Ajigasawa, Aomori

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Ajigasawa
鰺ヶ沢町
Ajigasawa1.jpg
Ajigasawa Town
Flag of Ajigasawa, Aomori.svg
Emblem of Ajigasawa, Aomori.svg
Ajigasawa in Aomori Prefecture Ja.svg
Location of Ajigasawa in Aomori Prefecture
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Ajigasawa
 
Coordinates: 40°46′47.7″N140°12′31.2″E / 40.779917°N 140.208667°E / 40.779917; 140.208667 Coordinates: 40°46′47.7″N140°12′31.2″E / 40.779917°N 140.208667°E / 40.779917; 140.208667
Country Japan
Region Tōhoku
Prefecture Aomori
District Nishitsugaru
Area
  Total343.08 km2 (132.46 sq mi)
Population
 (March 2020)
  Total9,613
  Density28/km2 (73/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+9 (Japan Standard Time)
Phone number0173-72-2111
Address321 Maitocho-aza-Naruto, Ajigasawa-machi, Nishitsugaru-gun, Aomori-ken 038-2792
Climate Cfa
Website Official website
Symbols
Bird Japanese bush-warbler
Flower Rosa rugosa
Tree Keyaki
Ajigasawa Town Hall Ajigasawa Town Hall 20210724c.jpg
Ajigasawa Town Hall

Ajigasawa (鰺ヶ沢町, Ajigasawa-machi) is a town located in Aomori Prefecture, Japan. As of 31 March 2020, the town had an estimated population of 9,613 in 4542 households, [1] and a population density of 28 persons per km2. The total area of the town is 343.08 square kilometres (132.46 sq mi).

Contents

Geography

Ajigasawa is in Nishitsugaru District, Aomori southwestern corner of Aomori Prefecture on the border with Akita Prefecture, facing the Sea of Japan to the northwest, and the slopes of Mount Iwaki to the southeast. Part of the town is located within the borders of the Shirakami-Sanchi, a UNESCO World Heritage Site, and some coastal areas of the town are within the Tsugaru Quasi-National Park. The Akaishi Keiryū Anmon no Taki Prefectural Natural Park is also partly located within the borders of Ajigasawa.

Neighbouring municipalities

Aomori Prefecture

Akita Prefecture

Climate

The town has a cold humid continental climate (Köppen Dfb) characterized by warm short summers and long cold winters with heavy snowfall. The average annual temperature in Ajigasawa is 8.9 °C. The average annual rainfall is 1480 mm with September as the wettest month. The temperatures are highest on average in August, at around 22.9 °C, and lowest in January, at around -3.1 °C. [2]

