Administrative units of Pakistan

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Administrative units of Pakistan
پاکستان کی انتظامی اکائیاں
Category Federated state
Location Islamic Republic of Pakistan
Number4 Provinces
2 Autonomous Territories
1 Federal Territory
PopulationsLeast 2,441,523 (Gilgit-Baltistan) Most 110,012,442 (Punjab)
AreasSmallest 906.0 km2 (349.81 sq mi) (Islamabad Capital Territory) Largest 347,200 km2 (134,050 sq mi) (Balochistan)
Subdivisions Divisions, Districts, Tehsils, Union Council
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The administrative units of Pakistan (Urdu : پاکستان کی انتظامی اکائیاں) consist of four provinces (Balochistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Punjab, and Sindh), two autonomous territories (Azad Jammu and Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan) and one federal territory (Islamabad Capital Territory). Each province and territory is subdivided into divisions, which are further subdivided into districts, which are further subdivided into tehsils, or taluka, which are further subdivided into union councils. [1]

Balochistan, Pakistan Province in Pakistan

Balochistan is one of the four provinces of Pakistan. It is the largest province in terms of land area, forming the southwestern region of the country. Its provincial capital and largest city is Quetta.

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Province in Pakistan

Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is one of the four administrative provinces of Pakistan, located in the northwestern region of the country along the international border with Afghanistan. It was previously known as the North-West Frontier Province (NWFP) until 2010 when the name was changed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa by the 18th Amendment to Pakistan's Constitution, and is known colloquially by various other names. Khyber Pakhtunkhwa is the third-largest province of Pakistan by the size of both population and economy, though it is geographically the smallest of four. Within Pakistan, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa shares a border with Punjab, Balochistan, Azad Kashmir, Gilgit-Baltistan, and Islamabad. It is home to 17.9% of Pakistan's total population, with the majority of the province's inhabitants being Pashtuns. The province is the site of the ancient kingdom Gandhara, including the ruins of its capital Pushkalavati near modern-day Charsadda. Originally a stronghold of Buddhism, the history of the region was characterized by frequent invasions under various Empires due to its geographical proximity to the Khyber Pass.

Punjab, Pakistan Province in Pakistan

Punjab is Pakistan's second largest province by area, after Balochistan, and it is the most populated province, with an estimated population of 110,012,442 as of 2017. Forming the bulk of the transnational Punjab region, it is bordered by the Pakistan provinces of Sindh, Balochistan, and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, the enclave of Islamabad, and Azad Kashmir. It also shares borders with the Indian states of Punjab, Rajasthan and Jammu and Kashmir. The provincial capital of Punjab is the city Lahore, a cultural, historical, economic and cosmopolitan centre of Pakistan where the country's cinema industry, and much of its fashion industry, are based.

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History of Pakistan

Pakistan's provinces and territories were inherited from British India at independence on 14 August 1947.

Presidencies and provinces of British India Administrative divisions of British governance in India

The Provinces of India, earlier Presidencies of British India and still earlier, Presidency towns, were the administrative divisions of British governance in India. Collectively, they were called British India. In one form or another, they existed between 1612 and 1947, conventionally divided into three historical periods:

Partition of India partition of British India into the independent states of India and Pakistan in 1947

The Partition of India was the division of British India in 1947 which eventually accompanied the creation of two independent dominions, India and Pakistan. The Dominion of India became, as of 1950, the Republic of India (India), and the Dominion of Pakistan became, as of 1956, the Islamic Republic of Pakistan (Pakistan) In 1971, the People's Republic of Bangladesh (Bangladesh) came into being after Bangladesh Liberation War. The partition involved the division of three provinces, Assam, Bengal and Punjab, based on district-wide Hindu or Muslim majorities. The boundary demarcating India and Pakistan came to be known as the Radcliffe Line. It also involved the division of the British Indian Army, the Royal Indian Navy, the Indian Civil Service, the railways, and the central treasury, between the two new dominions. The partition was set forth in the Indian Independence Act 1947 and resulted in the dissolution of the British Raj, as the British government there was called. The two self-governing countries of Pakistan and India legally came into existence at midnight on 14–15 August 1947.

