Aiguilles d'Arves

Last updated
Aiguilles d’Arves
AiguillesArves001.jpg
The Aiguilles d'Arves, seen from the Cerces plateau. From left to right: Aiguille Méridionale, Aiguille Centrale and Aiguille Septentrionale.
Highest point
Elevation 3,514 m (11,529 ft)(Aiguille Méridionale)
Prominence 1,429 m (4,688 ft) [1]
Listing French Alps Peaks with 600 metres of Prominence (Rank #9)
Alpine mountains above 3000 m
Coordinates 45°07′23″N6°20′04″E / 45.12306°N 6.33444°E / 45.12306; 6.33444 Coordinates: 45°07′23″N6°20′04″E / 45.12306°N 6.33444°E / 45.12306; 6.33444
Geography
France relief location map.jpg
Red triangle with thick white border.svg
Aiguilles d’Arves
France
Location Savoie, France
Parent range Dauphiné Alps
Topo map TOP25 Series, Map 3435ET, Valloire, Aiguilles d'Arves, Col du Galibier, IGN
Climbing
First ascent Almer and Coolidge, 1878 (Aiguille Méridionale)
Easiest route rock/snow climb
The 'bad step' on the Aiguille Meridionale d'Arves showing L. Purtscheller and Karl Blodig. Illustration by E.Compton, 1895. Compton, 1895, Der Mauvais Pas an der Aiguille Meridionale d'Arves.jpg
The 'bad step' on the Aiguille Méridionale d’Arves showing L. Purtscheller and Karl Blodig. Illustration by E.Compton, 1895.

The Aiguilles d’Arves (3,514 metres (11,529 ft)) is a mountain in the Arves massif in the French Alps. The mountain, comprising three separate peaks (in French Aiguille), is the highest point of the massif, and is located in the department of Savoie.

Contents

Geography

The summits that make up the Aiguilles d'Arves are described in the following table.

NameTranslationHeightFirst ascent
L’Aiguille MeridionaleThe Southern Needle3,514 metres (11,529 ft)Father and son Almer and W. A. B. Coolidge, 22 July 1878
L’Auguille CentraleThe Central Needle3,513 metres (11,526 ft)Pierre Alexis and Benoît Nicolas Magnin in 1839
L’Aiguille Septentrionale, Bec NordThe Northern Needle3,364 metres (11,037 ft)Coolidge, father and son Almer, 23 July 1878
L’Aiguille Septentrionale, Bec SudThe Northern Needle3,358 metres (11,017 ft) Meta Brevoort, Coolidge, father and son Almer, in 1873

For reasons apparent from the picture, Aiguille Septentrionale is also called the Tête de Chat (Cat Head).

Ascents

The central peak of the Aiguilles d’Arves was first climbed by the brothers Pierre Alexis and Benoît Nicolas Magnin, from nearby Saint-Michel-de-Maurienne, on 2 September 1839. As evidence they built a cairn and left two Sardinian coins under a rock on the summit. [2]

The southern summit was first climbed by the Swiss mountain guides Christian and Ulrich Almer and their American client, W. A. B. Coolidge from New York. During the 1870s and 1880s, Coolidge claimed a number of first ascents and worked extensively in the Dauphiné Alps. Earlier, the same party had climbed L’Auguille Centrale in 1874. On the summit, they found the cairn built by the Magnin brothers, but ascribed it to "a legendary chamois hunter". The day after their ascent of L’Aiguille Meridionale in 1878, Benoît Magnin informed them about his ascent 39 years prior. [2]


Related Research Articles

Mont Blanc Highest mountain in the Alps (4,810 m)

Mont Blanc ; both meaning "white mountain") is the second-highest mountain in Europe after Mount Elbrus. It is the highest mountain in the Alps, rising 4,808 m (15,774 ft) above sea level. It is the eleventh-most prominent peak in the world. The mountain stands in a range called the Graian Alps, between the regions of Aosta Valley, Italy, and Savoie and Haute-Savoie, France. The location of the summit is on the watershed line between the valleys of Ferret and Veny in Italy and the valleys of Montjoie, and Arve in France, on the border between the two countries.

Aiguille de Bionnassay

The Aiguille de Bionnassay is a mountain in the Mont Blanc massif of the Alps in France and Italy. It has been described as "one of the most attractive satellite peaks of Mont Blanc", and is located on its western side. The mountain's south and east ridges form the frontier between the two countries, and its summit is a knife-edge crest of snow and ice. Reaching it via any route provides a "splendid and serious snow and ice climb".

Aiguille du Midi

The Aiguille du Midi is a 3,842-metre-tall (12,605 ft) mountain in the Mont Blanc massif within the French Alps. It is a popular tourist destination and can be directly accessed by cable car from Chamonix that takes visitors close to Mont Blanc.

Grand Combin

The Grand Combin is a mountain massif in the western Pennine Alps in the canton of Valais. At a height of 4,314 metres (14,154 ft) the summit of Combin de Grafeneire is one of the highest peaks in the Alps and the second most prominent of the Pennine Alps. The Grand Combin is also a large glaciated massif consisting of several summits, among which three are above 4000 metres. The highest part of the massif is wholly in Switzerland, although the border with Italy lies a few kilometres south.

