Aichi Prefectural Police

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Aichi Prefectural Police
愛知県警察
Aichi-ken Keisatsu
Asahikage.svg
Asahikage
Aichi Police Headquarters.jpg
Aichi Prefectural Police Headquarters
Agency overview
Formed1 July 1954 (Shōwa 29)
Preceding agencies
  • National Rural Police, Aichi Prefecture Headquarters
  • Nagoya City Police (Absorbed July 1955)
Employees14,500
Jurisdictional structure
Operations jurisdiction Aichi Prefecture, JP
Map of Japan with highlight on 23 Aichi prefecture.svg
Map of Aichi Prefectural Police's jurisdiction.
Governing body National Police Agency (Japan)
Chubu District Police Bureau]]
HeadquartersNagoya
Sworn members13,519
Unsworn members958
Agency executives
  • Tatsuya Kato, Senior Commissioner
  • Idehara Shigeru, Chief Superintendent
Parent agencyAichi Prefectural Public Safety Commission
Units
Facilities
Stations45
Kōbans 385
Patrol Cars700
Police Motorcycles230
Boats7
Helicopters4
Police Dogs13
Website
Aichi Prefectural Police (in Japanese)
Aichi Police (in English)

The Aichi Prefectural Police (愛知県警察, Aichi-ken Keisatsu) is the prefectural police force responsible, under the control of the Aichi Prefectural Public Safety Commission, for policing the Aichi Prefecture, Japan. [1]

Contents

History

Its origins date back to 1871 (Meiji 4), when its predecessor organisation, the Aichi Prefectural Police Department was founded. The Aichi Prefectural Police Department was under the control of the Police Bureau of the Empire of Japan's Home Ministry from 1873 to 1947, when the Diet of Japan passed the Police Act 1947 during Allied occupation. After this, the newly organised National Rural Police took over policing the Aichi prefecture. After further reform of the Police Act in 1954, local police forces were organised by prefecture and made independent under the monitoring and guidance of the National Police Agency, and the current Aichi Prefectural Police was created. Further centralisation efforts led to the merging of the Nagoya City Police in to the Aichi Prefectural Police in July 1955.

Uniquely, the Aichi Prefectural Police operated a prefecture-wide fingerprinting scheme from 1955 to 1970. Aichi was the only prefecture in Japan to do so. Under the scheme, all school leavers were required to give all ten of their fingerprints to the police. The purpose of collecting fingerprint data was officially to assist in identifying accident victims. During the programme, there were over 2 million prints registered. However, in 1970, after an unidentified body was found in the neighbouring Nagano prefecture, it was discovered that Nagano's police force had been given access to Aichi's fingerprint data. Privacy concerns were raised at the prefectural assembly, and the scheme was abolished as a result.

Organisation

The Aichi Prefectural Police is under the command of a Senior Commissioner and reports directly to the Aichi Prefectural Public Safety Commission.

Recent events

In 2005, Chubu Centrair International Airport opened in Tokoname. As a result, the English 'POLICE' was added to the sides of police vehicles.

On 17 May 2007, a member of the Aichi Prefectural Police Special Assault Team was killed in Nagakute after a man took his ex-wife hostage. During the 29 hour standoff, the police lieutenant was shot in the neck while approaching the perpetrator when a dog barked, alerting him to the lieutenant's presence. According to the investigation report, it would be another five hours before he could be rescued, and by then, he could no longer be saved. The report recommended that bulletproof vests be more widely provided and that better sniper support be given in such situations.

Scandals

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References

  1. "Aichi Prefectural Police" (in Japanese).