2 days after independence, the Muslim-majority district of Murshidabad in Bengal moved from Pakistan to India due to an award by the Radcliffe Commission. [2]

Murshidabad district Place in West Bengal, India

Murshidabad district is a district of West Bengal, in eastern India. Situated on the left bank of the river Ganges, the district is very fertile. Covering an area of 5,341 km² and having a population 5.863m, it is a densely populated district and the ninth most populous in India. Baharampur town is the headquarters of the district.

In 1947, Pakistan consisted of two wings, which were separated by 1600 kilometres of Indian territory. The western wing consisted of the merger of Northwest Frontier Province, West Punjab, and Sindh, the Baluchistan Chief Commissioners Province, thirteen princely state. The eastern wing consisted of East Bengal, the Chittagong Hill Tracts and Sylhet from the former British Raj province of Assam.

West Punjab

West Punjab was a province of Pakistan from 1947 to 1955. The province covered an area of 205,344 km2, including much of the current Punjab province and the Islamabad Capital Territory, but excluding the former princely state of Bahawalpur. The capital was the city of Lahore and the province was composed of four divisions. The province was bordered by the Indian states of East Punjab and Jammu and Kashmir to the east, the princely state of Bahawalpur to the south, the provinces of Balochistan and Sind to the southwest, Khyber-Pakhtunkhwa to the northwest, and Azad Kashmir to the northeast.

Princely state Type of vassal state

A princely state, also called native state, feudatory state or Indian state, was a vassal state under a local or regional ruler in a subsidiary alliance with the British Raj. Though the history of the princely states of the subcontinent dates from at least the classical period of Indian history, the predominant usage of the term princely state specifically refers to a semi-sovereign principality on the Indian subcontinent during the British Raj that was not directly governed by the British, but rather by a local ruler, subject to a form of indirect rule on some matters. In actual fact, the imprecise doctrine of paramountcy allowed the government of British India to interfere in the internal affairs of princely states individually or collectively and issue edicts that applied to all of India when it deemed it necessary.

East Bengal eastern wing of Pakistan between 15 August 1947-14 October 1955

East Bengal was a geographically noncontiguous province of the Dominion of Pakistan covering Bangladesh. With its coastline on the Bay of Bengal, it bordered India and Burma. It was located very near to, but did not share a border with, Nepal, China, the Kingdom of Sikkim and the Kingdom of Bhutan. Its capital was Dacca.

In 1948, Karachi was separated from Sindh to form the Federal Capital Territory.

Karachi Metropolis in Sindh, Pakistan

Karachi is the capital of the Pakistani province of Sindh. It is the most populous city in Pakistan, and sixth-most-populous city proper in the world. Ranked as a beta world city, the city is Pakistan's premier industrial and financial centre and is considered as the cultural, economic, philanthropic, educational, and political hub of the country. Karachi is also Pakistan's most cosmopolitan city. Situated on the Arabian Sea, Karachi serves as a transport hub, and is home to Pakistan's two largest seaports, the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, as well as the Pakistan's busiest airport, Jinnah International Airport.

Federal Capital Territory (Pakistan) Federal Capital Territory around Karachi, Pakistan

The Federal Capital Territory (FCT) around Karachi was the original capital territory of Pakistan. The FCT was created in 1948 from the city of Karachi and surrounding areas as the location for Pakistan's capital following independence. The FCT was bordered by the province of Sind to the northeast and the princely state of Las Bela to the northwest with the Arabian Sea to the south.

In 1950, the Northwest Frontier Province absorbed the princely states of Amb and Phulra while West Punjab renamed itself to Punjab.

Amb (princely state) princely state of the former British Indian Empire

Amb also known as Tanawal was a princely state of the former British Indian Empire ruled over by chiefs of the Tanoli tribe from supposed Ghilji Pashtun descent. Following Pakistani independence in 1947, and for some months afterwards,The nawabs of Amb remained unaligned. However, at the end of December 1947 he acceded to Pakistan, while retaining internal self-government. Amb continued as a Princely state of Pakistan until 1969, when it was incorporated into the North West Frontier Province.

