Aichi Prefecture

Last updated
Aichi Prefecture

愛知県
Japanese transcription(s)
   Japanese 愛知県
   Rōmaji Aichi-ken
Tenshuhonmaru.jpg
Flag of Aichi Prefecture.svg
Flag
Emblem of Aichi Prefecture.svg
Symbol
Aichi Prefecture
Map of Japan with highlight on 23 Aichi prefecture.svg
Coordinates: 35°10′43″N136°54′50″E / 35.17861°N 136.91389°E / 35.17861; 136.91389 Coordinates: 35°10′43″N136°54′50″E / 35.17861°N 136.91389°E / 35.17861; 136.91389
CountryFlag of Japan.svg  Japan
Region Chūbu (Tōkai)
Island Honshu
Capital Nagoya
Subdivisions Districts: 7, Municipalities: 54
Government
   Governor Hideaki Ōmura (since February 2011)
Area
  Total5,172.92 km2 (1,997.28 sq mi)
Area rank 27th
Population
 (1 October 2019)
  Total7,552,873
  Rank 4th
  Density1,500/km2 (3,800/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-23
Website www.pref.aichi.jp/global/en/index.html
Symbols
Bird Oriental scops owl (Otus sunia japonicus)
Fish Kuruma prawn (Penaeus japonicus)
Flower Kakitsubata (Iris laevigata)
TreeHananoki ( Acer pycnanthum )

Aichi Prefecture (愛知県, Aichi-ken, Japanese pronunciation:  [aitɕi̥ꜜkeɴ] ) is a prefecture of Japan located in the Chūbu region of Honshū. [1] (pp11,126) Aichi Prefecture has a population of 7,552,873 (as of 1 October 2019) and a geographic area of 5,172.92 square kilometres (1,997.28  sq mi ) with a population density of 1,460 inhabitants per square kilometre (3,800/sq mi). Aichi Prefecture borders Mie Prefecture to the west, Gifu Prefecture and Nagano Prefecture to the north, and Shizuoka Prefecture to the east.

Contents

Nagoya is the capital and largest city of Aichi Prefecture, and the fourth-largest city in Japan, with other major cities including Toyota, Okazaki, and Ichinomiya. Aichi Prefecture and Nagoya form the core of the Chūkyō metropolitan area, the third-largest metropolitan area in Japan and one of the largest metropolitan areas in the world. [1] (p685) Aichi Prefecture is located on Japan's Pacific Ocean coast and forms part of the Tōkai region, a subregion of the Chūbu region and Kansai region. Aichi Prefecture is home to the Toyota Motor Corporation, is the world's largest automotive manufacturer, the largest listed company in Japan by market capitalization, and tenth-largest company in the world by revenue, with its headquarters in the city of Toyota. Aichi Prefecture had many locations with the Higashiyama Zoo and Botanical Gardens, The Chubu Centrair International Airport, and the Legoland Japan Resort.

History

Originally, the region was divided into two provinces of Owari and Mikawa. [1] (p780) After the Meiji Restoration, Owari and Mikawa were united into a single entity. In 1871, after the abolition of the han system, Owari, with the exception of the Chita Peninsula, was established as Nagoya Prefecture, while Mikawa combined with the Chita Peninsula and formed Nukata Prefecture. Nagoya Prefecture was renamed to Aichi Prefecture in April 1872, and was united with Nukata Prefecture on November 27 of the same year.

The government of Aichi Prefecture is located in the Aichi Prefectural Government Office in Nagoya, which is the old capital of Owari. The Aichi Prefectural Police and its predecessor organisations have been responsible for law enforcement in the prefecture since 1871.

The Expo 2005 World Exposition was held in Seto and Nagakute.

Etymology

In the third volume of the Man'yōshū there is a poem by Takechi Kurohito that reads: "The cry of the crane, calling to Sakurada; it sounds like the tide, draining from Ayuchi flats, hearing the crane cry". Ayuchi is the original form of the name Aichi, and the Fujimae tidal flat is all that remains of the earlier Ayuchi-gata. It is now a protected area. [2] [3]

For a time, an Aichi Station existed on the Kansai Line (at the time the Kansai Railway) between Nagoya and Hatta stations, but its role was overtaken by Sasashima-raibu Station on the Aonami Line and Komeno Station on the Kintetsu Nagoya Line.

