Agen

Last updated

Agen
Vue Agen 3.JPG
View of Agen from heights
Flag of Agen.svg
Coat of Arms of Agen.svg
Location of Agen
Agen
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
Red pog.svg
Agen
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
Red pog.svg
Agen
Coordinates: 44°12′18″N0°37′16″E / 44.2049°N 0.6212°E / 44.2049; 0.6212 Coordinates: 44°12′18″N0°37′16″E / 44.2049°N 0.6212°E / 44.2049; 0.6212
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Lot-et-Garonne
Arrondissement Agen
Canton Agen-1, Agen-2, Agen-3, Agen-4
Intercommunality Agglomération d'Agen
Government
  Mayor (20202026) Jean Dionis du Séjour [1]
Area
1
11.49 km2 (4.44 sq mi)
Population
 (Jan. 2018) [2]
33,012
  Density2,900/km2 (7,400/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
47001 /47000
Elevation37–162 m (121–531 ft)
(avg. 48 m or 157 ft)
Website www.agen.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries.

The commune of Agen (French:  [aʒɛ̃] , locally  [aˈʒɛŋ] ; Occitan:  [aˈdʒen] ) is the prefecture of the Lot-et-Garonne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, southwestern France. It lies on the river Garonne 135 kilometres (84 miles) southeast of Bordeaux.

Contents

Geography

The city of Agen lies in the southwestern department of Lot-et-Garonne in the Aquitaine region. The city centre lies on the east bank of the river Garonne close to the Canal de Garonne, approximately halfway between Bordeaux (132 km, 82 mi) and Toulouse (107 km, 66 mi).

Climate

Agen features an oceanic climate (Cfb), in the Köppen climate classification. Winters are mild and feature cool to cold temperatures while summers are mild and warm. Rainfall is spread equally throughout the year; however, most sunshine hours are from March–September.

Climate data for Agen, France (altitude 59 m, 1981–2010 averages, extremes 1941–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.1
(68.2)
22.3
(72.1)
26.3
(79.3)
30.2
(86.4)
34.0
(93.2)
38.8
(101.8)
40.6
(105.1)
41.0
(105.8)
36.7
(98.1)
32.0
(89.6)
25.4
(77.7)
21.6
(70.9)
41.0
(105.8)
Average high °C (°F)9.2
(48.6)
11.3
(52.3)
15.0
(59.0)
17.5
(63.5)
21.5
(70.7)
25.0
(77.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.6
(81.7)
24.5
(76.1)
19.6
(67.3)
13.2
(55.8)
9.5
(49.1)
18.5
(65.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.6
(42.1)
6.8
(44.2)
9.7
(49.5)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
19.3
(66.7)
21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
18.4
(65.1)
14.7
(58.5)
9.3
(48.7)
6.1
(43.0)
13.4
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
2.4
(36.3)
4.4
(39.9)
6.6
(43.9)
10.3
(50.5)
13.6
(56.5)
15.4
(59.7)
15.3
(59.5)
12.3
(54.1)
9.7
(49.5)
5.4
(41.7)
2.8
(37.0)
8.4
(47.1)
Record low °C (°F)−17.4
(0.7)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−10.5
(13.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−1.6
(29.1)
2.5
(36.5)
5.9
(42.6)
4.7
(40.5)
1.0
(33.8)
−5.0
(23.0)
−8.8
(16.2)
−12.1
(10.2)
−21.9
(−7.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)55.1
(2.17)
52.1
(2.05)
49.8
(1.96)
67.6
(2.66)
76.1
(3.00)
58.4
(2.30)
51.3
(2.02)
55.0
(2.17)
59.3
(2.33)
64.3
(2.53)
63.4
(2.50)
59.8
(2.35)
712.2
(28.04)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)9.98.39.010.810.68.16.37.17.99.510.09.8107.1
Average snowy days1.31.20.50.20.00.00.00.00.00.00.51.14.8
Average relative humidity (%)89857977777573767986909181.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.5110.1172.6182.3213.6232.1255.4242.3204.9138.284.069.41,982.4
Source 1: Météo France [3] [4] [5]
Source 2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990) [6]

Toponymy

From Occitan Agen (1197), itself from Latin Aginnum (3rd century Itinéraire d'Antonin), from a Celtic root agin- meaning "rock or height". [7]