Barre des Écrins

The Barre des Écrins is a mountain in the French Alps with a peak at 4102m altitude. It is the highest peak of the Massif des Écrins and the Dauphiné Alps and the most southerly alpine peak in Europe that is higher than 4,000 m. It is the only 4,000 m mountain in France that lies outside the Mont Blanc Massif. Before the annexation of Savoy in 1860 it was the highest mountain in France.

Mont Blanc massif Mountain range in the Alps

The Mont Blanc massif is a mountain range in the Alps, located mostly in France and Italy, but also straddling Switzerland at its northeastern end. It contains eleven major independent summits, each over 4,000 metres (13,123 ft) in height. It is named after Mont Blanc, the highest point in western Europe and the European Union. Because of its considerable overall altitude, a large proportion of the massif is covered by glaciers, which include the Mer de Glace and the Miage Glacier – the longest glaciers in France and Italy, respectively.

Aiguille Verte

The Aiguille Verte, which is French for "Green Needle", is a mountain in the Mont Blanc massif in the French Alps.

Aiguille du Dru

The Aiguille du Dru is a mountain in the Mont Blanc massif in the French Alps. It is situated to the east of the village of Les Praz in the Chamonix valley. "Aiguille" means "needle" in French.

Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey

The Aiguille Blanche de Peuterey is a mountain of the Mont Blanc massif in Italy. It is considered the most difficult and serious of the alpine 4000-m mountains to climb.

Les Droites

Les Droites is a mountain in the Mont Blanc massif in the French Alps and is the lowest of the 4000-metre peaks in the Alps. The mountain has two summits:

Christian Almer

Christian Almer was a Swiss mountain guide and the first ascentionist of many prominent mountains in the western Alps during the golden and silver ages of alpinism.

Michel Croz

Michel Auguste Croz was a French mountain guide and the first ascentionist of many mountains in the western Alps during the golden age of alpinism. He is chiefly remembered for his death on the first ascent of the Matterhorn and for his climbing partnership with Edward Whymper.

The silver age of alpinism is the name given in Great Britain to the era in mountaineering that began after Edward Whymper and party's ascent of the Matterhorn in 1865 and ended with W. W. Graham and party's ascent of the Dent du Géant in 1882.

W. A. B. Coolidge American historian, theologian and mountaineer

William Augustus Brevoort Coolidge was an American historian, theologian and mountaineer.

Aiguille du Chardonnet mountain

The Aiguille du Chardonnet is a mountain in the Mont Blanc massif in Haute-Savoie, France. It lies between the Glacier du Tour and the Argentière Glacier. The border with Switzerland runs just east of the summit. The East or Forbes Arete provides a popular and classic mountaineering route to the summit.

Aiguille du Grépon

The Aiguille du Grépon, informally known as The Grepon, is a mountain in the Mont Blanc Massif in Haute-Savoie, France. The Grepon has a Southern and Northern peak, which are the highest points of a sharp granite ridge to the east of the Glacier des Nantillons above Chamonix and northeast of the Aiguille du Midi. A madonna statue is situated on the Southern peak.

Aiguille de Rochefort

The Aiguille de Rochefort is a mountain in the Mont Blanc massif in France and Italy. The peak lies on the Rochefort arête between the Dent du Géant and the Grandes Jorasses and is usually climbed during a traverse of the ridge.

Aiguille de Chambeyron

Aiguille de Chambeyron (3,412m) is a mountain of the Cottian Alps and is the highest mountain of Alpes-de-Haute-Provence in southeast France. Together with its neighbour Brec de Chambeyron, it is the dominant peak of the upper Ubaye Valley. The mountain is located near the border with Italy, just west of the Main chain of the Alps. It is the culminating point of the Massif du Chambeyron and is also the highest peak in the Alps south of Monte Viso.

Aiguille de Tré la Tête

The Aiguille de Tré-la-Tête is a mountain in the south of the Mont Blanc massif. Its highest point, the central southeast pinnacle, is 3,930 metres (12,894 ft) above sea level and is located in Italy. Only the northwest pinnacle is situated on the border with France. It forms a chain with the Dômes de Miage.

Aiguilles dEntrèves mountain in Italy

The Aiguilles d'Entrèves is a mountain peak in the Mont Blanc massif of the Alps. It is situated at the head of the Glacier du Géant, and its rocky summit ridge forms part of the frontier between France and Italy. It lies east of the Tour Ronde, between the Col d'Entrèves and the Col Occidental de Toule. It has a steep, sound face of red granite and can be readily accessed from the Torino Hut/Pointe Helbronner.

References

  1. "Les Aiguilles d'Arves, France". Peakbagger.com. Retrieved 3 November 2009.
  2. 1 2 Benoît Nicolas Magnin, The Ascent of the Central Aiguille d'Arves, The Alpine Journal, Volume 18, 1895