Agen

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Agen
FR-47-Agen10.JPG
Cathedral of Saint-Caprais
Flag of Agen.svg
Flag
Coat of Arms of Agen.svg
Coat of arms
Location of Agen
France location map-Regions and departements-2016.svg
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Agen
Aquitaine-Limousin-Poitou-Charentes region location map.svg
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Agen
Coordinates: 44°12′18″N0°37′16″E / 44.2049°N 0.6212°E / 44.2049; 0.6212 Coordinates: 44°12′18″N0°37′16″E / 44.2049°N 0.6212°E / 44.2049; 0.6212
Country France
Region Nouvelle-Aquitaine
Department Lot-et-Garonne
Arrondissement Agen
Canton Agen-1
Agen-2
Agen-3
Agen-4
Intercommunality Agglomération d'Agen
Government
  Mayor (2014-2020) Jean Dionis du Séjour [1]
Area
1
11.49 km2 (4.44 sq mi)
Population
(2016)2
33,569
  Density2,900/km2 (7,600/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+01:00 (CET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+02:00 (CEST)
INSEE/Postal code
47001 /47000
Elevation37–162 m (121–531 ft)
(avg. 48 m or 157 ft)
Website www.agen.fr
1 French Land Register data, which excludes lakes, ponds, glaciers > 1 km2 (0.386 sq mi or 247 acres) and river estuaries. 2 Population without double counting : residents of multiple communes (e.g., students and military personnel) only counted once.

The commune of Agen (French:  [aʒɛ̃] , Occitan:  [aˈdʒen] ) is the prefecture of the Lot-et-Garonne department in Nouvelle-Aquitaine in southwestern France. It lies on the river Garonne 135 kilometres (84 miles) southeast of Bordeaux.

The commune is a level of administrative division in the French Republic. French communes are analogous to civil townships and incorporated municipalities in the United States and Canada, Gemeinden in Germany, comuni in Italy or ayuntamiento in Spain. The United Kingdom has no exact equivalent, as communes resemble districts in urban areas, but are closer to parishes in rural areas where districts are much larger. Communes are based on historical geographic communities or villages and are vested with significant powers to manage the populations and land of the geographic area covered. The communes are the fourth-level administrative divisions of France.

Prefectures in France deconcentrated executive authority of the French State, in charge of the administrative control of public services and territorial collectivities operating on its local territory

A prefecture in France may refer to:

Lot-et-Garonne Department of France

Lot-et-Garonne is a department in the southwest of France named after the Lot and Garonne rivers.

Contents

Geography

The city of Agen lies in the southern department Lot-et-Garonne in the Aquitaine region. The city centre lies on the east bank of the Garonne river close to the Canal de Garonne, approximately halfway between Bordeaux (132 km, 82 mi) and Toulouse (107 km, 66 mi).

Bordeaux Prefecture and commune in Nouvelle-Aquitaine, France

Bordeaux is a port city on the Garonne in the Gironde department in Southwestern France.

Toulouse Prefecture and commune in Occitanie, France

Toulouse is the capital of the French department of Haute-Garonne and of the region of Occitanie. The city is on the banks of the River Garonne, 150 kilometres from the Mediterranean Sea, 230 km (143 mi) from the Atlantic Ocean and 680 km (420 mi) from Paris. It is the fourth-largest city in France, with 466,297 inhabitants as of January 2014. In France, Toulouse is called the "Pink City".

Climate

Agen features an oceanic climate (Cfb), in the Köppen climate classification. Winters are mild and feature cool to cold temperatures while summers are mild and warm. Rainfall is spread equally throughout the year; however, most sunshine hours are from March–September.

Oceanic climate a type of climate characterised by cool summers and cool winters

An oceanic climate, also known as a marine climate or maritime climate, is the Köppen classification of climate typical of west coasts in higher middle latitudes of continents, and generally features mild summers and mild winters, with a relatively narrow annual temperature range and few extremes of temperature, with the exception for transitional areas to continental, subarctic and highland climates. Oceanic climates are defined as having a monthly mean temperature below 22 °C (72 °F) in the warmest month, and above 0 °C (32 °F) in the coldest month.