Geography

Map of Aichi Prefecture
Government Ordinance Designated City City Town Village Map of Aichi Prefecture Ja.svg
Map of Aichi Prefecture
     Government Ordinance Designated City     City     Town     Village
Aichi Prefectural Government Office 090408 aichi kenchou.jpg
Aichi Prefectural Government Office
Satellite photo of Mikawa Bay Mikawa Bay Aichi Japan SRTM.jpg
Satellite photo of Mikawa Bay

Located near the center of the Japanese main island of Honshu, Aichi Prefecture faces the Ise and Mikawa Bays to the south and borders Shizuoka Prefecture to the east, Nagano Prefecture to the northeast, Gifu Prefecture to the north, and Mie Prefecture to the west. It measures 106 km (66 mi) east to west and 94 km (58 mi) south to north and forms a major portion of the Nōbi Plain. With an area of 5,172.48 square kilometres (1,997.11 sq mi) it accounts for approximately 1.36% of the total surface area of Japan. The highest spot is Chausuyama at 1,415 m (4,642 ft) above sea level.

The western part of the prefecture is dominated by Nagoya, Japan's third largest city, and its suburbs, while the eastern part is less densely populated but still contains several major industrial centers. Due to its robust economy, for the period from October 2005 to October 2006, Aichi was the fastest growing prefecture in terms of population, beating Tokyo, at 7.4% and around with after Saitama Prefecture.

As of 1 April 2012, 23% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as the Natural Parks, namely the Aichi Kōgen, Hida-Kisogawa, Mikawa Wan, and Tenryū-Okumikawa Quasi-National Parks along with seven Prefectural Natural Parks. [4]

Cities

Thirty-eight cities are located in Aichi Prefecture.

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy

Chukyo Metropolitan Area Nagoya (2015-11-03).JPG
Chūkyō Metropolitan Area

Gross domestic product (2018) is the second in Japan, shipment value of manufactured goods (2018) is the first in Japan, annual product sales(2019) is the third in Japan, and agricultural output (2018) is eighth in Japan. Agriculture industry, and commerce are all ranked high in Japan, and the industrial structure is well-balanced.

Main industry

Companies headquartered in Aichi include the following.

Aichi Steel Tōkai
Aisin Seiki Kariya
Brother Industries, Ltd. Nagoya
Central Japan Railway Company Nagoya
Denso Corporation Kariya
Eisaku Noro Company Ichinomiya
Kanesue Corporation Ichinomiya
Makita Corporation Anjō
Matsuzakaya Nagoya
Mizkan Corporation Handa
Nagoya Railroad Nagoya
Nippon Sharyo Nagoya
Noritake Nagoya
Okuma Corporation Ōguchi
Sumitomo Riko Komaki [5]
Toyota Motor Corporation Toyota

Companies such as Fuji Heavy Industries, Mitsubishi Motors, Pfizer, Sony, Suzuki, Bodycote, and Volkswagen Group also operate plants or branch offices in Aichi.

International relations

Expo 2005 Expo 2005 Flaggs and Corporate Pavillion Zone.jpg
Expo 2005

Sister Autonomous Administrative division

Demographics

Historical population
YearPop.±% p.a.
18901,473,099    
19031,752,042+1.34%
19132,073,224+1.70%
19202,089,762+0.11%
19252,319,494+2.11%
19302,567,413+2.05%
19352,862,701+2.20%
19403,166,592+2.04%
19452,857,851−2.03%
19503,390,585+3.48%
19553,769,209+2.14%
19604,206,313+2.22%
19654,798,653+2.67%
19705,386,163+2.34%
19755,923,569+1.92%
19806,221,638+0.99%
19856,455,172+0.74%
19906,690,603+0.72%
19956,868,336+0.53%
20007,043,300+0.50%
20057,254,704+0.59%
20107,410,719+0.43%
20157,484,094+0.20%
Source: Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications [6]

As of 2001, Aichi Prefecture's population was 50.03% male and 49.97% female. 139,540 residents (nearly 2% of the population) are of foreign nationality.