Population

Alphonse, Count of Poitiers and Count of Toulouse, recognized the autonomy of the commune of Agen. In this illustration he takes an oath before the consuls with his right hand on the town ordinances, while sitting on a pedestal. The consul administering the oath is forced to go on his knees, symbolizing Alphonse's lordship and the town's loyalty. Alphonse de Poitiers 01.jpg
Alphonse, Count of Poitiers and Count of Toulouse, recognized the autonomy of the commune of Agen. In this illustration he takes an oath before the consuls with his right hand on the town ordinances, while sitting on a pedestal. The consul administering the oath is forced to go on his knees, symbolizing Alphonse's lordship and the town's loyalty.
Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
1793 19,639    
1800 9,876−9.35%
1806 10,850+1.58%
1821 11,659+0.48%
1831 12,631+0.80%
1836 13,399+1.19%
1841 14,987+2.27%
1846 15,517+0.70%
1851 16,027+0.65%
1856 17,667+1.97%
1861 17,263−0.46%
1866 18,222+1.09%
1872 18,887+0.60%
1876 19,503+0.81%
1881 20,485+0.99%
1886 22,055+1.49%
1891 23,234+1.05%
1896 22,730−0.44%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1901 22,482−0.22%
1906 23,141+0.58%
1911 23,294+0.13%
1921 23,391+0.04%
1926 23,530+0.12%
1931 24,939+1.17%
1936 27,152+1.71%
1946 33,397+2.09%
1954 32,593−0.30%
1962 32,800+0.08%
1968 34,949+1.06%
1975 34,039−0.38%
1982 31,593−1.06%
1990 30,553−0.42%
1999 30,170−0.14%
2007 33,863+1.45%
2012 33,730−0.08%
2017 33,576−0.09%
Source: EHESS [8] and INSEE (1968-2017) [9]

Economy

The town has a higher level of unemployment than the national average. Major employers include the pharmaceutical factory UPSA.

Sights

The old centre of town contains a number of medieval buildings.

The twelfth century Agen Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Caprasius, is one of the few large churches in France with a double nave, a regional trait also found in the Church of the Jacobins in nearby Toulouse.

The Saint Hilaire church, dedicated to the theme of the Holy Trinity which the Saint in question did a lot to defend, is notable for its unusual statues in front of the Church – Moses on the right, and St Peter on the left.

The Fine Arts museum, Musée des Beaux Arts contains artefacts, furniture and sculptures from prehistoric times onwards. The art gallery contains several hundred works, including several by Goya, and others by Bonnard and Seurat. The collection also contains a large number of works by artists who lived locally. The museum is made up of twenty or so rooms. [10]

The Canal des Deux Mers, which joins the Mediterranean with the Atlantic, crosses the river Garonne at Agen via the town's famous canal bridge.

Colour photography pioneer

View of Agen, 1874-1876. Agen1870-1871.jpg
View of Agen, 1874-1876.
1877 - Agen showing the St. Caprais cathedral. Heliochrome (multilayer dichromated pigmented gelatin process). George Eastman House Duhauron1877.jpg
1877 - Agen showing the St. Caprais cathedral. Heliochrome (multilayer dichromated pigmented gelatin process). George Eastman House

Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron (1837 – 1920), a pioneer of colour photography lived and worked in Agen. He developed practical processes for colour photography on the three-colour principle, using both additive and subtractive methods. [11] [12] [13] In 1868 he patented his ideas (French Patent No. 83061) and in 1869 he published them in Les couleurs en photographie, solution du problème.

The most widely reproduced of his surviving colour photographs is the View of Agen, an 1877 landscape, printed by the subtractive assembly method which he pioneered. Several different photographs of the view from his attic window, one dated 1874, also survive.

Entertainment

The municipal theatre "Théâtre Ducourneau" presents theatre, and occasionally classical concerts. The smaller "Théâtre du jour" has a resident theatre company presenting a variety of recent or older plays (Shakespeare, Beckett, as well as lesser known playwrights).

There are two cinemas, one a commercial multiscreened affair, the other an arts cinema run by a voluntary organization. The latter organizes film festivals every year.

Sport

Rugby is extremely popular in the town, and the local team, SU Agen, is enthusiastically supported. The town also serves as the base for the Team Lot-et-Garonne cycling team.

