Adolph Northen

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Adolph Northen (also credited as Adolf Northen, [1] Adolf Northern [2] or Adolph Northern) [3] (6 November 1828 – 28 May 1876) was a German painter.

Germany Federal parliamentary republic in central-western Europe

Germany, officially the Federal Republic of Germany, is a country in Central and Western Europe, lying between the Baltic and North Seas to the north, and the Alps to the south. It borders Denmark to the north, Poland and the Czech Republic to the east, Austria and Switzerland to the south, France to the southwest, and Luxembourg, Belgium and the Netherlands to the west.

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He was born in Münden, Kingdom of Hanover and was a member of Düsseldorf school of painting. [4]

Kingdom of Hanover German kingdom established in 1814

The Kingdom of Hanover was established in October 1814 by the Congress of Vienna, with the restoration of George III to his Hanoverian territories after the Napoleonic era. It succeeded the former Electorate of Brunswick-Lüneburg, and joined 38 other sovereign states in the German Confederation in June 1815. The kingdom was ruled by the House of Hanover, a cadet branch of the House of Welf, in personal union with the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland until 1837. Since its monarch resided in London, a viceroy handled the administration of the Kingdom of Hanover.

The Düsseldorf school of painting refers to a group of painters who taught or studied at the Düsseldorf Academy in the 1830s and 1840s, when the Academy was directed by the painter Wilhelm von Schadow. The work of the Düsseldorf School is characterized by finely detailed yet fanciful landscapes, often with religious or allegorical stories set in the landscapes. Leading members of the Düsseldorf School advocated "plein air painting", and tended to use a palette with relatively subdued and even colors. The Düsseldorf School grew out of and was a part of the German Romantic movement. Prominent members of the Düsselorf School included von Schadow, Karl Friedrich Lessing, Johann Wilhelm Schirmer, Andreas Achenbach, Hans Fredrik Gude, Oswald Achenbach, and Adolf Schrödter.

Chiefly depicting battle scenes and particularly events of the Napoleonic Wars, Northen's most noted works include

Napoleon 18th/19th-century French monarch, military and political leader

Napoléon Bonaparte was a French statesman and military leader who rose to prominence during the French Revolution and led several successful campaigns during the French Revolutionary Wars. He was Emperor of the French from 1804 until 1814 and again briefly in 1815 during the Hundred Days. Napoleon dominated European and global affairs for more than a decade while leading France against a series of coalitions in the Napoleonic Wars. He won most of these wars and the vast majority of his battles, building a large empire that ruled over continental Europe before its final collapse in 1815. He is considered one of the greatest commanders in history, and his wars and campaigns are studied at military schools worldwide. Napoleon's political and cultural legacy has endured as one of the most celebrated and controversial leaders in human history.

Lieutenant general Ernst Ludwig von Tippelskirch was a Prussian army officer during the Napoleonic wars. Late he was commandant of Berlin, and at the same time the commander of land warfare.

Northern died in Düsseldorf aged 48. [4]

Works

Plancenoit village in Belgium

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Waterloo Campaign

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Georg Dubislav Ludwig von Pirch Prussian officer

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References

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Notes

  1. Krafft p. 238
  2. Art.com Adolf Northern Gallery retrieved 6 July 2007
  3. Artnet Adolf Northen retrieved 6 July 2007
  4. 1 2 Champlin p. 353
  5. Battle of Waterloo Prussian Army Artwork retrieved 6 July 2007