Population by age (2001)

Age % population % male % female
0–910.2110.459.96
10–1910.7511.0210.48
20–2915.2315.7114.75
30–3914.8115.3114.30
40–4912.2112.4112.01
50–5915.2215.3115.12
60–6911.3111.2211.41
70–796.766.017.52
Over 803.122.014.23
Unknown0.380.540.23

Transport

Rail

Nagoya Station and Nagoya Station building Skyscrapers of Meieki (2016-07-07).jpg
Nagoya Station and Nagoya Station building
Toyohashi Station and Toyohashi Railroad 160321 Toyohashi Station Toyohashi Aichi pref Japan13n.jpg
Toyohashi Station and Toyohashi Railroad
Komaki Junction Komaki Junction001.jpg
Komaki Junction
Nagoya Expressway Nagoya Expwy. Ring Route 20160401B.JPG
Nagoya Expressway
Chubu Centrair International Airport, constructed on an artificial island Nagoya Airport view from promenade.jpg
Chubu Centrair International Airport, constructed on an artificial island
Nagoya Airfield Airport Walk NAGOYA 01.JPG
Nagoya Airfield
Port of Nagoya Nagoya Port 02.jpg
Port of Nagoya
Port of Mikawa Ragunatenbos1.JPG
Port of Mikawa
JR logo (central).svg JR Central
Shinkansen jrc.svg Tokaido Shinkansen
Tokaido Line
Chūō Main Line
Kansai Line
Taketoyo Line
Iida Line
Meitetsu logomark 2.svg Meitetsu
 NH  Nagoya Line
 IY  Inuyama Line
 KM  Komaki Line
 TA  Centrair Line
 TA  Tokoname Line
 ST  Seto Line
 TK  Toyokawa Line
 GN  Gamagori Line
 TT  Toyota Line
 KC  Chita Line
 MU  MY  Mikawa Line
 TB  Bisai Line
 CH  Chikko Line
 TB  Tsushima Line
KintetsuLogo.svg Kintetsu
 E  Nagoya Line
Aonami line logo.svg Aonami Line
Nagoya Subway Logo (black).svg Nagoya Municipal Subway
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Higashiyama Line).svg Higashiyama Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Meijo Line).svg Meijo Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Tsurumai Line).svg Tsurumai Line (connecting to Meitetsu Toyota and Inuyama Line)
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Sakura-dori Line).svg Sakura-dori Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Meiko Line).svg Meiko Line
Nagoya Subway Logo V2 (Kamiiida Line).svg Kamiiida Line (connecting to Meitetsu Komaki Line)
Toyotetsu logomark.svg Toyohashi Railroad
Aikan logomark.svg Aichi Loop Line

People movers and tramways

Road

Expressways and toll roads

National highways

Airports

Ports

Education

Universities

National universities

Public universities

Private universities

Senior high schools

Sports

Nagoya Dome
(NagoyaHigashi-ku) Baseball Game.jpg
Nagoya Dome
Nagoya Higashi-ku
Toyota Stadium
(Toyota) Nagoya Grampus game in Toyota Stadium 100814.JPG
Toyota Stadium
Toyota
Wing Arena Kariya
(Kariya) 15-16 NBL Aisin vs Levanga Hokkaido a.JPG
Wing Arena Kariya
Kariya
Teva Ocean Arena
(NagoyaMinato-ku) Teba Ocean Arena Main Floor14-1.JPG
Teva Ocean Arena
Nagoya Minato-ku
Mizuho Rugby Stadium
(NagoyaMizuho-ku) Sri Lanka National Rugby Union Team (A5N 20140510).jpg
Mizuho Rugby Stadium
Nagoya Mizuho-ku

The sports teams listed below are based in Aichi.

