Achin District

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Coordinates: 34°05′22″N70°40′59″E / 34.0894°N 70.683°E / 34.0894; 70.683

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Achin District
District
Achin nangarhar.jpg
CJ-SOTF and ANA 201st Corps patrol in Achin District.
Nangarhar districts.png
Achin District is located in the south of Nangarhar Province.
CountryFlag of Afghanistan.svg  Afghanistan
Province Nangarhar Province
Capital Sra Kala
GovernorHaji Ghaleb Mujahed
Population
 (2006 [1] )
  Total95,468
Time zone UTC+4:30 (D† (Afghanistan Standard Time))

Achin (Pashto : اچين ولسوالۍ) is a district in southern Nangarhar Province, Afghanistan, on the border with Pakistan.

Its population is 100% Pashtun. [2] Achin is home to the Shinwari tribe, one of the largest Pashtun tribes.

It was a stronghold of the Mujaheddin during the Soviet occupation of Afghanistan in the 1980s. Since 2015 it has been the stronghold of the Afghan branch of ISIL.

During the April 2017 Nangarhar airstrike, the United States Air Force dropped a MOAB in Achin district which targeted a tunnel complex of the ISIS-affiliate located in the area, [3] and reportedly killed dozens of militants. [4]

Economy

The primary licit crop in Achin is wheat. Collecting and selling firewood, and manual labor, are other income-generating activities. [2] Tobacco is also grown in the district. [5]

Opium poppy

In 2000, UNDCP recorded 130 poppy-growing villages in Achin, making it the greatest opium growing district in eastern Afghanistan that year. [6]

Related Research Articles

Nangarhar Province Province of Afghanistan

Nangarhār also called Nangrahar or Ningrahar, is one of the 34 provinces of Afghanistan, located in the eastern part of the country and bordering Logar, Kabul, Laghman and Kunar provinces as well as an international border with Pakistan. It is divided into twenty-two districts and has a population of about 1,735,531, the third highest of the country's 34 provinces. The city of Jalalabad is the capital of Nangarhar province.

The Shinwari is an ethnic Pashtun tribe of Afghanistan and KPK. Among the famous Cricketers of Afghanistan are Rashid Khan and Samiullah Shinwari The Shinwari tribe is son of Kasi Pashtun tribe settled in the eastern disctricts of Nangarhar Province, in Haska Meyna, Achin, Rodat, Bati Kot, Kot, Chaprahar, Shinwar, Dor Baba and Nazian districts. A major portion of the tribe is centered in Jalalabad City of Afghanistan. These Shinwaris are mostly traders and businessmen. The Shinwari are also located in Kunar, Parwan, Kabul, Kunduz and Balkh Province. Reporting from 2010 states that there are around 400,000 Shinwari in Afghanistan.Most of the Shinwaries are migrated to Pakistan and settled in Landikotal, swat. The sub cast of Shinwari i.e Mirdad khel are settled in Swat region since 1935.

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Mangal Bagh (1973–2021), also known as Mangal Bagh Afridi, was the leader and founder of Lashkar-e-Islam, a militant group operating in Pakistan and Afghanistan. He was killed in a roadside bomb attack in Nangarhar, Afghanistan on 28 January 2021.

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The following lists events that happened during 2016 in Afghanistan.

The Nangarhar offensive was a 21-day military offensive in February and March 2016, carried out by the Afghan government against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province (ISIL-K), with the assistance of ISAF and U.S airstrikes. When the offensive ended, ISIL had reportedly lost all of its territory in Afghanistan and had been expelled from the country.

2017 Nangarhar airstrike US bombing of ISIL in Afghanistan

The 2017 Nangarhar airstrike refers to the American bombing of the Achin District located in the Nangarhar Province of eastern Afghanistan, near the border with Pakistan. On 13 April 2017, the United States conducted an airstrike and used the largest non-nuclear bomb in its arsenal, the GBU-43/B Massive Ordnance Air Blast (MOAB), with the goal of destroying tunnel complexes used by the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant – Khorasan Province, a branch of the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant.

References

  1. "MRRD Provincial profile for Nangarhar Province" (PDF). Mrrd.gov.af. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
  2. 1 2 "UNHCR District Profile" (PDF). Aims.org.af. 2002-07-02. Retrieved 2006-07-06.
  3. "U.S. Bombs, Destroys Khorasan Group Stronghold in Afghanistan" (Press release). United States Central Command. 2017-04-13. Retrieved 2017-04-14.
  4. Mashal, Mujib; Abed, Fahim (2017-04-14). "'Mother of All Bombs' Killed Dozens of Militants, Afghan Officials Say". The New York Times . Retrieved 2017-04-14.
  5. "Ministry of Rural Rehabilitation and Development" (PDF). Mrrd.gov.af. Retrieved 2017-04-17.
  6. "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2005-10-27. Retrieved 2006-07-06.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)