Acqui Terme

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Acqui Terme

Àich  (Piedmontese)
Comune di Acqui Terme
Acqui Terme - La Bollente.jpg
La Bollente spring.
Acqui Terme-Stemma.png
Coat of arms
Italy provincial location map 2015.svg
Red pog.svg
Acqui Terme
Location of Acqui Terme in Italy
Coordinates: 44°41′N08°28′E / 44.683°N 8.467°E / 44.683; 8.467 Coordinates: 44°41′N08°28′E / 44.683°N 8.467°E / 44.683; 8.467
Country Italy
Region Piedmont
Province Alessandria (AL)
Frazioni Lussito, Ovrano, Moirano
Government
  MayorLorenzo Lucchini (Five Star Movement)
Area
  Total33.42 km2 (12.90 sq mi)
Elevation
156 m (512 ft)
Population
(30 April 2017)
  Total19,961
  Density600/km2 (1,500/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Acquesi
Time zone UTC+1 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+2 (CEST)
Postal code
15011
Dialing code 0144
Patron saint Guido of Acqui
Saint dayJune 11
Website Official website
The Virgin of Montserrat, in the cathedral. Bartolome Bermejo - Retablo della vergine di Montserrat.jpg
The Virgin of Montserrat, in the cathedral.
The cathedral. The loggia dates from the 17th century. Acqui Terme - the cathedral.jpg
The cathedral. The loggia dates from the 17th century.

Acqui Terme (Italian pronunciation:  [ˈakkwi ˈtɛrme] ; Piedmontese : Àich [ˈɑjk] ) is a city and comune in the province of Alessandria, Piedmont, northern Italy. It is about 35 kilometres (22 mi) south-southwest of Alessandria. It is one of the principal winemaking communes of the Italian DOCG wine Brachetto d'Acqui. [1]

Piedmontese language Romance language spoken mainly in Italy

Piedmontese is a Romance language spoken by some 700,000 people mostly in Piedmont, northwestern region of Italy. It is geographically and linguistically included in the Gallo-Italic languages group of Northern Italy. It is part of the wider western group of Romance languages, which also includes French, Occitan, and Catalan. It is spoken in Piedmont, Liguria and Lombardy.

<i>Comune</i> third-level administrative divisions of the Italian Republic

The comune is a basic administrative division in Italy, roughly equivalent to a township or municipality.

Province of Alessandria Province of Italy

The Province of Alessandria is an Italian province, with a population of some 425,000, which forms the southeastern part of the region of Piedmont. The provincial capital is the city of Alessandria.

Contents

The hot sulphur springs have been famous since this was the Roman town of Aquae Statiellae; the ancient baths are referred to by Paulus Diaconus and the chronicler Liutprand of Cremona. [2] In 1870 Giovanni Ceruti designed a little pavilion, known as La Bollente, for the spot at the centre of the town where the waters bubble up at 75 °C (167 °F).

Liutprand, also Liudprand, Liuprand, Lioutio, Liucius, Liuzo, and Lioutsios, was a historian, diplomat, and Bishop of Cremona born in what is now northern Italy, whose works are an important source for the politics of the 10th century Byzantine court.

History

In the Roman period the place was connected by road with Alba Pompeia and Augusta Taurinorum (Turin). The local Ligurian tribe of the Statielli had joined the Romans at an early period, but were attacked in 173 BC and some were transferred to the north of the Po. In the neighbourhood of the town, near the river Bormida, are the remains of the aqueduct which supplied it. [2]

Turin Comune in Piedmont, Italy

Turin is a city and an important business and cultural centre in northern Italy. It is the capital city of the Metropolitan City of Turin and of the Piedmont region, and was the first capital city of Italy from 1861 to 1865. The city is located mainly on the western bank of the Po River, in front of Susa Valley, and is surrounded by the western Alpine arch and Superga Hill. The population of the city proper is 878,074 while the population of the urban area is estimated by Eurostat to be 1.7 million inhabitants. The Turin metropolitan area is estimated by the OECD to have a population of 2.2 million.