Climate data for Agen, France (altitude 59 m, 1981–2010 averages, extremes 1941–present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)20.1
(68.2)
22.3
(72.1)
26.3
(79.3)
30.2
(86.4)
34.0
(93.2)
38.8
(101.8)
40.6
(105.1)
41.0
(105.8)
36.7
(98.1)
32.0
(89.6)
25.4
(77.7)
21.6
(70.9)
41.0
(105.8)
Average high °C (°F)9.2
(48.6)
11.3
(52.3)
15.0
(59.0)
17.5
(63.5)
21.5
(70.7)
25.0
(77.0)
27.6
(81.7)
27.6
(81.7)
24.5
(76.1)
19.6
(67.3)
13.2
(55.8)
9.5
(49.1)
18.5
(65.3)
Daily mean °C (°F)5.6
(42.1)
6.8
(44.2)
9.7
(49.5)
12.0
(53.6)
15.9
(60.6)
19.3
(66.7)
21.5
(70.7)
21.5
(70.7)
18.4
(65.1)
14.7
(58.5)
9.3
(48.7)
6.1
(43.0)
13.4
(56.1)
Average low °C (°F)2.1
(35.8)
2.4
(36.3)
4.4
(39.9)
6.6
(43.9)
10.3
(50.5)
13.6
(56.5)
15.4
(59.7)
15.3
(59.5)
12.3
(54.1)
9.7
(49.5)
5.4
(41.7)
2.8
(37.0)
8.4
(47.1)
Record low °C (°F)−17.4
(0.7)
−21.9
(−7.4)
−10.5
(13.1)
−3.9
(25.0)
−1.6
(29.1)
2.5
(36.5)
5.9
(42.6)
4.7
(40.5)
1.0
(33.8)
−5.0
(23.0)
−8.8
(16.2)
−12.1
(10.2)
−21.9
(−7.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)55.1
(2.17)
52.1
(2.05)
49.8
(1.96)
67.6
(2.66)
76.1
(3.00)
58.4
(2.30)
51.3
(2.02)
55.0
(2.17)
59.3
(2.33)
64.3
(2.53)
63.4
(2.50)
59.8
(2.35)
712.2
(28.04)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)9.98.39.010.810.68.16.37.17.99.510.09.8107.1
Average snowy days1.31.20.50.20.00.00.00.00.00.00.51.14.8
Average relative humidity (%)89857977777573767986909181.4
Mean monthly sunshine hours 77.5110.1172.6182.3213.6232.1255.4242.3204.9138.284.069.41,982.4
Source #1: Météo France [2] [3] [4]
Source #2: Infoclimat.fr (humidity and snowy days, 1961–1990) [5]

Toponymy

From Occitan Agen (1197), itself from Latin Aginnum (3rd century Itinéraire d'Antonin), from a Celtic root agin- meaning "rock or height". [6]

Latin Indo-European language of the Italic family

Latin is a classical language belonging to the Italic branch of the Indo-European languages. The Latin alphabet is derived from the Etruscan and Greek alphabets and ultimately from the Phoenician alphabet.

Celtic languages Language family

The Celtic languages are a group of related languages descended from Proto-Celtic. They form a branch of the Indo-European language family. The term "Celtic" was first used to describe this language group by Edward Lhuyd in 1707, following Paul-Yves Pezron, who made the explicit link between the Celts described by classical writers and the Welsh and Breton languages.

Population

Historical population
YearPop.±%
200633,728    
200733,863+0.4%
200833,245−1.8%
200933,920+2.0%
201033,981+0.2%
201133,620−1.1%
201233,730+0.3%
201334,344+1.8%
201434,126−0.6%
201533,988−0.4%
201633,569−1.2%

Economy

The town has a higher level of unemployment than the national average. Major employers include the pharmaceutical factory UPSA.

Sights

The old centre of town contains a number of medieval buildings.

The twelfth century Agen Cathedral, dedicated to Saint Caprasius, is one of the few large churches in France with a double nave, a regional trait also found in the Church of the Jacobins in nearby Toulouse.

Agen Cathedral Church in Lot-et-Garonne, France

Agen Cathedral is a Roman Catholic cathedral located in Agen, Lot-et-Garonne, Aquitaine, France. It is dedicated to Saint Caprasius. It was built in the 12th century as a collegiate church and is a UNESCO World Heritage Site.

Caprasius of Agen Martyr and saint

Saint Caprasius of Agen is venerated as a Christian martyr and saint of the fourth century. Relics associated with him were discovered at Agen in the fifth century. Local legends dating from the 14th century make him the first bishop of Agen, though, as Alban Butler writes, the only evidence to support his existence is the dedication of a church to him in the 6th century.

Nave main body of a church

The nave is the central part of a church, stretching from the main entrance or rear wall, to the transepts, or in a church without transepts, to the chancel. When a church contains side aisles, as in a basilica-type building, the strict definition of the term "nave" is restricted to the central aisle. In a broader, more colloquial sense, the nave includes all areas available for the lay worshippers, including the side-aisles and transepts. Either way, the nave is distinct from the area reserved for the choir and clergy.

The Saint Hilaire church, dedicated to the theme of the Holy Trinity which the Saint in question did a lot to defend, is notable for its unusual statues in front of the Church – Moses on the right, and St Peter on the left.

Hilary of Poitiers Bishop of Poitiers

Hilary of Poitiers was Bishop of Poitiers and is a Doctor of the Church. He was sometimes referred to as the "Hammer of the Arians" and the "Athanasius of the West." His name comes from the Latin word for happy or cheerful. His optional memorial in the General Roman Calendar is 13 January. In the past, when this date was occupied by the Octave Day of the Epiphany, his feast day was moved to 14 January.

