established in 2014.

Southern Campus

A campus in the Shalun Smart Green Energy Science City, near the Tainan High Speed Rail station, Guiren District, Tainan, [14] is under construction and is expected to be finished in 2021. The groundbreaking ceremony took place in May 2018 after seven years of planning. [15] The Southern Campus is part of an effort to promote regional balance in the academic landscape of Taiwan and will prioritize research on agricultural biotechnology, sustainable development, and archaeology of early Taiwanese history and culture. [15]


Institutes and research centers

Similar to the Max Planck Institutes of Germany, [16] Taiwan's Academia Sinica covers three major academic divisions: [17] [3]

Mathematics and physical sciences (11 institutes/research centers; 339 research fellows)
Life sciences (8 institutes/research centers; 329 research fellows)
  • Plant and Microbial Biology (2005)
  • Cellular and Organismic Biology (2005)
  • Biological Chemistry (1970)
  • Molecular Biology (1993)
  • Genomics (2003)
  • Agricultural Biotechnology (2006)
  • Biodiversity (2004)
  • Biomedical Sciences (1981)
Humanities and social sciences (12 institutes/research centers; 319 research fellows)

Research stations

The research stations in Taiwan include: [18]

The research sites abroad include: [19]

Education programs

PhD programs

Joint PhD programs

In general Academia Sinica is a non-teaching institution, but it has very close collaboration with the top research universities in Taiwan, such as National Taiwan University, National Tsing Hua University, National Yang Ming Chiao Tung University and National Central University. Many research fellows from Academia Sinica have a second appointment or joint professorship at these universities. In addition, Academia Sinica established joint Ph.D. programs [20] in biological sciences with Taiwan's universities, such as the Doctoral Degree Program in Marine Biotechnology with National Taiwan Ocean University. [21] Through these mechanisms, the faculty at Academia Sinica give lecture courses and supervise graduate students.

Taiwan International Graduate Program

Logo of Taiwan International Graduate Program Logo of Taiwan International Graduate Program.jpg
Logo of Taiwan International Graduate Program
One of the dormitories for TIGP students and their families. AS TIGPdorm.jpg
One of the dormitories for TIGP students and their families.

Since 2002, Academia Sinica set up the Taiwan International Graduate Program (TIGP), [5] open to local and international students for Ph.D. programs. All courses at TIGP are conducted in English. Students can choose their advisor among a faculty selected for the program out of outstanding researchers and professors appointed at Academia Sinica or at one of the partner universities (or both). Currently, admittance to the programme guarantees a monthly stipend of 34,000 NTD, roughly $1,200 or 1,050. [5] Applications can normally be sent starting in December and the submission deadline is usually set on March 31, for enrollment in September of the same year. Lectures start around the middle of September and end around the middle of June, with slight variations mostly depending on the partner university's academic calendar.

The TIGP offers Ph.D. programs only in selected disciplines agreed upon by Academia Sinica and its national research universities partners. The program offers doctoral degrees in highly interdisciplinary areas in the physical sciences, applied sciences, engineering, biological and agricultural sciences, health and medical sciences, humanities and social sciences. As of March 2017, Academia Sinica administers 12 such programs with degrees issued from partner universities: [5]

Predoctoral programs

TIGP International Internship Program

Launched in 2009, the TIGP International Internship Program (TIGP-IIP) is an intensive, predoctoral, summer research training program for two months that prepares its participating interns with the necessary knowledge and skills for future research or career development through rigorous hands-on training. [22] Successful applicants from around the world will receive for each month a stipend of 30,000 NTD and a round-trip ticket to Taiwan. The program highlights include internship at an applicant-chosen host lab, visits to Academia Sinica facilities and partner institutions, field trips in Taiwan and basic Mandarin lessons.

Summer internship programs

Many institutes of Academia Sinica offers their own summer internship programs for undergraduate students in Taiwan.

High school program

Academia Sinica also offers a three-year program for gifted and talented high school students interested in the biological sciences. To enroll, students must first pass an entrance exam at the start of 10th grade (first year for Taiwanese senior high schools). During 10th grade, students attend expert lectures and visit the various laboratories on campus. During 11th and 12th grade, students enter a lab of their choice and gain hands-on experience in the various fields of biological sciences. To graduate from the program, an academic paper must be submitted and presented in front of professors and peers.

Postdoctoral scholars

Academia Sinica has a high number of both domestic and international postdoctoral fellows. They are funded by grants of Ministry of Science and Technology (Taiwan) or by Academia Sinica. The latter, the Academia Sinica Postdoctoral Fellow Program, consists of two tracks: Regular Postdoctoral Scholars (starting annual salary: NT$810,351 (US$28,100), additional benefits depending on the principal investigator) and Academia Sinica Postdoctoral Scholars (annual salary up to NT$ 1,167,278 (US$40,000), plus round-trip ticket and research subsidy of US$4,500) [23] [24]

International cooperation

The institute has extensive cooperation with research and academic institutions from other countries (such as Harvard-Yenching Institute [25] ) and hosts several foreign institutes and their scholars.


The Taipei Center of the French EFEO (L'École française d'Extrême-Orient; French School of Asian Studies) was hosted by the Institute of Modern History, AS, from 1992 to 1996 and since 1996 by the Institute of History and Philology. [26] Its research projects center on the local and cultural history of Taiwan and China, and it organizes conferences and talks, support visiting scholars and students, and hosts EFEO fellows.

Journals associated with Academia Sinica

Academia Sinica currently sponsors the following journals:

See also

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