Ligures ethnic group

The Ligures were an Indo-European people who appear to have originated in, and gave their name to, Liguria, a region of north-western Italy. Elements of the Ligures appear to have migrated to other areas of western Europe, including the Iberian peninsula.

The Statielli, Statiellātes, or Statiellenses were a small Ligurian tribe which inhabited an area south of the river Padus. Their chief town was Aquae Statiellae, on the road from Vada Sabatia, near Savona to Dertona (Tortona) and Placentia.

In the 6th century it became part of the Lombard kingdom of northern Italy. Acqui was ruled by its bishop from 978, becoming an independent commune in 1135. In 1278 it was annexed to the Marquisate of Montferrat, to which it belonged until the acquisition by the Duchy of Savoy.

Lombards Historical ethnical group

The Lombards or Longobards were a Germanic people who ruled most of the Italian Peninsula from 568 to 774.

Duchy of Savoy State in Western Europe that existed from 1416 to 1860

From 1416 to 1860, the Duchy of Savoy was a state in Western Europe. It was created when Sigismund, King of the Romans, raised the County of Savoy into a duchy for Amadeus VIII. The duchy was a subject of the Holy Roman Empire with a vote in the Imperial Diet. From the 16th century, Savoy belonged to the Upper Rhenish Circle. Throughout its history, it was ruled by the House of Savoy and formed a part of the larger Savoyard state.

It was connected by a railway line to Genoa in 1892.

Genoa Comune in Liguria, Italy

Genoa is the capital of the Italian region of Liguria and the sixth-largest city in Italy. In 2015, 594,733 people lived within the city's administrative limits. As of the 2011 Italian census, the Province of Genoa, which in 2015 became the Metropolitan City of Genoa, counted 855,834 resident persons. Over 1.5 million people live in the wider metropolitan area stretching along the Italian Riviera.

Main sights

Acqui Cathedral cathedral in the city of Acqui Terme, Italy

Acqui Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral in the city of Acqui Terme, in the province of Alessandria and the region of Piedmont, Italy. Dedicated to the Assumption of the Virgin Mary, It is the seat of the Bishop of Acqui.

Romanesque architecture architectural style of Medieval Europe

Romanesque architecture is an architectural style of medieval Europe characterized by semi-circular arches. There is no consensus for the beginning date of the Romanesque style, with proposals ranging from the 6th to the 11th century, this later date being the most commonly held. In the 12th century it developed into the Gothic style, marked by pointed arches. Examples of Romanesque architecture can be found across the continent, making it the first pan-European architectural style since Imperial Roman architecture. The Romanesque style in England is traditionally referred to as Norman architecture.

Rose window

A rose window or Catherine window is often used as a generic term applied to a circular window, but is especially used for those found in churches of the Gothic architectural style and being divided into segments by stone mullions and tracery. The name "rose window" was not used before the 17th century and according to the Oxford English Dictionary, among other authorities, comes from the English flower name rose.

Twin towns — sister cities

Acqui Terme is twinned with:

People

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San Francesco is a Roman Catholic church located on Corso Roma at Piazza San Francesco, in Acqui Terme, Province of Alessandria, region of Piedmont, Italy.

SantAntonio Abate, Acqui Terme

Sant'Antonio Abate is a Baroque-style, Roman Catholic church located on Via Bella at Piazzetta don Galliano, in Acqui Terme, Province of Alessandria, region of Piedmont, Italy.

The Chiesa della Madonnalta is a Renaissance-style, Roman Catholic church located on Viale Savona about three miles from the center of Acqui Terme, Province of Alessandria, region of Piedmont, Italy.

References

  1. Bastianich, J.; Lynch, D. (2005). Vino Italiano. Crown Publishing. pp. 132, 153, 419. ISBN   1-4000-9774-6.
  2. 1 2 Wikisource-logo.svg One or more of the preceding sentences incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain : Chisholm, Hugh, ed. (1911). "Acqui". Encyclopædia Britannica . 1 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. p. 154.

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