Trinity Christian doctrine that God is one God, but three coeternal consubstantial persons

The Christian doctrine of the Trinity holds that God is one God, but three coeternal consubstantial persons or hypostases—the Father, the Son, and the Holy Spirit—as "one God in three Divine Persons". The three Persons are distinct, yet are one "substance, essence or nature" (homoousios). In this context, a "nature" is what one is, whereas a "person" is who one is. Sometimes differing views are referred to as nontrinitarian. Trinitarianism contrasts with positions such as Binitarianism and Monarchianism, of which Modalistic Monarchianism and Unitarianism are subsets.

Saint Peter apostle and first pope

Saint Peter, also known as Simon Peter, Simeon, Simon, or Cephas, was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus Christ, and the first leader of the early Church.

The Fine Arts museum, Musée des Beaux Arts contains artefacts, furniture and sculptures from prehistoric times onwards. The art gallery contains several hundred works, including several by Goya, and others by Bonnard and Seurat. The collection also contains a large number of works by artists who lived locally. The museum is made up of twenty or so rooms. [7]

The Canal des Deux Mers, which joins the Mediterranean with the Atlantic, crosses the river Garonne at Agen via the town's famous canal bridge.

Entertainment

The municipal theatre "Théâtre Ducourneau" presents theatre, and occasionally classical concerts. The smaller "Théâtre du jour" has a resident theatre company presenting a variety of recent or older plays (Shakespeare, Beckett, as well as lesser known playwrights).

There are two cinemas, one a commercial multiscreened affair, the other an arts cinema run by a voluntary organization. The latter organizes film festivals every year.

Sport

Rugby is extremely popular in the town, and the local team, SU Agen, is enthusiastically supported. The town also serves as the base for the Team Lot-et-Garonne cycling team.

Transport

The Gare d'Agen connects Agen with Toulouse and Bordeaux as well as Périgueux. It is around an hour from Toulouse and around an hour from Bordeaux. The TGV train to Paris take three hours and thirteen minutes with a stop in Bordeaux.

Agen is connected, by the A62 autoroute, to both Toulouse and Bordeaux.

The Agen Airport is serviced by Airlinair service to Paris Orly 6 days a week. It is also used for business and leisure flying.

Agen stands on the voie verte cycle path between the Mediterranean and close to Bordeaux.

Diocese

Agen is the seat of a Roman Catholic diocese that comprises the Département of Lot and Garonne. It is a suffragan of the archdiocese of Bordeaux.

Twin cities

Agen is twinned with: [8]

Personalities

As place of birth
As residence

Miscellaneous

Agen is the "capital of the prune", a local product consumed as a sweet, either stuffed with prune purée or in pastries, or as a dessert, e.g., prunes soaked in Armagnac, a type of brandy. On the last weekend of August, a prune festival comprises rock concerts, circuse performances and prune tastings.

Jewish presence

The first Jews settled in the town in the twelfth century AD. They were expelled from the town in 1306. A number of Jews returned to the town in 1315, and a "Rue des Juifs" is documented ever since this period. In 1968, about 600 Jews lived in the town, though most of them emigrated to the town from North Africa. [12] A Jewish synagogue still exists in the town. [13]

See also

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References

Notes
  1. "Les élus" (in French). Mairie d'Agen. Retrieved 24 April 2017.
  2. "Données climatiques de la station de Agen" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  3. "Climat Aquitaine" (in French). Meteo France. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  4. "Agen (47)" (PDF). Fiche Climatologique: Statistiques 1981–2010 et records (in French). Meteo France. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 April 2018. Retrieved 16 April 2018.
  5. "Normes et records 1961-1990: Agen - La Garenne (47) - altitude 59m" (in French). Infoclimat. Archived from the original on 24 August 2017. Retrieved 28 December 2015.
  6. Bénédicte Boyrie-Fénié, avec la collaboration d’André Bianchi, Pèire Boissière, Patrice Gentié et Maurice Romieu, Dictionnaire toponymique des communes du Lot-et-Garonne, Pau, Éditions Cairn, décembre 2012, 320 p. ( ISBN   978-2-35068-231-0), p. 41.
  7. "Agen – Tourist Office – The History of Agen – Origins". www.ot-agen.org. Archived from the original on 5 May 2003. Retrieved 8 October 2009.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Archived from the original on 8 October 2013. Retrieved 26 December 2013.
  9. "List of Twin Towns in the Ruhr District" (PDF). © 2009 Twins2010.com. Archived from the original (PDF) on 28 November 2009. Retrieved 28 October 2009.
  10. "British towns twinned with French towns". Archant Community Media Ltd. Retrieved 11 July 2013.
  11. "Sister Cities". Toledo Turismo. Patronato Municipal de Turismo. Archived from the original on 19 September 2008. Retrieved 16 October 2008.
  12. "Gale Virtual Reference Library" . Gale, A Cengage Company.
  13. "Synagogues In Agen, France:". Kosher Delight.