|Adelaide of Maurienne|
|Queen consort of the Franks|
|Born||18 November 1092|
|Died||18 November 1154 (aged 61–62)|
|Spouse|| Louis VI of France |
Matthieu I of Montmorency
|Issue|| Philip of France |
Louis VII of France
Henry, Archbishop of Reims
Robert I of Dreux
Constance, Countess of Toulouse
Philip, Archdeacon of Paris
Peter of Courtenay
|Father||Humbert II of Savoy|
|Mother||Gisela of Burgundy|
Adelaide of Maurienne, also called Alix or Adele(1092 – 18 November 1154) was a member of the House of Savoy who became queen of France as the second wife of King Louis VI (1115-1137).
Adelaide was the daughter of Count Humbert II of Savoy and Gisela of Burgundy.Adelaide's older brother Amadeus III succeeded their father as count of Savoy in 1103. Adelaide had the same name as her paternal great-grandmother Adelaide of Susa, ruler of the March of Turin, and her second cousin, Adelaide del Vasto, queen of Jerusalem. Through her father, Adelaide was also related to Emperor Henry V. On her mother's side, Adelaide's relatives included her uncle Pope Callixtus II, who visited Adelaide at court in France, and her first cousin King Alfonso VII of León and Castile.
Adelaide became the second wife of King Louis VI of France, whom she married on 3 August 1115 in Paris, France.They had nine children, the second of whom became Louis VII of France.
Adelaide was one of the most politically active of all France's medieval queens.Her name appears on 45 royal charters from the reign of Louis VI. During her tenure as queen, royal charters were dated with both her regnal year and that of the king. Among many other religious benefactions, she and Louis founded the monastery of St Peter's (Ste Pierre) at Montmartre, in the northern suburbs of Paris.
After Louis VI's death, Adelaide did not immediately retire to conventual life, as did most widowed queens of the time. Instead she married Matthieu I of Montmorency,with whom she had one child. She remained active in the French court and in religious activities.
In 1153 she retired to Montmartre Abbey, which she had founded with Louis VII. She died there on 18 November 1154.She was buried in the cemetery of the Church of St. Pierre at Montmartre. The abbey was destroyed during the French Revolution, but Adelaide's tomb is still visible in the church of St Pierre.
Adelaide is one of two queens in a legend related in the seventeenth century by William Dugdale. As the story goes, Queen Adélaide of France became enamoured of a young knight, William d'Albini, at a joust. But he was already engaged to Adeliza of Louvain and refused to become her lover. The jealous Adélaide lured him into the clutches of a hungry lion, but William ripped out the beast's tongue with his bare hands and thus killed it. This story is almost without a doubt apocryphal.
Louis and Adelaide had seven sons and two daughters:
With Matthieu I of Montmorency, Adelaide had one daughter:
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Adelaide of MaurienneBorn: 1097 Died: 18 November 1154
Bertrade de Montfort
| Queen consort of France |
Eleanor of Aquitaine
Humbert I, better known as Humbert the White-Handed or Humbert Whitehand was the founder of the House of Savoy. Of obscure origins, his service to the German emperors Henry II and Conrad II was rewarded with the counties of Maurienne and Aosta and lands in Valais, all at the expense of local bishops and archbishops; the territory came to be known as the county of Savoy.
Otto was count of Savoy from around 1051 until his death. Through marriage to Adelaide, the heiress of Ulric Manfred II, he also administered the march of Susa from around 1046 until his death.
Peter I was count of Savoy and margrave of Turin jointly with his brother Amadeus II of Savoy from c. 1060 to 1078. He ruled only nominally, as true power was in the hands of his mother, Adelaide of Susa.
Amadeus II was the Count of Savoy from 1078 to 1080. His life is obscure and few documents mention him. During his reign he was overshadowed by his mother, but he had good relations with the Papacy and, for a time, the Holy Roman Emperor.
Umberto II, nicknamed the Fat, was Count of Savoy from 1080 until his death in 1103. He was the son of Amadeus II of Savoy.
Amadeus III of Savoy was Count of Savoy and Maurienne from 1103 until his death. He was also known as a crusader.
Louis VI, called the Fat or the Fighter, was King of France from 1108 to 1137.
Louis V, also known as Louis the Do-Nothing, was a king of West Francia from 979, co-reigning first with his father, Lothair, until 986. During his reign, the nobility essentially ruled the country. Dying childless, Louis V was the last Carolingian monarch in West Francia.
The County of Savoy was a State of the Holy Roman Empire which emerged, along with the free communes of Switzerland, from the collapse of the Burgundian Kingdom in the 11th century. It was the cradle of the future Savoyard state.
Constance of Arles, also known as Constance of Provence, was queen of France as the third spouse of King Robert II of France.
Robert I of Dreux, nicknamed the Great, was the fifth son of Louis VI of France and Adélaide de Maurienne.
Charles-Constantine was the Count of Vienne and son of Louis the Blind, the latter of whom was King of Provence and Holy Roman Emperor.
Boniface del Vasto was the margrave of Savona and Western Liguria from 1084 to c.1130. He was the son and successor of Otto and of Bertha, daughter of Ulric Manfred II of Turin. Boniface was a member of the Aleramici dynasty.
Adelaide of Turin was the countess of part of the March of Ivrea and the marchioness of Turin in Northwestern Italy from 1034 to her death. She was the last of the Arduinici and is often incorrectly associated with Susa. She is sometimes compared to her second cousin, and close contemporary, Matilda of Tuscany.
Lucienne de Rochefort was the first wife of Louis VI of France. She was married to him before he became king, from 1104 to 1107.
Matthew I was lord of Montmorency, Marly, Conflans-Sainte-Honorine and Attichy. He was also Constable of France from 1138 to 1160 under Louis VII.
Alix or Aline FitzRoy was the illegitimate daughter of King Henry I of England by one of his many mistresses. She married Matthieu I of Montmorency and had the following issue:
Frederick of Montbéliard or Frederick of Mömpelgard was from a noble family in Lotharingia. Through marriage he became margrave of Turin (1080–1091).
Bertha of Milan or Bertha of Luni, was a duchess of Turin by marriage to Ulric Manfred II of Turin, and regent for her daughter Adelaide of Susa in 1033.
Ermengarde was a medieval noblewoman. Through her first marriage, to Rotbold II, Count of Provence, she was countess of Provence, and from 1011 to 1032 Ermengarde was the last queen consort of Upper Burgundy, by virtue of her second marriage to Rudolf III of Burgundy.