Akçaabat

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Akçaabat
Town
Trabzon Turkey Provinces locator.gif
Location of Akçaabat within Turkey.
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Akçaabat
Location of Akçaabat within Turkey.
Coordinates: 41°01′N39°33′E / 41.017°N 39.550°E / 41.017; 39.550 Coordinates: 41°01′N39°33′E / 41.017°N 39.550°E / 41.017; 39.550
Country Flag of Turkey.svg  Turkey
Region Karadeniz
Province Trabzon
Government
   Mayor Şefik Türkmen (AKP)
Area
[1]
  District353.66 km2 (136.55 sq mi)
Elevation
10 m (30 ft)
Population
 (2012) [2]
   Urban
40,589
  District
113,117
  District density320/km2 (830/sq mi)
Time zone UTC+2 (EET)
  Summer (DST) UTC+3 (EEST)
Postal code
61300
Area code(s) (+90)462
Licence plate 61
Climate Cfa
Website www.akcaabat.bel.tr

Akçaabat is a town and district of Trabzon Province in the Black Sea region of Turkey. It is located to the west of the city of Trabzon. It covers an area of 385 km2 (149 sq mi) and the elevation is ten metres (33 ft). The town has an estimated population of 48,315 (2007). [3] Akçaabat is a coastal town known for its local soccer team Akçaabat Sebatspor, its kofta dish Akçaabat köfte and the Akçaabat Horonu dance. Akçaabat has hosted an international folklore festival since 1990, [4] and it was a venue for Archery and Athletics competitions of the First Black Sea Games held in 2007. [5]

Contents

Name

The first settlers of the town came from Aegean shores and named the town "Platana" because of the abundance of plane trees (Greek Plátanos, Πλάτανος, Latin Platanus). In Turkish, the name was reinterpreted as Pulathane 'land of iron' and the surrounding district became Akçeabad 'abundance of money'.

Climate

The climate in this area is characterized by relatively high temperatures and evenly distributed precipitation throughout the year. The Köppen Climate System classifies this climate as humid subtropical, abbreviated Cfa. [6]

Climate data for Akçaabat
MonthJanFebMarAprMayJunJulAugSepOctNovDecYear
Average high °C (°F)10
(50)
10
(50)
11
(51)
15
(59)
18
(64)
23
(73)
26
(78)
26
(78)
24
(75)
20
(68)
16
(60)
13
(55)
17
(62)
Average low °C (°F)3
(37)
3
(37)
4
(39)
8
(46)
12
(53)
16
(60)
19
(66)
19
(66)
16
(60)
12
(53)
8
(46)
5
(41)
10
(50)
Average precipitation mm (inches)79
(3.1)
56
(2.2)
46
(1.8)
48
(1.9)
43
(1.7)
46
(1.8)
28
(1.1)
43
(1.7)
58
(2.3)
99
(3.9)
91
(3.6)
94
(3.7)
730
(28.7)
Source: Weatherbase [7]

History

Historic mansions in Akcaabat (formerly Platana village) Mansions in Trabzon 2.jpg
Historic mansions in Akçaabat (formerly Platana village)

Founded as a trade colony of Miletus around the 7th century BC, the town came under Persian rule around the 6th century BC. After a brief rule under Alexander the Great, Akçaabat was incorporated into the Kingdom of Pontus established by Mithridates I of Pontus around the 3rd century BC. After the dissolution of the Kingdom of Pontus around 60 BC, the Romans took control of the region surrounding Trabzon. Serving as a natural port for Trabzon, Akçaabat was one of the important towns of eastern Black Sea region, and thus Pontus region of the Roman Empire.

