Agga Mahethi of Pagan

Last updated
Agga Mahethi of Pagan
အဂ္ဂ မဟေသီ
Chief queen consort of Burma
Tenure1044–1077
Predecessor Taung Pyinthe (Sokkate)
Successor Usaukpan
Bornc. 1030
Diedc. 1080s
Spouse Anawrahta
Issue Saw Lu
House Pagan
Religion Theravada Buddhism

Agga Mahethi (Burmese : အဂ္ဂ မဟေသီ, pronounced  [ʔɛʔga̰ məhèθì] ; Pali : Aggamahesī) was the chief queen consort of King Anawrahta of Pagan (Bagan). She was also known as the Queen of Southern Palace ("Taung Pyinthe"). Her only child, Saw Lu, succeeded the Pagan throne. [1]

Related Research Articles

Saw Lu was king of Pagan dynasty of Burma (Myanmar) from 1077 to 1084. He inherited from his father Anawrahta the Pagan Empire, the first ever unified kingdom of Burma (Myanmar) but proved an inexperienced ruler. In 1082, he faced a rebellion in Lower Burma, and was captured c. April 1083. He was later killed in captivity about a year later.

Uzana I of Pinya was king of Pinya from 1325 to 1340. Of Pagan royalty, Uzana inherited a disunited kingdom, which fell apart right after his predecessor Thihathu's death. Not only could he not retake the northern Sagaing Kingdom but he also had little control over his southern vassals. Even in his core power base in present-day central Myanmar (Burma), Uzana faced a serious rival in his half-brother Kyawswa. He ultimately lost the power struggle, and abdicated the throne in 1340 to a regent. He lived out his last years as a monk in Mekkhaya.

Pinya Kingdom

The Pinya Kingdom was the kingdom that ruled Central Myanmar (Burma) from 1313 to 1365. It was the successor state of Myinsaing, the polity that controlled much of Upper Burma between 1297 and 1313. Founded as the de jure successor state of the Pagan Empire by Thihathu, Pinya faced internal divisions from the start. The northern province of Sagaing led by Thihathu's eldest son Saw Yun successfully fought for autonomy in 1315−17, and formally seceded in 1325 after Thihathu's death.

Yadanabon was the first chief queen consort of King Sithu I of Pagan Dynasty of Burma (Myanmar). The queen was the mother of Crown Prince Min Shin Saw. She was still alive in 1151/52 when she successfully persuaded her husband to change the prison sentence for Min Shin Saw to an exile. The queen apparently did not outlive her husband; according to the royal chronicles, she was succeeded as chief queen (Usaukpan) by Ti Lawka Sanda Dewi.

Ti Lawka Sanda Dewi was a chief queen consort of King Sithu I of Pagan (Bagan). She was a senior queen until c. 1150s when she succeeded Queen Yadanabon as the chief queen (usaukpan). Sanda Dewi had a son named Htauk Hlayga. Her younger sister was also a queen of Sithu with the title of Yazakumari.

Usaukpan was the chief queen consort of King Saw Lu of Pagan (Bagan). She was the paternal grandmother of King Sithu I. The queen died soon after Lu's accession to the Pagan throne, and was succeeded by Manisanda as the chief queen (usaukpan).

Myauk Pyinthe was a queen consort of three kings of Pagan, Saw Rahan II, Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu and Sokkate, and the mother of King Anawrahta, the founder of the Pagan Empire.

Taung Pyinthe was the Chief queen consort of kings Saw Rahan II and Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. She was also the mother of King Kyiso.

Ale Pyinthe was a queen consort of kings Saw Rahan II and Kunhsaw Kyaunghpyu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar. She was also the mother of King Sokkate.

Taung Pyinthe was the chief queen consort of King Narathu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Myauk Pyinthe was a queen consort of King Narathu of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Min Aung Myat was the chief queen consort of King Naratheinkha, and the Queen of the Southern Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). King Sithu I and Queen Khin U were her maternal grandparents. Naratheinkha and Sithu II were her second cousins. She and Naratheinkha were married by their grandfather king. She had a daughter Saw Pyei Chantha with Naratheinkha but their child died in early 1170s during the reign of Naratheinkha.

Saw Lat was a queen consort of kings Naratheinkha and Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Saw Ahlwan was a queen consort of kings Naratheinkha and Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Taung Pyinthe was the second chief queen consort of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Myauk Pyinthe was the second Queen of the Northern Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma).

Wadanthika was the second Queen of the Central Palace of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). She may also have been Sithu II's chief queen for a brief period.

Saw Mya Kan was a principal queen of King Sithu II of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). She was the mother of King Htilominlo.

Saw Mi Pyan was the Queen of the Central Palace of King Htilominlo of the Pagan Dynasty of Myanmar (Burma). The queen, who was a great granddaughter of King Sithu I, had no children.

Tarabya I of Pakhan was a Burmese governor and military commander during the early Ava period. Between 1390 and 1413, Tarabya served as governor of Pakhan and as an officer in the Ava military in several campaigns, mostly against the southern Hanthawaddy forces in the Forty Years' War. In 1413, he lost his military command and was transferred to become governor of Pagan (Bagan), the ancient royal capital. He appeared to have ended his career there c. early 1430s.

References

  1. Yazawin Thit Vol. 1 2012: 107

Bibliography

Agga Mahethi of Pagan
Born:c. 1030 Died:c. 1080s
Royal titles
Preceded by
Taung Pyinthe (Sokkate)
Chief queen consort of Burma
1044–1077
Succeeded by
Usaukpan