Airdrop Peak ( Coordinates: ) is a twin-peaked mountain 890 metres (2,920 ft) high at the north end of Commonwealth Range, Antarctica. It is the first prominent feature in Ebony Ridge when approached from the northwest. When New Zealand surveyors were making observations from the higher of the two peaks on December 11, 1959, an R4D aircraft of U.S. Navy Squadron VX-6 flew overhead to drop a spare radio to the expedition whose original one had broken down. So named because of this incident by the New Zealand Alpine Club Antarctic Expedition, 1959–60.
A geographic coordinate system is a coordinate system that enables every location on Earth to be specified by a set of numbers, letters or symbols. The coordinates are often chosen such that one of the numbers represents a vertical position and two or three of the numbers represent a horizontal position; alternatively, a geographic position may be expressed in a combined three-dimensional Cartesian vector. A common choice of coordinates is latitude, longitude and elevation. To specify a location on a plane requires a map projection.
A mountain is a large landform that rises above the surrounding land in a limited area, usually in the form of a peak. A mountain is generally steeper than a hill. Mountains are formed through tectonic forces or volcanism. These forces can locally raise the surface of the earth. Mountains erode slowly through the action of rivers, weather conditions, and glaciers. A few mountains are isolated summits, but most occur in huge mountain ranges.
The Commonwealth Range is a north-south trending range of rugged mountains, 144 kilometres (89 mi) long, located within the Queen Maud Mountains on the Dufek Coast of the continent of Antarctica. The range borders the eastern side of Beardmore Glacier from the Ross Ice Shelf to Keltie Glacier.
The United States Geological Survey is a scientific agency of the United States government. The scientists of the USGS study the landscape of the United States, its natural resources, and the natural hazards that threaten it. The organization has four major science disciplines, concerning biology, geography, geology, and hydrology. The USGS is a fact-finding research organization with no regulatory responsibility.
The Geographic Names Information System (GNIS) is a database that contains name and locative information about more than two million physical and cultural features located throughout the United States of America and its territories. It is a type of gazetteer. GNIS was developed by the United States Geological Survey in cooperation with the United States Board on Geographic Names (BGN) to promote the standardization of feature names.
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Shackleton Coast is that portion of the coast along the west side of the Ross Ice Shelf between Cape Selborne and Airdrop Peak at the east side of Beardmore Glacier in Antarctica. Named by New Zealand Antarctic Place-Names Committee (NZ-APC) in 1961 after Sir Ernest Shackleton. He accompanied Scott on the southern journey during the Discovery expedition (1901–04) and subsequently led three Antarctic expeditions. On the British Antarctic Expedition (1907–09), Shackleton discovered the area beyond Shackleton Inlet to the Beardmore Glacier, and was the first to find a practicable route to the South Pole. Lack of food stopped him 97 miles (180 km) from his goal.
Zenith Glacier is a glacier which lies 1 mile (1.6 km) west of Johnstone Glacier and drains south from the south end of Lanterman Range, Bowers Mountains. So named by the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE) to northern Victoria Land, 1967–68, because the glacier is an important geological outcrop area with an impressive view from the top of much of the Bowers Mountains.
Cleft Peak is a prominent coastal peak in the Separation Range of Antarctica. It rises 1,245 m (4,085 ft) above sea level. The mountain's eastern side is cleft from summit to base by a huge fissure. Cleft Peak rises from the west part of the Separation Range and overlooks the terminus of Hood Glacier. It was named by the New Zealand Alpine Club Antarctic Expedition (1959-60) whose four members were landed in the vicinity by aircraft of U.S. Navy Squadron VX-6.
For the location in Canada, see Alligator Peak, British Columbia
Black Pudding Peak is an isolated black mountain located 2 nautical miles (4 km) northwest of Mount Brøgger in the Prince Albert Mountains, Victoria Land. It was named for its squat black appearance by the 1957 New Zealand Northern Survey Party of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition, 1956–58.
Bowers Peak is a peak, 2,140 metres (7,020 ft) high, forming a part of the divide between Hunter Glacier and Hoshko Glacier in the Lanterman Range, Bowers Mountains, a major mountain range situated in Victoria Land, Antarctica. The topographical feature was so named by the northern party of the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition, 1963–64, for Lieutenant John M. Bowers, Jr., of U.S. Navy Squadron VX-6, who flew support flights for this New Zealand field party. The peak lies situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.
Celebration Pass is a low pass through the Commonwealth Range just north of Mount Cyril permitting passage between Beardmore Glacier and Hood Glacier. The pass was crossed on Christmas Day, 1959, by the New Zealand Alpine Club Antarctic Expedition (1959–60) and was named by them because of the festivities held to celebrate the day.
Kukri Hills is a prominent east-west trending range, about 25 nautical miles (46 km) long and over 2,000 metres (6,600 ft) high, forming the divide between Ferrar Glacier on the south and Taylor Glacier and Taylor Valley on the north, in Victoria Land, Antarctica.
