|Died||13 April 1865 70) (aged|
|Institutions||Muséum national d'histoire naturelle|
Achille Valenciennes (9 August 1794 – 13 April 1865) was a French zoologist.
Valenciennes was born in Paris, and studied under Georges Cuvier. His study of parasitic worms in humans made an important contribution to the study of parasitology. He also carried out diverse systematic classifications, linking fossil and current species.
He worked with Cuvier on the 22-volume " Histoire Naturelle des Poissons " (Natural History of Fish) (1828–1848), carrying on alone after Cuvier died in 1832.In 1832, he succeeded Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville (1777–1850) as chair of Histoire naturelle des mollusques, des vers et des zoophytes at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle.
Early in his career, he was given the task of classifying animals described by Alexander von Humboldt (1769–1859) during his travels in the American tropics (1799 to 1803), and a lasting friendship was established between the two men.He is the binomial authority for many species of fish, such as the bartail jawfish.
Working in the scientific field of herpetology, Valenciennes described two new species of reptiles.
The organ of Valenciennes, a part of the anatomy of a female of the genus Nautilus , the purpose of which remains unknown, is named after him.
A species of lizard, Anolis valencienni , is named after him.
Jean Léopold Nicolas Frédéric, Baron Cuvier, known as Georges Cuvier, was a French naturalist and zoologist, sometimes referred to as the "founding father of paleontology". Cuvier was a major figure in natural sciences research in the early 19th century and was instrumental in establishing the fields of comparative anatomy and paleontology through his work in comparing living animals with fossils.
Bernard-Germain-Étienne de La Ville-sur-Illon, comte de Lacépède or La Cépède was a French naturalist and an active freemason. He is known for his contribution to the Comte de Buffon's great work, the Histoire Naturelle.
Henri Marie Ducrotay de Blainville was a French zoologist and anatomist.
Henri Milne-Edwards was an eminent French zoologist.
Auguste Henri André Duméril was a French zoologist. His father, André Marie Constant Duméril (1774-1860), was also a zoologist. In 1869 he was elected as a member of the Académie des sciences.
André Marie Constant Duméril was a French zoologist. He was professor of anatomy at the Muséum national d'histoire naturelle from 1801 to 1812, when he became professor of herpetology and ichthyology. His son Auguste Duméril was also a zoologist.
Histoire naturelle des poissons is a 22-volume treatment of ichthyology published in 1828-1849 by the French savant Georges Cuvier (1769-1832) and his student and successor Achille Valenciennes (1794-1865). It was a systematic compendium of the fishes of the world known at that time, and treated altogether 4 514 species of fishes, of which 2 311 were new to science. It is still one of the most ambitious undertakings in ichthyology ever. Most of the work appeared after the death of Cuvier. Later, Auguste Duméril still supplemented the work by two volumes in 1865 and 1870, which dealt mostly with groups that Cuvier had omitted, such as sharks.
Léon Louis Vaillant was a French zoologist. He is most famous for his work in the areas of herpetology, malacology, and ichthyology.
Pierre-Médard Diard was a French naturalist and explorer.
Pierre Marie Auguste Broussonet was a French naturalist who contributed primarily to botany. He was born in Montpellier, where he was educated, and travelled to Morocco, Spain, the Canary Islands, and Southern Africa before returning to France and serving as director of the botanical garden in Montpellier. The tree Broussonetia is named after him.
Alfred Duvaucel was a French naturalist and explorer. He was the stepson of Georges Cuvier.
The ménagerie du Jardin des plantes is a zoo in Paris, France, belonging to the botanical garden Jardin des Plantes. Founded in 1794, largely with animals brought from the royal zoo of the Palace of Versailles, abandoned because of the French Revolution, it is the second oldest zoological garden in the world. Today it does not have very large animals like elephants, but a lot of rare smaller and medium-sized mammals and a variety of birds and reptiles.
Félix Joseph Henri de Lacaze-Duthiers was a French biologist, anatomist and zoologist born in Montpezat in the department of Lot-et-Garonne. He was a leading authority in the field of malacology.
Claude Gay, often named Claudio Gay in Spanish texts,, was a French botanist, naturalist and illustrator. This explorer carried out some of the first investigations about Chilean flora, fauna, geology and geography. The Cordillera Claudio Gay in the Atacama Region of Chile is named after him. The standard author abbreviation Gay is used to indicate this person as the author when citing a botanical name.
The saucereye porgy is an ocean-going species of fish in the family Sparidae. In Bermuda, they are also known as the goat's head porgy. In Jamaica, they are known as the Porgi grunt and the sugareye porgy. They may also be known simply by the name Porgy in several other Caribbean islands. Saucereye porgies are considered to be minor gamefishes and when caught are marketed both fresh and frozen.
François Mocquard was a French herpetologist born in Leffond, Haute-Saône.
Louis Roule was a French zoologist born in Marseille.
Le Règne Animal is the most famous work of the French naturalist Georges Cuvier. It sets out to describe the natural structure of the whole of the animal kingdom based on comparative anatomy, and its natural history. Cuvier divided the animals into four embranchements, namely vertebrates, molluscs, articulated animals, and zoophytes.
François Liénard de la Mivoye was a Francophone Mauritian naturalist, ichthyologist, zoologist and mariner. He lived most of his life in Mauritius and, in 1829, was a founder member and treasurer of the société d'histoire natural locale alongside Charles Telfair, Wenceslas Bojer, Jacques Delisse and Julien Desjardins. In 1841 this became the Société Royale des arts et des Sciences de l'île Maurice. The Society regularly sent fish specimens to Georges Cuvier in Paris and these were described in his 22 volume Histoire naturelle des poissons, this was completed after Cuvier’s death by Achille Valenciennes. Liénard was responsible for describing a number of species including the now extinct Rodrigues giant day gecko, Liénard being the last known person to see this species.
Marie-Louise Bauchot is a French ichthyologist and assistant manager of the National Museum of Natural History, France.