Ahmad Shah of Pahang

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Ahmad Shah
أحمد شاه المستعين بالله
Yang di-Pertuan Agong VII
Sultan of Pahang
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
Reign26 April 1979 – 25 April 1984
Installation10 July 1980
Predecessor Sultan Yahya Petra
Successor Sultan Iskandar
Sultan of Pahang
Reign8 May 1974 – 15 January 2019
Installation6 May 1975
Predecessor Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah
Successor Al-Sultan Abdullah Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mustafa Billah Shah
Born (1930-10-24) 24 October 1930 (age 88)
Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang, Federated Malay States, British Malaya
Tengku Ampuan Afzan
(m. 1954;died 1988)

Sultanah Kalsom (m. 1991)
IssueTengku Meriam
Tengku Muhaini
Tengku Aishah Marcella
Tengku Abdullah
Tengku Abdul Rahman
Tengku Nong Fatimah
Tengku Shahariah
Tengku Abdul Fahd Mu’adzam Shah
Full name
Tengku Ahmad ibni Tengku Abu Bakar
Regnal name
Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah
House Bendahara
Father Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Mu'adzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mu’tassim Billah Shah
MotherTengku Ampuan Raja Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kaddasullah
Religion Sunni Islam

Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta’in Billah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah [1] (Jawi:zسلطان حاج احمد شاه المستعين بالله ابن المرحوم سلطان ابو بكر رعاية الدين المعظم شاه;zBorn 24 October 1930) is the fifth and former modern Sultan of Pahang, and also served as the seventh Yang di-Pertuan Agong of Malaysia from 26 April 1979 to 25 April 1984. His abdication as Sultan was decided by the Royal Council at an extraordinary meeting on 11 January 2019. A special amendment was passed on the state constitution that gave the body more power for this decision, citing the Sultan's incapability to rule due to his failing health. [2] The abdication came into effect on the midnight of 15 January, paving the way to his son, Abdullah to succeed him as Sultan the following day, and subsequently be elected as the next Yang di-Pertuan Agong later the same month. [3]

Jawi alphabet Arabic alphabet for writing the Malay language, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausug and several other languages

Jawi is an Arabic alphabet for writing Malay, Acehnese, Banjarese, Minangkabau, Tausūg and several other languages in Southeast Asia.

Sultan of Pahang

Sultan of Pahang is the title of the hereditary constitutional head of Pahang, Malaysia. The current sultan is Al-Sultan Abdullah ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah. He is the Head of the Islam in the state and the source of all titles, honours and dignities in the state. Historically, the title was also used by rulers of the Old Pahang Sultanate.

Yang di-Pertuan Agong monarch and head of state of Malaysia

The Yang di-Pertuan Agong, also known as the Supreme Head or the King, is the monarch and head of state of Malaysia. The office was established in 1957, when the Federation of Malaya gained independence from the United Kingdom. Malaysia is a constitutional monarchy with an elected monarch as head of state. The Yang di-Pertuan Agong is one of the few elected monarchs in the world. The concept of an elected monarch is believed to be rooted in the 7th-century kingdoms of Srivijaya and Ayutthaya, where at that time the king was elected from city-states in Srivijaya.


Born on at 12:00 am. Friday 24 October 1930 at Istana Mangga Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang. he was the only son of Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mu’tassim Billah Shah (reigned 1932–1974) by his official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Besar Raja Fatimah binti Almarhum Sultan Iskandar Shah Kaddasullah, a princess of Perak royal family.

Pekan Town is a town in Pekan District, Pahang, Malaysia. It is also the royal town of the state. Its name comes from a flower, the Bunga Pekan. Pekan is also the name of the district the town is situated in, and a parliamentary constituency in its own right. It is the home of the state's royal family headed by Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah Al-Musta'in Billah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abu Bakar Ri'ayatuddin Al-Mu'adzam Shah. It is also the hometown of the second Prime Minister of Malaysia, Tun Abdul Razak Hussein, and his son, former Prime Minister Datuk Seri Najib Razak. Najib is also Pekan's current Member of Parliament.

Pahang State of Malaysia

Pahang, officially Pahang Darul Makmur with the Arabic honorific Darul Makmur is a sultanate and a federal state of Malaysia. It is the third largest Malaysian state by area and ninth largest by population. The state occupies the basin of the Pahang River, and a stretch of the east coast as far south as Endau. Geographically located in the East Coast region of the Peninsular Malaysia, the state shares borders with the Malaysian states of Kelantan and Terengganu to the north, Perak, Selangor and Negeri Sembilan to the west, Johor to the south, while South China Sea is to the east. The Titiwangsa mountain range that forms a natural divider between the Peninsula’s east and west coasts is spread along the north and south of the state, peaking at Mount Tahan, which is 2,187m high. Although two thirds of the state is covered by dense rain forest, its central plains are intersected by numerous rivers, and along the coast there is a 32-kilometre wide expanse of alluvial soil that includes the deltas and estuarine plains of the Kuantan, Pahang, Rompin, Endau, and Mersing rivers.