In 1952, the four princely states in the southwest formed the Baluchistan States Union.

In 1955, the One Unit Policy was launched by Muhammad Ali Bogra, whereby all the provinces and princely states of the western wing were merged and formed West Pakistan, with Lahore as the provincial capital. Simultaneously, East Bengal (including Sylhet and the Hill Tracts) was renamed to East Pakistan, with Dacca as the provincial capital. The One Unit Policy aimed to reduce expenditure and to eliminate provincial prejudices, but the military coup of 1958 signaled difficulties when the first military President, Ayub Khan, abolished the office of Chief Minister of West Pakistan in favour of Governor's rule.

On 7 September 1958, after four years of negotiations, including six months of intense negotiations, Pakistan purchased the Gwadar enclave from the government of Oman for 5.5 billion rupees/ USD $3 million (approx. $22,410,311.42 in 2017). Gwadar formally became part of Pakistan on 8 December 1958 after 174 years of Omani rule.

In 1960, the federal capital moved from Karachi to Rawalpindi and in 1961, the Federal Capital Territory was merged into West Pakistan. In 1966, the capital was again moved to Islamabad. In 1962, Dacca was made the legislative capital of the country due to East Pakistan's high population. [3]

In 1963, Pakistan entered into a treaty with China to transfer part of the Gilgit Agency to China (Shaksgam Valley—the Trans-Karakoram Tract) with the provision that the settlement was subject to the final solution of the Kashmir dispute.

In 1970, the second military President, Yahya Khan, abolished West Pakistan and established four new provinces: Sindh, Balochistan, Northwest Frontier Province and Punjab.

In 1971, East Pakistan seceded to form Bangladesh in the Bangladesh Liberation War.

In 1974, the remaining princely states of Hunza and Nagar were abolished and their territories merged into Gilgit Agency, to form the Northern Areas.

In 1975, portions of the districts of Peshawar and Dera Ismail Khan were separated to form the Federally Administered Tribal Areas.

In 1981, the region around Islamabad was separated from Punjab, and renamed to Islamabad Capital Territory.

In August 2000, divisions were abolished as part of a plan to restructure local government, followed by elections in 2001. Many of the functions previously handled by the provinces had been transferred to the districts and tehsils. In 2008, the government restored the former divisions and appointed commissioners.

In 2009, the Northern Areas were renamed to Gilgit-Baltistan and became a de facto province. [4] [5]

In 2010, the Northwest Frontier Province was renamed to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. [6]

In 2018, the National Assembly of Pakistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa Assembly passed the historic FATA Merger Bill - with the adoption of the Twenty-Fifth Amendment Act of 2018 . On 31 May, the final step in the merger of the FATA with Khyber Pakhtunkhwa (KP) was completed, as President Mamnoon Hussain signed the 25th Constitutional Amendment Bill into law. Thus FATA status was abolished as a separate entity and was merged into Khyber Pakthunkhwa province. [7] [8] [9]

Tiers of Pakistan

The diagram below outlines the six tiers of government:

 
 
Country
(i.e. Pakistan)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Province
(e.g. Punjab Province)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Division
(e.g. Rawalpindi Division)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
District
(e.g. Jhelum District)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Tehsil
(e.g. Sohawa Tehsil)
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
 
Union Council
(e.g. Domeli UC)