Climate data for Ajigasawa (1991−2020 normals, extremes 1976−present)
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Record high °C (°F)12.4
(54.3)
18.3
(64.9)
20.2
(68.4)
28.3
(82.9)
32.3
(90.1)
31.4
(88.5)
35.3
(95.5)
34.6
(94.3)
35.3
(95.5)
27.7
(81.9)
24.0
(75.2)
17.8
(64.0)
35.3
(95.5)
Average high °C (°F)2.2
(36.0)
2.8
(37.0)
6.6
(43.9)
12.8
(55.0)
17.9
(64.2)
21.3
(70.3)
25.2
(77.4)
27.0
(80.6)
23.6
(74.5)
17.6
(63.7)
11.3
(52.3)
5.0
(41.0)
14.4
(58.0)
Daily mean °C (°F)−0.2
(31.6)
0.1
(32.2)
3.0
(37.4)
8.2
(46.8)
13.2
(55.8)
17.1
(62.8)
21.3
(70.3)
22.8
(73.0)
19.3
(66.7)
13.4
(56.1)
7.6
(45.7)
2.1
(35.8)
10.7
(51.2)
Average low °C (°F)−2.9
(26.8)
−2.9
(26.8)
−0.7
(30.7)
3.6
(38.5)
8.5
(47.3)
13.2
(55.8)
17.9
(64.2)
19.2
(66.6)
15.3
(59.5)
9.3
(48.7)
3.9
(39.0)
−0.8
(30.6)
7.0
(44.5)
Record low °C (°F)−10.9
(12.4)
−10.3
(13.5)
−9.3
(15.3)
−4.1
(24.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
4.8
(40.6)
8.4
(47.1)
10.1
(50.2)
6.5
(43.7)
1.0
(33.8)
−6.6
(20.1)
−10.0
(14.0)
−10.9
(12.4)
Average precipitation mm (inches)108.0
(4.25)
79.5
(3.13)
73.0
(2.87)
72.5
(2.85)
78.7
(3.10)
83.3
(3.28)
127.1
(5.00)
157.4
(6.20)
154.3
(6.07)
149.1
(5.87)
159.0
(6.26)
144.9
(5.70)
1,386.7
(54.59)
Average snowfall cm (inches)140
(55)
121
(48)
60
(24)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
6
(2.4)
84
(33)
412
(162)
Average precipitation days (≥ 1.0 mm)21.818.014.711.110.29.39.710.511.814.417.521.5170.5
Average snowy days (≥ 3 cm)16.915.07.50.30000000.99.650.2
Mean monthly sunshine hours 27.453.7123.5196.8213.6194.8180.1200.6168.0136.770.933.51,599.5
Source: Japan Meteorological Agency [3] [4]

Demographics

Per Japanese census data, [5] the population of Ajigasawa has decreased by more than half over the past 40 years.

Historical population
YearPop.±%
1950 22,741    
1960 22,123−2.7%
1970 18,439−16.7%
1980 17,402−5.6%
1990 14,899−14.4%
2000 13,551−9.0%
2010 11,449−15.5%
2020 9,613−16.0%

History

Oura Mitsunobu, the founder of the Tsugaru clan, settled in Tanesato (now part of Ajigasawa) in 1491, which developed into a port for the Tsugaru region. The area around Ajigasawa was controlled by the Tsugaru clan of Hirosaki Domain during the Edo period. Ajigasawa became a village in Nishitsugaru District, Aomori with the establishment of the modern municipalities system on April 1, 1889, and was elevated to town status on March 31, 1955 by annexing the neighboring villages of Akaishi, Nakamura, Narusawa and Maido.

Government

Ajigasawa has a mayor-council form of government with a directly elected mayor and a unicameral town legislature of 12 members. Nishitsugaru District contributes one member to the Aomori Prefectural Assembly. In terms of national politics, the city is part of Aomori 3rd district of the lower house of the Diet of Japan.

Economy

The economy of Ajigasawa is heavily dependent on agriculture (rice and horticulture) and on commercial fishing, especially for squid. Other species commonly caught in the local waters include the Japanese flounder, Japanese horse mackerel, Atka mackerel, red snapper, cod, angler fish, octopus, sharks and salmon.

Education

Ajigasawa has three public elementary schools and three public junior high schools operated by the town government and one public high school operated by the Aomori Prefectural Board of Education.

The Shirakami Nature School is a non-profit organization that is housed in a 19th-century wooden building that was used as an elementary school until the spring of 2003. The Shirakami Nature School hosts a wide variety of environmental education including classroom activities and open-air classes to people of all ages.

Transportation

Railway

JR logo (east).svg East Japan Railway Company (JR East) - Gonō Line

Highway

International relations

Local attractions

Noted people from Ajigasawa

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. Ajigsawa Town official statistics (in Japanese)
  2. Ajigasawa climate data
  3. 観測史上1~10位の値(年間を通じての値). JMA . Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  4. 気象庁 / 平年値(年・月ごとの値). JMA . Retrieved March 5, 2022.
  5. Ajigasawa population statistics
  6. "International Exchange". List of Affiliation Partners within Prefectures. Council of Local Authorities for International Relations (CLAIR). Archived from the original on 2015-11-22. Retrieved 21 November 2015.
  7. Agency for Cultural Affairs (in Japanese)

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