Abu Bakar of Pahang Sultan of Pahang

Sultan Abu Bakar Ri’ayatuddin Al-Mu’azzam Shah Ibni Al-Marhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mu’tassim Billah Shah, was the fourth modern Sultan of Pahang.

A student of the Malay College Kuala Kangsar, he received diplomas in public administration from Worcester College, Oxford and the University of Exeter. He succeeded his father as sultan in 1974.

Malay College Kuala Kangsar

Kolej Melayu Kuala Kangsar is a premier residential school in Malaysia. It is an all-boys and all-Malay school in the royal town of Kuala Kangsar, Perak. It is sometimes dubbed "the Eton College of the East".

University of Exeter public research university located in South West England, United Kingdom

The University of Exeter is a public research university in Exeter, Devon, South West England, United Kingdom. It was founded and received its Royal Charter in 1955, although its predecessor institutions, St Luke's College, Exeter School of Science, Exeter School of Art, and the Camborne School of Mines were established in 1838, 1855, 1863, and 1888 respectively. In post-nominals, the University of Exeter is abbreviated as Exon., and is the suffix given to honorary and academic degrees from the university.

His election as the 7th Yang di-Pertuan Agong in 1979 was marked with controversy as he was said to be at odds with the incoming prime minister Dr. Mahathir Mohamad. However, the rumours proved to be untrue and he proved to be a keen admirer of the prime minister. Twenty-two years earlier, his father Abu Bakar had failed five times to be elected as the first Agong.

Mahathir Mohamad Malaysian politician

Tun Mahathir bin Mohamad, known informally as Dr. M, is a Malaysian physician and politician who is the current Prime Minister of Malaysia. He is also the author of numerous books, the first of which was The Malay Dilemma. He previously served as prime minister from 1981 until his retirement in 2003, by which time he was the world's longest-serving elected leader. He is the chairman of the Pakatan Harapan coalition, as well as a member of the Parliament of Malaysia for the Langkawi constituency in the state of Kedah. Mahathir's political career has spanned more than 70 years starting with his participation during the Malayan Union in protests against non-Malays gaining Malaysian citizenship; he formed his own party, the Malaysian United Indigenous Party (PPBM), in 2016.

A controversial, headstrong personality, he has often forced his chief ministers in Pahang to resign over minor differences.

His favourite hobby was playing football, golf, polo, and equestrian.

Sultan Ahmad Shah is a keen sportsman and was the President of the Malaysian Football Association (FAM) from 1984 until 2014, [4] the President of Asian Football Confederation (AFC) until 2002 and Asean Football Federation (AFF) 2011.

Football Association of Malaysia sports governing body

The Football Association of Malaysia (FAM) is the governing body for responsible for organising the Malaysia national football team within the country. The Football Association of Malaysia headquarters is located at Wisma FAM.

Asian Football Confederation governing body of association football in Asia

The Asian Football Confederation (AFC) is the governing body of association football in Asia and Australia. It has 47 member countries, mostly located on the Asian and Australian continent, but excludes the transcontinental countries with territory in both Europe and Asia – Azerbaijan, Georgia, Kazakhstan, Russia, and Turkey – which are instead members of UEFA. Three other states located geographically along the western fringe of Asia – Cyprus, Armenia and Israel – are also UEFA members. On the other hand, Australia, formerly in the OFC, joined the Asian Football Confederation in 2006, and the Oceanian island of Guam, a territory of the United States, is also a member of AFC, in addition to Northern Mariana Islands, one of the Two Commonwealths of the United States. Hong Kong and Macau, although not independent countries, are also members of the AFC.

His official and royal consort, Tengku Ampuan Afzan binti Tengku Panglima Perang Muhammad, a member of the Terengganu royal family, served as his Raja Permaisuri Agong but died of cancer on her return to Pahang on 29 June 1988. Sultan Ahmad Shah's second wife Kalsom binti Abdullah (nee Anita), was designated as the Sultanah of Pahang in 1991.