Transport

The Gare d'Agen connects Agen with Toulouse and Bordeaux as well as Périgueux. It is around an hour from Toulouse and around an hour from Bordeaux. The TGV train to Paris takes three hours and thirteen minutes with a stop in Bordeaux.

Agen is connected, by the A62 autoroute, to both Toulouse and Bordeaux.

The Agen Airport is serviced by Airlinair service to Paris Orly 6 days a week. It is also used for business and leisure flying.

Agen stands on the voie verte cycle path between the Mediterranean and close to Bordeaux.

Diocese

Agen is the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese that comprises the Département of Lot and Garonne. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Bordeaux.

Twin towns – sister cities

Agen is twinned with: [14]

Notable people

As place of birth
As residence

Miscellaneous

Agen is the "capital of the prune", a local product consumed as a sweet, either stuffed with prune purée or in pastries, or as a dessert, e.g., prunes soaked in Armagnac, a type of brandy. On the last weekend of August, a prune festival comprises rock concerts, circus performances and prune tastings.

Jewish presence

The first Jews settled in the town in the twelfth century AD. They were expelled from the town in 1306. A number of Jews returned to the town in 1315, and a "Rue des Juifs" is documented ever since this period. In 1968, about 600 Jews lived in the town, though most of them had emigrated from North Africa.[ citation needed ] A Jewish synagogue still exists in the town. [16]

See also

Related Research Articles

Bordeaux Prefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Bordeaux is a port city on the river Garonne in the Gironde department, Southwestern France.

Toulouse Prefecture and commune in Occitanie, France

Toulouse is the prefecture of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the larger region of Occitanie. The city is on the banks of the River Garonne, 150 kilometres from the Mediterranean Sea, 230 km (143 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean and 680 km (420 mi) from Paris. It is the fourth-largest commune in France, with 479,553 inhabitants within its municipal boundaries, after Paris, Marseille and Lyon, ahead of Nice; it has a population of 1,360,829 within its wider metropolitan area.

Aquitaine Region of France

Aquitaine, archaic Guyenne or Guienne, is an historical region of southwestern France and a former administrative region of the country. Since 1 January 2016 it has been part of the region of Nouvelle-Aquitaine. It is situated in the far southwest corner of Metropolitan France, along the Atlantic Ocean and the Pyrenees mountain range on the border with Spain. It is composed of the five departments of Dordogne, Lot-et-Garonne, Pyrénées-Atlantiques, Landes and Gironde. In the Middle Ages, Aquitaine was a kingdom and a duchy, whose boundaries fluctuated considerably.

Tarn-et-Garonne Department of France

Tarn-et-Garonne is a department Southwestern France. It is traversed by the rivers Tarn and Garonne, from which it takes its name. This area was originally part of the former provinces of Quercy and Languedoc. The department was created in 1808 by Napoleon, with territory being taken from the departments of Lot, Haute-Garonne, Lot-et-Garonne, Gers and Aveyron.

Communes of the Lot-et-Garonne department

The following is a list of the 319 communes of the French department of Lot-et-Garonne.

Moissac Commune in Occitanie, France

Moissac is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France. The town is situated at the confluence of the rivers Garonne and Tarn at the Canal de Garonne. Route nationale N113 was constructed through the town and between Valence-d'Agen and Castelsarrasin.

Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron

Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron was a French pioneer of color photography.

Langon, Gironde Subprefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Langon is a commune in the Gironde department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. Langon serves as the seat of its district, canton and subprefecture. Its inhabitants are called Langonnais.

Montastruc, Lot-et-Garonne Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Montastruc is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France.

Bordeaux-Saint-Jean station

Bordeaux-Saint-Jean or formerly Bordeaux-Midi is the main railway station in the French city of Bordeaux. It is the southern terminus of the Paris–Bordeaux railway, and the western terminus of the Chemins de fer du Midi main line from Toulouse.

Agen Cathedral Church in Lot-et-Garonne, France

Agen Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Agen, Lot-et-Garonne, Aquitaine, France. It is dedicated to Saint Caprasius. It was built in the 12th century as a collegiate church and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Valence, Tarn-et-Garonne Commune in Occitanie, France

Valence, also known as Valence-d'Agen, is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France.