The Freyberg Mountains are a group of mountains in Victoria Land, Antarctica, bounded by Rennick Glacier, Bowers Mountains, Black Glacier, and Evans Neve. Named for New Zealand's most famous General, Lord Bernard Freyberg, by the Northern Party of New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE), 1963-64. This mountain group includes the Alamein Range. These topographical features all lie situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.
Pagoda Peak is a sharp peak, 3,040 m, between the heads of Tillite and Montgomerie Glaciers, 3 nautical miles (6 km) north of Mount Mackellar in Queen Alexandra Range. So named by the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE) (1961–62) because of its shape.
Ebony and Ivory Ridge is a coastal ridge 5 nautical miles (9 km) long between Airdrop Peak and Mount Robert Scott at the northern end of the Commonwealth Range in Antarctica. It consists of dark metamorphosed greywacke contrasting sharply with the predominate brown ochre of the weathered surface of the granitic intrusions forming nearby Mount Kyffin and Mount Harcourt. It was descriptively named by the New Zealand Alpine Club Antarctic Expedition, 1959–60.
Graphite Peak is a peak, 3,260 metres (10,700 ft) high, standing at the northeast end of a ridge running 3 nautical miles (6 km) northeast from Mount Clarke, just south of the head of Falkenhof Glacier in Antarctica. It was so named by the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (1961–62) because of the graphite found on the peak.
Graveson Glacier is a broad north-flowing tributary to the Lillie Glacier, draining that portion of the Bowers Mountains between the Posey Range and the southern part of Explorers Range, Victoria Land, Antarctica. The geographical feature is fed by several lesser tributaries and enters Lillie Glacier via Flensing Icefall. The glacier was so named by the northern party of the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition, 1963–64, for F. Graveson, a mining engineer who wintered at Scott Base in 1963 and was field assistant on this expedition. The glacier lies situated on the Pennell Coast, a portion of Antarctica lying between Cape Williams and Cape Adare.
The Moore Mountains are a small but conspicuous group of mountains just north of New Year Pass in the Queen Elizabeth Range in Antarctica. They were observed in 1957 by the New Zealand southern party of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1956–58) and named for R.D. Moore, Treasurer of the Ross Sea Committee.
Moyes Peak is a small rock peak projecting slightly above the ice sheet 2 nautical miles (3.7 km) north of Pearce Peak, 12 nautical miles (22 km) southwest of Falla Bluff. Discovered in February 1931 by the British Australian New Zealand Antarctic Research Expedition (BANZARE) under Mawson, and named by him for Commander Morton H. Moyes, RAN, cartographer of the expedition. The approximate position of this peak was verified in aerial photographs taken by the U.S. Navy Operation Highjump on February 26, 1947.
Mount Harrington is one of the highest peaks in the east end of the Victory Mountains, Victoria Land, Antarctica, rising to 2,610 metres (8,560 ft) on the west side of Whitehall Glacier and 5 nautical miles (9 km) southwest of Mount Northampton. It was named in 1960 by The New Zealand Antarctic Place-Names Committee after geologist Hilary J. Harrington, who led the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (NZGSAE) to this region, 1957–58, and also led the NZGSAE in the McMurdo Sound region, 1958–59. Later, he was a United States Antarctic Research Program investigator in the McMurdo Sound region, 1968–69.
Hewson Glacier is a glacier in the Queen Alexandra Range, Antarctica, 15 nautical miles (28 km) long, flowing northeast to enter Beardmore Glacier just north of The Cloudmaker. It was named by the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition (1961–62) for Ronald Hewson, a surveyor with the expedition.
Manna Glacier is a broad depression-glacier located north of Stevenson Bluff and Mount Steele in the Wilson Hills of Antarctica. It drains northeastward into the eastern part of the Gillett Ice Shelf. The glacier was so named by the northern party of the New Zealand Geological Survey Antarctic Expedition, 1963–64, because of an airdrop of extra comforts from an aircraft which carried the Governor-General of New Zealand over this area was like "manna from heaven".
Salient Peak is a buttressed peak of the Royal Society Range between Mounts Rucker and Hooker. A ridge descends eastward from it and forms the watershed between tributaries of the Blue Glacier on the north and Walcott Glacier on the south. So named by the New Zealand Blue Glacier Party of the Commonwealth Trans-Antarctic Expedition (1956–58) because it forms a salient of the Royal Society Range, where the summit turns southwest toward Mounts Rucker and Huggins.
The Lands End Nunataks are two rock nunataks 2 nautical miles (4 km) north-northwest of Airdrop Peak at the north end of Ebony Ridge, Antarctica. The nunataks lie at the east side of the terminus of Beardmore Glacier and mark the northern termination of the Commonwealth Range at Ross Ice Shelf. The descriptive name was recommended to the Advisory Committee on Antarctic Names by John Gunner of the Ohio State University Institute of Polar Studies, who, with Henry H. Brecher, measured a geological section here on January 16, 1970.