Raja Permaisuri Agong Wikimedia list article

Raja Permaisuri Agong (Jawi: راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ; full title: Kebawah Duli Yang Maha Mulia Seri Paduka Baginda Raja Permaisuri Agong; سري ڤدوک بݢيندا راج ڤرمايسوري اݢوڠ is the title given to the consort of the Yang di-Pertuan Agong, the elected, constitutional head of state of Malaysia.


NameBirthBirth PlaceDeathDeath PlaceMarriage
SpouseTheir Children
Tengku Meriam1 April 1955 (age 64)Istana Abu Bakar, Pekan, Pahang 24 April 1976Tengku Dato’ Sri Kamil Ismail bin Tengku Idris ShahY.M. Tengku Aidy Ahmad Shah
Y.M. Tengku Nur ul-Kamalia
Y.M. Tengku Nur ul-Karmila
Tengku Muhaini31 October 1956 (age 62)Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 22 January 1981Tengku Dato’ Ibrahim Petra bin Tengku Indra Petra
Tengku Aishah Marcella13 November 1957 (age 61)Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 23 October 1980Tunku Kamil Ikram bin Tunku AbdullahY.M. Tunku Shazwan Kaiyisha
Tengku Abdullah 30 July 1959 (age 59)Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 6 March 1986 Tunku Azizah Aminah Maimunah Iskandariah binti Almarhum Baginda Al-Mutawakkil Alallah Sultan Iskandar Al-Haj Tengku Amir Nasser Ibrahim Shah (adopted)
Tengku Iskandar Shah (died 1990)
Tengku Hassanal Ibrahim Alam Shah
Tengku Muhammad Iskandar Ri'ayatuddin Shah
Tengku Ahmad Ismail Shah
Tengku Puteri Afzan Aminah Hafizatullah
Tengku Puteri Jihan Azizah Athiyatullah
Tengku Puteri Iman Afzan
Tengku Puteri Ilisha Ameera
Tengku Ilyana
Tengku Abdul Rahman23 August 1960 (age 58)Istana Manggal Tunggal, Pekan, Pahang 27 July 2002Cik Julita Aisha binti Abdul LatifTengku Eddie Akasya
Tengku Ahmad Firman Shah
Tengku Ameera Asya
Tengku Nong Fatimah4 September 1962 (age 56)24 October 1988Dato’ Haji Muhammad Moiz
Tengku Shahariah12 September 1964 (age 54)24 October 2000Baharim
Tengku Abdul Fahd Mu’adzam Shah10 February 1994 (age 25)

Titles and styles

Awards and recognitions


Building of the Sultan Ahmad Shah Mosque in Kuantan, Pahang Pahang state mosque.jpg
Building of the Sultan Ahmad Shah Mosque in Kuantan, Pahang

As the Yang di-Pertuan Agong from 1979 to 1984, Sultan Haji Ahmad Shah was automatically designated under constitutional provisions as the Supreme Commander of the Malaysian Armed Forces, holding the rank of the Field Marshal of the Royal Malaysian Air Force, Admiral of the Royal Malaysian Navy and Field Marshal of the Army. [5]

He is today the RMAF's Colonel in Chief and appears in RMAF ceremonies.

He has been awarded : [6]

Honours of Pahang



Places named after him

Several places were named after him, including:



  1. Information Malaysia (1989), pg 123
  2. https://www.thestar.com.my/news/nation/2019/01/12/tengku-muda-pahang-constitution-amended/
  3. "Tengku Abdullah to be proclaimed Pahang sultan on Jan 15". Malaysiakini. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  4. Samuel, Eric. "Football: High noon at FAM Congress as TM Pahang takes over - The Star Online". www.thestar.com.my. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  5. Alagappa, pg 267
  6. The Royal Ark, Pahang genealogical details, p.10
  7. "SAIJ". www.saij.gob.ar. Retrieved 14 January 2019.
  8. "Pahang". Archived from the original on 2014-07-03. Retrieved 2014-05-23.
  9. "malay2". www.royalark.net. Retrieved 14 January 2019.

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Regnal titles
Preceded by
Sultan Yahya Petra
(Sultan of Kelantan)
Yang di-Pertuan Agong
(King of Malaysia)

Succeeded by
Sultan Iskandar
(Sultan of Johor)
Preceded by
Sultan Sir Abu Bakar Riayatuddin Al-Muadzam Shah ibni Almarhum Sultan Abdullah Al-Mutassimu Billah Shah
Sultan of Pahang
Succeeded by
Al-Sultan Abdullah Ria'yatuddin Al Mustafa Billah Shah ibni Sultan Ahmad Shah al-Musta'in Billah
Civic offices
Preceded by
Hamzah Abu Samah
President of Asian Football Confederation
Succeeded by
Mohamed bin Hammam