Lamagistère Commune in Occitanie, France

Lamagistère is a commune in the Tarn-et-Garonne department in the Occitanie region in southern France. Inhabitants of the district are known as les Magistériens.

Francescas Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Francescas is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France. While its inhabitants number less than eight hundred, it is neither isolated, nor without commerce. It has a bakery, grocery, butcher, gas station/news agent, bank, pharmacy, post office, hairdresser, tailor, small bar/hotel, restaurant, small regional museum, and gendarmerie.

Lafox Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Lafox is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France.

Romestaing Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Romestaing is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne département in south-western France.

Saint-Jean-de-Thurac Commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Saint-Jean-de-Thurac is a commune in the Lot-et-Garonne department in south-western France. It lies to the west of the town of Agen. The departmental road D813 which routes westward from Agen to Toulouse passes through the commune. There are no commercial premises in this commune and the district derives its name from a thirteenth-century Catholic church which lies just off the D813. Beside the church is an elementary school and the Mairie, or town hall, building.

The Communauté d'agglomération d'Agen is an administrative entity in the Nouvelle-Aquitaine, in southern France. Administrative center: Agen. It was formed in January 2013 by the merger of the communauté d'agglomération d'Agen and the communauté de communes du canton de Laplume-en-Bruilhois, and was also joined by the commune Pont-du-Casse.

Bordeaux–Sète railway

The railway from Bordeaux to Sète is an important French 476-kilometre long railway line, that connects the southwestern port city Bordeaux to the southern port Sète via Toulouse and Narbonne. The railway was opened in several stages between 1855 and 1858.

Nouvelle-Aquitaine Administrative region of France

Nouvelle-Aquitaine or New Aquitaine, is the largest administrative region in France, spanning the west and southwest of the mainland. The region was created by the territorial reform of French regions in 2014 through the merger of three regions: Aquitaine, Limousin and Poitou-Charentes. It covers 84,036 km2 (32,446 sq mi) – or 18 of the country – and has 5,956,978 inhabitants. The new region was established on 1 January 2016, following the regional elections in December 2015.

References

  1. "Répertoire national des élus: les maires". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 2 December 2020. Retrieved 11 December 2020.
  2. "Populations légales 2018". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 28 December 2020.
  3. "Données climatiques de la station de Agen" (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original on 3 October 2018. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  4. "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  5. "Agen (47)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  6. "Normes et records 1961-1990: Agen - La Garenne (47) - altitude 59m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  7. Bénédicte Boyrie-Fénié, avec la collaboration d’André Bianchi, Pèire Boissière, Patrice Gentié et Maurice Romieu, Dictionnaire toponymique des communes du Lot-et-Garonne, Pau, Éditions Cairn, décembre 2012, 320 p. ( ISBN   978-2-35068-231-0), p. 41.
  8. Des villages de Cassini aux communes d'aujourd'hui: Commune data sheet Agen, EHESS. (in French)
  9. Population en historique depuis 1968, INSEE
  10. "Agen – Tourist Office – The History of Agen – Origins". ot-agen.org. Archived from the original on 5 May 2003. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  11. "Lumière Jubilee". Time. 18 November 1935. The idea was patented as early as 1864 [sic—actually 1868] by a now forgotten Frenchman named Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron.
  12. Solbert, Oscar N.; Beaumont, Newhall; Card, James G., eds. (April 1952). "Forgotten Pioneers IV: Louis Ducos Du Hauron (1837–1920)" (PDF). Image, Journal of Photography of George Eastman House. Rochester, N.Y.: International Museum of Photography at George Eastman House Inc. 1 (6): 2. Archived from the original (PDF) on 4 March 2016. Retrieved 21 June 2014.
  13. Dr. Carl Finch (1920). "Louis Arthur Ducos du Hauron, In Memoriam". Photo-Era, The American Journal of Photography. 45. New England Photo Era Publishing Company. pp. 281–282.
  14. "Jumelages et coopérations". agen.fr (in French). Agen. Retrieved 19 April 2021.
  15. Christie, Richard; Sandys, John (1911). "Scaliger"  . In Chisholm, Hugh (ed.). Encyclopædia Britannica . 24 (11th ed.). Cambridge University Press. pp. 284–286.
  16. "Synagogues in Agen, France:". Kosher Delight.