Baseball

Central League

Soccer

J.League
JFL
Tokai Regional League
L.League

Basketball

B.League

Volleyball

V.League

Rugby

Top League

Futsal

F.League

Football

X-League
AFL

Tourism

Nagoya Castle Tenshuhonmaru.jpg
Nagoya Castle
Osu Kannon, Naka, Nagoya Osukannon.jpg
Ōsu Kannon, Naka, Nagoya
Toyota Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology Toyotasangyoukinen5.JPG
Toyota Commemorative Museum of Industry and Technology
SCMaglev and Railway Park SCMaglev and Railway Park in Aichi Prefecture.jpg
SCMaglev and Railway Park
Daiju-ji Daijuji sanmon.jpg
Daiju-ji
Akabane Beach, Tahara Taiheiyou long beach.jpg
Akabane Beach, Tahara
Twin Arch 138 Tower in Kiso River Park, Ichinomiya 138tower park.jpg
Twin Arch 138 Tower in Kiso River Park, Ichinomiya

Notable sites in Aichi include the Meiji Mura open-air architectural museum in Inuyama, which preserves historic buildings from Japan's Meiji and Taishō periods, including the reconstructed lobby of Frank Lloyd Wright's old Imperial Hotel (which originally stood in Tokyo from 1923 to 1967).

Other popular sites in Aichi include the tour of Toyota car factory in the city by the same name, the monkey park in Inuyama, and the castles in Nagoya, Okazaki, Toyohashi, and Inuyama.

Aichi Prefecture has many wonderful beaches. For example, Himakajima Beach, Shinojima Beach, Akabane Beach and Utsumi Beach.

Notable people from Aichi

Festival and events

UNESCO Intangible Cultural Heritage [7]
Others

Related Research Articles

Nagoya Largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan

Nagoya is the largest city in the Chūbu region of Japan. It is Japan's fourth-largest incorporated city and the third most populous urban area. Located on the Pacific coast on central Honshu, it is the capital of Aichi Prefecture and is one of Japan's major ports along with those of Tokyo, Osaka, Kobe, Yokohama, and Chiba. It is also the center of Japan's third-largest metropolitan region, known as the Chūkyō metropolitan area. As of 1 October 2019, 2,327,557 people lived in the city, part of Chūkyō metropolitan Area's 10.11 million people, making it one of the 50 largest urban areas in the world.

Tōkai region subregion in Japan

The Tōkai region is a subregion of the Chūbu region and Kansai region in Japan that runs along the Pacific Ocean. The name comes from the Tōkaidō, one of the Edo Five Routes. Because Tōkai is a sub-region and is not officially classified, there is some disagreement about where exactly the region begins and ends, however Japanese maps widely conclude that the region includes Shizuoka, Aichi, Gifu and Mie prefectures.

Okazaki, Aichi Core city in Chūbu, Japan

Okazaki is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 386,999 in 164,087 households, and a population density of 999 persons per km². The total area of the city was 387.20 km2 (149.50 sq mi).

Toyokawa, Aichi City in Chūbu, Japan

Toyokawa is a city located in the eastern part of Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 183,930 in 72,949 households, and a population density of 1,141 persons per km². The total area of the city is 161.14 square kilometres (62.22 sq mi). Toyokawa, famous for its Toyokawa Inari temple, is blessed with a good balance of industry, commerce, agriculture and forestry, and is situated in an area rich in history, traditions, and culture.

Kariya, Aichi City in Chūbu, Japan

Kariya is a city in central Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 153,162 in 66,751 households, and a population density of 3,040 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 50.39 square kilometres (19.46 sq mi).

Anjō City in Chūbu, Japan

Anjō is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 188,693 in 76,087 households, and a population density of 2,193 persons per km². The total area of the city was 86.05 square kilometres (33.22 sq mi).

Gamagōri City in Chūbu, Japan

Gamagōri is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 80,063 in 32,800 households, and a population density of 1,407 persons per km2. The total area of the city is 56.92 square kilometres (21.98 sq mi).

Mikawa-Anjō Station Railway station in Anjō, Aichi Prefecture, Japan

Mikawa-Anjō Station is a railway station in the city of Anjō, Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by Central Japan Railway Company.

