Administrative divisions of Iran

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The first level of country subdivisions of Iran are the provinces (Persian : استان‌ها; ostānhā).

Each province is further subdivided into counties called shahrestan (Persian : شهرستان, romanized: shahrestān), and each shahrestan is subdivided into districts called bakhsh (Persian : بخش, romanized: bakhsh). There are usually a few cities (Persian : شهر, romanized: shahr) and rural districts called dehestan (Persian : دهستان, romanized: dehestān) in each county. Rural districts are a collection of a number of villages. One of the cities of the county is appointed as the capital of the county.

According to the government of Iran, [1] as of March 2016 (Iranian calendar 1394), the figures are as follows:

EnglishPersian sing.Persian pl.number
Provinces استان ostānاستان‌ها ostānhā31
Counties شهرستان shahrestān429
Districts بخش bakhsh1057
citiesشهر shahr1245
rural districts دهستان dehestān2589

Map of Iran's Provinces[ further explanation needed ]

According to the Statistical Center of Iran, [2] the figures are as follows, as of March 2016 (end of Iranian calendar 1394): [1]

EnglishPersian sing.Persian pl.number
Provinces استان ostānاستان‌ها ostānhā30
Counties شهرستان shahrestānشهرستانها shahrestānhā429
Districts بخش bakhshبخشها bakhshhā1057
citiesشهر shahrشهرها shahr hā1245
rural districtsدهستان dehestānدهستانها dehestānhā2589

To better understand such subdivisions, the following table may be helpful. Assume that province P is divided into two counties: A and B. County A has 3 districts: Central, X, and Y. The Central district is the district that contains City M, the capital of the county. Each district might contain one or more cities or one or more RDs (rural districts). In our example, the Central district contains City M, City N, and RD T composed of the villages V1, V2, V3, and V4, in turn; district X contains City O and RD U; and district Y has no cities and one RD V. The minimal county consists of only one city as the only district, named Central, which is most common. The county B in the following table is of such type, containing only one city Q. [ vague ]

ProvinceCountyDistrictCity / RD*Villages
PACentralCity M (c)
City N
RD TV1, V2, V3, V4
XCity O
RD UV5, V6
YRD VV7, V8, V9
BCentralCity Q

See also

References and notes

Related Research Articles

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District Administrative division, in some countries, managed by local government

A district is a type of administrative division that, in some countries, is managed by local government. Across the world, areas known as "districts" vary greatly in size, spanning regions or counties, several municipalities, subdivisions of municipalities, school district, or political district.

A bakhsh is a type of administrative division of Iran. While sometimes translated as county, it should be more accurately translated as district, similar to a township in the United States or a district of England.

Mashhad County County in Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran

Mashhad County is a county (shahrestān) in Razavi Khorasan Province in Iran. The capital of the county is Mashhad. At the 2011 census, the population was 3,069,941. At the 2006 census, its population was 2,848,637, in 746,652 families; excluding those portions, the population was 2,798,298 in 732,996 families. Mashhad County is the most populous county in Razavi Khorasan Province and the second most populus in the country behind Tehran County.

Counties of Iran

The counties of Iran, called shahrestan, are administrative divisions of larger provinces (ostan). The word shahrestan comes from the Persian words šahr and stân. "County", therefore, is a near equivalent to shahrestan.

The Central District of Sarakhs County is a district (bakhsh) in Sarakhs County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 69,404, in 15,867 families. The District has one city: Sarakhs. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Khangiran Rural District, Sarakhs Rural District, and Tajan Rural District.

The Central District of Torbat-e Jam County is a district (bakhsh) in Torbat-e Jam County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 123,799, in 27,981 families. The District has one city: Torbat-e Jam. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Jamrud Rural District, Jolgeh-ye Musaabad Rural District, and Mian Jam Rural District.

The Central District of Dargaz County is a district (bakhsh) in Dargaz County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 40,197, in 10,823 families. The District has one city: Dargaz. The District has one rural district (dehestan): Takab Rural District.

Central District (Sabzevar County)

The Central District of Sabzevar County is a district (bakhsh) in Sabzevar County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 233,744, in 64,532 families. The District has one city: Sabzevar. The District has four rural districts (dehestan): Karrab Rural District, Qasabeh-ye Gharbi Rural District, Qasabeh-ye Sharqi Rural District, and Robat Rural District.

The Central District of Quchan County is a district (bakhsh) in Quchan County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 169,575, in 42,844 families. The District has one city: Quchan. The District has four rural districts (dehestan): Dughayi Rural District, Quchan Atiq Rural District, Shirin Darreh Rural District, and Sudlaneh Rural District.

The Central District of Mashhad County is a district (bakhsh) in Mashhad County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 2,679,938, in 704,045 families. The District has one city: Mashhad. The District has six rural districts (dehestan): Darzab Rural District, Kardeh Rural District, Kenevist Rural District, Miyan Velayat Rural District, Tabadkan Rural District, and Tus Rural District.

The Central District of Nishapur County (Persian: بخش مرکزی شهرستان نیشابور‎ is a district in Nishapur County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 281,706, in 76,697 families. The District has one city: Nishapur. The District has five rural districts : Binalud Rural District, Darbqazi Rural District, Fazl Rural District, Mazul Rural District, and Rivand Rural District.

The Central District of Chenaran County is a district (bakhsh) in Chenaran County, Razavi Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 73,977, in 18,137 families. The District has one city: Chenaran. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Baq Mej Rural District, Chenaran Rural District, and Radkan Rural District.

The Central District of Maneh and Samalqan County is a district (bakhsh) in Maneh and Samalqan County, North Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 44,804, in 11,301 families. The District has one city: Ashkhaneh. The District has two rural districts (dehestan): Howmeh Rural District and Jeyransu Rural District.

The Central District of Birjand County is a district (bakhsh) in Birjand County, South Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 196,834, in 52,986 families. The District has one city: Birjand. The District has six rural districts (dehestan): Alqurat Rural District, Baqeran Rural District, Fasharud Rural District, Kahshang Rural District, Shakhen Rural District, and Shakhenat Rural District.

The Central District of Darmian County is a district (bakhsh) in Darmian County, South Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 21,409, in 5,163 families. The District has one city: Asadiyeh. The District has two rural districts (dehestan): Darmian Rural District and Miyandasht Rural District.

The Central District of Sarbisheh County is a district (bakhsh) in Sarbisheh County, South Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 25,788, in 6,602 families. The District has one city: Sarbisheh. The District has two rural districts (dehestan): Doreh Rural District and Momenabad Rural District.

The Central District of Nehbandan County is a district (bakhsh) in Nehbandan County, South Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 41,906, in 9,772 families. The District has one city: Nehbandan. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Bandan Rural District, Meyghan Rural District, and Neh Rural District.

Alamut-e Gharbi District, formerly Rudbar-e Shahrestan District, is a district (bakhsh) in Qazvin County, Qazvin Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 16,255, in 4,667 families. The District has one city: Razmian. The District has three rural districts (dehestan): Rudbar-e Mohammad-e Zamani Rural District, Rudbar-e Shahrestan Rural District, and Dastjerd Rural District. People of Alamut-e Gharbi District belong to the Tat ethnic group and they speak Tati language.

The Central District of Tabas County is a district (bakhsh) in Tabas County, South Khorasan Province, Iran. At the 2006 census, its population was 43,188, in 11,296 families. The District has one city: Tabas. The District has four rural districts (dehestan): Golshan Rural District, Montazeriyeh Rural District, Nakhlestan Rural District, and Pir Hajat Rural District.