Adolf III of the Marck

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Adolph III of the Marck
Stiftskirche (Kleve)9.JPG
Adolf III and Margaret, Stiftskirche in Kleve.
Bornc. 1334
Died(1394-09-07)7 September 1394
Cleves
Noble family House of La Marck
Spouse(s) Margaret of Jülich
Issue
Father Adolph II of the Marck
Mother Margaret, Countess of Cleves

Adolph III of the Marck (German: Adolf III von der Mark) (c.1334 – 7 September 1394) was the Bishop of Münster (as Adolph) from 1357 until 1363, the Archbishop of Cologne (as Adolph II) in 1363, the Count of Cleves (as Adolph I) from 1368 until 1394, and the Count of Mark (as Adolph III) from 1391 until 1393.

Adolph was the second son of Count Adolph II of the Marck and Margaret of Cleves.

Adolph II of the Marck was Count of the Marck.

Margaret of Cleves, also spelled Margaretha or Margarethe was the wife of Count Adolf II of the Marck and mother of Adolf III of the Marck. She was a daughter of Count Dietrich VIII of Cleves and Margaret of Guelders, who was a daughter of Reginald I of Guelders.

On 16 November 1357 Pope Innocent VI appointed him the Bishop of Münster. In 1362 he signed a contract with his uncle Bishop Engelbert III of the Marck of Liège whereby he would inherit Cleves in the likely event Count John of Cleves died childless. On 13 June 1363 he was appointed the Archbishop of Cologne against the favourite John of Virneburg, but by the end of the year had resigned from the position to focus on the County of Cleves, despite the fact that his short tenure was scandalous and ridden with controversy.

Pope Innocent VI pope

Pope Innocent VI, born Étienne Aubert, was head of the Catholic Church and ruler of the Papal States from 18 December 1352 to his death in 1362. He was the fifth Avignon pope and the only one with the pontifical name of "Innocent".

Münster Place in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany

Münster is an independent city in North Rhine-Westphalia, Germany. It is in the northern part of the state and is considered to be the cultural centre of the Westphalia region. It is also capital of the local government region Münsterland. Münster was the location of the Anabaptist rebellion during the Protestant Reformation and the site of the signing of the Treaty of Westphalia ending the Thirty Years' War in 1648. Today it is known as the bicycle capital of Germany.

Engelbert III von der Mark was the Archbishop-Elector of Cologne from 1364 until 1368 and the Prince-Bishop of Liège from 1345 until 1364.

In 1368 he succeeded his uncle John of Cleves and could maintain his rule there through the support of Liège. In 1369 he married Margaret of Jülich, daughter of Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg and had fourteen children, at least five of whom did not survive infancy.

Liège Municipality in French Community, Belgium

Liège is a major Walloon city and municipality and the capital of the Belgian province of Liège.

Margaret of Jülich was a daughter of Duke Gerhard VI of Jülich and his wife, Margaret of Ravensberg (1315-1389).

Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg was the son of William V, Duke of Jülich and Joanna of Hainaut.

Adolph I, Duke of Cleves Count of Cleves, raised to Duke of Cleves

Adolph I of Cleves was the second Count of Cleves and the fourth Count of Mark.

Dietrich IX, Count of Mark (1374–1398) was the Count of Mark from 1393 until 1398.

Gerhard, Count zur Mark (1378–1461) was the de facto ruler of the County of Mark between 1430 and 1461.

Coat-of-arms of La Mark. Armoiries de la Marck 1.svg
Coat-of-arms of La Mark.
Coat-of-arms of Cleves. Kleef graafschap wapen.svg
Coat-of-arms of Cleves.

After his brother Engelbert III of the Marck died without heirs in 1391, Adolph inherited the Marck too. However, he gave Marck to his son Dietrich in 1393.

Adolph died in 1394 and was succeeded in Cleves by another of his sons, Adolph.

Cleves and Marck were reunited again 4 years later, when Dietrich died and was succeeded by Adolph IV.

Related Research Articles

County of Mark county and state in the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle of the Holy Roman Empire

The County of Mark was a county and state of the Holy Roman Empire in the Lower Rhenish–Westphalian Circle. It lay on both sides of the Ruhr river along the Volme and Lenne rivers.

Duchy of Cleves State of the Holy Roman Empire

The Duchy of Cleves was a State of the Holy Roman Empire which emerged from the mediaeval Hettergau. It was situated in the northern Rhineland on both sides of the Lower Rhine, around its capital Cleves and the towns of Wesel, Kalkar, Xanten, Emmerich, Rees and Duisburg bordering the lands of the Prince-Bishopric of Münster in the east and the Duchy of Brabant in the west. Its history is closely related to that of its southern neighbours: the Duchies of Jülich and Berg, as well as Guelders and the Westphalian county of Mark. The Duchy was archaically known as Cleveland in English.

House of La Marck historical German noble family

La Marck was a noble family, which from about 1200 appeared as the counts of Mark.

William V, Duke of Jülich was a German nobleman. Some authors call him William I, because he was the first Duke of Jülich; the earlier Williams had been Count of Jülich. Other authors call the subject of this article "William VI"; they count the son and co-ruler of William IV as William V.

Dietrich VIII was a German nobleman. He was Count of Cleves from 1310 through 1347.

William VII of Jülich, 1st Duke of Berg was born in Jülich, as the son of Gerhard VI of Jülich, Count of Berg and Ravensberg, and Margaret, daughter and heiress of Otto IV, Count of Ravensberg, and Margaret of Berg.

Engelbert III of the Mark (1333–1391) was the Count of Mark from 1347 until 1391.

Eberhard I was a German nobleman. He was Count of the Mark from 1277 until his death. He was the son of Engelbert I, Count of the Mark en Cunigonde of Blieskastel.

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References

Adolph of the Marck
Born: ca. 1334 Died: 7 September 1394 in Cleves
Regnal titles
Catholic Church titles
Preceded by
Wilhelm von Gennep
Archbishop-Elector of Cologne and
Duke of Westphalia and Angria
as Adolph II
1363
Succeeded by
Engelbert III of the Marck
Preceded by
Louis II of Hesse  [ de ]
Prince-Bishop of Münster
as Adolphus
1357–1363
Succeeded by
John I of Virneburg
Regnal titles
Preceded by
John, Count of Cleves
Count of Cleves
as Adolph I
1368–1394
Succeeded by
Adolph II
Preceded by
Engelbert III
Count of Marck
as Adolph III
1391–1393
Succeeded by
Dietrich