Current Administrative Units of Pakistan

English nameUrdu nameAbbreviationCapitalEmblemFlagMapPopulation
(2017)
Area
(km²) [10]
Density
(per km²)
Azad Jammu and Kashmir (disputed) [lower-alpha 1] آزاد جموں و کشمیرAJK Muzaffarabad Emblem Of Azad Jammu and Kashmir.png Flag of Azad Kashmir.svg Azad Kashmir in Pakistan (claims hatched).svg 4,045,36613,297223.55
Balochistan بلوچستانBL Quetta Coat of arms of Balochistan.svg Flag of Balochistan.svg Balochistan in Pakistan (claims hatched).svg 12,344,408347,19037.91
Gilgit-Baltistan گلگت بلتستانGB Gilgit Gilgit Baltistan Government Logo.svg Flag of Gilgit Baltistan.svg Gilgit-Baltistan in Pakistan (de-facto + wo Glacier) (claims hatched).svg 2,441,52364,81719.75
Islamabad Capital Territory اسلام آباد دارالحکومتICT Islamabad Proposed Flag of Islamabad Capital Territory.svg Islamabad Capital Territory in Pakistan (special marker) (claims hatched).svg 2,006,5729061,271.38
Khyber Pakhtunkhwa خیبرپختونخواKP Peshawar Coat of arms of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.svg Flag of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa.svg Khyber Pakhtunkhwa in Pakistan (claims hatched).svg 35,525,047101,741349.17
Punjab پنجابPJ Lahore Coat of arms of Punjab.svg Flag of Punjab.svg Punjab in Pakistan (claims hatched).svg 110,012,442205,344445.01
Sindh سندھSN Karachi Coat of arms of Sindh Province.svg Flag of Sindh.svg Sindh in Pakistan (claims hatched).svg 47,886,051140,914392.05
Pakistan پاکستانPK Islamabad State emblem of Pakistan.svg Flag of Pakistan.svg Pakistan adm location map.svg 214,261,409874,209223.79
  1. Disputed with India.

Current proposals

See also

Related Research Articles

Districts of Pakistan administrative division used in Pakistan


The Districts of Pakistan, are the third-order administrative divisions of Pakistan, below provinces and divisions, but form the first-tier of local government. In total, there are 154 districts in Pakistan including the Capital Territory, districts of Azad Kashmir and Gilgit Baltistan. These districts are further divided into tehsils or talukas.

Former administrative units of Pakistan

The former administrative units of Pakistan are states, provinces and territories which mainly existed between 1947 and 1975 when the current provinces and territories were established. The former units have no administrative function today but some remain as historical and cultural legacies. In some cases, the current provinces and territories correspond to the former units – for example the province of Punjab includes almost all the territory of the former province of West Punjab.

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Divisions of Pakistan

The four provinces and autonomous territories of Pakistan are subdivided into administrative "divisions", which are further subdivided into districts, tehsils and finally union councils. These divisions were abolished in 2000, but restored in 2008. The divisions do not include the Islamabad Capital Territory or the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, which were counted at the same level as provinces, but in 2018 the Federally Administered Tribal Areas were subsumed into Khyber-Paktunkhwa Province.

Law enforcement in Pakistan

Law enforcement in Pakistan is one of the three main components of the criminal justice system of Pakistan, alongside the courts and the prisons. In Pakistan, law enforcement is jointly carried out by the federal and provincial police services and other law enforcement agencies who form a chain leading from investigation of suspected criminal activity to administration of criminal punishment. The court system is vested with the power to make legal determinations regarding the conduct of the other two components.

Tourism in Pakistan Economic sector

Tourism in Pakistan is a growing industry. In 2010, Lonely Planet termed Pakistan as being "...tourism's ‘next big thing’ for more years than we care to remember. [But] world media headlines [always] send things off the rails". In 2018, the British Backpacker Society ranked Pakistan as the world's top adventure travel destination, describing the country as "one of the friendliest countries on earth, with mountain scenery that is beyond anyone’s wildest imagination." The country is geographically and ethnically diverse, and has a number of historical and cultural heritage sites. According to the Travel and Tourism Competitiveness Report 2017 released by the World Economic Forum, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to Pakistan's GDP in 2015 was US$328.3 million, constituting 2.8% of the total GDP. According to the World Travel and Tourism Council, the direct contribution of travel and tourism to Pakistan's GDP in 2016 was US$7.6 billion, constituting 2.7% of the total GDP. By 2025, the government predicts tourism will contribute 1 trillion (US$9.5 billion) to the Pakistani economy.

A Member of the Provincial Assembly , or MPA, is a representative elected by the voters of an electoral district to the legislature or legislative assembly of a subnational jurisdiction. In Pakistan, the members are elected by the voters in provinces for a term of five years.

