Adil Çarçani

Last updated
Adil Çarçani
Adil Carcani.jpg
24th Prime Minister of Albania
In office
December 18, 1981 February 22, 1991
Preceded by Mehmet Shehu
Succeeded by Fatos Nano
Personal details
Born(1922-05-05)5 May 1922
Fushë-Bardhë, Gjirokastër
Died13 October 1997(1997-10-13) (aged 75)
Tirana, Albania
NationalityAlbanian
Political party Party of Labour of Albania
Signature Adil Carcani (nenshkrim).svg

Adil Çarçani (5 May 1922 – 13 October 1997) was an Albanian politician who served as the 24th Prime Minister of Albania in the Communist regime led by Enver Hoxha. He served as the titular head of the Albanian government in the years immediately preceding the fall of the Communist regime.

Contents

Biography

Çarçani was born on May 5, 1922 in the village of Fushë-Bardhë, near Gjirokastër. [1] During World War II, he fought for Partisan forces against the Italian fascists, and joined the Communist party and the government that it set up after the war. He became mining minister in the 1950s, joined the Politburo of the Party of Labour of Albania in the 1960s, and by 1981 had become First Deputy Prime Minister. [2] [3]

On December 18, 1981, immediately after the violent death of Mehmet Shehu, Çarçani became the 24th Prime Minister of Albania. He remained in that position until the Communist government began to fall in 1991, when he resigned after mobs tore down the statue of Enver Hoxha, Albania's communist leader from the 1940s until the 1980s. Çarçani was, however, elected to parliament that year, and gave the opening speech.

Post-1991

On 21 May 1994, Çarçani was tried for and abuse of power, alongside Ramiz Alia. [4] [5] He was tried, found guilty and sentenced to prison. [5] His sentence was commuted to five years of house arrest, however, as he was beginning to suffer from health problems. [5] He died under house arrest in Tirana. [6]

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References

  1. Roszkowski, Wojciech; Kofman, Jan (2016-07-08). Biographical Dictionary of Central and Eastern Europe in the Twentieth Century. Routledge. p. 135. ISBN   978-1-317-47594-1.
  2. Wolfgang Saxon, "Adil Carcani, 75, a Leader In Albania's Stalinist Twilight", The New York Times, 20 October 1997.
  3. Adil Çarçani – Mémoires de Guerre
  4. Jeffries, Ian (1996). A Guide to the Economies in Transition. London: Routledge. p. 380. ISBN   0-415-13684-9.
  5. 1 2 3 Partos, Gabriel (17 October 1997). "Obituary: Adil Carcani". The Independent . Retrieved 15 July 2016.
  6. "Adil Carcani". Encyclopædia Britannica. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. Retrieved 15 July 2016.
Political offices
Preceded by
Mehmet Shehu
Chairman of the Council of Ministers of Albania
19811991
Succeeded by
Fatos Nano