Nagoya Railroad Co., Ltd., referred to as Meitetsu (名鉄), is a private railway company operating around Aichi Prefecture and Gifu Prefecture of Japan. TYO: 9048

Meitetsu Nagoya Station Railway station in Nagoya, Japan

Meitetsu Nagoya Station is the principal station of the Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) system in Nagoya, Japan. Most trains of Meitetsu's major lines operate through this station. The station is also a gateway to the Chūbu Centrair International Airport, which is connected with the station by the Rapid Express service started on January 29, 2005.

Chūkyō metropolitan area Place in Nagoya, Japan ----

Chūkyō, or the Chūkyō region, is a major metropolitan area in Japan that is centered on the city of Nagoya in Aichi Prefecture. The area makes up the most urbanized part of the Tōkai region. The population of 9,552,132 over an area of 7,072 square kilometers. [http://demographia.com/db-worldua.pdf] Nevertheless, like most of Japan's major metro areas, the core of it lies on a fertile alluvial plain, in this case the Nōbi Plain.

Toyohashi Core city in Chūbu, Japan

Toyohashi is a city in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 December 2019, the city had an estimated population of 377,453 in 160,516 households and a population density of 1,400 persons per km2. The total area of the city was 261.86 square kilometres (101.10 sq mi). By area, Toyohashi was Aichi Prefecture's second-largest city until March 31, 2005 when it was surpassed by the city of Toyota, which had merged with six peripheral municipalities.

Komaki City in Chūbu, Japan

Komaki is a city located in Aichi Prefecture, Japan. As of 1 October 2019, the city had an estimated population of 148,872 in 68,174 households, and a population density of 2,370 inhabitants per square kilometre (6,100/sq mi). The total area of the city was 62.81 square kilometres (24.25 sq mi). Komaki is commonly associated with the former Komaki Airport, which is located on the border between Komaki and neighboring Kasugai.

Nagoya Municipal Subway

The Nagoya Municipal Subway is a rapid transit system serving Nagoya, the capital of Aichi Prefecture in Japan. It consists of six lines that cover 93.3 kilometers (58.0 mi) of route and serve 87 stations. Approximately 90% of the subway's total track length is underground.

Meitetsu Mikawa Line

The Meitetsu Mikawa Line is a 39.8 km (24.7 mi) railway line in Aichi Prefecture, Japan, operated by the private railway operator Nagoya Railroad (Meitetsu) connecting Sanage Station in Toyota and Hekinan Station in Hekinan. It originally extended beyond Hekinan to Kira Yoshida, and beyond Sanage to Nishi Nakagane, with a proposed extension to Asuke substantially constructed but subsequently abandoned.

Tōkai–Tōsan dialect

The Tōkai–Tōsan dialect is a group of the transitional Japanese dialects spoken in the southern and eastern Chūbu region. The dialects spoken in the northwest Chubu region are classified as the Hokuriku dialect of Western Japanese. The Tokai–Tosan dialect has three sub-groups: Gifu–Aichi, Echigo, and Nagano–Yamanashi–Shizuoka. These are transitional between Western and Eastern Japanese; which branch of the family they fall in depends on which isoglosses are taken as definitive.

Chita Noriai

Chitanoriai Co., Ltd., also called Chita Bus, is a bus company in the Meitetsu Group, based in Handa, Aichi Prefecture, Japan.

References

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  3. Sadamichi, Kato (1 July 2000). "Rediscovering an Ancient Poem to Save a Tidal Flat". International Studies in Literature and Environment . Oxford University Press. 7 (2): 189–197. doi:10.1093/isle/7.2.189. eISSN   1759-1090. ISSN   1076-0962. OCLC   819414712.
  4. "General overview of area figured for Natural Parks by prefecture" (PDF). Government of Japan. Ministry of the Environment. 1 April 2014. Archived (PDF) from the original on 5 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
  5. "Business Locations". Sumitomo Riko . Archived from the original on 12 November 2020. Retrieved 11 November 2020.
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  7. "Yama, Hoko, Yatai, float festivals in Japan". Website of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. UNESCO. Secretariat of the Convention for the Safeguarding of the Intangible Cultural Heritage. n.d. Archived from the original on 10 July 2020. Retrieved 12 November 2020.