Although attacked several times by different nations and tribes Akçaabat remained under Byzantine control until a branch of the Byzantine dynasty, Komnenos family established their own kingdom with the help of Georgian queen Tamara after the Latin capture of Constantinople in 1204. This new state, called the Empire of Trebizond, survived as a vassal kingdom under the Seljukid Empire until Sultan Mehmet II "the conqueror" of the Ottoman Empire added Trabzon to his territories in October 1461. The first battle between the Ottoman Navy and the Komnenos Navy occurred to the west of Akçaabat port, around Akçakale where the Trapezuntines lost eight ships. As Akçaabat lies to the west of Trabzon, Mehmet II used Akçaabat as his base for the final conquest of Trebizond. Akçakale tower "the White Castle" held its defense until 1468 when the Ottomans finally succeeded in their siege. [8]

During the centuries of Ottoman rule, Akçaabat remained the main and most important town center of Trebizond after the city of Trebizond itself. After the establishment of Akçaabat municipality in 1880, Akçaabat officially gained the status of "town" according to the municipal and administrative reform of 1884 which reorganized the administrative structure in the provinces of the Ottoman Empire.

In 1810 the Russian Navy landed troops on Akçaabat's shores around Salacik where the defense of the townspeople repulsed the Russian landing after several days. [8]

During the First World War, Tsarist Russian armies occupied Akçaabat on 20 April 1916. As the Russian forces withdrew after the Russian Revolution, Ottoman forces recaptured Akçaabat on 17 February 1918. After the establishment of Turkish Republic in 1923, Akçaabat was designated as one of the towns of the city of Trabzon according to the new administrative organization. Akçaabat has remained as the biggest town of Trabzon until today. Until the 1980s Akçaabat did not witness major changes in its natural and social composition despite being the closest town to Trabzon city center, however, with the return of the German Turks people to their hometowns and flow of rural [village] population to the town center, the composition of the town center changed. The population of the town skyrocketed from 15000 in the 1980s to 50000 in 2008. The unique old-style houses [Akçaabat evleri] were replaced by huge apartment blocks, the sea has been constantly filled in order to gain land to meet rising demand for expansion of inter-city roads and recreational lands. The dissolution of the USSR in 1990 brought the influx of former Soviet citizens who mainly involved in small trades and sex tourism, and this brought major changes in social composition. Added to this, the flood of June 1990, which killed dozens of people and caused much damage necessitated the rebuilding of the town. Today, Akçaabat is one of the most densely populated towns on the Black Sea coast.

Chronology

Saint Michael Church

The church was built in 1332 in memory of the victory of the Byzantine Emperor Manuel Komnenos against the Seljuks. In 1846 it was repaired by the citizens of the city. Later, in 1922 after the Greek citizens left it was turned into a residential home. After the death of the family members who lived there, the building was neglected and damaged. In 2019, started the restoration and in 2021 after the restoration finished is used for social and cultural activities by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism. [9]

Neighborhoods

  1. Çolaklı
  2. Dürbinar
  3. Kayalar
  4. Nefsipulathane
  5. Ortamahalle
  6. Osmanbaba
  7. Sarıtaş
  8. Yenimahalle
  9. Yaylacık [10]

Counties

  1. Adacık
  2. Akçakale
  3. Akçaköy
  4. Akpınar
  5. Darıca
  6. Derecik
  7. Doğanköy
  8. Dörtyol
  9. Işıklar
  10. Kavaklı
  11. Söğütlü
  12. Yıldızlı [10]

Notable people from Akçaabat

Related Research Articles

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References

  1. "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05.
  2. "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27.
  3. "World Gazetteer - Akçaabat". Archived from the original on 2012-02-25.
  4. ::AKÇAABAT HABER::.. Güzel İlçemiz Akçaabat'tan Haberiniz Olsun.. [18. Festival Düzenlenecek ] Archived April 7, 2014, at the Wayback Machine
  5. The 1st Black Sea Games Calendar Archived February 13, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  6. Climate Summary for Akçaabat
  7. "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Akcaabat, Turkey". Weatherbase. 2011. Retrieved on November 24, 2011.
  8. 1 2 Akçaabat-H.Gedikoğlu/Akçaabat Belediyesi Kültür Yayını I
  9. Historic church set to welcome visitors as museum
  10. 1 2 :: Akçaabat Kaymakamligi - Trabzon :: Archived May 16, 2014, at the Wayback Machine