The provincial languages of Pakistan are a set of languages that are spoken and used in the fourProvinces of Pakistan. However, provincial languages have no official status in Pakistan, except Sindhi in Sindh, given the fact that Urdu and English are the official languages of the country. Shown below are the main languages of each the provinces:

Federally Administered Tribal Areas semi-autonomous tribal region in northwestern Pakistan

The Federally Administered Tribal Areas was a semi-autonomous tribal region in northwestern Pakistan that existed from 1947 until being merged with neighboring province Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, in 2018. It consisted of seven tribal agencies (districts) and six frontier regions, and were directly governed by Pakistan's federal government through a special set of laws called the Frontier Crimes Regulations. It bordered Pakistan's provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Balochistan to the east and south, and Afghanistan's provinces of Kunar, Nangarhar, Paktia, Khost and Paktika to the west and north. The territory is almost exclusively inhabited by the Pashtun, who also live in the neighbouring provinces of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa and Northern Balochistan, and straddle across the border into Afghanistan. They are mostly Muslim.

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Tourism in Gilgit-Baltistan

Gilgit-Baltistan is admisitrative unit of Pakistan situated in the Northern Part of the country.It is one of the best tourist spots in Pakistan.

Districts of Sindh, Pakistan

Sindh is one of the four provinces of Pakistan. It has 29 districts, where each district is further divided into tehsils. Karachi, the capital of Sindh, is the most populous city district, as well as the most densely populated. It was initially a single district, now being further subdivided into East, West, South, Central, Malir and Korangi districts. Sindhi is the native language, and is widely spoken among the local population, alongside Seraiki, Balochi and Thari. The urban districts of Sindh are diverse in terms of religion and ethnicity. Urdu, Punjabi and Pashto are also widely spoken among migrant communities residing in urban areas.

Roads in Pakistan Wikimedia list article

Roads in Pakistan can be classified as federal, provincial and municipal roads.

2013 Sindh provincial election

Provincial elections were held in the Pakistani province of Sindh on 11 May 2013, alongside nationwide general elections and three other provincial elections in the provinces of Punjab, Balochistan and Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. The remaining two territories of Pakistan, Azad Kashmir and Gilgit-Baltistan, were ineligible to vote due to their disputed status.

References

  1. "List of Districts, Tehsils/Talukas" (PDF). Pakistan Bureau of Statistics. July 2014. Retrieved 15 October 2016.
  2. Murshidabad Govt Website
  3. Pakistan Affairs. Information Division, Embassy of Pakistan. 1968. p. 19.
  4. "Northern Areas renamed Gilgit-Baltistan Poll for assembly, CM in Nov Regional groups unhappy: Autonomy package for NAs approved". DAWN. August 30, 2009.
  5. "Disputed Northern Areas renamed as Gilgit-Baltistan". Hindustan Times. Aug 30, 2009.
  6. "From NWFP to Khyber Pakhtunkhwa". DAWN. April 1, 2010.
  7. "New dawn for FATA as K-P approves merger - The Express Tribune". 27 May 2018.
  8. Hayat, Arif (27 May 2018). "KP Assembly approves landmark bill merging Fata with province".
  9. Wasim, Amir (31 May 2018). "President signs KP-Fata merger bill into law".
  10. "Area, Population, Density and Urban/Rural Proportion by Administrative Units". Population Census Organization, Government of Pakistan. Archived from the original on 22 December 2010.
  11. Zaidi, S. Akbar (11 January 2014). "Karachi as a province".
  12. Correspondent, The Newspaper's (22 May 2018). "TSH to shut Hazara after Eid".
  13. "Treasury benches demand appreciation, opposition criticize govt for ignoring development -". 8 May 2018.
  14. Singh, Pallavi (29 April 2010). "Gilgit-Baltistan: A question of autonomy". The Indian Express. Retrieved 27 December 2016. But it falls short of the main demand of the people of Gilgit- Baltistan for a constitutional status to the region as a fifth province and for Pakistani citizenship to its people.
  15. Shigri, Manzar (12 November 2009). "Pakistan's disputed Northern Areas go to polls". Reuters. Retrieved 27 December 2016. Many of the 1.5 million people of Gilgit-Baltistan oppose integration into Kashmir and want their area to be merged into Pakistan and declared a separate province.